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Encyclopedia > Temporalis muscle
Temporalis muscle
The Temporalis; the zygomatic arch and Masseter have been removed.
Latin musculus temporalis
Gray's subject #109 386
Origin: temporal lines on the parietal bone of the skull.
Insertion: coronoid process of the mandible.
Artery: deep temporal
Nerve: third branch (mandibular nerve) of the trigeminal nerve
Action: elevation and retraction of mandible
Antagonist: Platysma muscle
Dorlands/Elsevier m_22/12551069

The temporalis muscle is one of the muscles of mastication. Image File history File links Gray382. ... The temporalis muscle is one of the muscles of mastication. ... The zygomatic bone (also known as the zygoma; Os Zygomaticum; Malar Bone) is a paired bone of the human skull. ... In human anatomy, the masseter is one of the muscles of mastication. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... A typical adult human skeleton consists of the following 206 bones, though a small portion of the human population have an extra bone, occurring in the form of an extra rib. ... Crossing the middle of the parietal bone in an arched direction are two curved lines, the superior and inferior temporal lines; the former gives attachment to the temporal fascia, and the latter indicates the upper limit of the muscular origin of the Temporalis. ... The parietal bones (os parietale) are bones in the human skull and form, by their union, the sides and roof of the cranium. ... A typical adult human skeleton consists of the following 206 bones, though a small portion of the human population have an extra bone, occurring in the form of an extra rib. ... The coronoid processis a thin, triangular eminence, which is flattened from side to side and varies in shape and size. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with jaw. ... Section of an artery For other uses, see Artery (disambiguation). ... The deep temporal arteries, two in number, anterior and posterior, ascend between the Temporalis and the pericranium; they supply the muscle, and anastomose with the middle temporal artery; the anterior communicates with the lacrimal artery by means of small branches which perforate the zygomatic bone and great wing of the... List of human nerves External links List of nerves This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... The mandibular nerve is the third branch (V3) of the trigeminal nerve. ... The trigeminal nerve is the fifth (V) cranial nerve, and carries sensory information from most of the face, as well as motor supply to the muscles of mastication (the muscles enabling chewing), tensor tympani (in the middle ear), and other muscles in the floor of the mouth, such as the... Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement. ... Elevation is the anatomical term of motion for movement in a superior direction. ... Retraction is the anatomical term of motion for posterior movement of the arms at the shoulders. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with jaw. ... An antagonist is a kind of muscle that acts in opposition to the movement generated by the agonist and is responsible for returning a limb to its initial position. ... The platysma is a superficial muscle that stretches from the clavicle to the mandible overlapping the sternocleidomastoid. ... Elseviers logo. ... Mastication is a name for the process of breaking up of food and mixing it with saliva. ...

Contents

Structure

It arises from the temporal fossa and the deep part of temporal fascia. It inserts onto the coronoid process of the mandible. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The temporal fascia covers the Temporalis muscle. ... (ramus mandibulæ; perpendicular portion) The ramus of the mandible is quadrilateral in shape, and has two surfaces, four borders, and two processes. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with jaw. ...


The temporalis muscle is covered by the temporal fascia, also known as the temporal aponeurosis. The temporal fascia covers the Temporalis muscle. ...


The muscle can be felt if one places their fingers on their temples (on the sides of their head, just behind the eyebrows), while clenching and unclenching their teeth. The eyebrow is an area of coarse skin hairs above the eye that follows the shape of the brow ridges. ...


Innervation

As with the other muscles of mastication, control of the temporalis muscle comes from the third (mandibular) branch of the trigeminal nerve. Specifically, the temporalis is innervated by the deep temporal nerves. Dorkis sitting 3 seats down from me is SO HUGE! The trigeminal nerve is the fifth (V) cranial nerve, and carries sensory information from most of the face, as well as motor supply to the muscles of mastication (the muscles enabling chewing), tensor tympani (in the middle ear), and other muscles in the floor of the mouth, such as the...


Actions

Contraction of the temporalis muscle elevates the mandible. The somewhat horizontal fibers of the posterior part of the muscle retract the mandible. My mandible is hot. No monsters though, BIG plus. Bang Bang Skeet Skeet Nigga. Niggas be using they mandibles to chomp on some chicken! Tobey bees gud nigga Tobey luvs his massa cuh massa bees gud and dont wip tobey dat much. Hey get back on the farm, and back to work before i tear into you BOY! sorree massa i git away frum de cumpootahs now suh i stay outta de chikins coops too suh!


Additional images

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Temporalis muscle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (321 words)
As with the other muscles of mastication, control of the temporalis muscle comes from the third (mandibular) branch of the trigeminal nerve.
The temporalis muscle is one of the muscles of mastication.
The muscle can be felt if one places their fingers on their temples (on the sides of their head, just behind the eyebrows), while clenching and unclenching their teeth.
Management of Facial Paralysis after Intracranial Surgery (4172 words)
Temporalis muscle transfer for reconstruction of the paralyzed face is not a difficult surgical maneuver.
Figure 2: The vascular and neural supply to the temporalis muscle lies on the medial aspect of the muscle with dtstribution in an arcadian pattern from the trigeminal nerve and the internal maxillary artery.
The muscle is harvested from the temporal fossa and is elevated with pericranium on its medial surface.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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