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Encyclopedia > Television movie

A television film (also known as a TV film, TV movie, TV-movie, feature-length drama, made-for-TV movie, original movie, movie of the week (MOTW or MOW), single drama, telemovie, or telefilm) is a film that is produced for and originally distributed by a television network. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Telefilm Canada is a federal cultural agency dedicated primarily to the development and promotion of the Canadian film, television, and new media industries. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ...

Contents

Origins and history

Though not explicitly labelled as such, there were early precedents for "TV movies," such as the 1957 version of The Pied Piper of Hamelin, starring Van Johnson, one of the first "family musicals" made directly for television. Hundreds of live, feature-length dramas aired on television from the 1940s through the 1950s, including such famous productions as 1956's Requiem for a Heavyweight by screenwriter Rod Serling; as was typical but not universal, this live broadcast was preserved on kinescope for rebroadcast. Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The oldest picture of Pied Piper (watercolour) copied from the glass window of Marktkirche in Hamelin by Freiherr Augustin von Moersperg. ... Van Johnson in Battleground (1949) Van Johnson (born Charles Van Johnson on August 25, 1916, in Newport, Rhode Island) is an American film and television actor and dancer. ... Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances on a delay of between zero and fifteen seconds, rather than from video recordings or film. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Requiem for a Heavyweight was originally a 1956 teleplay written by Rod Serling and produced for the live television show Playhouse 90 in 1957. ... Rodman Edward Rod Serling (December 25, 1924 – June 28, 1975) was an American screenwriter, most famous for his science fiction anthology television series, The Twilight Zone. ... Kinescope (IPA: [], []) originally referred to the cathode ray tube used in television monitors. ...


The term "made-for-TV movie" was coined in the United States in the early 1960s as an incentive for movie audiences to stay home and watch what was promoted as the equivalent of a first-run theatrical motion picture. Beginning in 1961 with NBC Saturday Night at the Movies, a prime time network showing of a television premiere of major studio film, the other networks soon copied the format with each of the networks having several 'XXX Night At The Movies' that led to a shortage of film studio product. The first of these made-for-TV movies is generally acknowledged to be See How They Run, which debuted on NBC on 7 October 1964. A previous film, The Killers, starring Lee Marvin and Ronald Reagan, was filmed as a TV-movie, although '[the network? the producers?] decided it was too violent for television and it was released theatrically instead.[citation needed] The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... NBC Saturday Night at the Movies, was the first continuing prime time network series to show relatively recent feature films from major studios, broadcast in color [1]. Previously, movies on television were usually low cost B-grade films or older films that the major studios no longer found suitable for... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (281st in leap years). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Killers, sometimes called Ernest Hemingways The Killers, released by Universal Studios in 1964, was Hollywoods second adaptation of the Hemingway short story. ... Lee Marvin (February 19, 1924 – August 29, 1987) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the fortieth President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the thirty-third Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ...


These features originally filled a 90-minute time slot (including commercials), later expanded to two hours, and were usually broadcast as a weekly anthology series (for example, the ABC Movie of the Week). Many early TV movies featured major stars, and some were accorded higher budgets than standard series television programs of the same length, including the major dramatic anthology programs which they came to replace. The ABC Movie of the Week was a weekly anthology series, featuring made-for-TV movies, that aired on the ABC network in various permutations from 1969 to 1976. ...


Notable examples

The most-watched TV movie of all time was ABC's The Day After, which aired on November 20, 1983, to an estimated audience of 100 million people. The film depicted America after a nuclear war with the Soviet Union, and was the subject of much controversy and discussion at the time of its release. Image File history File links Information. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Shortcut: WP:CU Marking articles for cleanup This page is undergoing a transition to an easier-to-maintain format. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... The Day After is an American television movie which aired on November 20, 1983 on the ABC Television Network. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Nuclear War is a card game designed by Douglas Malewicki, and originally published in 1966. ...


Another popular and critically acclaimed TV movie was 1971's Duel directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Dennis Weaver. Such were the quality and popularity of Duel that it was released to cinemas in Europe and later the US. Another was Brian's Song, which also saw theatrical release. However, many 1970s TV movies were a source of controversy, such as Linda Blair's movies Born Innocent and Sarah T. - Portrait of a Teenage Alcoholic, as well as Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway and Alexander: The Other Side of Dawn, which were vehicles for former Brady Bunch actress Eve Plumb. That Certain Summer (1972), starring Hal Holbrook and Martin Sheen, though controversial, was considered the first TV movie to approach the subject of homosexuality in a non-threatening manner. If These Walls Could Talk, a film which deals with abortion in three different decades (1950s, 1970s and 1990s) became a huge success, and HBO's highest rated film ever. Duel is a 1971 television movie directed by Steven Spielberg, written by Richard Matheson, starring Dennis Weaver and a Peterbilt 351 logging truck. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... William Dennis Weaver (June 4, 1924 â€” February 24, 2006) is an Emmy Award-winning actor and was an American television actor, best known for his roles as sidekick Chester Goode from 1955 to 1964 on TVs first adult Western Gunsmoke, as Marshal Sam McCloud on the NBC police drama... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Dannys Song Two Scene 1, Dannys House* Dannys Mom (watching Dannys song):UMAHHHSHS Movie, WHERES MY JACK DANIELS Dannys Dad:Here it is Dannys Mom:Get outta here fanboy Me:Tell em steve dave Dannys Mom:Im gonna go see dannys o umaaaahhhhhhh... Linda Denise Blair (born January 22, 1959 in St. ... For the Redd Kross album, see Born Innocent (album). ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ... Not to be confused with Eves Plum, the rock group. ... That Certain Summer is a 1972 television film. ... Holbrook as Twain, 1957. ... Martin Sheen (né Ramón Estévez) (born August 3, 1940) is a three-time Emmy-winning and Golden Globe Award-winning Spanish American actor and perhaps best known for his role as Captain Willard in the film Apocalypse Now and, most recently, as President Josiah Bartlet on the acclaimed... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... If These Walls Could Talk (1996) is a Golden Globe and Emmy nominated made for television movie, broadcast on HBO. It follows the plights of three different women and their experiences with abortion. ...


Often a successful series may spawn a TV movie sequel after ending its run, and TV movies may also be used as the first episode of a series, otherwise known as a pilot. For example, Babylon 5: The Gathering launched the science fiction series Babylon 5 and is considered to be distinct from the show's regular run of one-hour episodes. Babylon 5 also has several sequel TV movies set within the same fictional continuity. Another example is the TV Movie Sabrina the Teenage Witch (film) launched the TV show Sabrina, the Teenage Witch which used the same actress Melissa Joan Hart for the lead part in both. TV movies are also frequently used as vehicles for "reunions" of long-departed series, as in Return to Mayberry and A Very Brady Christmas. A sequel is a work of fiction in literature, film, and other creative works that is produced after a completed work, and is set in the same universe but at a later time. ... A television pilot is a test episode of an intended television series. ... Spoiler warning: Babylon 5: The Gathering was the pilot movie of the science fiction television series Babylon 5. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Babylon 5 is an epic American science fiction television series created, produced, and largely written by J. Michael Straczynski. ... Sabrina The Teenage Witch is a movie adaptation from the Archie comics. ... Sabrina, the Teenage Witch is the name of an American sitcom based on the Archie comic book series Sabrina, the Teenage Witch. ... Melissa Joan Hart (born April 18, 1976) is an American actress who is best known for playing the title roles in two successful television series, Clarissa Explains It All and Sabrina, the Teenage Witch. ... Return to Mayberry was a television movie made in 1986 on NBC. The show was a reunion movie for the 1960s American television sitcom The Andy Griffith Show. ... A Very Brady Christmas is a 1988 television movie based on the television series The Brady Bunch, featuring all of the original actors who appeared in the series except Susan Olsen. ...


Occasionally TV movies are used as sequels to successful theatrical films. For example, only the first film in The Parent Trap series was released theatrically. The Parent Trap II, III and IV were TV-movies. The Parent Trap is the title of a movie by Walt Disney Productions Corporation which was made twice, first in 1961 and a remake made in 1998. ... It has been suggested that The Twins (The Parent Trap) be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Parent Trap 3 is the second sequel to the 1961 film The Parent Trap. ...


TV movies are often broadcast on major networks during sweeps season or on cable networks that specialize in producing them such as Hallmark Channel, Lifetime, and HBO. In the United States the sweeps period determines local advertising rates. ... The Hallmark Channel is a cable television network that broadcasts in over 100 countries. ... Lifetime Television is an American television network devoted to movies, sitcoms and dramas, all of which are either geared towards women or feature women in lead roles. ... HBO (Home Box Office) is an American premium cable television network. ...


Production and quality

Despite their promise to compete with theatrical films, network-made TV movies in the USA have tended to be inexpensively-produced and low quality; stylistically, they often resemble single episodes of dramatic television series. Often they are made to "cash in" on the interest centering on stories currently prominent in the news, as the Amy Fisher films were. The stories are written to reach periodic semi-cliffhangers coinciding with the network-scheduled times for the insertion of commercials; they are further managed to fill, but not exceed, the fixed running times allotted by the network to each movie "series". The movies tend to rely on small casts and a limited range of settings and camera setups, and tend to progress in a literal, linear fashion. Even Spielberg's Duel, while a well-crafted film, features a very small cast (apart from Weaver, all other acting roles are bit-parts) and mostly outdoors shooting locations in the desert. The movies are typically made by smaller crews, and they rarely feature expensive special effects. Often they are recorded in less expensive video rather than the preferred motion picture medium of film. Various techniques are often employed to "pad" TV movies with low budgets and underdeveloped scripts, such as music video-style montages, flashbacks, or repeated footage, and extended periods of dramatic slow motion footage (sometimes taken to ridiculous extremes as in the USA Network thriller Wheels of Terror). Image File history File links Information. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Shortcut: WP:CU Marking articles for cleanup This page is undergoing a transition to an easier-to-maintain format. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... Amy Elizabeth Fisher (born August 21, 1974), dubbed the Long Island Lolita by the press, is an American woman who was convicted in 1992 of shooting the wife of her lover, with whom she began an affair as a 16 year-old student at Kennedy High School in Bellmore, New... For other uses, see Cliffhanger (disambiguation). ... From the earliest days of the medium, television has been used as a vehicle for advertising in some countries. ... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Slow motion is an effect resulting from running film through a movie camera at faster-than-normal speed. ... USA Network is a popular American cable television network with about 89 million household subscribers as of 2005. ...


Some TV movies are notoriously melodramatic, with soap opera style plots; typical plots associated with the genre include "disease of the week" movies or films about domestic violence. Rape is also a common theme, though not always the focus of the storyline. The series of Moment of Truth Movies that run on the Lifetime cable network exemplify these melodramatic tendencies. Certain actresses, such as Valerie Bertinelli, Michele Lee and Nancy McKeon, have been stereotyped as TV actresses due to the number of TV-movies in which they have appeared. Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... For Philippine soap opera, see Teleserye. ... The term disease refers to an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs function. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Moment of Truth Movies are a series of TV movies produced for the Lifetime cable television and movie networks during the 1990s. ... Original logo (1984-1995) 20th Anniversary logo (2004) Lifetime Television, more commonly known as Lifetime, is an American television network which as its tagline notes, is Television for Women. ... Valerie Bertinelli as Barbara Cooper on One Day at a Time. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nancy Justine McKeon (born April 4, 1966) is an American actor. ...


TV movies often follow specific naming conventions. For example, the title of many biographical films consist of a dramatic phrase, followed by "The [Firstname] [Surname] Story". Examples of this naming format include Love and Betrayal: The Mia Farrow Story, and Fight for Justice: The Nancy Conn Story. Poster for Man on the Moon (1999), a biopic A biographical picture— often shortened to biopic— is a film that dramatizes the life of an actual person or people. ...


Movie-length episodes of TV shows

Occasionally, a long-running television series is used as the basis for TV movies that air during the show's lifetimes (as opposed to the above-mentioned "reunion specials"). Typically, such movies employ a filmed single-camera setup even if the TV series is videotaped using a multiple-camera setup, but are written to be easily broken up into individual thirty- or sixty-minute episodes for syndication. Many such movies relocate the cast of the show to an exotic overseas setting, such as Europe or Australia. The single-camera setup (aka, single-camera mode of production) is a method of shooting films and television programs. ... The multiple-camera setup (aka, multiple-camera mode of production) is a method of shooting films and television programs. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...


Examples include:

The children's-TV cable network (Nickelodeon) in its promotions sometimes calls its hour-long specials "TV movies", despite the traditional definition. The network sometimes does this as well for extended-length episodes of an extant series, such as Zoey 101 's Spring Breakup, My Life as a Teenage Robot 's Escape from Cluster Prime, and several Jimmy Neutron, Drake and Josh and The Fairly Oddparents specials. The Facts of Life was an American sitcom which ran on the NBC network from 1979 to 1988. ... Family Ties was a popular American television sitcom which aired on NBC for seven seasons, from 1982 to 1989. ... Law & Order: Criminal Intent is a United States crime drama television series that began in 2001. ... Saved by the Bell is an American teen sitcom which originally aired between 1989 and 1993. ... Sabrina, the Teenage Witch is the name of an American sitcom based on the Archie comic book series Sabrina, the Teenage Witch. ... Sabrina goes to rome is a 1998 movie based on Sabrina, the Teenage Witch (TV series) Category: ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Zoey 101 is an American live-action situation comedy television show that debuted on January 9, 2005 on Nickelodeon // The show stars Jamie Lynn Spears as the title character, who is one of the first girls to attend Pacific Coast Academy (PCA), previously an all boys boarding school. ... My Life as a Teenage Robot is an Emmy-nominated American animated television series, produced by Frederator Studios for the Nickelodeon cable channel. ... Escape from Cluster Prime is an animated television film, produced by Frederator Studios for the Nickelodeon cable channel. ... This article is about the character. ... (From the Left) Josh Peck, Miranda Cosgrove and Drake Bell. ... The Fairly OddParents is an American animated television series created by Butch Hartman. ...


References

Further reading

  • Kerry Segrave (1999). Movies at Home: How Hollywood Came to Television. McFarland & Company, 139. ISBN 0786406542. 
  • Maj Canton (1994). The Complete Reference Guide to Movies and Miniseries Made for TV and Cable. Adams-Blake Publishing, 410. ISBN 1883422442. 

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Television movie Summary (2054 words)
Television movies had certainly matured since their introduction in 1964; indeed, some critics argued that one was more likely to find rewarding drama on television than at the movie theater.
A television movie (also known as a TV film, TV movie, TV-movie, feature-length drama, made-for-TV movie, movie of the week (MOTW or MOW), single drama, telemovie, telefilm, or two-hour-long drama) is a film that is produced for and originally distributed by a television network.
Some TV movies are notoriously melodramatic, with soap opera style plots; typical plots associated with the genre include "disease of the week" movies or films about domestic violence.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Alia Shawkat (771 words)
From 2001 to 2002, she starred as Hannah Rayburn in the television sitcom State of Grace, aired in the United States on the cable television channel Fox Family (renamed ABC Family in 2001).
A television movie (also known as a TV movie, TV-movie, feature-length drama, made-for-TV movie, movie of the week (MOTW or MOW), single drama, telemovie, telefilm, or two-hour-long drama) is a film that is produced for and originally distributed by a television network.
From 2001 to 2002, Shawkat starred as Hannah Rayburn in the television sitcom State of Grace, aired in the United States on the cable television channel Fox Family (renamed ABC Family in 2001).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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