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Encyclopedia > Temple of Amenhotep IV

The Temple of Amenhotep IV at Karnak in Luxor, Egypt, was constructed during the first four years of the reign of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten, when he still referred to himself as Amenhotep IV. Obelisk at Karnak temple El-Karnak is a small village in Egypt, located on the banks of the River Nile some 2. ... The River Nile at Luxor Pharaonic statue in Luxor Temple Hot-air ballooning in Luxor Luxor (Arabic: الأقصر ) is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt and the capital of the Al Uqsur governorate, population approximately 200,000. ... Pharaoh (Arabic فرعون ) (Hebrew פַּרְעֹה ); is a title used to refer to the kings (of godly status) in ancient Egypt. ... Bust of Pharaoh Akhenaten. ...

It was constructed outside the boundaries of the Precinct of Amon-Re, to the east. The main temple was named Gm–p3–itn (Gempaaten), which means "The Sun Disc is Found in the Estate of the God Aten". The others were named Hwt–bnbn (Hwt benben / "The Mansion of the Benben Stone"), Rwd–mnw–n–itn–r–nhh (Rud-menu / "Sturdy are the Monuments of the Sun Disc Forever"), and Tni–mnw–n–itn–r–nhh (Teni–menu / "Exalted are the Monuments of the Sun Disc Forever"). Precinct of Amun-Re, located near Luxor, Egypt, is one of the four main enclosed areas that make up the immense Karnak Temple Complex. ... Aten is a creator of the universe in ancient Egyptian mythology, usually regarded as a sun god represented by the suns disk. ...

Very little of these buildings remains, they were built quickly, using Talatat blocks, and could therefore easily be demolished and reused as core for later structures. Talatat block in pylon at Karnak Talatat is an Arabic word which is the plural of three. ...



The Gempaaten appears to have no roof and its offering tables were exposed to direct sunlight. In this building (or associated with it) were red granite and sandstone statues of Akhenaten, red granite offering tables and other statues, including a sphinx enscribed with the name of the Aten. Aten is a creator of the universe in ancient Egyptian mythology, usually regarded as a sun god represented by the suns disk. ...

Hwt benben



Further reading

  • Donald Redford, Akhenaten : The Heretic King, Princeton, 1984

  Results from FactBites:
Egyptian Pharaohs : New Kingdom : Dynasty 18 : Amenhotep IV (793 words)
Amenhotep IV was a younger son of Amenhotep III and was brought to throne after the death of his older brother, Thutmose.
Amenhotep IV changed his name in the sixth year of his reign to Akhenaton and created the new cult religion worshipping the sun-god, Aten (which means "disk").
It is likely that his father, Amenhotep III, had paid considerable attention to the rise of the solar cults in Egypt, and perhaps even promoted them in an attempt to diminish the power of the priesthood of Amun at Karnak, who were gaining tremendous power and authority.
Karnak - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (530 words)
There are also a few smaller temples and sanctuaries located outside the enclosing walls of the four main parts, as well as several avenues of ram-headed sphinxes connecting the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Amon-Re and Luxor Temple.
This is the largest of the precincts of the temple complex, and is dedicated to Amun-Re, the chief god of the Theban Triad.
The temple that Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) constructed on site was located to the east of the main complex, outside the walls of the Amun-Re precinct.
  More results at FactBites »



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