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Encyclopedia > Teide
Teide

Pico de Teide from Cañada de los Guancheros at 2050 m at the northeast edge of the caldera. The yellowish foreground is pumice gravel, with Retama del Teide shrubs. Cloud blowing in on the northeast trade wind is normal between about 1000–2000 m altitude; here, the very top of the cloud evaporates rapidly as it enters the warm, dry, sun-heated caldera. Note also the thawing winter snow cover on the upper slopes. Photo early April.
Elevation 3,717 metres (12,195 feet)
Location Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
Prominence 3,717 m Ranked 40th
Coordinates 28°16′15″N, 16°38′21″W
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption 1909
First ascent 1582 by Sir Edmund Scory
Easiest route scramble

Teide (Mount Teide or Pico del Teide) is a volcano and mountain on Tenerife, Canary Islands (28.27 N, 16.6 W). At 3717 m above sea level and approximately 7000 m above the adjacent sea bed, it is the highest mountain in Spain, the highest mountain in any Atlantic island, and the third largest volcano on Earth. Due to its eruptive history and location close to population centres, the volcano has been designated a Decade Volcano worthy of close study to prevent future natural disasters. It is currently dormant, having last erupted in 1909 from the subsidiary vent of Chinyero on the west slope of Teide. Other significant eruptions occurred in 17041706 and 1798. The summit has a number of small active fumaroles emitting hot sulfur dioxide and other gases. Further eruptions are considered likely in the future, including a risk of highly dangerous pyroclastic flows similar to those on Mount Pelée and Mount Vesuvius. Teide is a modern name given by the Spanish, the name given to the volcano was Echeyde by the native Guanches, prior to the Spanish colonization. Echeyde, in the Guanches legends, meant some sort of powerful figure leaving the volcano that could turn into hell. At Centuries XVIII and XIX it was called Mount Pico too. That is the reason for the existence of Mons Pico at the Moon, in Montes Teneriffe (by side of Mare Imbrium). Image File history File links Teide_Tenerife3. ... Specimen of highly porous pumice from Teide volcano on Tenerife, Canary Islands. ... Wind, tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century) Given a difference in barometric pressure between two air masses, a wind will arise between the two which tends to flow from the area of high pressure to the area of low pressure until the two air masses are at the same pressure, although... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Flag of Tenerife Tenerife, a Spanish island, is the largest of the seven Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... The Canaries is the nickname of Norwich City FC. The Canaries is also the nickname of Hitchin Town F.C.. Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of peaks by prominence; that is, a list of mountains on Earth ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Stratovolcano Mount St. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Scrambling on Crib Goch, Snowdonia, Wales Scrambling is a method of ascending rocky faces and ridges. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Flag of Tenerife Tenerife, a Spanish island, is the largest of the seven Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... The Canaries is the nickname of Norwich City FC. The Canaries is also the nickname of Hitchin Town F.C.. Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... A map showing locations of the 16 Decade Volcanoes The Decade Volcanoes are 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earths Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas. ... Natural Disasters is a young rap group made up of five young teens from the Chicago suburbs. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sulfur deposits near a fumarole A fumarole (Latin fumus, smoke) is an opening in Earths (or any other astronomical bodys) crust, often in the neighborhood of volcanoes, which emit steam and gases such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrochloric acid, and hydrogen sulfide. ... Sulfur dioxide (or Sulphur dioxide) has the chemical formula SO2. ... Pyroclastic flows sweep down the flanks of Mayon Volcano, Philippines, in 1984 Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions. ... Mount Pelée (French: Montagne Pelée, Bald Mountain) is an active volcano on the northern tip of the French overseas département of Martinique in the Caribbean. ... This article is about the mountain in Italy. ... Mons Pico is a solitary lunar mountain that lies in the northern part of the Mare Imbrium basin, and to the south of the prominent Plato crater. ... Montes Teneriffe is a range on the northern part of the Moons near side. ... Oblique view of Mare Imbrium looking south towards Copernicus crater. ...

Teide from the air

In prehistoric times, about 150,000 years ago, a much larger explosive eruption occurred, probably of Volcanic Explosivity Index 7, creating Las Cañadas, a large caldera at just over 2000 m altitude, 15 km across east-west and 10 km north-south. On the south side, the internal crater walls rise as almost sheer cliffs from 2100 m to 2715 m at Guajara. The 3717 m summit of Teide itself, and its subsidiary vent Pico Viejo (3134 m), both in the northern half of the caldera, derive from eruptions subsequent to this prehistoric explosion. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1580x2168, 1613 KB)Teide mountain, Tenerife - taken from the air. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1580x2168, 1613 KB)Teide mountain, Tenerife - taken from the air. ... VEI and ejecta volume correlation The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) was devised by Chris Newhall of the U.S. Geological Survey and Steve Self at the University of Hawaii in 1982 to provide a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ...


The volcano and its surrounds, including the whole of the caldera, are protected in a national park, the Parque Nacional del Teide. Access is by a public road running across the caldera from northeast to southwest; a parador (hotel) is also within the National Park. A cable car (Teleférico Teide) goes from the roadside at 2356 m most of the way to the summit, reaching 3555 m. Access to the summit itself is restricted; a free permit (obtainable from the Park office in Santa Cruz, C/ Emilio Calzadilla, 5 - 4th floor) is required to climb the last 200 m. Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... The Aigua Blava Parador overlooking Aigua Blava Bay in the Costa Brava Paradores de Turismo de España are a chain of Spanish luxury hotels. ... The construction of the aerial tramway. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 221,627) is a Spanish city on the island of Tenerife, the largest and most populated of the Canary Islands as stated in the 2005 census. ...


Teide is also noted for a large number of endemic plants, including Cytisus supranubius (Retama del Teide, a species of broom), Echium wildpretii (Tajinaste rojo, a spectacular species of bugloss reaching 3 m tall), and Erysimum scoparium, a species of wallflower. Lower down, the middle slopes from 1000–2000 m are clothed with forests of Pinus canariensis (Pino Canario or Canary Island Pine). In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Pteridophyta - ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants... Genera Argyrocytisus:1 species Cytisus: about 30-35 species Genista: about 90 species Petteria: 1 species Podocytisus: 1 species Retama: 4 species Spartium: 1 species Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... Species See text Echium is a genus of 60 species of flowering plant in the family Boraginaceae. ... Erysimum scoparium (Teide Wallflower) - photo User:MPF at 2050m altitude on Teide, Tenerife, mid-April. ... Species Erysimum ammophilum Erysimum angustatum Erysimum arenicola Erysimum capitatum Erysimum cheiranthoides Erysimum cheiri Erysimum durum Erysimum franciscanum Erysimum hieracilifolium Erysimum inconspicuum Erysimum insulare Erysimum menziesii Erysimum occidentale Erysimum odoratum Erysimum pallasii Erysimum perofskianum Erysimum repandum Erysimum scoparium Erysimum teretifolium The genus Erysimum includes the wallflowers, which include both popular garden... Binomial name Pinus canariensis The Canary Island Pine (Pinus canariensis) is a species in the genus Pinus, family Pinaceae. ...

Pico Viejo seen from the top of Teide.
Pico Viejo seen from the top of Teide.
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Teide

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

  • Teide National Park - Official Website of Tenerife Tourism Corporation

  Results from FactBites:
 
Teide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (512 words)
The yellowish foreground is pumice gravel, with Retama del Teide shrubs.
Teide (Mount Teide or Pico de Teide) is a volcano and mountain on Tenerife, Canary Islands (28.27 N, 16.6 W).
Teide is also noted for a large number of endemic plants, including Cytisus supranubius (Retama del Teide, a species of broom), Echium wildpretii (Tajinaste rojo, a spectacular species of bugloss reaching 3 m tall), and Erysimum scoparium, a species of wallflower.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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