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Encyclopedia > Tats
Total population


Regions with significant populations
Azerbaijan, Dagestan (Russia), Israel, Armenia (Christian Tats in the area of Nor Madrasa)
Tat language
Islam, Judaism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Iranian peoples

The Tat are an Iranian-speaking ethnic group in the Caucasus. The Muslim Tats are considered an Iranian[1] ethnic group in the Caucasus and the Jewish Tats have adopted the language of Tati in ancient times. The Tats speak a SW Iranian tongue called Tati, which is also referred to as Tat-Persian by some linguists[2]. The Tats descend from Persians that moved into the Caucasian mountains in the 5th and 6th centuries. The majority of the Tats of Dagestan (825 as of 2002) live in Kaitag, Magaramkend, Derbent, and Makhachkala. A small number have settled in the North Caucasus (Gorny and Nalchik). The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... The Tat language or Tati is a Western Iranian language spoken by the Tat ethnic group in The Republic of Azerbaijan and Russia. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... This article is about the group of peoples who speak Iranian languages. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... For information about all peoples of Iran, see Demographics of Iran. ... The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Derbent is built around a Sassanid fortress, the only one preserved in the world. ... Makhachkala (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Dagestan. ... Gorny may refer to: Gorny Ulus, an ulus in the Sakha Republic, Russia Gorny, Chita Oblast, an urban-type settlement in Chita Oblast, Russia Gorny, Khabarovsk Krai, an urban-type settlement in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia Gorny, Novosibirsk Oblast, an urban-type settlement in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia Gorny, Primorsky Krai, an... Coat of arms of Nalchik Nalchik (Karachay-Balkar and Russian: ; Kabardian: Налшык) is a city in the Caucasus region of southern Russia and capital of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic. ...

The Tat, according to the official census of the Republic of Azerbaijan number about 10,900 (as of 1999). According to 1897 ethnic census, there were 95,100 Tats living in the Caucasus. [3]. According to USSR census of 1926, there was a total of 28,443 Muslim Tats in the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan. Together with the Mountain Jews, the number of Tat-speakers was nearly 70000 in 1926. Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...

The Tat of Azerbaijan live in the mountain valleys of the north and north-eastern parts of Azerbaijan, along the Caspian shore, with important concentrations in Absheron, Khizi and Ismayilli. There is some debate on the origin of the Mountain Jews, with some opining that they are not Tat at all but simply Jews that took the Tat language, while others argue that they are the descendants of Tats that converted to Judaism. The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... Apsheron (Abseron Yasaqligi) is a peninsula and a Rayon in eastern Caucasus in the historical region of Arran. ... Xizi is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Ismayilli is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Mountain Jews, or Juhuro, are Jews of the eastern Caucasus, mainly of Azerbaijan and Dagestan. ... The Tat language is an Indo-Iranian language spoken by the Tat ethnic group. ...

The Turkic-speaking peoples originally coined the term Tat to designate settled groups of non-Turkic origin. Tats speak the Tat language, which is also native to Mountain Jews and the Christian Armeno-Tats. Almost all Tats speak Azeri. The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... The Tat language is an Indo-Iranian language spoken by the Tat ethnic group. ... The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish, is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan. ...

Although the Tat have been an agricultural people from the beginning of their history, they have also developed a strong urban community. Farmers living in the valleys raise wheat, barley, maize, grapes and cattle. Those living in mountain villages raise sheep, bulls and buffaloes. In the north-eastern area, communities consisting of 80 to 120 households are located in mountain settlements built on ledges. The availability of water determines the villages' location, each village contains a religious building, a bath area, a well, as well as family dwellings. Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis tiliifolia Vitis... cow and ox, see Cow (disambiguation) and Ox (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... Species Bubalus arnee Bubalus depressicornis Bubalus quarlesi Bubalus mindorensis Bubalus is a genus of bovines, the English name of which is buffalo. ...

The rural Tat usually live in one or two story homes, which are constructed of rectangular shaped natural stones cemented with clay mortar. The houses feature flat roofs and front porches supported by wooden pillars. Families living in two-story homes use the upper floor for living quarters and the lower floor for working space. The Tat are considered a closed society because they insist on maintaining ethnic purity by allowing marriage only within the tribe. It can be argued that, for such a small ethnic group, this is the only strategy for survival.

Originally based on an article by Travel-images.com, licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, used with permission. Bold text // “GFDL” redirects here. ...


  1. ^ Haarmann, Harald, Language in Ethnicity: A View of Basic Ecological Relations,Walter de Gruyter, 1986, pg 72
  2. ^ Gernot L. Windfuhr, Persian Grammar: History and State of Its Study, Walter de Gruyter, 1979, pp4
  3. ^ Philip G. Kreyenbroek, Stefan Sperl, The Kurds: A Contemporary Overview, Routledge, 1992. [1]

  Results from FactBites:
Tatting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (646 words)
Tatting is a technique for handcrafting a particularly durable lace constructed by a series of knots and loops.
A tatting shuttle is normally a metal or plastic pointed oval shape less than 3 inches long, but shuttles come in a variety of shapes and materials.
DMC Cordonnet thread is a common tatting thread; Perl cotton is an example of a beautiful cord that is nonetheless a bit loose for tatting purposes.
Civil War Tatting by Virgina Mescher (5708 words)
Tatting, or at least the forerunner of what we know today by that name, was first developed in Europe and in its early stages was called knotting (a series of knots sewn onto a base which created a design).
Modern tatting needles are fairly long and come in a number of different sizes that use different sizes of thread; they also have a long closed eye at one end, whereas a period tatting/netting needle has an open fork at both ends to enable the winding of the thread from end to end.
There is a mention of Melanie using a tatting needle; "She [Melanie] held a line of tatting in her hands and she was driving the shining needle back and forth as furiously as though handling a rapier in a duel." This seems to indicate that she used a netting needle as opposed to a shuttle.
  More results at FactBites »



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