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Encyclopedia > Tcard
Tcard

Sydney's Public Transport Ticketing System
Release completion: 2011[1]
Prior System: Automated Fare Collection System
Issuing Authority: Public Transport Ticketing Corporation
Official Website

Tcard (formally Integrated ticketing system) is the name of the contactless smartcard ticketing system that was to be introduced on public transport in Sydney, New South Wales by 2000.[1] Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Sydney Buses multi-ride ticket. ... Smart card used for health insurance in France. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... “NSW” redirects here. ...


The card will would had replaced the existing Automated Fare Collection System on CityRail, Sydney Buses, Western Sydney Buses, Sydney Ferries and Newcastle Buses & Ferries services. It would have also brought private-sector bus, rail and ferry operators into the city's integrated ticketing system. A Sydney Buses multi-ride ticket. ... This article is on the commuter rail network centred on Sydney, Australia. ... The State Transit Authority of New South Wales (STA) is an agency of the Government of New South Wales based in Sydney, Australia operating bus and ferry services. ... Newcastle Buses & Ferries redirects here. ... Two ferries- Narrabeen (rear) and Alexander (foreground) Sydney Ferries is a state owned corporation of the New South Wales Government providing passenger ferry services in Sydney Harbour and on the Parramatta River. ... Newcastle Buses & Ferries could refer to a subsidiary of the State Transit Authority of New South Wales providing bus and ferry services in Newcastle, New South Wales general information on Newcastle bus routes Categories: | ...


On November 9, 2007, the New South Wales government issued a notice of intention to terminate the contract to the developer, ERG Group. The contract is expected to terminate by December 3, bringing the project to an end.[2] Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

Contents

History

Sydney has used a number of automated ticketing systems since the opening of the Eastern Suburbs Railway in 1979. At present, government-run buses, trains and ferries use the Automated Fare Collection System, rolled out between 1988 and 1993. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... A Sydney Buses multi-ride ticket. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


A replacement system, based on smart card technology, was first announced by the New South Wales Government in 1996. The Government put the project up for tender attracting competing bids from US-based Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc. and Perth-based ERG Group. The contract was initially awarded to ERG Group but Cubic launched legal action against ERG and the NSW Department of Transport, obtaining an injunction against the contract. Finally on 26 July 2002, the Supreme Court of New South Wales ruled in favour of ERG and the Department of Transport. [3] [4] As a result, the contract to install and operate Integrated ticketing project, or Tcard, as the plan became known, was finalised and awarded to ERG Group at the end of 2002. ERG previously developed the Octopus Card smart card ticketing system in Hong Kong and delivered magnetic stripe based ticketing systems in both Sydney and Melbourne in the 1990s. Smart card used for health insurance in France. ... The form of the Government of New South Wales is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court for the Australian State of New South Wales. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Obverse side of a standard adult card. ... Marcus Boltonas (Mark Boltan) Marcus Boltonas Brief history The magnetic stripe which is often reffered to as the Bolton is derived from the Marcus Boltonas from the Jurassic period. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ...


In 2005, a limited trial of the technology involving school children using the School Student Transport Scheme was undertaken, and expanded to cover all private-sector bus services in 2006.


In a bid to smooth the introduction of Tcard, the government established the Public Transport Ticketing Corporation to oversee the project. The corporation commenced operations in July 2006. Originally slated for a 2007 introduction, political and technical concerns meant the Tcard rollout timetable project was pushed back. Ridiculing the revised timetable, opposition transport spokesman Barry O'Farrell told Parliament that "The only smart move by the Minister for Transport is putting off implementation of the full operation of the Tcard until after the 2007 state election campaign."[5]. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Barry OFarrell (born 24 May 1959) is an Australian politician, Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party, member for the state seat of Ku-ring-gai in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly and Opposition Leader of New South Wales. ... The next legislative election for the New South Wales Parliament will be held on Saturday, 24 March 2007. ...


In mid 2006, the future of the project was in doubt as ERG Group was forced to borrow $14 million to prop up company finances. The government moved to renegotiate the contract, having already spent $54 million. [6]


Relations between the Government and ERG Group was at its lowest in 2007, after the Minister for Transport sought legal advice on terminating the contract. In April of 2007, an official letter from the Public Transport Ticketing Corporation was sent to ERG complaining about numerous concern such as software problems dogging the project. However, after receiving a very thorough response from ERG with a plan to complete the project by its 2009 deadline, the Minister wrote another letter retracting the first letter. [7]


Beginning August of 2006, commuter field trials were held on selected lines of Sydney Buses and the Punchbowl Bus Company. [8] The trials hit a hitch when bus drivers threatened a boycott due to the machine crashing when printing tickets, distracting drivers, which in turn led to safety issues. [9] Discontent among ground level workers involved with the trial have renewed calls for the Tcard system to be scrapped. [10] The State Transit Authority of New South Wales (STA) is an agency of the Government of New South Wales based in Sydney, Australia operating bus and ferry services. ... Company logo The Punchbowl Bus and Coach Company operates public buses in the south and inner south western suburbs of Sydney. ...


Because of the complex arrangement of current fare system, and varying reports and recommendations on how the new system should replace the current system including elimination of TravelPasses and weekly RailPasses, the government has deferred the decision on the Tcard indefinitely. [7]


On November 9, 2007, the New South Wales government issued a notice of intention to terminate the contract with ERG. Under the provisions of the contract, should ERG fail to meet its milestones within the next 20 business days - which it is not expected to - the contract will be terminated. ERG has stated it expects the contract to terminate by December 3.[2] In its announcement to the Australian Stock Exchange, ERG Group has stated that it is preparing a plan outlining its capabilities of completing the project, with which it hopes to seek an agreement with the government to give it additional time to complete the project. [11] The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) is the primary stock exchange in Australia. ...


Technology

A Tcard
A Tcard

Tcard is based on smart card technology. A chip embedded in the Tcard communicates with the card reader through RFID induction technology (at data rates of 106 to 848 kbit/s). These cards require only close proximity to an antenna to complete transaction. They are often used when transactions must be processed quickly or hands-free, such as on mass transit systems, where smart cards do not have to be removed from a wallet for use. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Smart card used for health insurance in France. ... An EPC RFID tag used for Wal-Mart Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ...


Like smart cards with contacts, contactless cards do not have a battery. Instead, they use a built-in inductor to capture some of the incident radio-frequency interrogation signal, rectify it, and use it to power the card's electronics.


Similar systems operate in many cities in Asia, Europe, and North America. Particularly successful examples including the Octopus card of Hong Kong (also developed by ERG) and the Oyster card of London. A smartcard system called myki is being rollout in Melbourne, and the SmartRider system has been launched in Perth. See List of smart cards for a list of smart cards, including integrated public transport ticketing systems. Obverse side of a standard adult card. ... Front and back of an early Oyster card. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... myki Logo and Plain Card mykiâ„¢ (pronounced my key) is the brand name of the smartcard ticketing system to be introduced in 2007 on public transport in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... SmartRider is Transperths new contactless electronic ticketing system using smartcard technology to simplify the process of charging patrons for public transport. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Example of widely used contactless smart cards are Hong Kongs Octopus card, Paris Calypso/Navigo card and Lisbon LisboaViva card, which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Baker, Jordan. "Tcard far too complex to work, say experts", Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-03-19. Retrieved on 2007-07-09. (English) 
  2. ^ a b Clennel, Andrew. "$64m Tcard fiasco over", Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-11-09. Retrieved on 2007-11-09. (English) 
  3. ^ "Sydney smart card lawsuit dismissed", ferret.com.au, 2002-07-26. Retrieved on 2007-10-29. (English) 
  4. ^ New South Wales Supreme Court. "Cubic Transportation Systems Inc & Anor v State of New South Wales & 2 ors [2002 NSWSC 656]", Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII), 2002-07-26. Retrieved on 2007-10-30. (English) 
  5. ^ Parliamentary Debates, New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 2006-03-01
  6. ^ Baker, Jordan. "Not the ticket: Tcard in doubt", Sydney Morning Herald, 2006-07-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-29. (English) 
  7. ^ a b Besser, Linton. "Cruel Tcard twist to hit commuters", Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-10-11. Retrieved on 2007-10-11. (English) 
  8. ^ "Sydney volunteers needed for transport ticket trial", ABC Online, 2006-08-29. Retrieved on 2007-10-29. (English) 
  9. ^ Baker, Jordan. "Driver boycott delays Tcard once again", Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-06-15. Retrieved on 2007-08-02. (English) 
  10. ^ Besser, Linton. "Trial stalls as travel card is shunned", Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-08-27. Retrieved on 2007-10-30. (English) 
  11. ^ ERG Group. Sydney Project Update 2007-11-09

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The MultiRider ticketing system uses magnetic stripe cards containing simple information such as the number of trips that they can be used with, the number of transit zones that can be traversed, and the time and location of the last validation. ... SmartRider is Transperths new contactless electronic ticketing system using smartcard technology to simplify the process of charging patrons for public transport. ... myki Logo and Plain Card mykiâ„¢ (pronounced my key) is the brand name of the smartcard ticketing system to be introduced in 2007 on public transport in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ...

External links

  • Tcard Website
  • ERG Group Products
  • MIFare-based public transport in Australia
  • MIFARE DESFire

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tcard - FAQ (1797 words)
School Tcard, a simplified version of Tcard was introduced in 2005 for use by school students on private sector buses as part of the School Student Transport Scheme (SSTS).
Tcard was initially introduced on private sector buses to capture data on the actual use of school bus passes.
Where a Tcard is not lost or stolen, and a student does not have their card with them when they board the bus, the student is entitled to travel by showing the driver their normal school bus pass.
Browse Our Fibre Channel Products! Tcards, JBOD Kits, Cables, Fibre Channel Backplanes, Internal Storage Subsystems (547 words)
Individual Tcards can be used in a single-drive application and commonly used as test equipment, especaially when the integrity of a hard drive is in question.
Tcards may be "daisey-chained" together to connect up to 126 drives to a Fibre Channel HBA (host bus adapter).
A Tcard was custom designed to fit the form factor of the SCA adapters that were removed from the unit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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