Regions with a temperate climate are usually characterized by having roughly equally long winters and summers. Temperature extremes are uncommon in temperate climates but do occur in regions also affected by continental climate.
Vegetation in temperate climates is varied, as some species adapted to colder, subarctic climates as well as those adapted to warmer, subtropical climates may survive here at the outer limit of their temperature tolerances. Leaf bearing trees dominate this climate close to the coastal regions and ferns dominate the northern region as well as some inland parts.
In virology, temperate refers to the life cycle a phage is able to perform. The phage ususually integrates its genome into its host chromosome, becoming a prophage. Antonym: virulent phage.
The temperatezones comprise those regions of the Earths surface that are located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere.
Temperate forests are diverse ecosystems composed of mixtures of conifers, broad-leaved evergreen and broad-leaved deciduous trees.
Temperate deciduous forests are restricted to the Northern Hemisphere apart from a small area at the southern tip of South America and are found where the average temperature is below 0°C for the coldest month of the year but with an average temperature above 10°C for the warmest month [Dansereau, 1957].
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