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Encyclopedia > Teacher Education

Teacher education refers to the policies and procedures designed to equip teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the school and classroom. A teachers room in a Japanese middle school, 2005. ... Personification of knowledge (Greek Επιστημη, Episteme) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey. ... Attitude may refer to: Aircraft attitude Attitude (magazine) Attitude, a song by American pop and jazz singer Suede Attitudes (band) Attitude Adjustment (Hardcore/Crossover/Thrash metal band) Attitude, song from Metallica on their album Reload. ... Behavior or behaviour refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. ... A skill is an ability, usually learned, to perform actions. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... A university classroom with permanently-installed desk-chairs and green chalkboards. ...

Teacher education is often divided into:

  • initial teacher training / education (a pre-service course before entering the classroom as a fully responsible teacher);
  • induction (the process of providing training and support during the first few years of teaching or the first year in a particular school);
  • teacher development or continuing professional development (CPD) (an in-service process for practicing teachers).

The process of mentoring is also relevant. Mentoring refers to a developmental relationship between a more experienced mentor and a less experienced partner referred to as a mentoree (sometimes vernacularized into mentee) or protégé. // Historical The roots of the practice are lost in antiquity. ...



Initial teacher education may be organized according to two basic models.

In the 'consecutive' model, a teacher first obtains a qualification (often a first university degree), and then studies for a further period to gain an additional qualification in teaching; (in some systems this takes the form of a post-graduate degree, possibly even a Masters).

The alternative is where a student simultaneously studies both an academic subject and the ways of teaching that subject, leading to a qualification as a teacher of that subject.

Other pathways are also available. In some countries, it is possible for a person to receive training as a teacher under the responsibility of an accredited experienced practitioner in a school.

Teacher Education in many countries takes place in Higher Education.


The question of what knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and skills teachers should possess is the subject of much debate in many cultures. This is understandable, as teachers are entrusted with the transmission to children of society's beliefs, attitudes and deontology, as well as of information, advice and wisdom.

Generally, Teacher Education curricula can be broken down into these blocks:

  • knowledge and skills about teaching and learning
  • knowledge and skills concerned with the subject taught
  • knowledge about teachers' deontology

In moral philosophy, deontology is the view that morality either forbids or permits actions, which is done through moral norms. ...

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See also

  Results from FactBites:
UW-Parkside Teacher Education Department (1364 words)
The educator as a change agent is dedicated to providing optimal learning experiences for all pupils and to pursuing the goals of a democratic society where all individuals are respected for their inherent worth.
A teacher equipped to meet the challenges of a diverse population in such areas as curriculum, instruction, classroom discipline, motivation, and community relations, will be thoroughly prepared to educate a broad spectrum of learners.
The teacher is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effectiveness of his or her choices and actions on pupils, parents, professionals in the learning community and others who actively seeks out opportunities to grow professionally.
Teachers-preschool, kindergarten, elementary, middle, and secondary (3932 words)
Teachers may be licensed to teach the early childhood grades (usually preschool through grade 3); the elementary grades (grades 1 through 6 or 8); the middle grades (grades 5 through 8); a secondary-education subject area (usually grades 7 through 12); or a special subject, such as reading or music (usually grades kindergarten through 12).
Teacher education programs are now required to include classes in the use of computers and other technologies in order to maintain their accreditation.
Preschool teachers usually work their way up from assistant teacher, to teacher, to lead teacher—who may be responsible for the instruction of several classes—and, finally, to director of the center.
  More results at FactBites »



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