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Encyclopedia > Tate Gallery

The Tate Gallery in the United Kingdom is a network of four galleries: Tate Britain (opened 1897), Tate Liverpool (1988), Tate St Ives (1993), Tate Modern (2000), with a complementary website Tate Online (1998). The Tate is a British National Museum having a grant directly from the Treasury. The Trustees appoint the Director for a period of seven years. Tate Britain is a part of the Tate Gallery in Britain, along with Tate Modern, Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Tate Liverpool is located in Albert Dock, Liverpool. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tate St Ives is an art gallery in St. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Tate Modern from the Millennium Bridge Tate Modern from St Pauls Cathedral. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Web Site of the Tate Gallery, forming one fifth of the Gallery as a whole. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


History and Development

The original Tate art gallery was officially titled the National Gallery of British Art, and was situated on Millbank, Pimlico, London. Upon his death J.M.W. Turner had left the contents of his studio to the nation, some 2000 paintings and drawings. The National Gallery could not display the gift as Turner requested and this triggered a national debate about the creation of a gallery of British Art. Eventually Henry Tate who as well as a sugar magnate was a major collector of Victorian academic art offered to fund the building of the gallery to house British Art as long as the state pay for the site and revenue costs. Tate also gifted the gallery his own collection. It was initially a collection solely of modern British art, concentrating on the works of modern – that is Victorian era – painters. In 1915 Hugh Lane gifted his collection of European Modern Art to the Tate that expanded its collection to include foreign art, and continued to acquire contemporary art. In 1926 and 1937 the art dealer and patron Joseph Duveen paid for two major expansions of the gallery building. Henry Courtauld also endowed Tate with a purchase fund. By the mid 20th century it was fulfilling a dual function of showing the history of British art, as well as international Modern art. In 1954 the Tate Gallery was finally separated from the National Gallery. An art gallery or art museum is a space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art, and usually primarily paintings, illustrations, and sculpture. ... Millbank is an area of London, England, that is east of Pimlico and south of Westminster. ... A street in Pimlico which characteristically mixes grand Victorian town-houses with 1970s council housing. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter The fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up, painted 1839. ... Sir Henry Tate (March 11, 1819 - December 5, 1899) was an English sugar merchant, noted for establishing the Tate Gallery in London. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of Great Britain is considered the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Sir Hugh Lane by Antonio Mancini - Oil on canvas (1913) Sir Hugh Percy Lane ( November 9, 1875-May 7, 1915 ) Born in County Cork on 9 November 1875, he is best known for for establishing Dublins Municipal Gallery of Modern Art (the first known public gallery of modern art... Joseph Duveen (1869 – 1939), later made Baron Duveen of Millbank, was one of the most influential art dealers of all time. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...

During the 1950s and 1960s the visual arts department of the Arts Council of Great Britain funded and organised temporary exhibitions at the Tate Gallery including in 1966 a retrospective of Marcel Duchamp. When the Arts Council gained its only gallery the Tate began organising its own temporary exhibition programme. In 1979 with funding from a Japanese bank a large modern extension was opened that would also house larger income generating exhibitions. In 1987 the Clore Wing opened to house the Turner bequest and also provided a 200 seat auditorium. The 'Centenary Development' in 2001 provided improved access and public amenities. The Arts Council of Great Britain was a Quango dedicated to the promotion of the fine arts in Britain. ... A USPS stamp depicting visitors to the Armory Show viewing Marcel Duchamp (July 28, 1887 – October 2, 1968) was a French/American artist whose work and ideas had considerable influence on the development of post-World War II Western art, and his advice to modern art collectors helped shape the...

It was a logical step to separate the 'British' and 'Modern' aspects of the collection, which are now housed in separate buildings in London. Tate Modern, in Bankside Power Station on the south side of the Thames, exhibits the national collection of modern art from 1900 to the present day. The original gallery is now called Tate Britain and is the national gallery for British art from 1500 to the present day. Modern British art can be found in both galleries. Bankside Power Station after conversion to the Tate Modern, from the Millennium Bridge Bankside Power Station is located on the south bank of the Thames in the Bankside district of London. ... The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England and connecting London with the sea. ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Tate Modern is widely considered a major success story for Tate Director Sir Nicholas Serota. In its first year it was the most popular museum in the world with 5,250,000 visitors.


In 1971 an exhibition by Robert Morris was closed after one day due to health and safety concerns. Robert Morris is a very common name, and unsurprisingly there are many famous individuals named Robert Morris, including: Robert Morris (merchant), financier of the American Revolution and signatory of three important founding documents of the US Robert Morris, minimalist artist Robert H. Morris, American cryptographer and former chief scientist of...

In 1972 the Tate Gallery purchased a work by Carl Andre called 'Equivalent VIII'. During a 1976 exhibition of the work The Times newspaper published an article using the work to complain about institutional waste of taxpayers money. The article made the piece infamous and it was subjected to ridicule in the media and vandalism. Carl Andre (born September 16, 1935) American minimalist artist. ...

Each year the Turner Prize is held in Tate Britain and is awarded to a British artist under 50. It is the subject of great controversy and creates much media attention for contemporary British art, as well as attracting demonstrations. The Turner Prize is an annual prize given to a British visual artist under 50, named after the painter J.M.W. Turner. ... Rain, Steam and Speed — The Great Western Railway by Joseph Turner| (1844). ...

In 1995 it was revealed that the Tate had accepted a gift of £20,000 from art fraudster John Drewe. The gallery had given Drewe access to its archives which he then used to forge documents authenticating fake modern paintings that he then sold. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Drewe (b 1948) is a British purveyor of art forgeries who commissioned impoverished artist John Myatt to paint them. ...

In 1998, Sir Nicholas Serota, director of Tate, conceived Operation Cobalt, the secret and ultimately successful buyback of two of the Tate's paintings by J. M. W. Turner that had been stolen from a German gallery in 1994. See Frankfurt art theft (1994). 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Nicholas Serota Sir Nicholas Serota (born 1946) is a curator, and is currently Director of the Tate Gallery, the United Kingdoms national gallery of modern and British art. ... J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner (born in Covent Garden, London on April 23, 1775 (exact date disputed), died December 19, 1851) was an English Romantic landscape artist, whose style can be said to lay the foundations for Impressionism. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Three famous paintings were stolen from a Frankfurt art gallery in 1994. ...

In 2005 there was a scandal over the Tate's purchase of its trustee Chris Ofili's work The Upper Room for £705,000.[1] 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chris Ofili (born 1968) is an English painter noted for works referencing aspects of his African background. ...

See also

Tate in Space is an online artwork by artist Susan Collins in collaboration with the Tate Gallery in the UK. The webpages appear as part of the Tate Online webpages, alongside the pages for physical art galleries such as Tate Modern and Tate Liverpool, to give the impression that Tate...

External links

  • Official website

  Results from FactBites:
Tate Modern Gallery London,Tate Modern Art Gallery London (501 words)
Tate Modern Gallery London was built in the year 2000 and stands at the site, which actually had an abandoned power station, right in central London.
What makes Tate Modern such a unique place is that apart from the permanent exhibits, from time to time, contemporary exhibitions too are hosted at its fabulous premises, which explores extensive range of ideas from contemporary British art to the work of promising individual artists.
Lectures, symposia and workshops are regularly conducted at Tate Modern Art Gallery London and it is always advisable to check with the Reception prior to your visit in case you are interested in participating in any special program that might be of interest to you.
  More results at FactBites »



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