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Encyclopedia > Teacher
A teacher writes on a blackboard in an American college.
A teacher writes on a blackboard in an American college.

In education, teachers facilitate student learning, often in a school or academy or perhaps in another environment such as outdoors. A teacher who teaches on an individual basis may be described as a tutor. For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: [1]) varies. ... In British, Australian, New Zealand, and some Canadian universities, a tutor is often but not always a postgraduate student or a lecturer assigned to conduct a seminar for undergraduate students, often known as a tutorial. ... Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1365, 235 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Teacher Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1365, 235 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Teacher Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... A chalkboard, with multiple colors of chalk Blackboard Chalk A quadruple chalkboard at the Helsinki University of Technology A chalkboard or blackboard is a reusable writing surface on which text or drawings are made with chalk or other erasable markers. ... For other uses, see Student (disambiguation). ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Outdoor education (also known as adventure education) usually refers to organized learning that takes place in the outdoors. ... In British, Australian, New Zealand, and some Canadian universities, a tutor is often but not always a postgraduate student or a lecturer assigned to conduct a seminar for undergraduate students, often known as a tutorial. ...


The objective is typically a course of study, lesson plan, or a practical skill, including learning and thinking skills. The different ways to teach are often referred to as the teacher's pedagogy. When deciding what teaching method to use, a teacher will need to consider students' background knowledge, environment, and their learning goals. A teacher may follow standardized curricula as determined by the relevant authority. The teacher may interact with students of different ages, from infants to adults, students with different abilities and students with learning disabilities. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Learning is the acquisition and development of memories and behaviors, including skills, knowledge, understanding, values, and wisdom. ... Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ... Pedagogy (IPA: ) , the art or science of being a teacher, generally refers to strategies of instruction, or a style of instruction[1]. The word comes from the Ancient Greek (paidagōgeō; from (child) and (lead)): literally, to lead the child”. In Ancient Greece, was (usually) a slave who supervised the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For a curriculum vitae, see Résumé. In formal education, a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of courses, and their content, offered at a school or university. ...

Contents

Teaching as a profession

Teaching may be carried out informally, within the family (see Homeschooling) or the wider community. Formal teaching may be carried out by paid professionals. Such professionals enjoy a status in some societies on a par with physicians, lawyers, engineers, and accountants (Chartered or CPA). Homeschooling – also called home education or home school – is the education of children at home, typically by parents or guardians, rather than in a public or private school. ... This article is about people called professionals. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chartered accountancy is a distinct profession of accountancy, in which practitioners of accounting, known as accountants, belong to professional accountancy bodies that have been granted the Royal Charter by Her Majesty the Queen in the United Kingdom. ... Certified Accountant redirects here. ...


A teacher's professional duties may extend beyond formal teaching. Outside of the classroom teachers may accompany students on field trips, supervise study halls, help with the organization of school functions, and serve as supervisors for extracurricular activities. In some education systems, teachers may have responsibility for student discipline.


Around the world teachers are often required to obtain specialized education and professional licensure. The teaching profession is regarded for having a body of specialised professional knowledge, codes of ethics and internal monitoring. A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ... A certified teacher is a teacher who has earned credentials from an authoritative source, such as the government, a higher education institution or a private source. ...


There are a variety of bodies designed to instill, preserve and update the knowledge and professional standing of teachers. Around the world many governments operate teacher's colleges, which are generally established to serve and protect the public interest through certifying, governing and enforcing the standards of practice for the teaching profession. A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ...


The functions of the teacher's colleges may include setting out clear standards of practice, providing for the ongoing education of teachers, investigating complaints involving members, conducting hearings into allegations of professional misconduct and taking appropriate disciplinary action and accrediting teacher education programs. In many situations teachers in publicly funded schools must be members in good standing with the college, and private schools may also require their teachers to be college members. In other areas these roles may belong to the State Board of Education, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the State Education Agency or other governmental bodies. In still other areas teacher unions may be responsible for some or all of these duties. A state education agency (SEA), or state department of education, is a formal governmental label for the state-level government agencies within each U.S. state responsible for providing information, resources, and technical assistance on educational matters to schools and residents. ... A state education agency (SEA), or state department of education, is a formal governmental label for the state-level government agencies within each U.S. state responsible for providing information, resources, and technical assistance on educational matters to schools and residents. ...


Teaching around the world

There are many similarities and difference among teachers around the world. In almost all countries teachers are educated in a university or college. Governments may require certification by a recognised body before they can teach in a school. For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... A certified teacher is a teacher who has earned credentials from an authoritative source, such as the government, a higher education institution or a private source. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ...


The process for becoming a teacher in Canada is somewhat intricate in all provinces. In France the teachers (professeurs) are mainly civil servants, recruited by competitive examination. Currently there are moves on both sides of politics in Australia towards a National Curriculum. A competitive examination is an examination where candidates are ranked according to their grades. ... The National Curriculum was introduced into England, Wales and Northern Ireland, as a nationwide curriculum for primary and secondary state schools following the Education Reform Act 1988. ...


In the United States, each state determines the requirements for getting a license to teach. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that there are 1.4 million elementary school teachers[1], 600,000 middle school teachers[2], and 1 million secondary school teachers employed in the U.S.[3] The Bureau of Labor Statistics was founded in 1884 by President Chester A. Arthur. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ...


World Teachers’ Day

UNESCO inaugurated World Teachers’ Day on 5 October 1994 to celebrate and commemorate the signing of the Recommendation Concerning the Status of Teachers on 5 October 1966. World Teachers’ Day also highlighted the Recommendation Concerning the Status of Higher Education Teaching Personnel adopted in 1997. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


Some countries or regions such as Taiwan also celebrate Teacher's Day as a national holiday, while others ignore it completely. In Brazil and Chile, it is celebrated on October 15, while in India it is celebrated on 5 September. In Brunei, it is celebrated on September 23. In Turkey it has been celebrated on 24 November since 1928. Northern Cyprus also celebrates this day. In Malaysia and in Colombia, it is celebrated on 16 May. Teachers' Day is a school holiday for students in primary and secondary schools and junior colleges/centralised institutes in Singapore celebrated on 1 September. India celebrates Teachers day on 5 September, in honour of a thinker and President Dr. Radhakrishnan. Teachers Day is a national holiday in some countries. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Salaries

Teachers' salaries vary from country to country.


Many teachers purchase items for their students and classroom out of their own wages and (in Canada) receive no tax deduction for these purchases.[citation needed]


United Kingdom

Kindergarten, elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers ranged from $41,400 to $45,920 in May 2004 preschool teachers- $20,980 Public school teachers must have at least a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher education program, and be licensed. Many States offer alternative licensing programs to attract people into teaching, especially for hard-to-fill positions. Excellent job opportunities are expected as retirements, especially among secondary school teachers, outweigh slowing enrollment growth; opportunities will vary by geographic area and subject taught.


Republic of Ireland

Salaries for primary teachers in the Republic of Ireland depend mainly on seniority (i.e. holding the position of principal, deputy principal or assistant principal), experience and qualifications. Extra pay is also given for teaching through the Irish language, in a Gaeltacht area or on an island. The basic pay for a starting teacher is €31,028 p.a., rising incrementally to €57,403 for a teacher with 25 years' service. A principal of a large school with many years' experience and several qualifications (M.A., H.Dip., etc) could earn over €90,000. [1] A principal is: The head of an educational institution. ... An assistant principal is an administrator at an elementary, middle, or a high school. ... This article is about the modern Goidelic language. ... Gaeltacht regions in Ireland Gaeltacht (pronounced ; plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish word for an Irish-speaking region. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. ...


United States

US teachers are paid on a graduated scale, starting at the low end and moving up on the pay scale with experience. Salaries vary greatly depending on state and grade taught.The median salary for all primary and secondary teachers was $46,000 in 2004, with the average entry salary for a teacher with a bachelor's degree being an estimated $32,000. Median salaries for preschool teachers, however, were less than half the national median for secondary teachers, clock in at an estimated $21,000 in 2004.[4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


For high school teachers median salaries in 2007 ranged from $35,000 in South Dakota to $71,000 in New York, with a national median of $52,000.[5] Some contracts may include long-term disability insurance, life insurance, emergency/personal leave and investment options.[6] The American Federation of Teachers' teacher salary survey for the 2004-05 school year found that the average teacher salary was $47,602.[7] The American Federation of Teachers or AFT is an American labor union founded in 1916 which represents teachers; paraprofessionals and school-related personnel; local, state and federal employees; higher education faculty and staff; and nurses and other healthcare professionals. ...


The median Paraprofessional Teacher Salary is around $20,000.00 USD Yearly. The salary can be even smaller if you do not have a degree. If you do have a degree your salary is more then likely going to be more than this a year. Every year you automatically get an increase. Every 5 years you get a Salary increase after you renew your Parapro-Certification.


Improving Salaries in the United States

In Alan Greenspan's book, The Age of Turbulence, an interesting solution is offered for the problem of comparative deficiencies in mathematics and science for U.S. Secondary School students. International testing results clearly show the majority of High School students in the United States lagging behind their peers in other developed countries around the globe[8]. An economic response to this issue would allow "free market" forces of supply and demand to set teacher salaries, thereby attracting more highly qualified educators in these disciplines. Squalltoonix (born March 6, 1926 in New York City) is an American economist and was Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve of the United States from 1987 to 2006. ... The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World (ISBN 1594201315) is the title of the memoir of former Chairman of the Federal Reserve Alan Greenspan, published on September 17, 2007. ...


In Greenspan's opinion, a highly skilled workforce is essential to the future of the economy, with math and science serving as the foundation for highly skilled vocations like medicine, engineering, and finance. A logical "first step" for improving student performance in these subjects would be to increase the quality of math and science educators within the system. According to Greenspan, the tenured pay scale used by most public school districts within the United States essentially injects "price controls" that oppose the fundamental tenets of the free market economy which they serve.


Religious Teacher

In Hinduism, a spiritual teacher is known as a guru. Traditionally, a spiritual seeker would revere his or her guru highly, and demonstrate utmost submission and humility through menial service in order to prove worthy to be a recipient of esoteric knowledge from the guru. There are many sayings on the teacher like "Guru devo bhava" (Guru is God) -- reflective of the esteem associated with a guru's role. For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ...


In the Latter Day Saint movement, teacher is an office in the Aaronic priesthood. The Latter Day Saint movement (a subset of Restorationism) is a group of religious denominations and adherents who follow at least some of the teachings and revelations of Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Teacher is a priesthood office in the Aaronic Priesthood of denominations within the Latter Day Saint movement, including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ... The Aaronic Priesthood is the lesser of the two (or sometimes three) orders of priesthood recognized in Mormonism. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Teaching

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... A certified teacher is a teacher who has earned credentials from an authoritative source, such as the government, a higher education institution or a private source. ... A paraprofessional educator, alternatively known as para-pros, instructional assistants or teachers aides, is a teaching-related position within a school generally responsible for specialized or concentrated assistance for students in elementary and secondary schools. ... A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ... A student teacher is college student who is teaching under the supervision of a certified teacher in order to qualify for a degree in education. ... The following is an alphabetical list of education trade unions: American Federation of Teachers Association of Teachers and Lecturers Association of University Teachers Australian Education Union British Columbia Teachers Federation California School Employees Association Chicago Teachers Union Cincinnati Federation of Teachers Communications Workers of America Educational Institute of Scotland Education... A substitute teacher is a person who teaches a school class when the regular teacher is unavailable because of illness or other reason. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
teacher - definition of teacher - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (897 words)
Teachers who look after the whole school are called head teachers, school principals or headmasters.
A teacher in a grammar or public school in Britain may also be a Head of House.
Teachers are usually educated in universities or colleges, and must be certified by a government body to teach in public (U.S.) schools.
BHP, Encyclopedia Index (218 words)
Randall Sprick graciously has given his permission to post two problem behaviors and all plans listed within these two chapters.
We sincerely thank him for providing this resource to the teachers of Kentucky so that they may effectively serve students with challenging behaviors.
Please visit the The Teacher's Encyclopedia of Behavior Management Web page.
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