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Encyclopedia > Tendonitis

Tendonitis (also tenonitis or tendinitis) is an inflammation of a tendon. For example, patellar tendonitis (jumper's knee) is an inflammation of the patellar tendon, which connects the tibia to the patella. Inflammation is the first response of the immune system to infection or irritation and may be referred to as the innate cascade. ... A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone. ... Figure 1 : Upper surface of right tibia. ... Left patella - anterior aspect Left patella - posterior aspect The patella or kneecap is a thick, triangular bone which articulates with the femur and covers and protects the front of the knee joint. ...

Chronic overuse of tendons leads to microscopic tears within the collagen matrix, which gradually weakens the tissue. Swelling in a region of microdamage or partial tear can be detected visually or by palpation. Increased water content and disorganised collagen matrix in tendon lesions may be detected by ultrasonography or magnetic resonance imaging. Palpation is a method of examination in which the examiner feels the size or shape or firmness or location of something (of body parts when the examiner is a health professional). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Medical ultrasonography (sonography) is an ultrasound-based diagnostic imaging technique used to visualize internal organs, their size, structure and any pathological lesions. ... Magnetic Resonance Image showing a vertical (sagittal) cross section through a human head. ...

Due to their highly specialised ultrastructure and slow collagen turnover, tendons and ligaments are very slow to heal if injured, and rarely regain their original strength. Partial tears heal by the rapid production of disorganised type-III collagen, which is inferior in strength to normal tendon. Recurrence of injury in the damaged region of tendon is common. A ligament is a short band of tough fibrous connective tissue composed mainly of long, stringy collagen molecules. ...

Treatment of tendon injuries is largely palliative. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs combined with rest and gradual return to exercise is a common therapy. Acupuncture is an alternative treatment that can be used to reduce pain and heal injured tendon more quickly. Return to function may be accelerated by the injection of stem cells. Completely ruptured tendons may be sutured together with or without grafted material. Palliative care is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of the symptoms of a disease or slows its progress rather than providing a cure. ... Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, usually abbreviated to NSAIDs, are drugs with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects - they reduce pain, fever and inflammation. ... Acupuncture (from Lat. ... Mouse embryonic stem cells. ...

Achilles tendonitis is a common injury, particularly in sports that involve lunging and jumping. Achilles tendinitis is inflammation of the Achilles tendon. ...

A veterinary equivalent to Achilles tendonitis is bowed tendon, tendonitis of the superficial digital flexor tendon of the horse. Tendonitis refers to when the tendon is inflamed. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 nugget For other uses, see Horse (disambiguation). ...

Symptoms can vary from an achy pain and stiffness to the local area of the tendon, to a burning that surrounds the whole joint around the inflamed tendon. With this condition, the pain is usually worse during and after activity, and the tendon and joint area can become stiffer the following day. Stiffness is the resistance of an elastic body to deflection by an applied force. ... A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone. ...

Common areas of tendon inflammation

The most common tendon areas that become inflamed are the elbow, wrist, biceps, shoulder (including rotator cuff attachments), leg, knee (patellar), ankle, hip, and Achilles. Of course, tendonitis will vary with each person, as it strikes the areas you use most. The rotator cuff is an anatomical term given to the group of muscles and their tendons that act to stabilize the shoulder. ...

See also

Repetitive strain injury, also called repetitive stress injury or typing injury, is an occupational overuse syndrome affecting muscles, tendons and nerves in the arms and upper back. ... Stenosing tenosynovitis is the progressive restriction of the sheath surrounding a tendon, causing inflammation (tenosynovitis). ... Tenosynovitis is the inflammation of the fluid-filled sheath (called the synovium) that surrounds a tendon. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Tendon definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms easily defined on MedTerms (268 words)
When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendinitis or tendonitis.
Despite their tough fibrous nature, tendons and ligaments are both considered "soft tissue," that is soft as compared to cartilage or bone.
The Achilles tendon is a celebrated example of a tendon.
Peroneal Tendon Injuries - FootPhysicians.com (780 words)
Tendonitis is an inflammation of one or both tendons.
The inflammation is caused by activities involving repetitive use of the tendon, overuse of the tendon or trauma (such as an ankle sprain).
In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair the tendon or tendons and perhaps the supporting structures of the foot.
  More results at FactBites »



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