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Encyclopedia > Telephone booth
A classic UK red telephone box.
A classic UK red telephone box.

A telephone booth (or telephone box in Ireland and the United Kingdom) is a small structure furnished with a payphone and designed for a telephone user's convenience. Such a booth usually has a door to provide privacy and a window to let others know if the booth is in use. The booth may be furnished with a printed directory of local telephone numbers, and a booth in a formal setting such as a hotel may be furnished with paper and pen and even a seat. An outdoor booth may be made of metal and plastic to withstand the elements and heavy use, while an indoor booth (once known as a silence cabinet)[1] may have more elaborate architecture and furnishings. Most outdoor booths feature the name and logo of the telephone service provider. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 281 KB)The name is misleading; this phone box is actually outside St Johns College, Oxford. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 281 KB)The name is misleading; this phone box is actually outside St Johns College, Oxford. ... K2 red telephone boxes behind Enzo Plazzottas bronze, Young Dancer, on Broad Street, Covent Garden, London A K6 red telephone box in Oxford The red telephone box, a public telephone kiosk designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, was a once familiar sight on the streets of the United Kingdom. ... K2 red telephone boxes behind Enzo Plazzottas bronze, Young Dancer, on Broad Street, Covent Garden, London A K6 red telephone box in Oxford The red telephone box, a public telephone kiosk designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, was a once familiar sight on the streets of the United Kingdom. ... A payphone or pay phone is a public telephone, with payment by inserting money (usually coins) or a debit card (a special telephone card or a multi-purpose card) or credit card before a call is made. ... The telephone is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ... The front door of a house is often decorated to appear inviting. ...


The telephone booth became common in industrialized countries in the 1910s. Starting in the 1970s pay telephones were less and less commonly placed in booths. In many areas where they were once common, telephone booths have now been completely replaced by non-enclosed pay phones. In the United States, this replacement was caused, at least in part, by an attempt to make the pay telephones more accessible to the handicapped. Many locations that provide pay phones mount the phones on kiosks rather than in booths — this relative lack of privacy and comfort discourages lengthy calls in high-demand areas such as airports. // Caitlin wants nathans penis mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... a pagoda-like kiosk in Lausanne. ...


Special equipment installed in some telephone booths allows a caller to use a computer, a portable fax machine, or a telecommunications device for the deaf.

Contents

Paying for the call

A Telstra phone box in South Australia
A Telstra phone box in South Australia

The user of the booth pays for the call by depositing coins into a slot on the telephone, by entering a payment code on the telephone's keypad, or by using a telephone card. Coin-operated phones usually take the money before the call is made, and return it if there is no answer on the receiving end. Other phones, such as those used in the UK until the early 1980s, take the money after someone has answered at the other end by blocking the call until money has been deposited. Some pay phones are equipped with a card reader that allows a caller to make payment with a credit card. A caller who possesses no means of payment may have the phone company's operator ask the call recipient if the recipient is willing to make payment for the call; this is known as "reversing the charges" or "calling collect". It is also possible to place a call to a phone booth if the intended recipient is known to be waiting at the booth, however not all phone booths allow incoming calls. Long before "computer hacking" was a common phenomenon, creative mischief-makers devised tactics for obtaining free phone usage through a variety of techniques, including several for defeating the electro-mechanical payment mechanisms of telephone booths--early methods of phone phreaking. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (461x615, 62 KB) A picture of a typical telstra phone box that I took. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (461x615, 62 KB) A picture of a typical telstra phone box that I took. ... Telstra Corporation (ASX: TLS, NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications company under private ownership, holding a dominant position in landline telephone services, large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access and Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite and ADSL services... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... A telephone card, calling card or phone card for short, is a small card, usually resembling a credit card, used to pay for telephone services. ... Phreaking is a slang term coined to describe the activity of a subculture of people who study, experiment with, or explore telephone systems, the equipment of telephone companies, and systems connected to public telephone networks. ...


Recent developments

Phone boxes are often vandalised
Phone boxes are often vandalised

The increasing use of mobile phones has led to a decreased demand for pay telephones, but the increasing use of portable computers is leading to a new kind of service. In 2003, service provider Verizon announced that they would begin offering wireless computer connectivity in the vicinity of their phone booths in Manhattan. As of 2006 the Verizon wifi telephone booth service was discontinued in favor of the more expensive Verizon Wireless's EVDO system [1]. This allows a computer user to connect with remote computer services by means of a short-range radio stationed within the booth. The caller pays for usage by means of a pre-arranged account code stored inside the caller's computer. Wireless access is motivating telephone companies to place wireless stations at locations that have traditionally hosted telephone booths, but stations are also appearing in new kinds of locations such as libraries, cafés, and trains. Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1123 KB)Photo of phone box with smashed tempered glass in Holloway. ... Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1123 KB)Photo of phone box with smashed tempered glass in Holloway. ... Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ... Laptop with touchpad. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... While the term wireless network may technically be used to refer to any type of network that is wireless, the term is most commonly use to refer to a telecommunications network whose interconnections between nodes is implemented without the use of wires, such as a computer network (which is a... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, USA, coterminous with New York County. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Verizon Wireless owns and operates the second-largest wireless telecommunications network in the United States and the largest wireless telecommunications in Puerto Rico along with Puerto Rico Telephone (PRT), based on total wireless customers. ... EVDO, thrid generation CDMA1X data transfer. ...


A rise in vandalism in certain regions has prompted several companies to manufacture simpler booths with extremely strong pay phones.


Most telephone booths in Northern Ireland are able to accept two currencies. They are able to accept both the Pound Sterling and the Euro, due to the proximity to the Republic of Ireland. Similarly, mainly in large cities in Great Britain, certain telephone booths accept both sterling and euros[2]. Other services provided by these booths are internet access, SMS text messaging and ordinary phone services. Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 3. ... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Portugal, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Vatican City Inflation 1. ... “SMS” redirects here. ...


In Finland 2007, Finland becomes the first country in the world not to have telephone booths generally available. The cellular phone penetration in the country is so high that telephone booths haven't practically been used at all for years. Finnet companies and TeliaSonera Finland have earlier decided to discontinue their public telephones and the last remaining operator Elisa Oyj will do that before autumn that year[2]. Cellular redirects here. ... TeliaSonera AB is the dominant telephone company and mobile network operator in Sweden and Finland, and is also active in other countries in Northern and Eastern Europe, with a total (2004) of 26 million customers, 29,082 employees, sales of 81,937 million SEK, and profit of 12,964 million... Elisa Oyj (Elisa) is a Finnish telecommunications company founded in 1882 (known until July 2000 as HPY or Helsingin puhelinyhdistys). ...


The telephone booth in culture

Calling cards are often found in phone boxes in London advertising the services of call girls
Calling cards are often found in phone boxes in London advertising the services of call girls

The concept of the telephone booth is a useful metaphor in storytelling. In Stanley Kubrick's 1968 movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, a scientist journeying to the moon uses a pay phone to communicate with his daughter on Earth, showing movie audiences that an act as prosaic as telephoning one's daughter remains part of the human condition regardless of mankind's exploration of the universe. Although this telephone booth is futuristic enough to travel through space and feature a live video link with Dr. Floyd's daughter, the matter of payment remains a timeless issue as the phone dutifully displays the charges afterward. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 486 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Prostitution Call girl Telephone booth Calling card ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 486 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Prostitution Call girl Telephone booth Calling card ... Calling cards are often found in phone boxes in London advertising the services of call girls Calling Card may refer to various object of the same name: Historically, a calling card was used socially to signify a visit made to a house if the occupant were absent; or as an... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A call girl is a prostitute who is not visible to the general public, like a street walker, and who does not usually belong to an institution like a brothel. ... Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an influential and acclaimed American film director and producer. ... // October 30 - The film The Lion in Winter, starring Katharine Hepburn, debuts. ... Apparent magnitude: up to -12. ...


In Alfred Hitchcock's 1963 film The Birds, actress Tippi Hedren is trapped in a phone booth as birds try to attack her and cause havoc in the town around her. Here we see the director questioning man's place in nature because the birds are in control on the outside and the human being is trapped in a glass cage. Instead of facilitating communication, this telephone booth isolates the character from all human contact. Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (August 13, 1899 – April 29, 1980) was a highly influential film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... // Events January 28 - Filming begins on Dr. Strangelove. ... The Birds (1963) is a horror film by Alfred Hitchcock, loosely based on the short story The Birds (ISBN 0-582-41798-8) by Daphne du Maurier. ... Nathalie Tippi Hedren (born January 19, 1930)[1] is an American actress with a career spanning six decades. ...


In the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, the title character's vehicle for traversing space and time was designed to take the shape of any desired object, but the circuitry for achieving this effect malfunctioned while the vehicle had the shape of what some non-British and younger views assume is a telephone booth, but is actually a classic British police call box; a special telephone intended only for the use of police officers before the introduction of police radios or for civilians in emergencies. See TARDIS. Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme (and 1996 television movie) produced by the BBC about the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... 20th century British police call box, similar to that used in Doctor Who A police box is a telephone kiosk or callbox for use by members of the police. ... The Third Doctor emerging from the TARDIS in the 1970 serial Spearhead from Space. ...


In the 1960s TV series Get Smart, the CONTROL headquarters was located in the basement of a building, accessible via a telephone booth. This method of access was seen in the opening credits of most episodes. Get Smart was an American comedy television series that satirized the secret agent genre, which was quite popular in the mid-1960s. ...


Superman and his anthropomorphic parody Underdog have often been depicted as changing from their secret identities into their superhero counterparts in telephone booths. Phone booths are not the most practical of places for effecting a change of costume for those unendowed with superpowers. Even the superheroes can be confounded — in the 1978 film Superman, Christopher Reeve's Superman comically discovers during an emergency that the local pay phones are the open-kiosk style. Superman is a comic book superhero, originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Underdog was an American animated television series that debuted on October 3, 1964, on the NBC network and continued in syndication until 1973 for a run of approximately 124 episodes over NBC, and occasionally, CBS. // In 1960, handling the General Mills account as an account executive with the Dancer Fitzgerald... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ... // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ...

A telephone booth in Brazil, popularly called orelhão ("big ear") because of its format.
A telephone booth in Brazil, popularly called orelhão ("big ear") because of its format.

The 1972 short film La Cabina (IMDB link) directed by Antonio Mercero features a man trapped inside a telephone booth. The initially light-hearted Spanish made film (which features no dialogue) has a chilling conclusion. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1712x2288, 818 KB) [edit] Information File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Telephone booth Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1712x2288, 818 KB) [edit] Information File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Telephone booth Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... // Top grossing films The Godfather Fiddler on the Roof Diamonds Are Forever Whats Up, Doc?, starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan ONeal Dirty Harry The Last Picture Show A Clockwork Orange Cabaret, starring Liza Minnelli The Hospital Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex Academy Awards Best Picture... La Cabina (The Telephone Box) is an award-winning 1972 film directed by Spanish director Antonio Mercero. ... Antonio Mercero is a Spanish director of the series Verano Azul and later Farmacia de Guardia. ...


The 1989 film Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure featured the title characters traveling through time and space in a telephone booth, collecting seven historical figures. These historical figures travelled back to California with them in the telephone booth, despite their inability to all comfortably fit inside the booth — a reference to the late 1950s practice of "telephone booth stuffing". A newer, more advanced version of the phone booth appeared in the 1991 sequal, Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey, used by Bill and Ted's mentor Rufus, and the evil robot copies of Bill and Ted. // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure (1989) is a comedy/science fiction film based on the idea of time travel. ... Bill & Teds Bogus Journey is a 1991 American comedy science fiction film, the sequel to Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure. ...


In the Harry Potter series the visitors' entrance to the Ministry of Magic is located in a red telephone booth. Cover of the original novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... In the fictional universe of the Harry Potter series as written by J.K. Rowling, the Ministry of Magic is the governing body of the magical community of Britain and succeeded the earlier Wizards Council. ...


The 1985 Movie Jumpin Jack Flash features Whoopi Goldberg being dragged by a tow truck through uptown Manhattan while in a phone booth. Jumpin Jack Flash is a song by English rock and roll band The Rolling Stones, released as a single in 1968. ... Whoopi Goldberg (born Caryn Elaine Silverstein, November 13, 1955),[1] is an American comedian, film actress and radio DJ. Goldberg is one of only a few individuals (including Barbra Streisand, Mel Brooks, Rita Moreno, Audrey Hepburn and Helen Hayes) who have won an Academy Award, a Tony, an Emmy, and...


French conceptual artist Sophie Calle was challenged by writer Paul Auster to create and maintain a public amenity in New York. The artist's response was to augment a telephone booth on the corner of Greenwich and Harrison streets in Manhattan with a note pad, a bottle of water, a pack of cigarettes, flowers, cash, and sundry other items. Every day, Calle cleaned the booth and restocked the items, until the telephone company removed and discarded them. This project is documented in The Gotham Handbook (1998) [3]. Conceptual art, sometimes called idea art, is art in which the ideas embodied by a piece are more central to the work than the means used to create it. ... Sophie Calle is a French photographer, installation and conceptual artist. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Paul Benjamin Auster (born February 3, 1947, Newark, New Jersey) is a Brooklyn-based author. ... NY redirects here. ... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, USA, coterminous with New York County. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... A call box or callbox is a (usually metal) box containing a special-purpose direct line telephone or other telecommunications device, which has been used by various industries and institutions as a way for employees or clients at a remote location to contact a central dispatch office. ... The Mojave Phone Booth was a lone telephone booth in the Mojave National Preserve which attracted an online following in 1997, due to its unusual location. ... K2 red telephone boxes behind Enzo Plazzottas bronze, Young Dancer, on Broad Street, Covent Garden, London A K6 red telephone box in Oxford The red telephone box, a public telephone kiosk designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, was a once familiar sight on the streets of the United Kingdom. ...

References

  1. ^ Indoor booth Melchior
  2. ^ http://www.elisa.fi/ir/index.cfm?t=5&o=5120.00&did=13602 (read 11th November 2006)
  3. ^ Auster, Paul et al. "Doubles-jeux: Gotham Handbook, livre VII" (Paperback) Actes Sud, 1998

  Results from FactBites:
 
Telephone Booth: How Products are Made (864 words)
The original telephone booths were constructed from hard woods such as mahogany and had plush carpets on the floors.
Telephone booths historically have had accordion doors but as these limit handicap access recent designs are usually partial enclosures with phones attached at lower heights to accommodate users in wheelchairs.
Telephone enclosures designed for institutional use such as prisons, universities, or other high traffic areas subject to abuse and vandalism are constructed from heavy duty (14 gauge) steel housing.
Telephone booth Summary (1625 words)
A telephone booth (or telephone box in Ireland and the United Kingdom) is a small structure furnished with a payphone and designed for a telephone user's convenience.
The booth may be furnished with a printed directory of local telephone numbers, and a booth in a formal setting such as a hotel may be furnished with paper and pen and even a seat.
In love stories, a depiction of an anguished conversation from a telephone booth serves as a metaphor for separation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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