FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Techno music
Techno
Stylistic origins: Electro, Synthpop, Electronic art music, Chicago house, Progressive rock
Cultural origins: 1980s, Detroit
Typical instruments: Keyboard, Synthesizer, Drum machine, Sequencer, Sampler
Mainstream popularity: Moderate, largely in late 1980s and 1990s Europe
Derivative forms: IDM
Subgenres
Acid, Ambient, Detroit, Happy hardcore, Hardcore, Gabba, Minimal, Nortec, Trance, Wonky
Fusion genres
Digital Hardcore, Tech house
Regional scenes
Yorkshire Bleeps and Bass, Swechno
Other topics
Electronic musical instrumentComputer musicRecord labelsNotable artists and DJsRavesSquat party

Techno is a form of electronic dance music that became prominent in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-1980s with influences from electro, New Wave, Funk and futuristic fiction themes that were prevalent and relative to modern culture during the end of the Cold War in industrial America at that time. Following the initial success of Detroit Techno as a musical culture -- at the very least on a regional level -- an expanded and related subset of genres in the 1990s emerged globally. The term "techno" is often mistakenly used in North America and mainland Europe as a generic term for all forms of electronic dance music. Audiophiles will break down the techno sounds into many related categories, based on instrumental hardware, beats per minute (BPM) and any number of other popular segregrations. Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Synthpop is a style of popular music in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... Electronic music has existed, in various forms, for more than a century. ... Chicago house is a style of house music. ... Progressive rock (shortened to prog rock or prog) is an ambitious, eclectic, and often grandiose style of rock music which arose in the late 1960s, reached the peak of its popularity in the 1970s, and continues as a musical form to this day. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... A synthesizer (spelling var. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was originally any device that recorded and played back a sequence of control information for an electronic musical instrument. ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler A sampler is an electronic musical instrument that can record and store audio signal samples, generally recordings of existing sounds, and play them back at a range of pitches. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Contemporary dance music includes many different styles or music genres, such as: Ambient House Ambient dub Ambient Goa Chillout Dark ambient Dronology Illbient Lowercase Psybient Sub Dub Breakbeat/Breaks Baltimore breaks Big beat Breakcore Brokenbeat Cut & paste Florida breaks Grime Nu skool breaks Progressive breaks Raggacore Downtempo/IDM Acid jazz... Acid techno is the term used to describe a style of techno that originated in the London squat party scene in the early 1990s. ... Ambient music is a loosely defined musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, rock and roll, modern classical music, reggae, traditional, world and even noise. ... Detroit techno is an early style of techno music originating from Detroit, Michigan, USA in the mid-1980s. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hardcore techno, often referred to as hardcore, is a style of techno music that originated in the early-to-mid-1990s in multiple locations including Rotterdam, New York City and Newcastle, New South Wales. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Minimal techno is a minimalist sub-genre of Techno music. ... Nortec (from the combination of norteño and tecno) is an electronic musical genre from Tijuana, a city in the north of Mexico. ... Trance is a style of electronic dance music that developed in the 1990s. ... Wonky techno is a relatively new term for a style of techno music that is based around breaking from a formulaic 4-4 beat structure and experimenting with new sounds and rhythms. ... Digital Hardcore is a music genre or style that was first defined by Alec Empire. ... Tech house is a fusion of house and techno music. ... Yorkshire Bleeps and Bass or Yorkshire Techno was a short-lived and very localised musical movement centred on the northern English cities of Bradford & Leeds in West Yorkshire and Sheffield in South Yorkshire in 1989-1991. ... An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. ... Computer music is music generated with, or composed with the aid of, computers. ... A list of notable electronic music record labels: 0–9 *69 Records A Additive Records All Around The World Ambulatore - Oviedo, Spain - Official site Anjunabeats - United Kingdom - Official site Antiopic - New York City - Official site Ant-Zen Artificial Bliss Recordings - Official site Astralwerks B Bedrock Records Benbecula Records Black Hole... A list of notable artists in different genres of contemporary electronic music. ... A rave party, more often called a rave, is an all-night dance event where DJs and other performers play electronic dance music and rave music. ... A squat party is a party that takes place either in a disused building (broken into and secured for the party) or in an already existing squat. ... Electronic music is a loose term for music created using electronic equipment. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 265,172 km² / 102,384 sq. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in American, Australian, British, Canadian and European popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s born out of the punk rock movement. ... Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... For the meaning in finance, see futures contract. ... Detroit techno is an early style of techno music originating from Detroit, Michigan, USA in the mid-1980s. ...

Contents


History

Origins

Main article: Detroit techno

Techno was primarily developed in basement studios by "The Belleville Three", a cadre of African-American men who were attending college, at the time, near Detroit, Michigan. The budding musicians – former high school friends and mixtape traders Juan Atkins, Derrick May, and Kevin Saunderson – found inspiration in Midnight Funk Association, an eclectic, 5-hour, late-night radio program hosted on various Detroit radio stations including WCHB, WGPR, and WJLB-FM from 1977 through the mid-1980s by DJ Charles "The Electrifying Mojo" Johnson. Mojo's show featured heavy doses of electronic sounds from the likes of Giorgio Moroder, Kraftwerk, and Tangerine Dream, among others. Detroit techno is an early style of techno music originating from Detroit, Michigan, USA in the mid-1980s. ... Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962 in Detroit) is an American musician. ... One of techno musics key founders, Derrick May was born in Detroit in 1963 and began early in his life to explore electronic music. ... Inner City (Kevin Saunderson and Paris Grey) Kevin Saunderson (born in Brooklyn, New York on May 9, 1964) is an American electronic music producer. ... The Midnight Funk Association was an eclectic, 5-hour, late-night radio program hosted by The Electrifying Mojo on various Detroit, Michigan radio stations including WCHB, WGPR, and WJLB-FM from 1977 through the mid-1980s. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Charles The Electrifying Mojo Johnson was a Detroit, USA radio disc jockey from the 1970s through the 1990s, whose on-air journey of musical and social development shaped a generation of music-lovers in Detroit and throughout southeastern Michigan and Canada, and was of paramount importance to the development of... Giorgio Moroder (born Giorgio Moroder on April 26, 1940 in Ortisei, Italy) is a German-speaking Italian record producer, songwriter and performer, whose groundbreaking work with synthesizers during the 1970s was a significant influence on techno and electronic music in general. ... Album cover of Trans-Europe Express (1977). ... Tangerine Dream is an Antarctican electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ...


Though initially conceived as party music that was played on daily mixed radio programs and played at parties given by cliquish, Detroit high school clubs, it has grown to be a global phenomenon. High school clubs such as Snobbs, Hardwear, Brats, Comrades, Weekends, Rumours, and Shari Vari created the incubator in which Techno was grown. These young promoters developed and nurtured the local dance music scene by both catering to the tastes of the local audience of young people and by marketing parties with innovative DJs and eclectic new music. As these local clubs grew in popularity, groups of DJs began to band together and market their mixing skills and sound systems to the clubs under names like Direct Drive and Audio Mix in order to cater to the growing audiences of listeners. Locations like local church activity centers, vacant warehouses, offices and YMCA auditoriums were the early locations where the underage crowds gathered, and where the musical form was nurtured and defined. DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ...


The music soon attracted enough attention to garner its own club, the Music Institute at 1315 Broadway in downtown Detroit. It was founded by Chez Damier, Derrick May and a few other investors. Though short-lived, this club was known internationally, for its all night sets, its sparse white rooms, and its juice bar stocked with "smart drinks"(the Institute never served liquor). Relatively quickly, techno began to be seen by many of its originators and up-and-coming producers as an expression of Future Shock post-industrial angst. It also took on increasingly high tech and science-fiction oriented themes. Smart drinks, also known as nootropic drinks, are beverages made from a mix of fruit juices, vitamins and any number of amino acid supplements. ...


The music's producers were using the word "techno" in a general sense as early as 1984 (as in Cybotron's seminal classic "Techno City"), and sporadic references to an ill-defined "techno-pop" could be found in the music press in the mid-1980s. However, it was not until Neil Rushton assembled the compilation Techno! The New Dance Sound Of Detroit for Virgin Records (UK) in 1988 that the word came to formally describe a genre of music. Virgin Records is a British recording label founded by British entrepreneur Richard Branson, and Nik Powell in 1972. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Techno has since been retroactively defined to encompass, among others, works dating back to "Shari Vari" (1981) by A Number Of Names, the earliest compositions by Cybotron (1981), Donna Summer and Giorgio Moroder's "I Feel Love" (1977), and the more danceable selections from Kraftwerk's repertoire between 1977 and 1983. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cybotron was an electro group formed in 1980 by Juan Atkins and Richard 3070 Davis in Detroit, Michigan. ... Donna Summer on the cover of her 1993 collection The Donna Summer Anthology Donna Summer (born LaDonna Andre Gaines on December 31, 1948) is an American pop music singer best known for a string of disco music hits in the 1970s that earned her the title Queen of Disco. // Career... Giorgio Moroder (born Giorgio Moroder on April 26, 1940 in Ortisei, Italy) is a German-speaking Italian record producer, songwriter and performer, whose groundbreaking work with synthesizers during the 1970s was a significant influence on techno and electronic music in general. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Album cover of Trans-Europe Express (1977). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the years immediately following the first techno compilation's release, techno was referenced in the dance music press as Detroit's relatively high-tech, mechanical brand of house music, because on the whole, it retained the same basic structure as the soulful, minimal, post-disco style that was emanating from Chicago, Illinois and New York City, New York at the time. The music's producers, especially May and Saunderson, admit to having been fascinated by the Chicago club scene and being influenced by house in particular. This influence is especially evident in the tracks on the first compilation, as well as in many of the other compositions and remixes they released between 1988 and 1992. May's 1987–88 hit "Strings Of Life" (released under the nom de plume Rhythim Is Rhythim), for example, is considered a classic in both the house and techno genres. At the same time, there is evidence that the Chicago sound was influenced by the Belleville Three — allegedly, May loaned Chicago-based house musician Keith "Jack Master Funk" Farley the equipment to make the classic track "House Nation"; early Detroit techno records reportedly sold well in Chicago; and Atkins believes that the first acid house producers, seeking to distance house music from disco, emulated the techno sound. [1] House music is a style of electronic dance music, the earliest forms of which originated in the United States in the early- to mid-1980s. ... Disco is a genre of music that originated in discothèques. ... Nickname The Windy City Motto Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water  - Urban  - Metro 606. ... New York, New York redirects here. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Falling under the encompassing umbrella of Electronic Music, and the subsequent smaller grouping of house music, Acid House generally uses simple tone generators and tempo-controlled resonant filters. ...


Derrick May is often quoted as comparing techno to "George Clinton and Kraftwerk stuck in an elevator". For various reasons, techno is seen by the American mainstream, even among African-Americans, as "white" music, even though many of its originators and producers are black. The historical similarities between techno, jazz, and rock and roll, from a racial standpoint, are a point of contention among fans and musicians alike. Derrick May, in particular, has been outspoken in his criticism of the co-opting of the genre and of the misconceptions held by people of all races with regard to techno. Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...


Developments

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, different subgenres of techno music began to emerge including hardcore techno, an intensefied style typified by a fast tempo (160-300 bpm and up) and the rhythmic use of distorted and atonal industrial-like beats and samples, and ambient techno, with artists such as The Orb and Aphex Twins producing dub and ambient influenced techno that later had an influence on IDM and minimal techno artists. In the mid 1990s, acid techno developed, influenced by the heavy use of the Roland TB-303 for bass and lead sounds in the acid house sound. This style also went on to influence acid trance. Tech house music combines the basic structure of house music with elements from techno such as shorter, often distorted kicks, smaller hi-hats, noisier snares and more synthetic or acid sounding synth lines. Hardcore techno, often referred to as hardcore, is a style of techno music that originated in the early-to-mid-1990s in multiple locations including Rotterdam, New York City and Newcastle, New South Wales. ... Ambient music is a loosely defined musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, rock and roll, modern classical music, reggae, traditional, world and even noise. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Aphex Twin (Richard David James, born August 23, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a UK-based electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid, and drum and bass. ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which evolved out of ska and reggae in 1970s Jamaica. ... Ambient music is a loosely defined musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, rock and roll, modern classical music, reggae, traditional, world and even noise. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Minimal techno is a minimalist sub-genre of Techno music. ... Acid techno is the term used to describe a style of techno that originated in the London squat party scene in the early 1990s. ... Roland TB-303 The TB-303 is a synthesizer/sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 and 1983 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... Falling under the encompassing umbrella of Electronic Music, and the subsequent smaller grouping of house music, Acid House generally uses simple tone generators and tempo-controlled resonant filters. ... A style of trance music emerging in the late 80s and Early 90s. ... Tech house is a fusion of house and techno music. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music, the earliest forms of which originated in the United States in the early- to mid-1980s. ...


Less well-known styles related to techno or its subgenres include Yorkshire bleeps and bass or "Bleep," which was prominent in the very early 1990s, wonky techno, ghettotech, which combines some of the aesthetics of techno with hip-hop, house music, and Miami bass, and the subgenres of hardcore techno including gabber, speedcore, terrorcore, Schranz, breakcore and digital hardcore. Yorkshire Bleeps and Bass or Yorkshire Techno was a short-lived and very localised musical movement centred on the northern English cities of Bradford & Leeds in West Yorkshire and Sheffield in South Yorkshire in 1989-1991. ... Wonky techno is a relatively new term for a style of techno music that is based around breaking from a formulaic 4-4 beat structure and experimenting with new sounds and rhythms. ... Ghettotech is a form of electronic dance music based in Detroit that combines Chicagos ghetto house, electro, hip-hop, techno, and grafts the perceived raunch of Miami Bass. ... Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music, the earliest forms of which originated in the United States in the early- to mid-1980s. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Speedcore is a form of hardcore techno that is typically identified by its high rate of beats per minute and aggressive themes. ... Terrorcore or Terror is a term used to describehardcore techno. ... Schranz is the name given to European (especially German) hard techno, a style of techno typically around 140-150 BPM and based around massively bass-heavy kick drums, driving percussion and distorted, looping synth noises. ... Breakcore is a loosely defined electronic music style that brings together elements of jungle, hardcore techno and IDM into a breakbeat-oriented sound that encourages speed, complexity, impact and maximum sonic density. ... Digital Hardcore is a music genre or style that was first defined by Alec Empire. ...


Occasionally, well-funded pop music producers will formulate a radio or club-friendly variant of techno. The music of Technotronic, 2 Unlimited, and Twenty 4 Seven were early examples of this phenomenon. Established pop stars also sometimes get techno makeovers, such as when William Orbit produced Madonna's album Ray of Light. Technotronic is a studio-based Belgian house music project formed by Jo Bogaert (a. ... CD single cover of Here I Go 2 Unlimited was a Eurodance group formed in 1991. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For Popular music (music that is popular, rather than of a specific genre or style), see Popular music. ... William Orbit 1999 William Orbit (sometimes written as William Ørbit, born on 30 July 1956, as William Wainwright) is a British musician and record producer, best known to the public for producing Madonnas album Ray of Light, which received two Grammy-awards. ... Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American pop singer, dancer, songwriter, producer, actress, and author. ... Ray of Light is the seventh album by American pop–dance singer Madonna. ...


In recent years, the publication of relatively accurate histories by authors Simon Reynolds (Generation Ecstasy aka Energy Flash) and Dan Sicko (Techno Rebels), plus mainstream press coverage of the Detroit Electronic Music Festival, have helped to diffuse the genre's more dubious mythology. Techno has further expanded into the charts as more artists such as Orbital, Underworld and Moby have made the style break through to the mainstream pop culture while producers and DJs such as Laurent Garnier, Dave Clarke Richie Hawtin and Jeff Mills have continued to explore newer sounds. The Detroit Electronic Music Festival (DEMF) is a successful electronic dance music showcase held in Detroit each Memorial Day weekend from 2000 to 2002. ... A record chart, also known as a music chart, is a method of ranking music according to popularity during a given period of time. ... Orbital was an English techno duo formed in 1989, consisting of brothers Paul (born 19 May 1968) and Phil Hartnoll (born 9 January 1964). ... // In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly dead souls go. ... Moby (born Richard Melville Hall on September 11, 1965 in Darien, Connecticut) is an American electronic musician and a name of his live band. ... Laurent Garnier (born February 1, 1966) is a French techno music producer and DJ. As a DJ at the Hacienda club in Manchester he was a significant player in the Madchester scene in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Dave Clarke is a Brighton born Techno Producer and DJ, often given the status The Baron of Techno. ... Richie Hawtin (born June 4, 1970) is a Canadian electronic musician and internationally-touring DJ who was an influential part of Detroit technos second wave of artists in the early 1990s. ... Jeff Mills (born 18 June 1963 in Detroit, USA) is an influential Techno DJ and producer from Detroit. ...


Musicology

Techno features an abundance of percussive, synthetic sounds, studio effects used as principal instrumentation, and, usually, a regular, 4/4 beat usually in the 130–140 bpm range—sometimes faster, but rarely slower. Some techno compositions have strong melodies and bass lines, but these features are not as essential to techno as they are to other dance genres, and it is not uncommon for techno compositions to deemphasize or omit them. Techno is also very DJ-friendly, being mainly instrumental, and produced with the intention of being incorporated into continuous DJ sets wherein different compositions are played with very long, synchronized segues. Although several other dance music genres can be described in such terms, techno has a distinct sound that aficionados can pick out very easily. A synthesizer (spelling var. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ...


There are many ways to make techno, but a typical techno production is created using a compositional technique that developed to suit the genre's sequencer-driven, electronic instrumentation. While this technique is rooted in a Western music framework (as far as scales, rhythm and meter, and the general role played by each type of instrument), it does not typically employ traditional approaches to composition such as reliance on the playing of notes, the use of overt tonality and melody, or the generation of accompaniment for vocals. Some of the most effective techno music consists of little more than cleverly programmed drum patterns that interplay with different types of reverb and frequency filtering, mixed in such a way that it's not clear where the instrument's timbres end and the added effects begin. The word sequencer can mean: a microsequencer in a computer CPU a music sequencer in the field of electronic music a DNA sequencer or a protein sequencer in the field of biology Sequencer (album) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Western music is a broad category of music that includes all musical genres that use a 12-note chromatic scale, including Western classical music, rock and roll, and many other forms of popular music. ...


Instead of employing traditional compositional techniques, the techno musician, called a producer, treats the electronic studio as one large, complex instrument: an interconnected orchestra of machines, each producing timbres that are simultaneously familiar and alien. Each machine is encouraged to generate or complement continuous, repetitive sonic patterns that come relatively 'naturally' to them, given the capabilities and limitations of early sequencers — such sequencers, especially those built-in to old drum machines, tend to encourage the production of repeating 16-step patterns with a limited number of instruments being playable at once, yet they also allow sounds to be arranged in any order, regardless of whether live musicians could easily reproduce them. Rather than just mimicking arrangements playable by live musicians, the techno producer is free to prominently feature unrealistic combinations of sounds. Most producers, however, strive to achieve a listenable, dancefloor-friendly balance of realistic and unrealistic arrangements of mostly synthetic, semi-realistic timbres, rather than a demonstration of machine-powered extremes.


Depending on how they are wired together, the machines sometimes influence each other's sounds as the producer builds up many layers of syncopated, rhythmic harmonies and mingles them together at the mixing console.


After an acceptable palette of compatible textures is collected in this manner, the producer begins again, this time focusing not on developing new textures but on imparting a more deliberate arrangement of the ones he or she already has. The producer "plays" the mixer and the sequencer, bringing layers of sound in and out, and tweaking the effects to create ever-more hypnotic, propulsive combinations. The result is a deconstructive manipulation of sound, owing as much to Debussy and the Futurist Luigi Russolo as it does to Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream. Claude Debussy Achille-Claude Debussy () (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918) was a French composer. ... // Early years Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... Luigi Russolo ca. ...


The techno producer's studio can be anything from a single computer (increasingly common nowadays) to elaborate banks of keyboards, synthesizers, samplers, effects processors, and mixing boards wired together. Most producers use a variety of equipment and strive to produce sounds and rhythms never heard before, yet stay fairly close to the stylistic boundaries set by their contemporaries.


Important artists

The "originators", the "first wave" artists often credited with inventing techno, are as follows:

Other "second wave" Detroit-area techno producers include the following people: Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962 in Detroit) is an American musician. ... One of techno musics key founders, Derrick May was born in Detroit in 1963 and began early in his life to explore electronic music. ... Inner City (Kevin Saunderson and Paris Grey) Kevin Saunderson (born in Brooklyn, New York on May 9, 1964) is an American electronic music producer. ...

Carl Craig is a Detroit-based producer of techno music, and is considered to be one of the most important names, in the Detroit second generation of techno producers and DJs. ... Drexciya is the recording pseudonym of two electronic dance music artists from Detroit, Michigan. ... Mike Mad Mike Banks is the co-founder, along with Jeff Mills, of US record label Underground Resistance. ... Richie Hawtin (born June 4, 1970) is a Canadian electronic musician and internationally-touring DJ who was an influential part of Detroit technos second wave of artists in the early 1990s. ... Jeff Mills (born 18 June 1963 in Detroit, USA) is an influential Techno DJ and producer from Detroit. ... James Pennington, also known as Suburban Knight, is an artist and DJ/Producer with Underground Resistance (UR), an independent record label based in Detroit, USA. James made a break through when his music was featured in the video game Grand Theft Auto - Vice City. ... Kenny Dixon Jr also known as Moodymann is a techno/house musician based in Detroit. ...

Bibliography

Works that comprehensively explore the subject of techno music and its related culture:

  • Simon Reynolds: Energy Flash: a Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture (UK title, Pan Macmillan, 1998, ISBN 0330350560), also published in abridged form as Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture (North American title, Routledge, 1999, ISBN 0415923735)
  • Dan Sicko: Techno Rebels: The Renegades of Electronic Funk, Billboard Books, 1999 ISBN 0823084280

Simon Reynolds (born 1963), who read history at Oxford, is an influential British music critic, who made his name at Melody Maker in the 1980s. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

See also

The Detroit Electronic Music Archive (or DEMA) began in June 2005 in Detroit, Michigan. ... Freeteknitians at Teknival 2004, Ontario, Canada A group of friends enjoying Northtek 2005, Ontario, Canada Freetekno is the name for both a type of music (also known as hardtek) and a cultural movement that is present in both Europe and North America. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

External links

  • Sounds Like Techno – an online documentary exploring techno music, from its roots and early influences in the USA to its place in Australian music today.
  • From the Autobahn to I-94: The Origins of Detroit Techno and Chicago House – reminiscences by techno and house innovators
  • Techno: Detroit's Gift to the World – exhibit at Detroit Historical Museum (Jan 2003 – Jun 2004)
  • Techno Music Style – Guide to techno music style; includes reviews of techno music and links to techno sites.
  • A Brief History of Techno – Gridface overview from 1999
  • DJForums - DJForums' Techno Music Forum
  • Technowar - Techno Music Portal Wildwide – the freshest news about the techno music, new substyles, internacional articles.
Electronic music | Genres
Ambient | Breakbeat | Drum and bass | Electronica | Electronic art music | Hard dance | Hardcore | House | Techno | Trance | Industrial | Synthpop

  Results from FactBites:
 
Technomusic.com: Techno Radio DJ Podcasts MP3 Reviews Electronic Music (269 words)
A snapshot of a certain vision of electronic techno music, terribly ambitious, yet perfectly accomplished and mastered.
Music featured includes breakbeat, jazzfunk and hip-hop to electronica, techno, electro and drum and bass.
Elektrocast is an electronic music podcast based in Berlin the city of Electronic music.
Techno Music (1711 words)
Techno music came out of Detroit in the 1980's, and carried the influences of popular electronic music of the 1970's to the dancefloors.
While Techno made it to the clubs in Chicago and New York, it was a largely underground style throughout the eighties.
Techno is pure electronic music, originally designed for dances, that combines the sound of classic German electronica with an american Urban feel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m