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Encyclopedia > Temple Grandin
Temple Grandin. Photograph courtesy Rosalie Winard.
Temple Grandin. Photograph courtesy Rosalie Winard.
Autism rights movement
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Temple Grandin, (born August 29, 1947 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a professor at Colorado State University and a professional designer of "humane" slaughterhouses. Image File history File links From http://openheartlogic. ... Image File history File links From http://openheartlogic. ... This box:      The autism rights movement (which has also been called autistic self-advocacy movement [1] and autistic liberation movement [2]) was started by adult autistic individuals in order to advocate and demand tolerance for what they refer to as neurodiversity. ... Dr. Karen McCarron (fl. ... The Judge Rotenberg Educational Center (JRC, formerly known as the Behavior Research Institute) is a special needs school serving children and young adults with autistic-like behaviors, conduct, emotional, and/or psychiatric problems located in Canton, Massachusetts. ... Infinity logo as a positive representation of autism Aspies For Freedom is a group which is at the forefront of the autism rights movement. ... Autism Network International (ANI) is an advocacy organization run by and for autistic people. ...   Wrong Planet (sometimes referred to by its URL, WrongPlanet. ... Symbol of Autistic Pride Day Autistic Pride Day is celebrated on June 18 each year. ... Autism Network International (ANI) is an advocacy organization run by and for autistic people. ... Autism (also called autistic disorder, infantile autism, Kanners syndrome or Kanner syndrome) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself before the age of three years. ... Neurodiversity is an idea that asserts that atypical (neurodivergent) neurological wiring is a normal human difference that is to be tolerated and respected as any other human difference. ... Neurotypical (or NT) is a neologism used to describe people whose neurological development and state are consistent with what most people would perceive as normal in their ability to process linguistic information and social cues. ... Michelle Dawson is an autistic, autism researcher and autism rights activist who is most well known for writing a paper challenging the ethical and scientific foundations of Applied Behavioral Analysis(ABA)-based autism interventions and challenging ABA in the Supreme Court of Canada. ... Amanda Baggs (born 1980) is an autism rights activist. ... Jim Sinclair is an autism rights activist who is prominent in Autism Network International. ... Donna Williams (born 1963) is a best-selling Australian-born author, artist, singer-songwriter, screenwriter and sculptor diagnosed with autism after a childhood in which she was initially tested multiple times for deafness and later labeled disturbed before treatment for gut, immune and sensory perceptual disorders in adulthood. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boston redirects here. ... Colorado State University is a public institution of higher learning located in Fort Collins, Colorado in the United States. ... Workers and cattle in a slaughterhouse. ...

Contents

Early life and education

Dr. Grandin is autistic and grew up in a time when autism was unknown. Having been labeled and diagnosed with brain damage at age two, she was placed in a structured nursery school with what she considers to have been good teachers. Grandin's mother spoke to a doctor who suggested speech therapy, and she hired a nanny who spent hours playing turn-based games with Grandin and her sister. A boy with autism and his mother Autism refers to a spectrum of disorders, and lies somewhere under the umbrella of a greater encompassing spectrum, that of pervasive developmental disorders that involve the functioning of the brain. ... Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all exhibited before a child is three years old. ... Brain damage or brain injury is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells. ... Child picking up book. ... It has been suggested that Speech-Language Pathology, Speech pathology, Phoniatrics be merged into this article or section. ...


At age four, Grandin began talking, and she began making progress. She considers herself lucky to have had supporting mentors from primary school onwards. However, Grandin has said that middle school and high school were the worst parts of her life. She was the "nerdy kid" the one that everyone teased and picked on. She would be walking down the street and people would say "tape recorder", because she would repeat things over and over again. Grandin states that "I could laugh about it now, but back then it really hurt." A primary school in Český Těšín, Poland Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...


Several years later her condition was recognized and in adulthood she was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome, a mild, or 'high functioning' form of autism and part of the autism spectrum.[1] Asperger syndrome (also Aspergers syndrome, Aspergers disorder, Aspergers, or AS) is one of several autism spectrum disorders (ASD) characterized by difficulties in social interaction and by restricted and stereotyped interests and activities. ... The autism spectrum, also called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or autism spectrum conditions (ASC), with the word autistic sometimes replacing autism, is a spectrum of psychological conditions characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, as well as severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior. ...


After completing her schooling in the 1960s, attending the Hampshire Country School in Rindge, New Hampshire, Grandin went on to college. She received her bachelor's degree in psychology from Franklin Pierce College in 1970, her master's degree in animal science from Arizona State University in 1975, and her PhD in animal science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1989. Hampshire Country School is a boarding school in Rindge, New Hampshire started by Henry Curtis Patey and Adelaide Walker Patey in 1948. ... Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Cheshire County Incorporated 1768  - Board of Selectmen Arthur C. Fiorelli Timothy Halliday Patricia Lang Barry Area    - Town  40. ... Psychological science redirects here. ... Franklin Pierce College is a four-year liberal-arts college in rural Rindge, New Hampshire, founded in 1962 and named after Franklin Pierce, the New Hampshire-born 14th President of the United States. ... Zoology (from Greek: ζῴον, zoion, animal; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... A Corner of Main Quad The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, U of I, or simply Illinois), is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious campus in the University of Illinois system. ...


Dr. Grandin regularly takes anti-depressants and uses a squeeze-box (hug machine) she invented at the age of 18 as a form of personal therapy. ... Originally conceived and designed by Temple Grandin, PhD at the age of 18, a hug machine (sometimes referred to as a hug box, squeeze machine, or squeeze box) is a deep pressure device designed to calm hypersensitive persons, usually individuals with autism spectrum disorders. ...


Career, celebrity, advocacy

Grandin became well known after being described by Oliver Sacks in the title narrative of his book, An Anthropologist on Mars; the title is derived from Grandin's description of how she feels around 'neurotypical' people. Grandin has also been featured on major television programs, such as ABC's Primetime Live, the Today Show, and Larry King Live, and written up in Time magazine, People magazine, Forbes, and the New York Times.[2] She was the subject of the Horizon documentary "The Woman Who Thinks Like A Cow", first broadcast by the BBC on June 8, 2006 and Nick News in the spring of 2006.[3] Oliver Sacks in 2005. ... An Anthropologist on Mars: Seven Paradoxical Tales is a 1995 book by neurologist Oliver Sacks consisting of seven medical case histories of individuals with neurological conditions such as autism and Tourette syndrome. ... Neurotypical (or NT) is a neologism used to describe people whose neurological development and state are consistent with what most people would perceive as normal in their ability to process linguistic information and social cues. ... Primetimes logo Primetime is a general-interest American news magazine show which debuted on ABC in 1989 with co-hosts Sam Donaldson and Diane Sawyer and originally had the title Primetime Live. ... For other uses, see Today. ... Larry King Live is a nightly CNN interview program hosted by broadcaster and writer Larry King. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Horizon is a long-running BBC popular science and history documentary programme. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nick News is a television show on Nickelodeon that has aired since 1992. ... For other uses, see Spring. ...


Based on personal experience, Grandin advocates early intervention to address autism and supportive teachers who can direct fixations of the autistic child in fruitful directions. She has described her hypersensitivity to noise and other sensory stimuli. She is a primarily visual thinker and has said that language is her second language. Temple attributes her success as a humane livestock facility designer to her ability to recall detail, which is a characteristic of her visual memory. Grandin compares her memory to full-length movies in her head that can be replayed at will, allowing her to notice small details that would otherwise be overlooked. She is also able to view her memories using slightly different contexts by changing the positions of the lighting and shadows. Her insight into the minds of cattle has taught her to value the changes in details to which animals are particularly sensitive, and to use her visualization skills to design thoughtful and humane animal-handling equipment. The sensitivity or insensitivity of a human, often considered with regard to a particular kind of stimulus, is the strength of the feeling it results in, in comparison with the strength of the stimulus. ...

I think using animals for food is an ethical thing to do, but we've got to do it right. We've got to give those animals a decent life and we've got to give them a painless death. We owe the animal respect.

Grandin's interest in animal welfare began with designs for sweeping curved corrals, intended to reduce stress in animals being led to slaughter.
Grandin's interest in animal welfare began with designs for sweeping curved corrals, intended to reduce stress in animals being led to slaughter.

Grandin is considered a philosophical leader of both the animal welfare and autism advocacy movements. Both movements commonly cite her work regarding animal welfare, neurology, and philosophy. She knows all too well the anxiety of feeling threatened by everything in her surroundings, and of being dismissed and feared, all of which motivates her in her quest to promote humane livestock handling processes. Her business website has entire sections on how to improve standards in slaughter plants and livestock farms. In 2004 she won a "Proggy" award, in the "visionary" category, from People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.[4] Curved cattle race coral used to guide cattle into a slaughterhouse. ... Curved cattle race coral used to guide cattle into a slaughterhouse. ... Animal welfare is the viewpoint that animals, especially those under human care, should not suffer. ... This box:      The autism rights movement (which has also been called autistic self-advocacy movement [1] and autistic liberation movement [2]) was started by adult autistic individuals in order to advocate and demand tolerance for what they refer to as neurodiversity. ... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. ... Look up Slaughter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ...


One of her most important essays about animal welfare is 'Animals are not Things', in which she posits that animals are technically property in our society, but the law ultimately gives them ethical protections or 'rights'. She uses a 'screwdriver' metaphor: a person can legally smash or grind up a screwdriver but a person cannot legally torture an animal. For other uses, see Torture (disambiguation). ...


As a proponent of Neurodiversity, Grandin has expressed that she would not support a cure of the entirety of the autistic spectrum. [5] Neurodiversity is an idea that asserts that atypical (neurodivergent) neurological wiring is a normal human difference that is to be tolerated and respected as any other human difference. ...


Books

  • Emergence: Labeled Autistic (with Margaret Scariano, 1986, updated 1991), ISBN 0-446-67182-7
  • The Learning Style of People with Autism: An Autobiography (1995). In Teaching Children with Autism : Strategies to Enhance Communication and Socializaion, Kathleen Ann Quill, ISBN 0-8273-6269-2
  • Grandin, Temple (1996). Thinking in pictures : and Other Reports from My Life with Autism. Vintage. ISBN 0-679-77289-8. 
  • Developing Talents : Careers for Individuals with Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism (2004). ISBN 1-931282-56-0
  • Animals in Translation : Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior (with Catherine Johnson, 2005), ISBN 0-7432-4769-8
  • The Unwritten Rules of Social Relationships: Decoding Social Mysteries Through the Unique Perspectives of Autism (with Sean Barron, 2005), ISBN 193256506X

Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Catherine Johnson is the name of two British writers. ...

See also

There is considerable disagreement over the exact nature of autism, however it is generally considered to be a neurodevelopmental condition which manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests, and patterns of behavior. ... Originally conceived and designed by Temple Grandin, PhD at the age of 18, a hug machine (sometimes referred to as a hug box, squeeze machine, or squeeze box) is a deep pressure device designed to calm hypersensitive persons, usually individuals with autism spectrum disorders. ... It has been suggested that Sensory processing disorder be merged into this article or section. ... Autism (also called autistic disorder, infantile autism, Kanners syndrome or Kanner syndrome) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself before the age of three years. ... Wendy W. Jacob (born March 27, 1958) is an associate professor of visual arts at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. ...

References

  Wrong Planet (sometimes referred to by its URL, WrongPlanet. ...

External links

  • Grandin.com - Temple Grandin's commercial page
  • TempleGrandin.com - 'Temple Grandin, PhD'
  • BBC Documentary on Temple Grandin
  • American Radioworks article
  • Audio Interview to Temple Grandin on the Leonard Lopate Show (WNYC)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Review of Temple Grandin, Thinking in Pictures (990 words)
Grandin's contribution to the emerging genre of autobiography by high-functioning autistics will interest contemporary Humeans, because it is a window into a mind of which Hume's psychology is for the most part true.
Grandin's own account suggests that Owen is off-base here: she experiences Humean passions, and her ability empathically to understand the feelings of animals is in part responsible for her success in designing livestock handling facilities.
Living in a predominantly nonautistic world, Grandin does not have the option of taking her way of thinking to be the only one possible; this is perhaps why she, unlike Hume, does not insist on consigning the philosophy, along with the cattle futures, to the flames.
Neurontic: Temple Grandin: On thinking like an animal (1729 words)
Temple describes her world as one of sensations heightened, sometimes to an excruciating degree: she speaks of her ears, at the age of two or three, as helpless microphones, transmitting everything, irrespective of relevance, at full, overwhelming volume—and there was an equal lack of modulation in all her senses.
Grandin sensed that animals, like her, were prone to sensory overload and driven largely by fear.
Grandin is aware that autism has robbed her of the full human experience, but she also believes her disorder has allowed her to avoid making one of the central mistakes of “normals”: over-generalizing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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