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Encyclopedia > Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Temperate mixed forest in Yunnan, southwest China.
Temperate mixed forest in Yunnan, southwest China.

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. The typical hawkboy of these forests include four layers. The upper most layer is the canopy which is composed of tall mature trees. Below the canopy is the three-layered, shade tolerant understory. The top layer of the understory is the sub-canopy which is composed of smaller mature trees, saplings, and suppressed juveniles canopy layer trees awaiting an opening in the canopy. Below the sub-canopy is the shrub layer, composed of low growing woody plants. Typically the lowest growing (and most diverse) layer is the ground cover or [[shithole] layer. Image File history File linksMetadata Diqing,_Yunnan,_China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Diqing,_Yunnan,_China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally south of the clouds) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... Humidity is the quantity of moisture in the air. ... A biome is a major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms. ... Temperate rainforest on Northern Slopes of the Alborz mountain ranges, Iran A dense growth of softwoods (a conifer forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A deciduous broadleaf (Beech) forest in Slovenia. ... The canopy is the habitat found at the uppermost level of a forest, especially rainforest. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Understory (or understorey) is the term for the area of a forest which grows in the shade of the overstory or canopy. ... This article is about the biological organisms known as trees. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Diverse (born Kenny Jenkins) is a Chicago rapper. ...


Characteristic dominant broadleaf trees in this biome include oaks (Quercus spp.), beeches (Fagus spp.), maples (Acer spp.), and birches (Betula spp.).[1] The term "mixed forest" comes from the inclusion of coniferous trees as a canopy component of these forests. Typical coniferous trees include: Pines (Pinus spp.), firs (Abies spp.), and spruces (Picea spp.). In some areas of this biome the conifers may be a more important canopy species than the broadleaf species. Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... This article is about oaks (Quercus desert-oak is unrelated, and instead belongs to the genus Allocasuarina. ... The Genus of certain trees ... Acer can refer to one of the following: For the company named Acer, see Acer (company). ... Species many species see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... This article deals with the tree; for the e-mail client see Pine email client Species About 115. ... Species See text. ... Species About 35; see text. ...


Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests occur in areas with distinct warm and cool season, which give it a moderate annual average temperature (5.5-15.6 Celsius). These forests occur in relatively warm and rainy climates, sometimes also with a distinct dry season. A dry season occurs in the winter in East Asia and in summer on the wet fringe of the Mediterranean climate zones. Other areas have a fairly even distribution of rainfall, annual rainfall is typically over 600 millimetres (24 inches) and often over 1500 millimetres (60 inches). Temperatures are typically moderate except in parts of Asia such as Ussuriland where temperate forests can occur despite extremely harsh conditions with very cold winters. Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Primorsky Krai (Russian: Примо́рский край), also known as Primorye (Примо́рье), is one of Russias 89 federal subjects (also referred to as members of the Federation). Krai is a term used to refer to several of Russias administrative units. ...

Temperate rainforest on Northern Slopes of the Alborz mountain ranges, Iran A dense growth of softwoods (a conifer forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A deciduous broadleaf (Beech) forest in Slovenia. ... Trees of the world (please add to list in alphabetical order) Trees of The Americas Trees of Canada Trees of North America Trees of The Caribbean Basin Trees of Australasia List of trees of New Zealand Trees of Europe Trees of Britain and Ireland Trees of Denmark Trees of Asia...

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregions

Oceania Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests edit
Chatham Islands temperate forests New Zealand
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand
Northland temperate forests New Zealand
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand
Stewart Island/Rakiura temperate forests New Zealand
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia
Southland temperate forests New Zealand
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia
Westland temperate forests New Zealand
Indomalaya Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests edit
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Bhutan, India, Nepal
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal, Pakistan
Nearctic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests edit
Allegheny Highlands forests United States
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States
East Central Texas forests United States
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada
Mississippi lowland forests United States
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States
Northeastern coastal forests United States
Ozark Mountain forests United States
Southeastern mixed forests United States
Southern Great Lakes forests United States
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States
Willamette Valley forests United States
Neotropic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests edit
Juan Fernandez Islands temperate forests Chile
Magellanic subpolar forests Argentina, Chile
Polylepis forests Bolivia, Peru
San Felix-San Ambrosio Islands temperate forests (Desventuradas Islands) Chile
Valdivian temperate rain forests Argentina, Chile
Palearctic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests edit
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy
Atlantic mixed forests Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany. Netherlands
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal
Balkan mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey
Baltic mixed forests Denmark, Germany, Poland, Sweden
Cantabrian mixed forests Portugal, Spain
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Azerbaijan, Iran
Caucasus mixed forests Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia Turkey
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland
Central Korean deciduous forests North Korea, South Korea
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, North Korea
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom
Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests Georgia, Turkey
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan
Huang He Plain mixed forests China
Madeira evergreen forests Portugal
Manchurian mixed forests China, North Korea, Russia, South Korea
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
Po Basin mixed forests Italy
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Andorra, France, Spain
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia
West Siberian broadleaf and mixed forests Russia
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Switzerland
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran
Terrestrial biomes
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests · Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests · Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests · Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests · Temperate coniferous forests · Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub · Boreal forests/taiga · Mangrove · Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands · Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands · Flooded grasslands and savannas · Montane grasslands and shrublands · Deserts and xeric shrublands · Tundra
Ecozones
Afrotropic · Antarctic · Australasia · Indomalaya · Nearctic · Neotropic · Oceania · Palearctic

Oceania is the smallest of the worlds terrestrial ecozones, and unique in not including any continental land mass. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... A Rakiura beach Stewart Island/Rakiura is the third largest island of New Zealand. ... The Tasmanian temperate rain forests are an ecoregion of western Tasmania. ... The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... The Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests is a temperate broadleaf forest ecoregion which is found in the middle elevations of the eastern Himalayas, including parts of Nepal, India, and Bhutan. ... The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. ... Source of bioregions data used to male map: Olson, D. M. and E. Dinerstein. ... The Appalachian-Blue Ridge Forests is a temperate broadleaf and mixed forests ecoregion of the Eastern United States delineated by the World Wide Fund for Nature. ... Location of the Central U.S. hardwood forests The Central U.S. hardwood forests comprise an ecoregion in eastern North America. ... The Maritime provinces. ... The Northeastern coastal forests are a temperate broadleaf and mixed forests ecoregion of the northeastern United States. ... The Ozark Mountains near Roaring River State Park on Missouri State Highway 112. ... The Willamette Valley forests is a temperate mixed forest ecoregion of Oregon and Washington in the western United States. ... The Neotropic ecozone is a terrestrial ecoregion which includes South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. ... Map of Isla Más Afuera / Selkirk Map of Isla Más a Tierra / Crusoe The Juan Fernández archipelago is located 670 km off the coast of Chile, and is composed of the volcanic islands Robinson Crusoe, located closest to the mainland at 33º 13 S, 78º 50 W... The Magellanic subpolar forests are a terrestrial ecoregion of southernmost South America, covering parts of southern Chile and Argentina, and is part of the Neotropic ecozone. ... Polylepis is a genus of trees and shrubs restricted to the Andes of South America. ... Map Of Desventuradas Islands (Chile) Map Of Chile The Desventuradas Islands (Spanish: ) are relatively small oceanic islands located approximately 850 km off the coast of Chile; they are part of the Valparaíso commune (municipality). ... The Valdivian temperate rain forests are a terrestrial ecoregion located on the west coast of southern South America, in Chile and extending into a small part of Argentina. ... The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones dividing the Earth surface (see map). ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... The Caucasus mixed forests is a temperate mixed forest ecoregion that covers the Caucasus range, which forms the traditional border between Europe and Asia, as well as the adjacent Lesser Caucasus range and the eastern end of the Pontic Mountains. ... The Crimean Submediterranean forest complex is a temperate mixed forest ecoregion of Russia and Ukraine. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... The Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests are a temperate mixed forest ecoregion located along the southern shore of the Black Sea. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Taklamakan Desert in the Tarim Basin. ... This palaearctic ecoregion covers a large area in Western Europe (France, Austria and Germany), with in particular Central Massive, Jura, Central German Uplands, Bavarian Plateau and Bohemian Massive. ... The Zagros Mountains are Irans second largest range in terms of area covered. ... A biome is a major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms. ... Tropic wet forests in the World Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, also known as tropical wet forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome. ... Trinidad and Tobago dry forest on Chacachacare showing the dry-season deciduous nature of the vegetation The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are a biome located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Pine forests are an example of a temperate coniferous forests Temperate coniferous forests are a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest. ... Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot, dry == Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub eco-regions occur in the worlds five mediterranean climate zones, on the west coast of continents in the mid-latitudes: the Mediterranean Basin, California, Central Chile, Southwest Australia, the Cape Province... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal. ... Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are a grassland biome located in semi-arid to semi-humid climate regions of subtropical and tropical latitudes. ... Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands is a biome in which the climate is temperate and semi-arid to semi-humid. ... Flooded grasslands and savannas are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes, where flooding is very frequent. ... Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ... In isolation, Hawaiis Silverswords have adapted to xeric microclimates within volcanic craters, trapping and channeling dew and protecting leaves with reflective hairs. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... An ecozone or biogeographic realm is the largest scale biogeographic division of the earths surface based on the historic and evolutionary distribution patterns of plants and animals. ... The Afrotropic Ecozone is Africa south of the Sahara Desert. ... Antarctica is one of eight terrestrial ecozones. ... The Australasia Ecozone The Australasian ecozone – is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia. ... The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. ... The Neotropic ecozone is a terrestrial ecoregion which includes South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. ... Oceania is the smallest of the worlds terrestrial ecozones, and unique in not including any continental land mass. ... The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones dividing the Earth surface (see map). ...

External links

References

  1. ^ World Wildlife Fund: Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forest Ecoregions

  Results from FactBites:
 
Article about "Temperate rain forests" in the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004 (649 words)
Temperate rain forests are coniferous or broadleaf forests that occur in the mid-latitudes in areas of high rainfall.
Temperate rain forests may be predominanty coniferous, broadleaf, or mixed forests, and occur in Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests and Temperate Coniferous Forests ecoregions.
The Valdivian rain forests occur in the Valdivian temperate rain forests and Magellanic subpolar forests ecoregions.
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (324 words)
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome.
Temperatures are typically moderate except in parts of Asia such as Ussuriland where temperate forests can occur despite extremely harsh winters due to the heavy summer monsoon rains.
Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests (World Wildlife Fund)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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