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Encyclopedia > Tasman Glacier
The Aoraki/Mount Cook area from LandSat. The Tasman Glacier is at top right
The Aoraki/Mount Cook area from LandSat. The Tasman Glacier is at top right

The Tasman Glacier is the largest of several glaciers which flow south and east towards the Mackenzie Basin from the Southern Alps in New Zealand's South Island. It is 29 kilometres long and as much as 9 kilometres wide, and is entirely within the borders of Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park. The depth at its most is 600 meters. Download high resolution version (750x750, 114 KB)This image was acquired by Landsat 7s Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) sensor on March 31, 2001. ... Download high resolution version (750x750, 114 KB)This image was acquired by Landsat 7s Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) sensor on March 31, 2001. ... “Mount Cook” redirects here. ... The Mackenzie Basin, popularly and traditionally known as the Mackenzie Country, is a roughly elliptical and elevated area (700m/3000 ft above sea level) near the centre of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... Aoraki / Mount Cook National Park is situated in the South Island of New Zealand near the town of Twizel. ...

The terminal face of the Tasman Glacier at Lake Tasman
The terminal face of the Tasman Glacier at Lake Tasman

The Tasman flows south from the southern slopes of the Minarets peak, along the eastern flank of Aoraki/Mount Cook, the peak of which is only five km from the glacier. It is almost met partway along its length by the meltwater of the Murchison Glacier, which approaches from the northeast before turning to flow beside the Tasman Glacier outside the moraine wall. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... “Mount Cook” redirects here. ... The Murchison Glacier is a 18 kilometre long glacier flowing through Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park in the South Island of New Zealand. ...


The waters from both these glaciers pool at the end of the glacier in Lake Tasman, before flowing south to join the outflow from the nearby Hooker and Mueller Glaciers in the wide valley of the Tasman River, whose braided streams flow south into Lake Pukaki. They eventually flow into the Waitaki River and to the Pacific Ocean north of Oamaru.
Location of Tasman Lake. ... Hooker Glacier is one of several glaciers found around or close to the slopes of Mount Cook in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. ... The Mueller Glacier is a 13 kilometre long glacier flowing through Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Tasman River is an alpine braided river flowing through Canterbury, in New Zealands South Island. ... Lake Pukaki Lake Pukaki is the second largest of three roughly parallel alpine lakes running north-south along the northern edge of the Mackenzie Basin (the others are Lakes Tekapo and Ohau). ... The Waitaki River is a large river in the South Island of New Zealand, some 110 km long. ...   Shibboleth: The southern (Kāi Tahu) dialect of Māori ignores the first A in the name (AUH-muh-ROO). ...

Contents

Recent retreat

Left to right, the Mueller, Hooker and Tasman Glaciers in the Southern Alps, showing major retreat in the ~10 years circa 1990 to 2000. Notice the larger terminal lakes, the retreat of the white ice (ice free of moraine cover, high up on the glaciers), and (more subtly) the increase in height of the moraine walls due to ice thinning.
Image File history File links Download high resolution version (992x654, 981 KB) Summary Left to right, the Mueller, Hooker and Tasman Glaciers in the New Zealand Alps, showing major retreat in the ~10 years circa 1990 to 2000. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (992x654, 981 KB) Summary Left to right, the Mueller, Hooker and Tasman Glaciers in the New Zealand Alps, showing major retreat in the ~10 years circa 1990 to 2000. ... The Mueller Glacier is a 13 kilometre long glacier flowing through Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Hooker Glacier is one of several glaciers found around or close to the slopes of Mount Cook in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ... This article is about geological phenomena. ...


See also

This is a list of glaciers: Adams Glacier Vatnajokull Iceland Agassiz Icecap - Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada Aletsch Glacier - Swiss Alps, largest in Alps Angel Glacier - Cavell Meadows, Jasper National Park, Canada Antarctica -Continental glacier Athabasca Glacier - Canadian Rockies Aurora Glacier - Glacier Bay, Alaska Austfonna - Nordaustlandet, Svalbard Barnard Glacier - Alaska Beardmore...

References

Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World, Glaciers of New Zealand, Chinn, T.H., USGS Professional Paper 1386, 1988.


Weblinks

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Tasman Glacier

Coordinates: 43°37′S, 170°12′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for glacier (633 words)
Hubbard Glacier SE Alaska, largest tidewater glacier in North America, on Disenchantment Bay at head of Yakutat Bay, at the northern end of the Alaskan panhandle.
glacier moving mass of ice that survives year to year, formed by the compacting of snow into névé and then into granular ice and set in motion outward and downward by the force of gravity and the stress of its accumulated mass.
Glaciers descending from the towering snow-covered mountains of the Fairweather
Abel Tasman: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1617 words)
Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 - October 10 1659), was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and then merchant, born in Lutjegast, a village in the province of Groningen, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the VOC (Dutch East India Company).
Tasman was born in Lutjegast, the Netherlands, in 1603.
Tasman had some knowledge of the prevailing winds and so he chose Mauritius as a turning point and from there a course was set towards what was presumed to be the southern coast of Australia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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