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Encyclopedia > Temple, Texas

Temple is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. Adjacent to the county seat (Belton), Temple lies at the hub of the region referred to as Central Texas. Located off Interstate 35, Temple is 65 miles north of Austin and 34 miles south of Waco. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 54,514, but a 2006 estimate places the current population at a little over 60,000. It is a "principal city" of the Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood metropolitan area. Bell County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Belton is a city located in Bell County, Texas. ... Central Texas (a part of which is Texas Hill Country), is a region in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country United States State Texas Counties Travis County Government  - Mayor Will Wynn Area  - City  296. ... For information on the Branch Davidian siege in Waco, Texas, please visit Waco Siege. ... Map of Texas highlighting the Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood metropolitan area. ...


Temple was founded in 1881 as a railroad town. It was named in honor of Bernard Moore Temple, civil engineer and former surveyor with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company that established the town. For many years it was the home of the Santa Fe Railway Company's hospital for its employees. Temple is known for its strength as a regional medical center (primarily due to the highly respected Scott & White Memorial Hospital, the largest employer in town). Temple has more physicians per capita than any other community in the nation. It is the site of one of two major campuses for the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. Medical students spend their third and fourth years of medical school in Temple for clinical training. A railway town is a settlement that originated or was greatly developed because of a railway station or junction at its site. ... Medical Center was a drama that ran on CBS from 1969 to 1976. ... Scott & White Memorial Hospital began in 1904, when Dr. Arthur C. Scott and Dr. Raleigh R. White, Jr. ... The Doctor by Luke Fildes This article is about the term physician, one type of doctor; for other uses of the word doctor see Doctor. ... Health Science Center The Texas A&M Health Science Center is a premier assembly of colleges devoted to educating health professionals and researchers of extraordinary competence and integrity. ...


Besides health services, Temple is home to many regional distribution centers and headquarters to two large, multi-national companies, Wilsonart International and McLane Company[1]. The Temple Daily Telegram is the daily newspaper and leading source of information for Central Texans since 1907. McLane Company, Inc. ... The Temple Daily Telegram is a seven-day, morning newspaper and leading source of information for Central Texans since 1907. ... Central Texas (a part of which is Texas Hill Country), is a region in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents

Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias TX county maps by Seth Ilys. ...

Geography

Temple is located at 31°5′37″N, 97°21′44″W (31.093678, -97.362202)GR1. Its residents are within relatively short driving distances to Texas' major cities: 134 miles to Dallas, 143 miles to San Antonio, and 187 miles to Houston.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 169.5 km² (65.4 mi²). 169.3 km² (65.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.14%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 54,514 people, 21,543 households, and 14,110 families residing in the city. The population density was 322.1/km² (834.2/mi²). There were 23,511 housing units at an average density of 138.9/km² (359.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.76% White, 16.49% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 9.23% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.82% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 21,543 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,135, and the median income for a family was $42,795. Males had a median income of $30,858 versus $22,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,360. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

The City of Temple is served by the Temple Independent School District, as well as Temple College which offers two-year Associate degrees in a variety of subjects, including popular programs in business administration, information technology and nursing. Temple Independent School District is a public school district based in Temple, Texas (USA). ... Temple College is a community college consisting of multiple campuses in Texas. ...


With such a large medical community, Temple is also home to Texas A&M University's Medical School (the above mentioned Texas A&M Health Science Center). It operates in conjunction with the Scott & White Memorial Hospital and the Veteran's Hospital Center. Health Science Center The Texas A&M Health Science Center is a premier assembly of colleges devoted to educating health professionals and researchers of extraordinary competence and integrity. ... Scott & White Memorial Hospital began in 1904, when Dr. Arthur C. Scott and Dr. Raleigh R. White, Jr. ...


Adjacent Belton is home to the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor offering both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in various fields of study. Several other regional and national universities are close by: Baylor University in Waco, University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University in College Station, and Tarleton State University—Central Texas in Killeen. Belton is a city located in Bell County, Texas. ... University of Mary Hardin-Baylor (UMHB), is a Christian co-educational liberal arts institution of higher learning with approximately 2700 students. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts three or four years. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate or graduate course of one to three years in duration. ... Baylor University is a private, Baptist-affiliated research university located in Waco, Texas. ... The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ... Texas A&M University, often called A&M or TAMU, is a coeducational public research university located in College Station, Texas. ...


The Temple Independent School District has an award-winning public high school with rich offerings including AP and IB courses and diverse extra-curricular activities. In addition, Temple is also home to several private schools: Saint Mary's Catholic School (Pre K-8), Holy Trinity Catholic High School (Texas), Immanuel Lutheran (K-8) and Central Texas Christian School (K-12). St. ... Holy Trinity Catholic High School or HTCHS is a private high school in Temple, Texas. ...


Transportation

Temple was originally founded as a railroad junction, and serves as a major freight railroad hub to this day. Both the Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway have mainlines serving the city, and a BNSF rail yard and locomotive maintenance facility are located here. Amtrak also serves the city with its Texas Eagle passenger train, which calls at Temple (Amtrak station). This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP), headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, is the largest railroad network in the United States. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... Chicago and North Western Railways Proviso Yard in Chicago, Illinois, December 1942. ... Great Western Railway No. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The Texas Eagle is a 1306-mile (2102 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the central and western United States. ... Other information Code TPL Traffic Passengers (2006) 11,314 5. ...


Temple does not have commercial airline service, but is served indirectly by three airports:

Austin-Bergstrom International Airport (IATA: AUS, ICAO: KAUS) is a mixed-use commercial airport located in Travis County, Texas, 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Austin. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country United States State Texas Counties Travis County Government  - Mayor Will Wynn Area  - City  296. ... Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport (IATA: GRK, ICAO: KGRK) is a small commercial airport also known by its military designation as Robert Gray Army Airfield. ... Killeen is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. ... Waco Regional Airport (IATA: ACT, ICAO: KACT), also known as Waco Municipal Airport, is located in the northwest part of the City of Waco, in McLennan County, Texas. ... For information on the Branch Davidian siege in Waco, Texas, please visit Waco Siege. ...

Notables

Temple is the hometown of Spoon singer Britt Daniel, football legend Mean Joe Greene, actor Rip Torn, author Bryan Burroughs, astronaut Dr. Bernard Harris and Houston Astros team chaplain Gene Pemberton. Gene is the only full-time chaplain in Major League Baseball. Lead singer Britt Daniel Spoon is an American indie rock band from Austin, Texas with a wide underground following. ... Britt Daniel is the co-founder, lead singer and guitarist of the Austin, Texas rock band Spoon. ... Charles Edward Greene, known as Mean Joe Greene (born September 24, 1946 in Temple, Texas), was an American football Defensive Tackle in the NFL. Before his NFL career, Greene had an outstanding college football career at North Texas State University (1966-1968), assisting the team to a 23-5-1... Rip Torn as Chief Zed in the film Men in Black. ...


External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 31°05′37″N 97°21′44″W / 31.093678, -97.362202Coordinates: 31°05′37″N 97°21′44″W / 31.093678, -97.362202

  Results from FactBites:
 
Temple, Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (581 words)
Adjacent to the county seat (Belton), Temple lies at the hub of the region referred to as Central Texas.
Temple was founded in 1881 as a railroad town with the Sante Fe Hospital being based there and has since prospered.
Temple was originally founded as a railroad junction, and serves as a major freight railroad hub to this day.
Temple Texas History (672 words)
Temple grew very fast, and became "Progressive Temple" and the "Prairie Queen." It also became known as the "City of Trees" due to Mr.
In the spring of 1894, the Temple Cold Storage and Ice Factory was furnishing ice to the Santa Fe.
Temple was on its way to becoming an important city for commerce, railroads and medicine.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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