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Encyclopedia > Tarim Basin
Taklamakan Desert in the Tarim Basin.
Taklamakan Desert in the Tarim Basin.
NASA landsat photo of the Tarim Basin
NASA landsat photo of the Tarim Basin

The Tarim Basin is one of the largest endorheic drainage basins in the world, lying between several mountain ranges in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China's far west. Much of the basin is dominated by the Taklamakan Desert. The area is sparsely settled by Uyghurs and other central Asian peoples, as well as by Han Chinese, many of them recent immigrants to the area from other parts of China. Excerpt from world map Image:World-map-2004-cia-factbook-large-2m. ... Excerpt from world map Image:World-map-2004-cia-factbook-large-2m. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x948, 198 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Tarim Basin ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x948, 198 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Tarim Basin ... The shores of Lake Hart, an endorheic desert lake in South Australia In geography, an endorheic basin—also called a terminal or closed basin—is a watershed from which there is no outflow of water, either on the surface as rivers, or underground by flow or diffusion through rock or... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... The Uyghur (also spelled Uighur; Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group of Central Asia. ... Dust storm in Taklamakan from space, June 25, 2005 The Taklamakan (also Taklimakan) is a desert of Central Asia, in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Uyghur (also spelled Uighur; Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group of Central Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ...


The Silk Road in the Tarim Basin between Kashgar (39°28′N 76°03′E) and Yumen (39°50′N 97°34′E) split in two routes, along the northern and the southern edges of the Taklamakan. Cities along each branch (from West to East) include: The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... Location of Kashgar Kashgars Sunday market Kashgar (also spelled Cascar[1]) (Uyghur: /; Chinese: ; pinyin: , ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yumen (Simplified Chinese: 玉门; Traditional Chinese: 玉門; pinyin: Yùmén, situated in western Gansu province in China, is a county-level city of over 100,000 famous for oil production and located on the Silk Road, at . ...

  • Northern route: Aksu (41°10′N 80°15′E), Kucha (41°39′N 82°54′E), Korla (41°39′N 86°08′E), Turfan (42°59′N 89°11′E), Loulan (40°55′N 89°9′E), "middle route", deserted from the 6th century)
  • Southern route: Yarkand (37°52′N 77°24′E), Pishan (37°37′N 78°18′E), Khotan (37°6′N 80°1′E)

Formerly the Tocharian languages were spoken in the Tarim Basin. They were the easternmost of the Indo-European languages. The Chinese name "Yuezhi" (Chinese 月氏; Wade-Giles: Yüeh-Chih) denoted an ancient Central Asian people settled in modern Gansu, who, vanquished by the Xiongnu, later migrated toward Tarim Basin and southward to form the Kushan Empire in northern India. Aksu (also known as Ak-su, Akshu, Aqsu, Bharuka and Po-lu-chia. ... Kucha/Kuchar (Chinese Simplified: 库车; Traditional: 庫車; pinyin KùchÄ“; also romanized as Chiu-tzu, Kiu-che, Kuei-tzu. ... Location of Korla Korla (simplified Chinese: 库尔勒; traditional Chinese: 庫爾勒;pinyin: Kùěrlè) is a city south of Karashahr (Yanqi), and is the capital of the Bayinguoleng Mongolian Prefecture, the largest prefecture in China. ... position in China Street of Turfan View of the Flaming mountains Emin minaret, Turfan Turfan (Uyghur: تۇرپان; Uyghur latin: Turpan; Modern Chinese 吐魯番, Pinyin: TÇ”lÇ”fán; ) is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A carved wooden beam from Loulan, 3-4th century CE. The patterns show influences from ancient western civilizations. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Yarkand or Yecheng (modern Chinese name 叶城, pinyin: Yèchéng, also Chokkuka, anciently Suoju 莎車, also written Shache and Suoche; alt. ... Pishan (Chinese: 皮山; pinyin: Píshān; also known as Guma; 37°37′ N 78°18′ E) is an ancient to medieval Tocharian Buddhist kingdom in what is modern day Xinjiang, China. ... Mosque in Khotan. ... Tocharian is one of the most obscure branches of the group of Indo-European languages. ... The Indo-European languages comprise a family of several hundred related languages and dialects [1], including most of the major languages of Europe, as well as many spoken in the Indian subcontinent (South Asia), the Iranian plateau (Southwest Asia), and Central Asia. ... Languages Unknown, altough the epigraphy ranges from Greek language to Bactrian. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A Xiongnu belt buckle. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ...


The Chinese managed to take control of the Tarim Basin from the Xiongnu at the end of the 1st century CE under the leadership of general Ban Chao (32-102 CE). Ban Chao (班超, 32-102 CE) was a Chinese general and cavalry commander in charge of the administration of the Western Regions (Central Asia) during the Eastern Han dynasty. ...


The powerful Kushans expanded back into the Tarim Basin in the 1st-2nd centuries CE, where they established a kingdom in Kashgar and competed for control of the area with nomads and Chinese forces. They introduced the Brahmi script, the Indian Prakrit language for administration, and Buddhism, playing a central role in the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism to Eastern Asia. Location of Kashgar Kashgars Sunday market Kashgar (also spelled Cascar[1]) (Uyghur: /; Chinese: ; pinyin: , ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Brāhmī refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts, attested from the 3rd century BC. The best known and earliest dated inscriptions in Brahmi are the rock-cut edicts of Ashoka. ... Prakrit (also spelt Pracrit) (Sanskrit: , original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual, i. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, which is also a philosophy and a system of psychology. ... Blue-eyed Central Asian and East-Asian Buddhist monks, Bezaklik, Eastern Tarim Basin, 9th-10th century. ...


Lop Nur, a saline marshy depression at the east end of the Tarim Basin, is a nuclear test site for the People's Republic of China. The Tarim River empties into the Lop Nur. Lop Nur (ear-shaped) from space, September 1992 Lop Nur (Lake Lop; alternately Lop Nor, Lo-pu po or Taitema Lake) is a group of small, now seasonal salt lakes and marshes between the Taklamakan and Kuruktag deserts in the southeastern portion of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwestern China... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... The Tarim River (Mandarin Dayan) is the principal river of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the Peoples Republic of China. ...


The Tarim Basin is thought to contain large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Natural gas is gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ...


Interestingly enough, the snow on K2, the second highest mountain in the world flows off into glaciers, which move down the valleys to melt, forming river water which winds its way down out of the mountains to finally end up in the Tarim Basin. These waters never find the sea. In the midst of the deserts all around they feed the oases, are pumped off for agriculture, and some finally make it to a set of salt lakes and marshes where they evaporate. The North Face of K2 K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth. ...


See also

China stretches some 5,000 kilometers across the East Asian landmass in an erratically changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of inhospitable terrain. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Region containing Kunlun Mountains The Kunlun mountain range (崑崙山) is one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than 3000 km. ... A Tarim Basin mummy photographed by Aurel Stein circa 1910. ...

References

  • Baumer, Christoph. 2000. Southern Silk Road: In the Footsteps of Sir Aurel Stein and Sven Hedin. White Orchid Books. Bangkok.
  • Hill, John E. 2003. "Annotated Translation of the Chapter on the Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu." 2nd Draft Edition. [1]
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation. [2]
  • Mallory, J.P. and Mair, Victor H. 2000. The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West. Thames & Hudson. London. ISBN 0-500-05101-1
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1907. Ancient Khotan: Detailed report of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan, 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford. [3]
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1921. Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 1980. [4]
  • Stein Aurel M. 1928. Innermost Asia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia, Kan-su and Eastern Iran, 5 vols. Clarendon Press. Reprint: New Delhi. Cosmo Publications. 1981.

External links

  • Silk Road Seattle (The Silk Road Seattle website contains many useful resources including a number of full-text historical works)
  • [5] (A site devoted to the Buddhism of Khotan with a copy of Sir Aurel Stein's map of the Tarim Basin and Khotan region)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tarim Basin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (633 words)
The Tarim Basin is one of the largest endorheic drainage basins in the world, lying between several mountain ranges in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China's far west.
The Silk road in the Tarim Basin between Kashgar (39°28′N 76°03′E) and Yumen (39°50′N 97°34′E) split in two routes, along the northern and the southern edges of the Taklamakan.
Robbers on the Silk Road, Mogao caves in the eastern Tarim Basin, 535-556 CE.
Energy and Geoscience Institute Instructional Services Catalog (1358 words)
Schematic cross-section of the Tarim Basin 32 Fig.
Isopachs of a) the Jurassic strata, and b) the Cretaceous strata, in the Tarim (Talimu) Basin, Xinjiang, northwestern China 112 Fig.
Migration of the depocenters from Permian to Tertiary 156 Fig.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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