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Encyclopedia > Tehran province
Tehran province has been the seat of Iran's capital, Tehran, since 1778.
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Tehran province has been the seat of Iran's capital, Tehran, since 1778.

The Tehran Province is one of the thirty provinces of Iran. It covers on area of 18,909 square kilometers and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran. This province has common borders with the Mazandaran province from north, Qom province from south, Semnan province from east and Qazvin province from west. The metropolis of Tehran is not only the capital city of the province, but is also the capital of Iran. As of June 2005, this province includes thirteen townships, forty-three municipalities, and 1358 villages. province of Iran File links The following pages link to this file: Tehran Province Categories: GFDL images ... Golestan Palace, Tehran, Iran. ... Golestan Palace, Tehran, Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... Mazandaran (مازندران in Persian) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... Qom is famous for the shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh, first built in the late 8th century. ... Semnan may refer to: Semnan province Semnan (city) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Qazvin may refer to: Qazvin (city) Qazvin province Note: Qazvin province was created in 1996; older references to Qazvin are invariably to the city. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ...


The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed the capital by the Qajar dynasty in 1778. Today Tehran ranks in the top 20 metropolitan cities of the world in size. Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents


Geography

The towering Alborz mountains in Tehran rising above modern high rises of Elahiyeh district.
The towering Alborz mountains in Tehran rising above modern high rises of Elahiyeh district.

The province of Tehran has over 12,000,000 inhabitants and is Iran's most densely populated region. Approximately 84.15% reside in urban areas and 15.85% in rural areas of the province. Image File history File links Elahiyeh District. ... Image File history File links Elahiyeh District. ... The towering Alborz mountains in Tehran rising above modern high rises of Elahiyeh district. ...


The highest point of the province is Mount Damavand at an elevation of 5,678 m, and the lowest point of the province being the plains of Varamin, 790 m above sea level. Mount Damāvand (In Persian: دماوند), a dormant volcano, is the highest point in Iran (Persia). ...


The largest rivers of this province are Karaj River and Jajrud River.


Mountain ranges such as The Alborz span the north; Savad Kooh and Firooz Kooh are located in the north east; Lavasanat, Qarah Daq, Shemiranat, Hassan Abad and Namak Mountains are in the southern areas; Bibi Shahr Banoo and Alqadr are situated in the south east and the heights of Qasr-e-Firoozeh being located to the east of the province. Alborz Mountains underneath clouds seen from Tehran Alborz (in Persian البرز), also written as Alburz or Elburz, is a mountain range in northern Iran, stretching from the borders of Armenia in the north-west to the southern end of the Caspian Sea, where also Tehran and Irans highest peak, Damavand...


Environmentally speaking, the climate of Tehran province in the southern areas is warm and dry, but in the mountain vicinity is cold and semi-humid, and in the higher regions is cold with long winters. The hottest months of the year are from mid-July to mid-September when temperatures range from 28°-30° C and the coldest months experience 1° C around December-January. Tehran city has moderate winters and hot summers. Average annual rainfall is approximately 200 mm, the maximum being during the winter season.


History and Culture

The Achaemenid collection of The National Museum of Iran in Tehran.
The Achaemenid collection of The National Museum of Iran in Tehran.

Tehran province has several archeological sites clearly indicating settlements several thousand years old. Until 300 years ago, Ray was the most prominent of the cities of the province. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 162 KB) Photo by Zereshk. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 162 KB) Photo by Zereshk. ... Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ... Ray, also spelled Rayy or Rages (ری in Persian) is the most historic city in the province of Tehran, Iran. ...


However, the city of Tehran rose to become the larger city and capital of Iran by 1778, and since then has been the political, cultural, economical, and commercial nucleus of Iran. During the past 200 years it has been home to many reputed scholars, writers, poets and artists, both those who have lived here and those who are born here.


Tehran has over 1500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization. The oldest of these in Tehran province are the remains of two sites in Firouzkuh region that date back to the 4th millennium BC.


Divisions

Mount Damavand (In Persian: دماوند), a dormant volcano, is the highest point in Iran (Persia). ... Karaj city viewed from the Azimiye mountain. ... Ray, also spelled Rayy or Rages (ری in Persian) is the most historic city in the province of Tehran, Iran. ... Savoj Bolaq is the name of a township to the west of Tehran, Iran. ... Shahriar may refer to: Shahriar, an Iranian city to the southwest of Tehran Mohammad Hossein Shahriar, an Iranian poet This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Shariati Ave, looking north, toward the Alborz Mountains towering over Shemiran district, Tehran, Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... Varamin is a city located in the south of Tehran Province, Iran. ... Mount Damavand (In Persian: دماوند), a dormant volcano, is the highest point in Iran (Persia). ... Shahriar may refer to: Shahriar, an Iranian city to the southwest of Tehran Mohammad Hossein Shahriar, an Iranian poet This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Hashtgerd is a new planned city in the Tehran Province of Iran located at 68 kms west of Tehran. ... Hashtgerd is a new planned city in the Tehran Province of Iran located at 68 km west of Tehran. ... Karaj city viewed from the Azimiye mountain. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Geography of Iran ... Pardis is a new planned city in the Tehran Province of Iran. ... Pishva is a city in the Tehran Province of Iran. ... It has been suggested that Rudehen be merged into this article or section. ... Shahriar may refer to: Shahriar, an Iranian city to the southwest of Tehran Mohammad Hossein Shahriar, an Iranian poet This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... Varamin is a city located in the south of Tehran Province, Iran. ...

Tehran province today

Tehran province enjoys the benefits of having Iran's largest and commercially most developed city.
Tehran province enjoys the benefits of having Iran's largest and commercially most developed city.
Milad Tower, as of June 22nd, 2005.
Milad Tower, as of June 22nd, 2005.

Tehran is the commercial heart of Iran. Tehran province has over 17,000 industrial units employing 390,000 people, 26% of all units in Iran. The province contains 30% of Iran's economy, and comprises 40% of Iran's consumer market. The province has three hydro dams namely Latiyan, Lar, and Amir Kabir as well as two natural lakes, providing the water supply of Tehran and the province.[1] Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran, Iran. ... Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran, Iran. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x623, 142 KB)Milad Tower. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x623, 142 KB)Milad Tower. ... The Borj-e Milad is a very tall tower built in Tehran, Iran. ...


The province contains 170 mines, over 330 square kilometres of forests, and over 12800 square kilometres of pasture.[1]


Generally speaking, year round, regions such as the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains, especially in the mountains, valleys, and rivers and artificial lakes formed behind the great dams of Amir Kabir, Latiyan and Lar along with natural lakes of Jaban and Tarr provide considerable recreation for the province.


Moreover, due to excessive snowfall in the northern areas of the province during the winter season, the Alborz mountains form an excellent environment for winter sports such as skiing. Dizin, Shemshak, and Tochal are the most popular skiing resorts. Alborz Mountains underneath clouds seen from Tehran Alborz (in Persian البرز), also written as Alburz or Elburz, is a mountain range in northern Iran, stretching from the borders of Armenia in the north-west to the southern end of the Caspian Sea, where also Tehran and Irans highest peak, Damavand... One of the best ski resorts in the world, Dizin is situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz mountain range. ... Shemshak is a ski resort situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz mountain range. ... Categories: Mountains of Iran | Iran geography stubs ...

Parks, Recreation and other Attractions

Main article: Tehran
The Niavaran Public Library is nestled snuggly within the Niavaran city park.
The Niavaran Public Library is nestled snuggly within the Niavaran city park.
  • Tochal Ski resort
  • Darband hiking trail
  • Chitgar Park
  • Mellat Park
  • Laleh Park
  • Jamshidieh Park
  • Niavaran Park
  • Sa'ei Park
  • Shatranj Park
  • Tangeh Savashi
  • Darabad hiking trail
  • Darakeh hiking trail
  • Jahan-e Kudak Park
  • Azadi Sports complex
  • Enghelab Sports Complex and Golf course
  • Several caves, springs, and waterfalls outisde Tehran.
  • Latyan Lake
  • Lavizan Forest Park
  • Vard-Avard Forest Park
  • Khajeer National Park
  • Kaveer National Park
  • Tar Lake
  • Amir Kabir Lake
  • Lar Protected Natural Habitat
  • Varjeen Protected Natural Habitat

Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x670, 717 KB) Summary I took this photo with a Fuji 200 Slide film. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x670, 717 KB) Summary I took this photo with a Fuji 200 Slide film. ... The Niavaran branch of the National Library of Iran offers a pleasant environment for its users. ... Darband is built around a Sassanid fortress, the only one preserved in the world. ... Chitgar Forest Park is situated in the Tehran province, Iran. ... Mellat Park (Pârk-e Mellat), known as the Shahanshahi Park (Imperial park) prior to the revolution of 1978 is one of the largest recreation areas of the Iranian capital Tehran. ... Laleh Parks southwestern entrance with a statue of Biruni, a medieval Persian astronomer. ... Jamshidieh Park (or Jamshidieh Stone Garden), In memorial of Jamshid Davallu Qajar, a Qajar Prince that dedicated this garden to Farah Diba, Iranian Empress. ... The Niavaran Public Library is nestled snuggly within the Niavaran city park. ... Visitors from Tehran flock to the area on weekends to enjoy the idyllic surroundings. ...

Religious centers

Mosques, shrines, mausoleums, and tombs

  • Soltani Mosque, built by Fath Ali Shah
  • Atiq Mosque, built in 1663.
  • Mo'ezz o-dowleh mosque, built by Fath Ali Shah
  • Haj Seyd Azizollah mosque, built by Fath Ali Shah
  • Al-javad mosque, Iran's first modernist design mosque.
  • The Old Sepahsalar mosque, another prominent Qajar era mosque.
  • The new Sepahsalar mosque (Madreseh e Motahari)
  • Filsuf o-dowleh Mosque, Qajar era
  • Moshir ol-Saltaneh Mosque, Qajar era
  • Mo'ayyer ol-Mamalik Mosque, Qajar era
  • Shahr Banu Mausopleum
  • Javan-mard Qassab Mausoleum, a pre-Islamic semi-mythical hero
  • Dozens of Imam-zadeh shrines, hundreds of years old, including that of Imam Zadeh Saleh.
  • Dozens of Saqa Khanehs: traditional places of prayer
  • Several Tekyehs: traditional places for mourning Muharram ceremonies for Husayn ibn Ali.
  • Ibn Babviyeh cemetery, where many Iranian giants such as Takhti and Ali Akbar Dehkhoda are buried.
  • Zahir o-dowleh cemetery, where many Iranian giants of art and culture such as Iraj Mirza, Mohammad Taghi Bahar, Forough Farrokhzad, Abolhasan Saba, Ruhollah Khaleghi, and Darvish-khan are buried.
  • Kordan Tomb, Seljuqi era, Karaj.
  • Maydanak Tomb, 13th century, Karaj
  • The Polish cemetery north of Tehran, where numerous WW2 western allied soldiers are buried.

Fath Ali Shah was the second Qajar King of Persia. ... Fath Ali Shah was the second Qajar King of Persia. ... Fath Ali Shah was the second Qajar King of Persia. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... Shahr Banu was a daughter of the last Sassanid emperor, Yazdegerd III. After the defeat of her father, she was taken captive by the Arab armies and sent to Medina where she was married to Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad. ... Man prostrating at the Shrine of Imamzadeh Saleh. ... Tekyeh of Niavaran, built in 1858. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... Gholamreza Takhti (غلامرضا تختی‎; 1930-1968) is the most famous Iranian wrestler. ... Postage stamp comemmorating Dehkhodas Centennial Birthday. ... Iraj Mirzas tombstone in Darband, Shemiran, Tehran. ... Bahars tomb in Darband, Shemiran, Tehran. ... Forooghs tomb is located in Darband, Shemiran, Tehran. ... The tomb of Saba is prohibited from visitor access. ... Ruhollah Khaleghi is buried in Darband, Shemiran, Tehran. ... Darvish-Khan was an Iranian contemporary Musician. ... The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to... Karaj city viewed from the Azimiye mountain. ...

Churches

  • Surep Georg Church, 1790
  • Thaddeus Bartoqimus Church, 1808
  • Tatavus Church, from the Qajar era
  • Enjili Church, 1867
  • Assyrian Church

Thaddeuss Lee Eng Han: Anglo Chinese School Independent Musically gifted. ...

Colleges and universities

Tehran province's major universities are:

Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT, دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر), formerly named Tehran Polytechnic, is a leading research university in Iran. ... The Alzahra University (In Persian: دانشگاه الزهرا) situated in Tehran, Iran (Persia), is a state-run university that only admits female applicants. ... The Iran University of Science and Technology (دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران) is a research insitution and university of engineering and science in Iran (Persia), offering both undergraduate and postgraduate studies. ... IUMS is located near the Milad Tower off of Chamran Expressway. ... Shahid Beheshti University is a university located in north of Tehran. ... Sharif University of Technology (دانشگاه صنعتی شریف), formerly named Aryamehr University of Technology (دانشگاه صنعتی آریامهر) is popularly believed to be the most prominent technical, engineering and scientific university of Iran, that attracts the best and most outstanding talents in these fields annually, to the extent that more than 65% of 200 top rank participants in... Tarbiat Modares University Logo Tarbiat Modares University is located in Tehran, Persia (Iran). ... Tehran University of Medical Sciences, TUMS, is the largest and most prestigious medical school of Iran. ... It has been suggested that The centeral Pardis be merged into this article or section. ... The Medical school is adjacent to Shahid Beheshti University, in northern Tehran. ... The Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, often shortened to IPM (پژوهشگاه دانشهای بنیادی in Persian) is a government-sponsored research institute founded in 1989 in Tehran, Iran. ...

See also

Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... Tehran is a relatively old city. ...

External links

  • Official website of Tehran Governorship
  • Tehran Province's Cultural Heritage Organization

See the city of Tehran for further information and links, also: List of the localities around Tehran Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Reference

[1]: According to the information released by the Office of the provincial governor, linked above.

Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azarbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azarbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tehran province (81 words)
The province of Tehran has nearly 15,000,000 inhabitants and is Iran's most densely populated region.
The city of Tehran is the capital of both the province and the country, it is the central district of the province.
The province gained importance when it Tehran was claimed the capital by the Ghajar[?] in 1778.
Pars tourist agency (Iran map guide) (1405 words)
The city of Tehran is the center of the province and the capital of the country, it is the central district of the province.
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari is one of the 28 provinces of Iran.
The capital of the province is Zahedan with a population of 420,000 inhabitants.
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