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Encyclopedia > Tempranillo

Tempranillo is a variety of vitis vinifera, the red grape used commonly in winemaking. It is native to northern Spain, and widely cultivated in both northern and central Spain It is also fairly common in Argentina, and plays a minor role in the wines of two regions of Portugal, the central Alentejo, where it is known as Aragonez and used in red table wine blends of variable quality, and Douro, where it is known as Tinta Roriz and mainly used in blends to make port wine. Binomial name Vitis vinifera L. For thousands of years, the fruit and plant of Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine, have been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis lincecumii Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis... Grow and harvest grapes. ... A glass of tawny port. ...

Tempranillo is now grown in many Australian wine regions including McLaren Vale and the Adelaide Hills. There are now over 100 Australian wineries making wine from this variety. McLaren Vale, approximately 35 km directly south of the Adelaide CBD ( 35°13′ S 138°32′ E), refers to the suburb of McLaren Vale (postcode 5171), the township of McLaren Vale (which has not been engulfed by urban sprawl due to the hilly terrain) and the wine region which lies... The Adelaide Hills is part of the Mount Lofty Ranges, east of the city of Adelaide in the state of South Australia. ...

Tempranillo does best in cooler grape growing regions, as it does not tolerate hot or dry weather well. Pests and diseases are a serious problem for this grape variety, since it is has little resistance to either.

Tempranillo is usually blended with other grape varieties, being low in both acid level and sugar content. It is the major component of the well-known Rioja wines. Its wines can be consumed when young, but are considered at their best when aged, especially when aged in oak. It is lightly coloured and ages well in American and sometimes French oak. Rioja is a wine from a region named after the Rio Oja in Spain, a tributary of the Ebro. ... Whiskey barrels at the Jack Daniels distillery Barrels for aging wine in Napa Valley An aging barrel is a barrel used to age wine or distilled spirits such as whiskey, brandy, or rum. ...

Tempranillo is known by numerous other names in the regions it is grown. In California, it is also known as Valdepeñas, which in other parts of the world is a Denominación de Origen for (Tempranillo-also called Cencibel)wines from the Valdepeñas region in Spain. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Denominación de origen is an appellation for Spanish wines. ... Valdepeñas is a municipality in the Spanish province of Ciudad Real, in the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ...

Until recently, some suspected that Tempranillo was related to the Pinot Noir grape, but recent genetic studies tend to discount this possibility. Pinot Noir vines at Clos de Bèze, Gervey-Chambertin, on the Côte dOr, France Pinot noir is a variety of Vitis vinifera, the red grape used commonly in winemaking, and may also refer to wines produced predominantly from pinot noir grapes. ...

External links

  • Grape varieties - Tempranillo
  • Tempranillo, Spain's Noble Grape
  • Tempranillo in Australia, including a list of over 100 wineries producing tempranillo wine


  • Darby Higgs; Emerging Varietal Wines of Australia; Booksurge; ISBN 1419612727 (paperback, 2005)
  • Ron Herbst and Sharon Tyler Herbst; Wine Lover's Companion; Barron's; ISBN 0-8120-1479-0 (paperback, 1995)

Major Wine Styles
Red wines Beaujolais | Cabernet Sauvignon | Chianti | Grenache | Malbec | Merlot | Pinot Noir | Rioja | Syrah/Shiraz | Tempranillo | Zinfandel
White wines Chardonnay | Chenin Blanc | Gewürztraminer | Pinot Gris | Riesling | Sauvignon Blanc | Viognier
Rosé White Zinfandel
Sparkling wines Champagne | Cava | Spumante | Sekt
Fortified wines Marsala | Madeira | Muscat | Port | Vermouth | Sherry

  Results from FactBites:
Tempranillo: Information From Answers.com (451 words)
Tempranillo is a variety of vitis vinifera, the red grape used commonly in winemaking.
Tempranillo is usually blended with other grape varieties, being low in both acid level and sugar content.
Tempranillo is known by numerous other names in the regions it is grown.
The Major Grape Varietals of Spain (788 words)
The Tempranillo varietal is believed to have been brought to Spain by pilgrims during the Crusades and to be a variant of Pinot Noir.
Naturally, Tempranillo tends to be lower in acidity and more "malic," which means that wines made solely from this varietal will hold back their color but not loose fruit over time.
Generally, Tempranillo is blended with small amounts of Garnacha, Mazuelo and/or Graciano to compensate for lack of acidity and longevity.
  More results at FactBites »



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