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Encyclopedia > Tavastians

Tavastia, Tavastland or Häme, is a historical province in the south of Finland. It borders to Finland Proper, Satakunda, Ostrobothnia, Savonia and Nylandia.

Tavastland
Häme
Coat of Arms
Land Österland
Provincea Southern Finland
Western Finland
Regions Tavastia Proper
Päijänne Tavastia
Central Finland
Area - km²

Map highlighting the location of Tavastia

Administration

For current affairs see: : Southern Finland and Western Finland


Tavastia is divided upon the administrative provinces of Southern Finland and Western Finland.


History

Main article: History of Tavastia


The prehistoric era of Tavastia can be said to begin with the Second Swedish crusade in 1239. Building of the castle Tavastehus (Hämeenlinna) began in the 1260s, by orders of the Earl Birger. It was to be the centre of the three "castle counties", the other two being the castle of Åbo (Turku) in Finland Proper and Viborg (Viipuri) castle in Karelia. After the peace Treaty of Pähkinäsaari in 1323 the castle lost some of its meaning as defense line against the east but remained a administrative centre.


The province, which had been a part of Sweden from the 12th century, separated when Finland was ceded to Russia in 1809. The provinces has no administrative function today but lives on as a historical legacy in both countries.


Geography

Main article: Geography of Tavastia


Tavastland borders to


Culture

Main article: Culture of Tavastia


Heraldry

Main article: Heraldry of Tavastia


Arms granted at the burial of Gustav I of Sweden in 1560. The arms is crowned by a dukal coronet, though by Finnish tradition this more resembles a Swedish countal coronet. Blazon: "Gules, a lynx passant or, ear tufts sable; in chief three six-pointed stars, and in base four roses, all argent."


External links



  Results from FactBites:
 
Viking Age Finland - All Empires (6747 words)
The Tavastian lake districts are dotted with several hill-forts, including the biggest hill-fort in Finland, the fort of Rapola.
The war-raids of Tavastians could also consists of hundreds and sometimes thousands of men, which is no small feat in Finland of the time, which is estimated to have had a total population of approximately 50 000.
The Tavastians are thought to have relied quite substantially on their wide hunting grounds, which would often lead to clashed over frontiers and spheres of influence between neighbours.
Finland - MSN Encarta (1384 words)
Although they did not actually participate in these Viking expeditions, the Finns benefited by the growing contact and the establishment of trading colonies in their country by merchants from Sweden and the island of Gotland.
He was slain within the year and subsequently became the patron saint of the city of Ã…bo (Turku in Finnish) and of all the Finns.
The church was placed on a firm foundation when an episcopal see was established at Ã…bo in 1209 (a monastery of the Dominicans was founded there in 1249).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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