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Encyclopedia > Technical terminology

Technical terminology is the specialised vocabulary of a profession or of some other activity to which a group of people dedicate significant parts of their lives (for instance, hobbies or a particular segment of industry). Sometimes technical terminology is termed jargon or, particularly in law, terms of art or words of art. A vocabulary is a set of words known to a person or other entity, or that are part of a specific language. ... A profession is a specialized work function within society, generally performed by a professional. ... A hobby is a spare-time recreational pursuit. ... A jargon is a type of slang which is used in conjunction with a specific activity, e. ... Corruption Jurisprudence Philosophy of law Law (principle) List of legal abbreviations Legal code Intent Letter versus Spirit Natural Justice Natural law Religious law Witness intimidation Legal research Critical legal studies External links Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law Look up law in Wiktionary, the free dictionary...


The phrase industry term is the same thing as technical terminology meaning that a particular term has a particular meaning within a specific industry. Whereas the word jargon is somewhat pejorative, the phrase industry term implies that a word or phrase is a typical one within a particular industry or business and people within the industry or business will be familiar with and use the term. A word or phrase is pejorative or derogatory (sometimes misspelled perjorative) if it expresses contempt or disapproval; dyslogistic (noun: dyslogism) is used synonymously (antonyms: meliorative, eulogistic, noun eulogism). ...


Technical terminology exists in a continuum of formality. Precise technical terms and their definitions are formally recognised, documented, and taught by educators in the field. Other terms are more colloquial, coined and used by practitioners in the field, and are similar to slang. The boundaries between formal and slang jargon, as in general English, are quite fluid, with terms sliding in and out of recognition. For instance, the term firewall, meaning a computer or network device used to filter network traffic, was coined as technical slang. As these devices became more important and the term became widely understood, the word was adopted as formal terminology. // Slang is the non-standard use of words in a language of a particular social group, and sometimes the creation of new words or importation of words from another language. ... In computing, a firewall is a piece of hardware and/or software which functions in a networked environment to prevent some communications forbidden by the security policy, analogous to the function of firewalls in building construction. ...


Technical terminology evolves due to the need for experts in a field to communicate with precision and brevity, but often has the (usually) undesired effect of excluding those who are unfamiliar with the particular specialized language of the group. This can cause difficulties as, for example, when a patient is unable to follow the discussions of medical practitioners, and thus cannot understand their own condition and treatment. Differences in jargon also cause difficulties where professionals in related fields use different terms for the same phenomena. For instance, substantial amounts of duplicated research occur in cognitive psychology and human-computer interaction partly because of such difficulties. Cognitive psychology is the psychological science which studies cognition, the mental processes that are hypothesised to underlie behavior. ... Human-computer interaction (HCI) is the study of interaction between people (users) and computers. ...


The term jargon can, and often does, have pejorative connotations, particularly when aimed at "business culture". The marketing and public relations industries are particularly relevant here, and have made substantial contributions to the ever expanding lexicon of jargon that permeates the global business environment. Traditionally, Marketing has been a term applied to the process or act of bringing together buyers and sellers. ... Public relations (PR) is the means and industry of influencing public opinion of an organisation (sometimes industry or type of product). ... Categories: Business | Academic disciplines | School subjects ...


Examples of jargon

The following is an alphabetical list of selected unofficial terms, phrases, and other jargon used in baseball, and explanations of their meanings. ... The Jargon File is a glossary of hacker slang. ... The ELinks web browser, set to Leet language, on the Leet language version of Google. ... Stewart Holbrook was a lumberjack-turned-writer whose first book was Holy Old Mackinaw: A Natural History of the American Lumberjack (ISBN 1112559892). ... Military organizations, like nearly all large exclusive organizations, develop slang as means of self-identification. ... Many individual cards and hands have slang names in poker. ... Professional wrestling has accrued a considerable amount of slang, in-references and jargon. ...

See also

Argot is primarily slang used by various groups, including but not limited to thieves and other criminals, to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations. ... A buzzword (also known as a fashion word) is an idiom, often a neologism, commonly used in technical, administrative, and sometimes political environments. ... A colloquialism is an informal expression, that is, an expression not used in formal speech or writing. ... The Jargon File is a glossary of hacker slang. ... Look up Shibboleth in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the Internet2 research project, see Shibboleth (Internet2). ... A variety of a language is a form that differs from other forms of the language systematically and coherently. ... In linguistics, a register is a subset of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting. ... This article describes three-letter acronyms. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Technical terminology - Encyclopedia Article (392 words)
Technical terminology is the specialised vocabulary of a profession or of some other activity to which a group of people dedicate significant parts of their lives (for instance, hobbies).
Precise technical terms and their definitions are formally recognised, documented, and taught by educators in the field, and are similar to slang.
Technical terminology evolves due to the need for experts in a field to communicate with precision and brevity, and is thus unavoidable and desirable, but this often has the (usually) undesired effect of excluding those who are unfamiliar with the particular specialized language of the group.
Terminology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (296 words)
Terminology is a discipline whose object is the systematic study of the labelling or designating of concepts particular to one or more subject fields or domains of human activity, through research and analysis of terms in context, for the purpose of documenting and promoting correct usage.
Ad hoc terminology is prevalent in the translation profession, where a translation for a specific term (or group of terms) is required quickly to solve a particular translation problem.
As a discipline, terminology is related to translation alongside which it is often taught in universities and translation schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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