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Encyclopedia > Telenor
Telenor ASA
Type Public
Founded 1855
Headquarters Fornebu, Norway
Key people CEO: Jon Fredrik Baksaas, Chairman: Thorleif Enger
Industry Telecommunication
Products Telephony and broadband
Revenue 91.1 billion NOK (2006)
Operating income 18.3 billion NOK (2006)
Net income 15.9 billion NOK (2006)
Employees 31,750
Website www.telenor.com

Telenor (OSE: TEL, NASDAQTELN) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. Today, Telenor is mostly an international wireless carrier with operations in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Asia. In addition, it has extensive broadband and TV distribution operations in four Nordic Countries. Image File history File links Telenor_logo_small. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Fornebu (archaic form Fornebo) is a peninsular area in the suburban municipality of Bærum in Norway, close to the countrys capital Oslo. ... Jon Fredrik Baksaas (b. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... In telecommunication, Telephony encompasses the general use of equipment to provide voice communication over distances. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term which refers to a signaling method which includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Oslo Stock Exchange Oslo Stock Exchange (Norwegian: Oslo Børs) serves as the main market for trading in shares of Norwegian companies. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Fornebu (archaic form Fornebo) is a peninsular area in the suburban municipality of Bærum in Norway, close to the countrys capital Oslo. ... County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wireless. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ...

Contents

History

Telegrafverket

Telenor started off in 1855 as a state-operated monopoly, named Telegrafverket as a provider of telegraph services. The first ideas for a telegraph were launched within the Royal Norwegian Navy in 1848, but by 1852 the plans were public and in 1852 the Parliament of Norway decided on a plan for constructing the telegraph throughout the country. Televerket started by building from Christiania (now Oslo) to Sweden (Norway was at that time in a union with Sweden) as well as between Christiania and Drammen. By 1857 the telegraph had reached Bergen via Sørlandet and by 1871 it had reached Kirkenes. Cable connections were opened to Denmark in 1867 and to Great Britain in 1869. The telegraph was most important for the merchant marine who now could use the electric telegraph to instantly communicate between different locations, and get a whole new advantage within logistics.[1] Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A monopoly (from the Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service, in other words a firm that has no competitors in its industry. ... Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele = far away and grapho = write) is the long distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally over wire. ... Ranks Norwegian military ranks The Royal Norwegian Navy (often abbreviated as RNoN) is the branch of the Norwegian Defence Force responsible for naval operations. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ... County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... The Kingdom of Sweden-Norway is a term sometimes, but erroneously, used to refer to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of... County Buskerud District Municipality NO-0602 Administrative centre Drammen Mayor (2003) Tore Opdal Hansen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 366 137 km² 135 km² 0. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2006) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... Sørlandet is the geographical region (landsdel) of the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Kirkenes, Norway and Petsamo, Russia Orthographic projection over Kirkenes Norway Kirkenes is the centre of the municipality of Sør-Varanger in Finnmark county, Norway. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Technology

The first telephone service in Norway was offered in 1878 between Arendal and Tvedestrand, while the first international telephone service between Christiania and Stockholm is offered in 1893. The first automation of a telephone system in introduced in 1920, finished in 1985. In 1946 the first Telex service is offered, in 1976 satellite telephone connections to oil platforms in the North Sea were installed and in 1980 the first steps to digitalise the telephone network starts.[2] 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... County Aust-Agder District Sørlandet Municipality NO-0906 Administrative centre Arendal Mayor (2004) Torill Rolstad Larsen (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 289 270 km² 255 km² 0. ... County Aust-Agder Landscape Sørlandet Municipality NO-0938 Administrative centre Tvedestrand Mayor (2004) Jan Dukene (Tvedestrand Tverrpolitiske Liste) Official language form Bokmål Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 322 218 km² 204 km² 0. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Telex can refer to more than one thing: For the communications network, see Telegraphy. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... The Hibernia platform is the worlds largest oil platform. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... A digital system is one that uses discrete values (often electrical voltages), especially those representable as binary numbers, or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (ie, as in an analog system). ...


Televerket opened its first manual mobile telephone system in 1966, being replaced with the automatic NMT system in 1981 and the enhanced NMT-900 in 1986. Norway was the first country in Europe to get an automatic mobile telephone system. The digital GSM system was taken into use in 1993; the GSM standard developed in Norway by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), but no mobile phone manufacturers emerged in the country. The third generation of mobile technology with UMTS system began full operation 2004.[3]The Opera web browser was created in 1994 by Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner and Geir Ivarsøy during their tenure at Telenor. Opera Software was established in 1995 after the pair went on to continue development of their browser. Mobile radio telephone systems preceded modern cellular mobile telephony technology. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... For other meanings of the abbreviation, see: NMT. NMT (Nordisk MobilTelefoni or Nordiska MobilTelefoni-gruppen, Nordic Mobile Telephone in English) is a mobile phone system that was specified by the Nordic telecommunications administrations (PTTs) starting in 1970, and opened for service in 1981 as a response to the increasing congestion... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A digital system is one that uses discrete values (often electrical voltages), especially those representable as binary numbers, or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (ie, as in an analog system). ... The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, known by its Norwegian acronym NTNU (from Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet), is located in Trondheim. ... 3G is the third generation of mobile phone standards and technology, after 2G. It is based on the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) family of standards under the International Mobile Telecommunications programme, IMT-2000. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer users a wider range of more advanced services while achieving... The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Opera is a cross-platform web browser and Internet suite which handles common Internet-related tasks including visiting web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, chatting online, viewing Widgets, downloading BitTorrents, and reading Newsfeeds. ... An example of a Web browser (Internet Explorer 7) A Web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. ... This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner is the CEO of Opera Software. ... Geir Ivarsøy (June 27, 1957 – March 9, 2006) was the lead programmer at Opera Software. ... Logo of Opera Software. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


Deregulation and internationalisation

The corporation changed its name to Televerket in 1969. In 1994, the then Norwegian Telecom was established as a public corporation. The authorities wanted to deregulate the telecom sector in Norway, and sector by sector was deregulated between 1994 to 1998. An attempt to merge Telenor with its counterpart in Sweden, Telia, failed in 1999, while both still were owned by their respective governments. On December 4, 2000 the company was partially privatised and listed on Oslo Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. The privatisation gave the company NOK 15,6 billion in new capital, the Government of Norway owning 77.7% of the company after the privatisation. By 2006 the governments ownership has been reduced to 53%. Televerket was the name of the Swedish and Norwegian government agencies for telecommunications. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... Literally a public company is a company owned by the public. ... This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... TeliaSonera AB is the result of a merger between the Swedish and Finnish telecommunications companies, Telia and Sonera. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... Oslo Stock Exchange Oslo Stock Exchange (Norwegian: Oslo Børs) serves as the main market for trading in shares of Norwegian companies. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... ISO 4217 Code NOK User(s) Norway Inflation 2. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The functions of the King of Norway are mainly ceremonial, but he has influence as the symbol of national unity. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the second half of the 1990s, Telenor became involved in mobile operations in a number of countries: Russia (1994), Bangladesh, Greece, Ireland, Germany and Austria (1997), Ukraine (1998), Malaysia (1999), Denmark and Thailand (2000), Hungary (2002), Montenegro (2004), Pakistan (2004), Slovakia, Czech Republic, Serbia (2006). Operations in Greece, Ireland and Germany were sold in 1999/2000 and profits were re-invested in the emerging markets. In October 2005 Telenor acquired Vodafone Sweden, changing the name to Telenor in April 2006. On 31 July, 2006, Telenor acquired 100 per cent share of mobile operator Mobi 63, one of two mobile operations existing in that moment in Serbia for Euro 1.513 billion. This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... Mobi 63, previously named Mobtel, is a Serbian wireless telecommunications service provider. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


Operations

Telenor offers a full range of telecommunication services in Norway, including mobile and fixed telephony as well as Internet access and content. Telenor still dominates the market place in Norway. However, competition has at times been intense in the mobile market and ADSL market, but Telenor remains the largest company in both sectors. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ...


Telenor holds a prominent position in the Scandinavian Broadband and TV market, both with regard to the number of subscribers and to the extent of coverage. The TV distribution is branded Canal Digital. Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ...


Telenor Satellite Services provides a range of services related to satellite communication, including voice, television and data. The word voice can be used to refer to: Sound: The human voice. ... For other uses, see Data (disambiguation). ...


Telenor Maritime Radio is responsible for the infrastructure for maritime radio communication in Norway, and also includes five manned coast radio stations whose primary purpose is to monitor the maritime radio traffic (over e.g. VHF and MF bands) and to assist marine vessels in distress. Telenor Maritime Radio is a subsidiary of Telenor that is responsible for the infrastructure for maritime radio communication in Norway, and also includes five manned coast radio stations whose primary purpose is to monitor the maritime radio traffic (over e. ... Portable VHF radio set Marine VHF radio is installed on all large ships and most motorized small craft. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions serves as the most common band for broadcasting. ...


Telenor Cinclus develops and sells products related to Automatic Meter Reading and other technologies related to machine to machine communication. Automatic meter reading, or AMR, is the technology of automatically collecting data from water meter or energy metering devices (water, gas, electric) and transferring that data to a central database for billing and/or analyzing. ...


Telenor Research and Innovation (Telenor R&I, prior to September 1st 2006 known as Telenor R&D) is Norway's largest research establishment within Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Telenor R&I has research facilities in Fornebu, Trondheim and Tromsø. Information technology (IT) or information and communication technology (ICT) is the technology required for information processing. ... Fornebu (archaic form Fornebo) is a peninsular area in the suburban municipality of Bærum in Norway, close to the countrys capital Oslo. ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... County Troms District Municipality NO-1902 Administrative centre Tromsø Mayor (2004) Herman Kristoffersen (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 18 2,566 km² 2,519 km² 0. ...


Telenor also owns 51,8% of EDB Business Partner that offers a wide range of IT-services. The company is listed on Oslo Stock Exchange. EDB Business Partner (OSE: EDBASA), branded as EDB is a Norwegian information technology company that supplies a vast array of services relating to computing, including operation, outsourcing and online banking. ... Oslo Stock Exchange Oslo Stock Exchange (Norwegian: Oslo Børs) serves as the main market for trading in shares of Norwegian companies. ...


Telenor has sold a number of divisions after its privatisation, including Bravida, the former installation division and Findexia, now part of Eniro that is responsible for telephone directorys. Eniro AB is a Swedish company offering search services and directory assistance in several countries. ... Moscow phone book, 1930. ...


Mobile

Telenor Mobil SIM
Telenor Mobil SIM

At year-end 2005, Telenor held controlling interests in mobile operations in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Ukraine, Hungary, Montenegro, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Telenor also holds minority interests in mobile operations in Russia and Austria. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1629x1179, 192 KB) Summary Taken by mroach. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1629x1179, 192 KB) Summary Taken by mroach. ... Look up SIM, Sim, sim in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006...


In accordance with Telenor's strategy of consolidating its position in international mobile by obtaining control of selected international mobile operations, and in order to maximize the benefit of cross-border synergies and increase overall profitability, Telenor also made new acquisitions in 2005.


In October 2006, Telenor entered into an agreement with Vodafone Group for the acquisition of subsidiary Vodafone Sweden for a consideration of NOK 8,170 million, including assumption of debt. Vodafones corporate logo is the outline of a SIM card Vodafone is a multinational mobile phone operator with headquarters in Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom and Düsseldorf, Germany. ... Telenor is the incumbent telco in Norway. ...


Effective from 26 October 2005, Telenor increased its economic stake in Total Access Communication (DTAC) in Thailand to 56.9 per cent. Following further transactions based on mandatory tender offers, Telenor's economic stake was raised to 69.3 per cent by year-end 2005.


Telenor's mobile commitments in Asia and Eastern and Central Europe are becoming increasingly important and to ensure optimal follow-up, Telenor has appointed dedicated Executive Vice Presidents for these regions. Telenor has also strengthened the co-ordination of operational and human resources across all the countries in which the group has operations through the appointment of two new Executive Vice Presidents to the Group Executive Management.


During 2005, Telenor successfully extracted a number of cross-border synergies across the group. Common technologies for optimal spectrum and network utilisation have been successfully implemented at each of the group's operations, and Telenor maintains its focus on adopting new technologies to improve service quality and reduce costs.


In order to harmonise the group's customer orientation across all markets, Telenor has developed a common segmentation model that enables more effective targeting, while also providing greater insight into the global markets. Telenor has developed a framework that provides affiliates with a proven concept of developing target segmented offerings and optimised go-to-market strategies.


Revenues from voice services include traffic charges, interconnection fees, and roaming charges. All of Telenor's mobile operations derive the greatest share of their total revenues from voice services, and Telenor continues to focus on developing new products, services and initiatives to increase Telenor's customer base and encourage higher usage.


Fixed-line

In Norway, Telenor provides communications solutions on a retail basis to both residential and business customers. Offers include analogue (PSTN) and digital (ISDN) fixed-line telephony, as well as broadband voice services over Internet Protocol (VoIP), Internet access via PSTN/ISDN and digital subscriber lines (xDSL), value-added services and leased lines. Norway now has one of the highest numbers of DSL lines per capita, currently at over 80% of households and steadily growing. The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the concatenation of the worlds public circuit-switched telephone networks, in much the same way that the Internet is the concatenation of the worlds public IP-based packet-switched networks. ... ISDN is also short for isosorbide dinitrate Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a type of circuit switched telephone network system, designed to allow digital (as opposed to analog) transmission of voice and data over ordinary telephone copper wires, resulting in better quality and higher speeds, than available with analog... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... Digital Subscriber Line, or DSL, is a family of technologies that provide a digital connection over the copper wires of the local telephone network. ...


Through the acquisitions of Bredbandsbolaget and Cybercity, made in July 2005 for NOK 4.5 billion and NOK 1.3 billion, respectively, Telenor has gained a strong position in the fast-growing broadband markets in Sweden and Denmark. Bredbandsbolaget is Sweden's second largest provider of broadband services, offering full triple-play with high-speed Internet, VoIP and Internet Protocol (IP) television services on an all-IP fibre and xDSL network. Cybercity is Denmark's third largest broadband supplier, providing xDSL-based Internet access and voice services to both residential and business customers. Cybercity is a leading Danish internet service provider owned by Telenor. ... In baseball, a triple play (denoted by TP) is the act of making three outs during the same continuous play. ... Cybercity is a leading Danish internet service provider owned by Telenor. ...


On 8 February 2006, Telenor increased its shareholding in the Swedish residential voice and broadband provider Glocalnet AB by 13.5 per cent, for a consideration of SEK 136 million (NOK 118 million), to secure a 50.1 per cent ownership interest. The acquisition triggered a mandatory offer for all outstanding shares in Glocalnet AB. This offer is valid until 21 April 2006. As at 28 March 2006, Telenor holds a 96.6 per cent ownership interest in Glocalnet.


In the fourth quarter of 2005, Telenor disposed of its operations in the Czech Republic and Slovakia with a loss of NOK 63 million.


Telenor holds a 20.3 per cent ownership interest in the listed Russian fixed-line operator Golden Telecom. Golden Telecom LLC is the smallest GSM operator in Ukraine, although it started early by launching its GSM-1800 operation back in 1996. ...


Broadcast

Telenor also operates the national terrestrial broadcast network in Norway, Norkring. It is also part owner of the company that will build the new digital terrestial network, Norges Televisjon and the content provider RiksTV. Telenor is also the leading provider of satellite broadcasting services in the Nordic region, utilising three geostationary satellites. Telenor's key objective is to further strengthen Broadcast's position in the Nordic region. Norkring is a Norwegian company owned by Telenor that is responsible for the terrestrial broadcast of radio and television channels in Norway. ... Test service with news from the NRK. Norges televisjon (NTV) (literal English translation: Norways television) received the official licence to build and maintain the digital TV network in Norway, on 2 June 2006. ... RiksTV (formerly NTV Pluss) is the distributor of pay television in the Norwegian digital terrestrial television network. ... A geosynchronous satellite is a satellite whose orbital speed equals the Earths rotational speed. ...


Telenor Broadcast provides TV distribution services to more than three million households and businesses in the Nordic region, offering basic tier, "minipay" and premium pay-TV services to subscribers with Direct To Home (DTH) satellite dishes. In Norway and Sweden, Telenor also offers basic tier TV services, pay-TV and Internet services to cable TV subscribers, and in Denmark, the same services are marketed through a cable network; OE Kabel TV, acquired in November 2005. In Finland, Telenor offers premium pay-TV services to subscribers with access to digital terrestrial television (DTT). Telenor also offers TV services through privately owned satellite master antenna TV networks (SMATV), which serve multiple dwellings such as housing associations and antenna unions. A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ... DTT is an LGV training company incoporating training schools across the UK. It is the largest national LGV training school and has recently floated on the stock exchange. ... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ...


Telenor's wholly owned subsidiary Canal Digital is the leading TV content distributor in the Nordic region, offering a wide range of national and international TV channels to households that rely on DTH, cable, DTT or SMATV for their reception of television services. Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ... 6 or 15cm outside diameter, oil-cooled cables, traversing the Grand Coulee Dam throughout. ... DTT is an LGV training company incoporating training schools across the UK. It is the largest national LGV training school and has recently floated on the stock exchange. ... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ...


International activities and markets

Approximately half of Telenor's employees work outside Norway.


Bangladesh

Telenor owns 62% of GrameenPhone, Bangladesh's largest mobile telephony company. As of June 2007, GrameenPhone has 14 million subscribers.[4] Grameenphone (Bengali: গ্রামীণফোন Graminfon) is a GSM-based cellular operator in Bangladesh and market leader[5] with more than 50% of the Bangladeshi market share. ...


Denmark

In Denmark Telenor owns three companies. Sonofon is Denmark's second largest provider of mobile telephony with 1.5 million subscribers. Cybercity provides broadband and has 150.000 customers. Canal Digital is also present in Denmark. Sonofon A/S is a Danish mobile telephone operator with a customer base in excess of 1,4 million customers. ... Cybercity is a leading Danish internet service provider owned by Telenor. ... Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ...


Finland

Telenor's only operations in Finland is Canal Digital. Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ...


Hungary

Pannon is Telenor's fully owned subsidiary in Hungary. The company offers mobile telephony, has 3 million subscribers and a marked share of 33%. A mobile phone communications company operating in Hungary, Pannon GSM Telecommunications Ltd. ...


Malaysia

DiGi is Malaysia's third largest mobile telephony company, and Telenor owns 61% of the company. DiGi Telecommunications is a mobile phone service provider in Malaysia using the dialling codes of 016, 014-32, 014-35, 014-30, 014-31 and 014-6. It is owned in majority by Telenor ASA of Norway and with Berjaya Group as a minority stakeholder. ...


Montenegro

ProMonte is Telenor's subsidiary in Montenegro and offers mobile telephony. ProMonte is the 1st and largest cellular phone company in Montenegro under the area code 069. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Demonym Montenegrin Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006...


Pakistan

Telenor Pakistan is a wholly owned subsidiary that started operations on the 15th of March 2005 and holds one of six mobile licences in Pakistan. Its also the fastest growing cellular network of Pakistan. Currently telenor holds the second largest GSM and the largest GPRS and EDGE coverage in Pakistan. It has also achieved the second largest retailer network in Pakistan within the 2 years of its operations and it has started operations in Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Telenor has reached its Breakeven in the first quarter of 2007 and beat largest Mobile operator Mobilink in Sales. Telenor proactively participated in earthquake disaster, is carrying out a campaign for the welfare of flood victims in Balochistan. Current CEO of Telenor Pakistan is Tore Johnsen. Telenor Pakistan is a Pakistani GSM cellular service provider, and is a subsidiary of Telenor, Norway. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The breakeven point in economics is the point at which cost or expenses and income are equal - there is no net loss or gain, one has broken even. The point at which a firm or other economic entity breaks even is equal to its fixed costs divided by its contribution... Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited, better known as Mobilink GSM, is a telecommunication service provider in Pakistan. ... Balochistan, or Ballsforchinstan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ...


Russia and CIS

Russia's second largest mobile telephone company is VimpelCom, which Telenor owns about a third of. VimpelCom also operates in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Georgia. The company is listed on New York Stock Exchange. Bee Line GSM ( Russian:Би Лайн GSM) is a trademark of the second largest cell-phone operator in Russian Federation. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ...


Serbia

Telenor owns 100% of Telenor Serbia, one of the three mobile vendors in Serbia and has a customer base of more than 2.7 million. ‎Telenor Serbia Telenor Serbia, previously named Mobtel and Mobi 63, is a Serbian wireless telecommunications service provider. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to...


Sweden

Telenor owns a number of different companies in Sweden. Telenor Sverige AB is the result of Telenor's purchase of Vodafone Sweden in 2005, offering mobile telephone services with a market share of approximately 15%. Telenor also owns Bredbandsbolaget, Sweden's second largest provider of broadband and the largest provider of IP telephony. Canal Digital offers TV distribution as well. Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ...


Thailand

Telenor holds an indirect position in DTAC, a mobile telephony company in Thailand.


Probable strategy

Continue its focus on mobile operations in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Asia, become the largest provider of TV and Broadband to customers in Scandinavia, and sell non-core assets outside this scope.


The company started commercial operations in Pakistan on 14 March 2005 and has made an announcement that it shall be focusing on the emerging markets in Asia and Pacific region. is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Criticism

Norwegian Internet Exchange

In June 2007 Telenor announced that it would withdraw from the Norwegian Internet Exchange. It would allow other internet service providers to connect to Telenor's own exchange point, but wants to be able to charge content providers, like NRK or Schibsted, for prioritised access to their network. The Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority stated they would look at the legality of this move[5], but concluded that the withdrawal from NIX would not negatively affect the Norwegian Internet infrastructure.[6] This raised demands that the network division be demerged from Telenor and made a separate company.[7] Critics feel that this move compromises the network neutrality of Norway,[8] especialy since Telenor has a 57% market share domesticaly.[9] June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ... The Norwegian Internet Exchange or NIX is an internet exchange point in Oslo, Norway. ... An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. ... Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK) - the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation - is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company. ... Schibsted (OSE: SCH) is a Norwegian media conglomerate with operations in 20 countries, the most important being Norway and Sweden. ... Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority (Norwegian: Post- og teletilsynet) is a Norwegian government agency responisble for controlling and regulating the telecommunication and postal sector of Norway. ... Demerger is the converse of a merger or acquisition. ... Network neutrality (equivalently net neutrality, Internet neutrality or NN) refers to a principle that is applied to residential broadband networks, and potentially to all networks. ... Market share, in strategic management and marketing, is the percentage or proportion of the total available market or market segment that is being serviced by a company. ...


GrameenPhone

After Muhammad Yunus was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006, he claimed during his visit in Norway to receive the prize that Grameen Bank had a gentlemen's agreement with Telenor where Telenor was to sell part of GrameeenPhone to the bank. Telenor was not interested in fulfilling this agreement, arguing it was not juridicaly binding. Dr. Muhammad Yunus (Bengali: , pronounced ) (born June 28, 1940) is a Muslim Bangladeshi banker and economist. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Grameen Bank (Bangla: গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক) is a microfinance organization and community development bank started in Bangladesh that makes small loans (known as microcredit) to the impoverished without requiring collateral. ... A Gentlemens agreement is an informal agreement between two parties. ...


See also

  • COMSAT mobile communications

COMSAT mobile communications (CMC) is a telecommunications company which provides Mobile packet data service. ...

References

  1. ^ Pryser, Tore (1999) Norsk Historie 1814-1860: Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo ISBN 82-521-5184-1
  2. ^ http://www.telenor.no/om/virksomhet/historie/kronologi/
  3. ^ http://www.telenor.no/om/virksomhet/historie/
  4. ^ Telenor Press Release on 10 million customer of Grameen phone
  5. ^ Dagens Næringsliv. Vil granske Telenor (Norwegian). Retrieved on 2007-06-28.
  6. ^ Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority. Telenors samtrafikkavtaler for internettrafikk (Norwegian).
  7. ^ Nettavisen. EU vil splitte telegiganter (Norwegian). Retrieved on 2007-07-26.
  8. ^ Dagbladet. Din frie adgang til nettet er truet (Norwegian). Retrieved on 2007-07-26.
  9. ^ Dagens IT. Sjekk naboenes bredbåndslinjer (Norwegian). Retrieved on 2007-07-26.

Dagens Næringsliv, commonly known as DN, is Norways leading business publication with a circulation of 70 515 copies in 2004 (642 000 readers per week). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority (Norwegian: Post- og teletilsynet) is a Norwegian government agency responisble for controlling and regulating the telecommunication and postal sector of Norway. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dagbladet is Norways third largest newspaper with a circulation of 191,164 copies in 2002. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Telenor Group
  • Telenor Cinclus, Norway
  • Telenor Slovakia
  • Telenor Czech Republic
  • Telenor Serbia
  • Telenor Sweden
  • Telenor Norway
  • Telenor Netherlands
  • Telenor Brasil
  • Telenor Russia
  • Telenor Pakistan
  • GrameenPhone, Bangladesh
  • DiGi, Malaysia
  • DTAC, Thailand
  • Sonofon, Denmark
  • Pannon, Hungary
  • Promonte, Montenegro
  • Kyivstar, Ukraine
  • One, Austria
  • Canal Digital, Finland
  • Maritime Communications Partner, Norway
  • Telenor 3rd Quarter report 2006

Coordinates: 59°53′58.56″N, 10°37′45.99″E Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Opera is a cross-platform web browser and Internet suite which handles common Internet-related tasks including visiting web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, chatting online, viewing Widgets, downloading BitTorrents, and reading Newsfeeds. ... The term company may refer to a separate legal entity, as in English law, or may simply refer to a business, as is the common use in the United States. ... Logo of Opera Software. ... MultiTorg Opera Opera began in 1994 as a research project at Telenor, the largest Norwegian telecommunications company. ... It has been suggested that Opera (Internet suite)#Features be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The My Opera Community is the support community for the Opera web Browser. ... Presto is the name of the current (Opera 9 series) layout engine for the Opera web browser developed by Opera Software. ... HÃ¥kon Wium Lie (born 1965 in Norway) is, as of 2004, presently Chief Technology Officer of Opera Software, where he has worked since 1999. ... Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner (born August 29, 1967 in Reykjavík, Iceland) is the CEO of Opera Software. ... Geir Ivarsøy (June 27, 1957 – March 9, 2006) was the lead programmer at Opera Software. ... Opera Mobile can dynamically reformat any webpage for narrow tall viewports, such as smartphones and PDA displays. ... Opera Mini is a Java ME web browser for mobile devices, which runs on most phones that support Java Midlets. ... The Nintendo DS Browser is a version of the Opera web browser for use on the Nintendo DS, developed by Opera Software and Nintendo. ... The Internet Channel is a version of the Opera web browser for use on the Wii by Opera Software and Nintendo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Telenor - Konserninformasjon (791 words)
Telenor's Corporate regulation on the external environment was approved by the corporate management on 23 september 1996 and formulates Telenor's environmental vision and primary environmental objectives.
Telenor is to assess the environmental impact of all existing and new activities, based on principles such as prevention-at-source and from-cradle-to-cradle.
Telenor Agenda 21 is an environmental action plan for 1999-2001 that translates Telenor's environmental vision and primary environmental objectives into concrete initiatives, some at group level, others at lower levels in the Telenor organisation.
Telenor: Information from Answers.com (2146 words)
Telenor holds a prominent position in the Scandinavian Broadband and TV market, both with regard to the number of subscribers and to the extent of coverage.
Telenor also operates the national terrestrial broadcast network in Norway and is the leading provider of satellite broadcasting services in the Nordic region, utilising three geostationary satellites.
Telenor's wholly owned subsidiary Canal Digital is the leading TV content distributor in the Nordic region, offering a wide range of national and international TV channels to households that rely on DTH, cable, DTT or SMATV for their reception of television services.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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