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Encyclopedia > Teachta Dála

A TD or Teachta Dála (Irish for 'Dáil Deputy', pronounced 'chock-ta dawla') is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower chamber of the Irish Oireachtas (pronounced 'orr-och-tas') or National Parliament. Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Dáil Éireann is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland1. ... This article is about the modern legislature. ...

The term was first used to describe those Irish MPs elected in the 1918 general election from the island of Ireland who instead of attending the Westminster House of Commons, to which they had been elected, assembled instead in Dublin to create a new Irish parliament, Dáil Éireann. The initials T.D. are placed after the surname of the TD elected. For example, the current Irish Taoiseach (prime minister) is referred to as 'Bertie Ahern, TD'. The style used to refer to individual TDs during debates in Dáil Éireann is the member's name preceded by 'Deputy' (or 'an Teachta' in Irish): for example, Deputy Quinn, an Teachta Carey. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Westminster is the name of a city that covers much of central London, located to the west of the ancient City of London, and which has been the principal seat of government in England for more than nine hundred years. ... In some bicameral parliaments of a Westminster System, the House of Commons has historically been the name of the elected lower house. ... The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet1. ... A Style is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the office itself. ...

The initials TD have been used to refer to members of every Irish parliament since that First Dáil assembled in 1919. It was used to refer to members of the Irish Republic's single chamber Dáil Éireann (translated as the 'Assembly of Ireland') (1919-1922), members of Dáil Éireann (translated as 'Chamber of Deputies') during the Irish Free State (1922-1937) and the Dáil Éireann (translated as the 'House of Representatives') of Éire (1937-present) and the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Republic (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann or Saorstát Éireann), also known as the Republic of Ireland, was a revolutionary state established by Irish nationalists seeking secession from the United Kingdom (UK) in the 1910s, with the aim of supplanting the UK government. ... Map of Éire Éire (pronounced AIR uh, in the Irish language, translated as Ireland) is the name given in Article 4 of the 1937 Irish constitution to the 26-county Irish state, created under the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, which was known between 1922 and 1937 as the Irish Free... The Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann) is the official description of an independent state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. ...

(See Dáil Éireann for additional information on the election system and current composition of the house.) Dáil Éireann is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland1. ...



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