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Encyclopedia > Telephone directory
Moscow phone book, 1930.
Moscow phone book, 1930.
Polish phone book, 1948.

A telephone directory (also called a telephone book and phone book) is a listing of telephone subscribers in a geographical area or subscribers to services provided by the organization that publishes the directory. Image File history File links Phone_book. ... Image File history File links Phone_book. ... Image File history File links Phone_book_Poland. ... Image File history File links Phone_book_Poland. ... Subscriber: In a public switched telecommunications network such as the common telephone system, the ultimate user, customer, of a communications service. ...

Contents

Content

Subscriber names are generally listed in alphabetical order, together with their postal or street address and telephone number. Every subscriber in the geographical coverage area is usually listed, but subscribers may request the exclusion of their number from the directory, often for a fee. Their number is then said to be "unlisted" (American English), "ex-directory" (British English) or "private" (Australia and New Zealand). A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... British English (BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere in the Anglophone world. ...


In the case of unlisted numbers, practices as to Caller-ID vary by jurisdiction. Sometimes, the Caller-ID on outbound calls is blank; in other jurisdictions, unlisted numbers still appear, unless the caller dials a blocking code; in still others, the customer may request automatic blocking from the telephone company's service representatives. Caller ID (caller identification or CID, and more properly calling number identification - CNID) is a telephony intelligent network service that transmits the callers telephone number and in some places the callers name to the called partys telephone equipment during the ringing signal or when the call is... Caller ID (caller identification or CID, and more properly calling number identification - CNID) is a telephony intelligent network service that transmits the callers telephone number and in some places the callers name to the called partys telephone equipment during the ringing signal or when the call is...


In some countries under current rules and practices, mobile phone and Voice over IP listings are not included in telephone directories. Efforts to create cellular directories have met stiff opposition from several fronts, including a significant percentage of subscribers who seek to avoid telemarketers. An overview of how VoIP works A typical analog telephone adapter for connecting an ordinary phone to a VoIP network Ciscos implementation of VoIP - IP Phone Voice over Internet Protocol, also called VoIP, IP Telephony, Internet telephony, Broadband telephony, Broadband Phone and Voice over Broadband is the routing of... Telemarketing is a form of direct marketing where a salesperson uses the telephone to solicit prospective customers to sell products or services. ...


In 1991, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled (in Feist v. Rural) that telephone companies do not have a copyright on telephone listings, because copyright protects creativity and not the mere labor of collecting existing information. Within the geographical reach of the Court, the Feist ruling has resulted in the availability of many innovative telephone directory services on CD-ROM and the World Wide Web. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Feist Publications, Inc. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ...


Publication

Telephone directories can be published in hard copy or in electronic form. In the latter case, the directory can be provided as an online service through proprietary terminals or over the Internet, or on physical media such as CD-ROM. Hard Copy was a tabloid news infotainment magazine show similar to Inside Edition and A Current Affair. ...


In France, the Minitel videotex system originated as an attempt by France Télécom to rid itself of its paper publishing costs by forcing all telephone users to use Minitel terminals instead. Minitel 1. ... Videotex is a system for sending of pages of text to a user in computer form, typically to be displayed on a television. ... France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ...


In Switzerland, a few pay phones are now accompanied with electronic telephone directory terminals instead of paper directories, and phone users are charged for each search. Payphone A payphone or pay phone is a public telephone, with payment by inserting money (usually coins) or a debit card (a special telephone card or a multi-purpose card) or credit card before a call is made. ...


Types

A telephone directory may also be called a phone book or may be known by the color of the paper it is printed on.

  • White pages generally indicates personal or alphabetic listings.
  • Yellow pages, sometimes called the A2Z, generally indicates a business directory classified by business type or services provided, almost always with paid advertising.
  • Black pages, sometimes called a "reverse telephone directory".
  • Other colors may have other meanings, depending on a country's customs. Information on government agencies is often printed on blue or green pages.

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For the use in computing, see Yellow Pages (computing). ... A reverse telephone directory (also known as a blackpages directory or reverse phone lookup) is a collection of telephone numbers and associated customer details. ... An agency is a department of a local or national government responsible for the oversight and administration of a specific function, such as a customs agency or a space agency. ...

Ancillary content

A telephone directory may also provide instructions about how to use the telephone service in the local area, may give important numbers for emergency services, utilities, hospitals, doctors and organizations who can provide support in times of personal crisis. It may also have civil defense or emergency management information. There may be transit maps, postal code guides, or stadium seating charts, as well as advertising. Local telephone service is the provision of telecommunications networks and services within a limited geographic region. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... A public utility is a company that maintains the infrastructure for a public service. ... The old United States civil defense logo. ... // Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline dealing of with and avoiding risks. ...


History

The first telephone directory, consisting of a single page, was issued on February 21, 1878. It covered 50 subscribers in New Haven, Connecticut. The Reuben H. Donnelly company asserts that it published the first classified directory, or yellow pages, for Chicago, Illinois, in 1886. The first British telephone directory was published in 1880. is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA New Haven Region South Central Region Settled 1638 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1895 Government  - Type Mayor-board of aldermen  - Mayor John DeStefano, Jr. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Reverse directories

A reverse telephone directory, reverse directory, criss-cross directory or cross-reference directory, is a telephone directory in which the entries are in order by address (first by city name, then by street name, then by house number), and were used to find out the name of a subscriber with a particular address or to find the neighbors of a particular address. They were fairly common until the 1960s, as a separately published book, or sometimes included at the back of the regular telephone directory with each section on a different color paper. Printed reverse directories have become less common with the availability of telephone databases on CD-ROM and on the Internet, which have advanced searching features. A reverse telephone directory (also known as a blackpages directory or reverse phone lookup) is a collection of telephone numbers and associated customer details. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ...


They are not well-known to the general public since they have generally been available on a limited basis to telephone companies or government officials, although genealogists and private investigators know which public libraries have them in their collection. In addition, some telephone companies have made the information generally available through little known services, such as the "2080 service" in Chicago (now discontinued), where a call to the exchange and the number 2080 produced an operator who would give the name and address of any other number in that exchange. But such services remain online. Genealogy is the study and tracing of family pedigrees. ... A private investigator, private detective, PI, or private eye, is a person who undertakes investigations, usually for a private citizen or some other entity not involved with a government or police organization. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ...


Instead of looking up a number, a call to directory assistance (4-1-1 in the NANP) will give the same results if a book is not available. However, there is usually a significant charge for this. In telecommunications, directory assistance is a telephone call an individual can make to find out a specific wireline phone number and / or address of a residence or business. ... This article discusses the telephone directory number 411. ... The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. ...


In the United Kingdom, Ireland and many other countries it is illegal to perform a reverse lookup from a phone number, although some companies have attempted to sell reverse directories. CD-ROM telephone directories supplied by telephone operators are now sold in an encrypted format that allows only lookups from a name and address.


In Jersey, the paper phone book has a form of reverse directory with the phone number and then the name and address, for example:

  • 712345 – Mr A Smith, 1 Any Street, Saint Helier
  • 712346 – Mrs B Johnson, 2 Any Street, Saint Helier

It exists after the regular directory in the phone book. Saint Helier (Jèrriais: St Hélyi) is one of the twelve parishes and the largest town on Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands in the English Channel. ...


Compare with

It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, or LDAP (IPA: ), is an application protocol for querying and modifying directory services running over TCP/IP.[1] A directory is a set of information with similar attributes organized in a logical and hierarchical manner. ... A reverse telephone directory (also known as a blackpages directory or reverse phone lookup) is a collection of telephone numbers and associated customer details. ...

See also

  • Silent number
  • WikiContact, a free, editable catalogue of people and cities
  • Canada's Official Yellow Pages(TM), Canada's Yellow Pages(TM)

In telephony, a silent number (or an unlisted number) is a telephone number that is intentionally not listed in telephone books. ...

External Links

  • Mobile Phones directory

  Results from FactBites:
 
Telephone directory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (967 words)
In telephony, a telephone directory (also called a telephone book) is a listing of telephone subscribers in a geographical area or subscribers to services provided by the organisation that publishes the directory.
Telephone directories can be published in hard copy or in electronic form.
A reverse directory, or criss-cross directory, is a telephone directory in which the entries are in order by address (first by city, then by street, then by house number), and were used to find out the name of a subscriber with a particular address or to find the neighbors of a particular address.
Reverse Phone Directory - Reverse Phone Book and White Pages Reverse Lookup Directory of Telephone Numbers Street ... (1057 words)
Unlisted Telephone Numbers and Cell Phone Numbers - Unlisted phone numbers and cellular telephone numbers may not be included in the results.
Lookup telephone area codes to find which city and state the area code is from.
Lookup a city and state to find the telephone area codes and postal zip codes associated with that city and state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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