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Encyclopedia > Tariq Aziz
Tariq Aziz
Tariq Aziz

Tariq Aziz, c. 2005 United States Central Command photo. ...


In office
July 16, 1979 – April 9, 2003
Succeeded by Jay Garner, as Head of the Coalition Provisional Authority

In office
1979 – 1991

Born April 28, 1936 (1936-04-28) (age 71)
Tel Keppe
Political party Ba'ath Arab Socialist Party
Religion Chaldean Catholic

Mikhail Yuhanna, later and more popularly known as Tariq Aziz or Tareq Aziz, (Arabic: طارق عزيز, Syriac: ܜܪܩ ܥܙܝܙ) (born 1936 in Tel Keppe) was the Foreign Minister (1983 – 1991) and Deputy Prime Minister (1979 – 2003) of Iraq, and a close advisor of former President Saddam Hussein for decades. Their association began in the 1950s, when both were Ba'ath party activists, while the party was still officially banned. Established after the military coup in 1968, the Revolutionary Command Council was the ultimate decision making body in Iraq before the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. ... As currently constituted, the state of Iraq has two vice presidents or deputy presidents. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jay Montgomery Garner (born April 15, 1938) is a retired United States Army general who was appointed in 2003 as Director of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance for Iraq following the 2003 invasion of Iraq but was soon replaced by L. Paul Bremer. ... The Seal of the CPA in Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as a transitional government following the invasion of Iraq by the United States, United Kingdom and the other members of the multinational coalition which was formed to oust the government of Saddam Hussein in 2003. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tel Keppe (or TalKayf in arabic) is one of the largest Chaldo-Assyrian towns in Iraq. ... Baath Party flag The Ba‘ath Parties (also spelled Baath or Ba‘th; Arabic: اﻟﺒﻌﺚ) comprise political parties representing the political face of the Ba‘ath movement. ... The Chaldean Catholic Church aka the Chaldean Church of Babylon is an Eastern Rite sui juris (autonomous) particular church of the Roman Catholic Church, maintaining full communion with the Pope in Rome. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Tel Keppe (or TalKayf in arabic) is one of the largest Chaldo-Assyrian towns in Iraq. ... The President of Iraq is Iraqs head of state. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Bath Party flag The Arab Socialist Bath Party (also spelled Baath or Baath; Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي) was founded in 1945 as a radical, left-wing, secular Arab nationalist political party. ...


Since Saddam Hussein was both Prime Minister and President of Iraq, Aziz often played the role of Iraq's de facto head of government. Because of security concerns, Hussein rarely left Iraq, and Aziz in turn would often represent Iraq at high-level diplomatic summits. In December 2002, Aziz called the arms inspection a "hoax" and war "inevitable." What the United States wanted, he averred, was not "regime change" in Iraq but rather "region change." He summed up the Bush Administration's reasons for war against Iraq tersely: "oil and Israel."[1] Aziz's Chaldean Catholic faith made him unique, as the Iraqi government's only high-ranking Christian government official.[citation needed] A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... The Bush administration includes President George W. Bush, Vice President Richard Cheney, Bushs Cabinet, and other select officials and advisors. ... The Chaldean Catholic Church aka the Chaldean Church of Babylon is an Eastern Rite sui juris (autonomous) particular church of the Roman Catholic Church, maintaining full communion with the Pope in Rome. ...

Contents

Biography

Aziz was born at Tell Kaif to a Chaldean Catholic Catholic family, an Iraqi minority group.[citation needed] Originally named Michael Yuhanna, he changed his name to Tariq Aziz to allay hostile sentiments towards his religious heritage. Aziz studied English at the Baghdad College of Fine Arts, and later worked as a journalist, before joining the Ba'ath Party in 1957. In 1963, he was editor of the newspaper Aj-Jamahir(al-Jamaheer) and al Thawra, the newspaper of the Ba'ath party. [2] The Chaldean Catholic Church aka the Chaldean Church of Babylon is an Eastern Rite sui juris (autonomous) particular church of the Roman Catholic Church, maintaining full communion with the Pope in Rome. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Minority politics in Iraq. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Baath Party flag The Ba‘ath Parties (also spelled Baath or Ba‘th; Arabic: اﻟﺒﻌﺚ) comprise political parties representing the political face of the Ba‘ath movement. ...


In April 1980 he survived an Iranian-backed assassination attempt carried out by members of the Islamic Dawa Party.[citation needed]It was among the casus belli to Iran-Iraq War. Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... The Islamic Dawa Party or Islamic Call Party (Arabic حزب الدعوة الإسلامية Hizb al-Dawa al-Islamiyya) is, historically, a militant Shiite Islamic group and, presently, an Iraqi political party. ...


Political life

He began to rise through the ranks of Iraqi politics after the Ba'ath party came to power in 1968. He served as a member of the Regional Command,vthe Baath Party's highest governing organization from 1974 to 1977, and in 1977 became a member of Saddam's Revolutionary Command Council.


In 1979, Aziz became Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq, and worked as a diplomat to explain Iraq's policies to the world. When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, Tariq Aziz served as the international spokesman in support of the military action. He claimed the invasion was justified because Kuwait's increased oil production was harming Iraqi oil revenues. He condemned Arab states for "subservience to the United States' hegemony in the Middle East and their support for punitive sanctions."[3]


He attempted to retire from Saddam's government at one point. However, it was rumored that Saddam forced Aziz to remain in his position as Deputy Prime Minister. [citation needed]


Audience with the Pope

On February 14, 2003, Aziz had an audience with Pope John Paul II and other officials in Vatican City, where, according to a Vatican statement, he communicated "the wish of the Iraqi government to co-operate with the international community, notably on disarmament". The same statement said that the Pope "insisted on the necessity for Iraq to faithfully respect and give concrete commitments to resolutions of the UN Security Council, which is the guarantor of international law". is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of...


Iraq war and arrest

In October 2000 British junior minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Peter Hain, set up a war avoidance team to carry messages back and forth between himself Mr Tariq Aziz (a matter then confidential which has since been put on public record in an interview with Mr Hain by the Today program). Team members who travelled repeatedly to Iraq to meet Mr Aziz on behalf of Mr Hain variously included William Morris (Next Century Foundation), Dr Burhan Chalabi (an Iraqi born British businessman), and Nasser al-Khalifa (the then Qatari Ambassador to the UK).[4] After initial cooperation, Mr Aziz rebuffed the delegations. Peter Gerald Hain PC MP (born February 16, 1950, Nairobi, Kenya) is a British, Left-wing Labour Party politician and Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (he is also Secretary of State for Wales). ... William Morris in Ninevah Province, Iraq 2006 William Morris is Secretary General of the Next Century Foundation Formerly a journalist and publisher, William Morris is an expert on Arab Affairs with close family connections with the Arab world stretching back more than 30 years. ...


On March 19, 2003, reports surfaced from Iraq that Aziz had been shot dead while trying to enter the Kurdish part of the country. The rumor was quashed rather quickly when Aziz held a press conference assuring the world he was still alive and well. After the fall of the Saddam Hussein regime, his home was quickly looted by Iraqis. He surrendered to American forces on April 24, 2003. He was the 25th of 55 most-wanted Iraqi leadership members sought by U.S. forces after the Fall of Baghdad in the 2003 Iraq War. Before the war, Aziz claimed he would rather die than be a U.S. prisoner of war: "Do you expect me, after all my history as a militant and as one of the Iraqi leaders, to go to an American prison – to go to Guantanamo? I would rather die", he told Britain's ITV. His attorney was expected to be Jacques Vergès. is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In April 2003, the United States drew up a list of most-wanted Iraqis, consisting of the 55 members of the deposed Iraqi regime whom they most wanted to capture. ... Combatants Iraq Coalition Forces: U.S Casualties 2320 killed 34 killed; several hundred wounded The 2003 invasion of Baghdad was a military invasion that took place in early April 2003, as part of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq without the explicit backing of the United... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002 Guantánamo Bay detainment camp serves as a joint military prison and interrogation center under the leadership of Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO), has occupied a portion of the United States Navys base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba since 2002. ... Jacques Vergès (born March 5, 1925) is a French lawyer and former Free French Forces guerrilla noted for defending unpopular figures. ...


He is set to appear before the Iraq Special Tribunal set up by the Iraq Interim Government. The Iraq Special Tribunal for Crimes Against Humanity (IST) was set up by the Iraqi Governing Council under Iraqi national law in December 2003, following the deposing of Saddam Hussein. ... The Iraqi Interim Government was created by the United States and its coalition allies as a caretaker government to govern Iraq until elections are conducted on January 30th, 2005. ...


On May 24, 2006, Aziz testified in Baghdad as a defense witness for Ibrahim Barzan and Mukhabarat employees, claiming that they did not have any role in the 1982 Dujail crackdown. He stated that the arrests were in response to the assassination attempt on Saddam Hussein, which was carried out by the Shiite Dawa Party. "If the head of state comes under attack, the state is required by law to take action. If the suspects are caught with weapons, it's only natural they should be arrested and put on trial". [1] is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti Barzan Ibrahim El-Hasan al-Tikriti (17 February 1951 - January 15, 2007 ) (sometimes: Barazan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Barasan Ibrahem Alhassen) (Arabic: برزان إبراهيم التكريتي) was one of three half-brothers of Saddam Hussein, and the former leader of the Iraqi secret service, Mukhabarat. ... Mukhabarat (مخابرات) is the Arabic term for intelligence, as in intelligence agency. ... Dujail (, Arabic: الدجيل; alternate spelling: Ad Dujayl) is a small Shiite town in northern Iraq. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ...


He further testified that the Dujail attack was "part of a series of attacks and assassination attempts by this group, including against me." He said that in 1980, Dawa Party activists threw a grenade at him as he visited a Baghdad university, killing civilians around him. "I'm a victim of a criminal act conducted by this party, which is in power right now. So put it on trial. It's leader was the prime minister and his deputy is the prime minister right now and they killed innocent Iraqis in 1980," he said. The Dawa Party is now a party in the Shiite coalition that dominates the Iraqi government. The party's leader, Ibrahim al-Jaafari was prime minister until mid-May, when another leading Dawa Party figure, Nouri al-Maliki was picked and he was able to form a new government before the end of May.[2] The Islamic Dawa Party is an Iraqi political organization. ... Ibrahim al-Jaafari Dr. Ibrahim abd al-Karim Hamza al-Ashaiqir al-Jaafari (Arabic: ) (born 1947) is the former Prime Minister of Iraq in the Iraqi Transitional Government following the elections of January 2005. ... Nouri Kamel Mohammed Hassan al-Maliki (Arabic: نوري كامل المالكي, transliterated Nūrī Kāmil al-Mālikī; born c. ...


In closing he stated that "Saddam is my colleague and comrade for decades, and Barzan is my brother and my friend and he is not responsible about Dujail's events," Aziz said.


Aziz plea

On May 29, 2005, the British newspaper The Observer published letters (in Arabic and English) from Aziz addressed to "world public opinion" pleading for international help to end "his dire situation". [3] is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Arabic redirects here. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


He wrote in one of the letters "It is imperative that there is intervention into our dire situation and treatment..."


In another one, he wrote: "We hope that you will help us. We have been in prison for a long time and we have been cut from our families. No contacts, no phones, no letters. Even the parcels sent to us by our families are not given to us. We need a fair treatment, a fair investigation and finally a fair trial. Please help us."


The newspaper said that the letters were written on April 21 although one note is signed on March 7. is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In August 2005, Aziz's family was allowed to visit him. He confirmed that he was being treated well and was being given his medicine for his heart condition. He had noticeably lost weight, but was happy to have done so, as he suffers from diabetes. The location of Aziz's prison remains undisclosed; his family was brought in a bus with blackened out windows.


The letters can be found here in PDF format [4].


Quotes

  • "I'm a victim of a criminal act conducted by this party, which is in power right now. So put it on trial. Its leader was the prime minister and his deputy is the prime minister right now and they killed innocent Iraqis in 1980" referring to the Dawa Party that is now a party in the Shiite coalition. "Aziz takes stand for Saddam", The Scotsman, Thu 25 May 2006

The Islamic Dawa Party is an Iraqi political organization. ...

References

  1. ^ Burns, John F. (2002-10-22). Theats and Responses: Baghdad's View; Citing North Korea, an Iraqi Aide Says 'Oil and Israel,' Not Weapons, Spur the U.S.. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  2. ^ Hanna Batatu, The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq (Princeton, 1978).
  3. ^ http://www.iraqinews.com/people_aziz.shtml as retrieved on 3 Aug 2007 20:30:04 GMT.
  4. ^ Most references to Peter Hain's war avoidance activities are from second track sources

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Tariq Aziz

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tariq Aziz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (744 words)
Since Saddam was both Prime Minister and President of Iraq, Aziz often played the role of Iraq's de facto head of government.
Aziz was born in Tel Keppe, the son of a waiter, a village that is 10 miles away from the city of Mosul, in Northern Iraq.
On February 14, 2003, Aziz had an audience with Pope John Paul II and other officials in Vatican City, where, according to a Vatican statement, he communicated "the wish of the Iraqi government to co-operate with the international community, notably on disarmament".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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