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Encyclopedia > Taxkorgan
Overview of the Karakoram Highway

Tashkurgan is the name of a town and the surrounding district in western Xinjiang, China Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x856, 1807 KB) Description, Source and License / Beschreibung, Quelle und Lizenz This is a map of Karakoram Highway, the road that links the Northern Areas of Pakistan to the Xinjiang province of China, connecting it to the old Silk Road. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x856, 1807 KB) Description, Source and License / Beschreibung, Quelle und Lizenz This is a map of Karakoram Highway, the road that links the Northern Areas of Pakistan to the Xinjiang province of China, connecting it to the old Silk Road. ... Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway in the Xinjiang region of China. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ...

Contents

Name

Tashkurgan is a Uighur name that means Stone Fortress or Stone Tower. The official spelling is Taxkorgan, while Tashkorgan appears occasionally in literature. It is written in Uighur as تاشقۇگان. In Chinese Tashkurgan is written 塔什库尔干 (Simplified Chinese Characters) and 塔什庫爾干 (Traditional Chinese Characters); it is pronounced Tǎshíkù'ěrgān in Pinyin. Uyghurs (also called Uighurs, Uygurs, or Uigurs) (Chinese: 維吾爾 or 维吾尔 in pinyin: wéiwúěr) are a Turkic ethnic group of people living in northwestern China (mainly in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, where they are the dominant ethnic group together with Han people... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme...


Geography

Tashkurgan is the seat of Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County. The altitude is about 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) 37°44′N 75°23′E. It is located on the borders of both Afghanistan and Tajikistan, and close to the border of Kyrgyzstan. Tashkurgan is a market town for sheep, wool and woollen goods, particularly carpets, and is surrounded by orchards. The majority population in the town is Tajik. The majority of Tajiks in the region speak Sarikoli. There is also a village of Tajik Wakhi speakers. Chinese and Uighur are widely spoken. The Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County (Uyghur Yengi YezikÌ¢: TaxkÌ¢urÆ£an; Chinese: 塔什库尔干塔吉克自治县, Pinyin: TÇŽshìkùěrgàn TÇŽjíkè zìzhìxiàn; Sariquli Tajik in IPA: tɔʃqyrʁɔn tuʤik É”ftunum nÉ”ja; sometimes spelled Tashkorgan, Tashkurghan etc. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sarikoli is member of the Pamir subgroup of the Southeastern Iranian languages spoken in the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County in southern Xinjiang Province, China. ... Adjective; of or relating to Wakhan, the extreme northeastern region of Afghanistan that borders China, Tajikistan, and Pakistan. ...


History

Tashkurgan has a long history as a stop on the Silk Road. Major caravan routes converged here leading to Kashgar in the north, Karghalik to the east, Badakhshan and Wakhan to the west, and Chitral and Hunza to the southwest in Northern Areas of Pakistan. Location of Kashgar Kashgars Sunday market Kashgar (also spelled Cascar[citation needed]; Uyghur: قەشقەر/; Chinese: ; pinyin: Kāshí, ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Badakhshan is a region comprising parts of northeastern Afghanistan and of Tajikistan. ... Wakhan is a very mountainous and rugged part of the Pamir region. ... Chitral Valley and Tirich Mir, 7,708 m (25,289 ft) Chitral, or Chitrāl (Urdu: چترال), is the name of a town , , valley, river, district, and former princely state in the former Malakand Division of the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan. ... This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...


About 2,000 years ago, during the Han Dynasty Tashkurgan was the main centre of the Kingdom of Puli (蒲犁). Later it became known as Varshadeh. Some scholars believe that a stone tower mentioned in Ptolemy and other early accounts of travel on the Silk Road, refers to this spot. It said by them to have marked the midway point between Europe and China. Other scholars, however, disagree with this identification. Many centuries later Tashkurgan became the capital of Sarikol (色勒库尔), a kingdom of the Pamir Mountains, and later of Qiepantuo (朅盘陀) under the Persians. At the northeast corner of the town is a huge fortress known as the Princess Castle dating from the Yuan Dynasty (1277-1367 CE), and the subject of many colourful local legends. A ruined Zoroastrian temple is located near the fortress. The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Han Chau; 206 BC–AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... The Silk Road  â€“ Georgian: აბრეშუმის დიდი გზა; Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: sÄ«chóu zhÄ« lù; Persian: ‎; Râh-e Abrisham; Turkish: ; Kyrgyz: (Äžibek ÄŸolu); Kazakh: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ; Russian: (VÄ›lkij Å jolkovyj Put ) â€“ or Silk Route is an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the six inhabited continents of the Earth. ... A photograph of Ismail Samani Peak (then known as Peak Communism) taken in 1989. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau (Irān - Land of the Aryans[1]) and beyond. ... The Yuan Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuáncháo; Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ...


In Tashkurgan there is a museum that houses local artifacts.


Karakoram Highway

Today Tashkurgan is on the Karakoram Highway which follows the old Silk Road route from China to Pakistan. Accommodation is available and it is recommended overnight stop for road travellers from China to Pakistan in order to have the best chance of crossing the snow-prone Khunjerab Pass in daylight. Special registration with the police must be made before entering the Tashkurgan, and Chinese citizens must receive written permission from their local police department before entering the region. Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway in the Xinjiang region of China. ... The Silk Road  â€“ Georgian: აბრეშუმის დიდი გზა; Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: sÄ«chóu zhÄ« lù; Persian: ‎; Râh-e Abrisham; Turkish: ; Kyrgyz: (Äžibek ÄŸolu); Kazakh: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ; Russian: (VÄ›lkij Å jolkovyj Put ) â€“ or Silk Route is an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and...


Travelling from China, it is about 230 km south of Kashgar and is the last town before the border with Pakistan, and 120 km over the Khunjerab Pass from Sust in Pakistan, which is the border crossing town. Passenger road service between the Tashkurgan and the Pakistani cities of Sost and Gilgit already exists, and road service between Kashi and Gilgit (via [[Tashkurgan and Sust) starts in summer 2006. However, the border crossing between China and Pakistan at Khunjerab Pass (the highest border of the world) is open only between May 1 and October 15 of every year. During winter, the roads are blocked by snow. Location of Kashgar Kashgars Sunday market Kashgar (also spelled Cascar[citation needed]; Uyghur: قەشقەر/; Chinese: ; pinyin: Kāshí, ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Khunjerab Pass from Pakistani side Snow leopard, an endangered species, is found in the Khunjerab National Park The Khunjerab Pass is a high mountain pass on the northern border of Pakistan with the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sust is a small town in Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Overview of the Karakoram Highway This article is about the town in Gojal. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Location of Kashgar Kashgars Sunday market Kashgar (also spelled Cascar[citation needed]; Uyghur: قەشقەر/; Chinese: ; pinyin: Kāshí, ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Gilgit is a region in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... Sust is a small town in Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Khunjerab Pass from Pakistani side Snow leopard, an endangered species, is found in the Khunjerab National Park The Khunjerab Pass is a high mountain pass on the northern border of Pakistan with the Peoples Republic of China. ...


See also

Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway in the Xinjiang region of China. ... Located in the mountainous regions of Gilgit, Ladakh & Baltistan, Gilgit and Baltistan are in Pakistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...

References

  • Curzon, George Nathaniel. 1896. The Pamirs and the Source of the Oxus. Royal Geographical Society, London. Reprint: Elibron Classics Series, Adamant Media Corporation. 2005. ISBN 1-4021-5983-8 (pbk); ISBN 1-4021-3090-2 (hbk).
  • 库尔班, 西仁, 马达 力包仑, and 米尔扎 杜斯买买提. 中国塔吉克史料汇编. Urumuqi: 新疆大学出版社, 2003. ISBN 7-5631-1792-X.

External links

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Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture

(The Tacheng Prefecture and Altay Prefectures are under the provincial jurisdiction of the Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture.)
Autonomous Territories Yining City | Kuitun City | Yining County | Tekes County | Nilka County | Zhaosu County | Xinyuan County | Huocheng County | Gongliu County | Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County
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