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Encyclopedia > Teal
IATA
TE
ICAO
n/a
Callsign
Teal
Founded 1939
Fleet size 18
Destinations Auckland, Sydney, Wellington, Melbourne, Fiji, Tahiti, Cook Islands
Parent company New Zealand Govt.
Headquarters Auckland, New Zealand
Key people
Website: http://www.teal.co.nz/teal/default.htm

Tasman Empire Airways Limited (TEAL) was the forerunner of Air New Zealand. It was first registered in Wellington as a limited liability company on 26 April 1940. The shares were originally held by the New Zealand government (20%), Union Airways (19%), BOAC (38%) and Qantas (23%). Image File history File links Wh00. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... Melbournes Yarra River is a popular area for walking, jogging, cycling, rowing and for relaxing on the banks with a picnic Melbourne (pronounced ) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... Air New Zealand (IATA: NZ, ICAO: ANZ, and Callsign: New Zealand) ASX: AIZ NZX: AIR is a major scheduled passenger airline based in Auckland, New Zealand. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Politics of New Zealand takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy. ... Union Airways was the first South African commercial airline. ... After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ... Qantas (pronounced ) is the name and callsign of the worlds second oldest continuously running independent airline behind KLM. It is the 10th largest airline in the world. ...

Contents

Initial services

The inaugural service, from Auckland to Sydney on 30 April of that year, was flown by one of its two Short S30 flying boats. The first four months of operation saw a weekly return service between Auckland and Sydney. This was expanded to thrice fortnightly with connections to San Francisco using Pan Am flights from Auckland. Schematic map of Auckland. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... The Short Empire or S.23 was a passenger and mail carrying flying boat, of the 1930s and 1940s, which flew between Britain and British colonies in Africa, Asia and Australia. ... Boeing 314 A flying boat is an aircraft that is designed to take off and land on water, in particular a type of seaplane which uses its fuselage as a floating hull (instead of pontoons mounted below the fuselage). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...


In the first year, the annual report revealed that 130 trans-Tasman flights had been completed carrying 1461 passengers for a profit, prior to tax and dividends of NZ£31 479.


By 1944, the trans-Tasman frequency had increased to three weekly return flights.


After World War II shareholding passed to equal ownership by the governments of New Zealand and Australia. Four Short Sandringhams and later Short Solents were acquired, as well as an ex Royal New Zealand Air Force PBY Catalina for survey flights. The Short Sandringham was an airliner derivative of the Short Sunderland military flying boat. ... The Short Solent was a passenger flying boat produced in the late 1940s, developed from the Short Seaford or Short Sunderland Mark IV military flying boat design, (which was too late to serve in World War II). ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... PBY Catalina was the United States Navy designation for an American and Canadian-built flying boat of the 1930s and 1940s. ...


Coral Route

The Coral Route is one of the most famous routes flown by TEAL. It was initiated by NZNAC in 1947 but after a survey, was taken over by TEAL in 1951 with the inaugral Auckland - Suva and Suva - Labasa flights in June. However, later that year the Suva - Labasa route was dropped in favour of a monthly extension to the Cook Islands and Tahiti. The Coral Route was born. Suva is the capital of Fiji. ... Labasa (IPA:) is a town in Fiji with a population of 24,187 at the last census held in 1996. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The next year, due to its popularity, the Coral Route was increased to a fortnightly service.


In 1960, the final Coral Route flight returned to Auckland. It was also the world's last scheduled international flying boat service. It was operated by Short S.45 Solent flying boat Aranui which had survived replacement by DC-6 and Electra landplanes by several years compared to her contemporaries. Aranui is now restored and on display at the Museam of Transport and Technology in Auckland.


Other routes

Fleet

TEAL operated both landplanes and flying boats.


Shorts S.30 Empire Class
The first services were flown by Shorts S.30 Empire Class flying boats. Between 1940 and 1947, TEAL operated two of these. A third S.30 was destined for TEAL but war shortages in England led to a delay and eventual cancellation of its delivery. The Short Empire or S.23 was a passenger and mail carrying flying boat, of the 1930s and 1940s, which flew between Britain and British colonies in Africa, Asia and Australia. ...


Shorts S.25 Sandringham Mk IV 'Tasman Class'
In 1946, TEAL acquired 4 Shorts S.25 Sandringham IV 'Tasman Class' flying boats. They were a passenger transport variation of the Short Sunderland. However they were grounded for 6 months in 1948 due to engine cooling issues and disposed of at the end of 1949. The Short Sandringham was an airliner derivative of the Short Sunderland military flying boat. ...


Consolidated Boeing P2B-1 Catalina
TEAL flew two Boeing-built Consolidated P2B-1 Catalinas from 1947 until 1949. They were loaned from the RNZAF and used as training aircraft. PBY Catalina was the United States Navy designation for an American and Canadian-built flying boat of the 1930s and 1940s. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force or RNZAF is the air operations arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ...


Short S.45 Solent Mk IV
The replacements for the S.25 were the Shorts S.45 Solent IV of which TEAL also acquired 4. They were delivered during 1949 with one setting a new trans-Tasman crossing record of 5 hours 37 minutes. The Solents continued flying until 1954 with the introduction of the Douglas DC-6 landplanes. However, Solent 'Aranui' continued on the Coral Route until 1960. The Short Solent was a passenger flying boat produced in the late 1940s, developed from the Short Seaford or Short Sunderland Mark IV military flying boat design, (which was too late to serve in World War II). ...


Douglas DC-6
The Douglas DC-6 was flown by TEAL between 1954 and 1961. Three were transferred to TEAL after the break-up of British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines. The aircraft started replacing the flyingboats in May and June and meant the transfer of Auckland's International Airport from Mechanics Bay to Whenuapai, where it was to remain until 1965. In September 1956, work was completed on the skin of the DC-6's to allow a 2000lbs increase in payload. By 1961, they were handed over to the RNZAF to be used as troop transporters. The Douglas DC-6 is an aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ... BCPA logo British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines or BCPA, was registered in New South Wales, Australia in June 1946 with headquarters in Sydney. ...


Lockheed L-188 Electra
The last new type to be operated by TEAL was the Lockheed L.188 Electra. Three of this type were operated between 1959 and 1972 by which time TEAL had changed its name to Air New Zealand. The Electras were sold in 1972 to United States interests. The Lockheed L-188 Electra first flew in 1957, and was the first turboprop airliner built in the USA. It delivered performance only slightly inferior to that of a full jet aircraft, at a lower operating cost. ...


Lockheed Electra L-188 crash

On March 27 1965, Teal's Lockheed Electra L-188 ZK-TEC Akaroa, crashed during a training flight at Whenuapai. The airline had done the following manouvre many times before: and the Electra at precisely 140kts; could be flown over the runway threshold, then throttled back to idle, would drop almost vertically, and then landed on the runway. As this would never be done on a passenger flight; the reason for the procedure remains a mystery. They had a captain, a check captain, a flight engineer, a navigator, and the airline's industrial personnel officer, and emergency procedures officer standing behind them. As Akaroa's speed dropped below 140 knots, the aeroplane landed very heavily, collapsing the undercarriage; and Akaroa shed wings, engines, tailplane, and tail as she skidded off the runway and across the grass towards the control tower. Somehow, the two standing officers stayed standing, the fire extinguishers were turned on, and everyone was evacuated out the cockpit windows, with one man burning his hand on the escape rope. TEAL salvaged what they could from the wreck, and the remains were quickly pushed into a gully behind the NAC hangars before the public saw it. The crash took place in the early hours of the morning. This training procedure was quickly deleted from TEAL's manuals. TEAL purchased a replacement Electra from Qantas after it changed its name to Air New Zealand the following March.


Ownership transfer

In April 1961, Australia decided to support the wholly Australian owned Qantas and the New Zealand government bought out the Australian Government shareholding, giving New Zealand 100% ownership. The airline changed to its present name, Air New Zealand on 1 April 1965, at the same time as Douglas DC-8s entered service. Qantas (pronounced ) is the name and callsign of the worlds second oldest continuously running independent airline behind KLM. It is the 10th largest airline in the world. ... Politics of New Zealand takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy. ... This article describes the national government of Australia. ... A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Air New Zealand (IATA: NZ, ICAO: ANZ, and Callsign: New Zealand) ASX: AIZ NZX: AIR is a major scheduled passenger airline based in Auckland, New Zealand. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


Sources

  • Air New Zealand Company History
  • Electra training incident Whenuapai

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