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Encyclopedia > Tarsal tunnel
Tarsal tunnel
The mucous sheaths of the tendons around the ankle. Medial aspect.
Dorlands/Elsevier t_23/12832517

The tarsal tunnel is found along the inner leg behind the medial malleolus. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Elseviers logo. ... We dont have an article called Medial malleolus Start this article Search for Medial malleolus in. ...

The tarsal tunnel is made up of bone on the inside and the flexor retinaculum on the outside. The peroneal retinacula (singular: peroneal retinaculum) are fibrous bands which bind down the tendons of the Peronæi longus and brevis as they run across the lateral side of the ankle. ...


Nerve distribution

The posterior tibial nerve, a major artery, veins, and tendons travel in a bundle along this pathway, through the tarsal tunnel. In the tunnel, the nerve splits into three different paths.

One nerve (calcaneal) continues to the heel, the other two (medial plantar nerve and lateral plantar nerve) continue on to the bottom of the foot. The medial plantar nerve (internal plantar nerve), the larger of the two terminal divisions of the tibial nerve, accompanies the medial plantar artery. ... The Lateral Plantar Nerve (external plantar nerve) supplies the skin of the fifth toe and lateral half of the fourth, as well as most of the deep muscles, its distribution being similar to that of the ulnar nerve in the hand. ...

Contents of tunnel

One common mnemonic used to remember the contents is "Tom, Dick and Harry".[1][2][3] or alternatively Tom, Dick and very nervous Harry if the nerve and blood vessels are included The Tibialis posterior is the most central of all the leg muscles. ... The Flexor digitorum longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... In anatomy, the posterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the posterior compartment and plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein which is forms when it joins with the anterior tibial vein. ... The Tibial Nerve The tibial nerve passes through the popliteal fossa to pass below the arch of soleus. ... The Flexor hallucis longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... Look up Tom, Dick and Harry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

See also

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a painful foot condition in which the tibial nerve is impinged and compressed as it travels though the tarsal tunnel. ... In the human wrist there is a sheath of tough connective tissue which envelopes and protects one nerve (median nerve) and tendons, which attach muscles to the wrist and hand bones. ...

Additional images


  1. ^ http://www.orthoteers.com/content/content.aspx?article=80
  2. ^ http://doctor.medscape.com/viewarticle/413587
  3. ^ Mnemonic at medicalmnemonics.com 1182 7

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: English mnemonics A mnemonic (pronounced in RP, [nɪmɑnɪk] in GA) is a memory aid, and most serve an educational purpose. ...

External links

  • Description at curtin.edu.au



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