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Encyclopedia > Tarifit language

Rifi redirects here, for the place that is called Rifi in Greece, see Rifi, Greece

Tarifit (Tarifit)
Spoken in: Morocco, Algeria
Region: Rif
Total speakers: 2 million
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic classification: Afro-Asiatic

 Berber
  Northern
   Zenati
    Rif
     Tarifit
(Ethnologue) This is about a region in Morocco: RIF is also an acronym/initialism. ... This is a list of languages ordered by number of first-language speakers, with some data for second-language use. ... Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... Map showing the distribution of Afro-Asiatic languages The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout North Africa, East Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia. ... Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... The Northern Berber languages are a dialect continuum across the Maghreb that form a sub-family within the Berber languages. ... The Zenati languages include 12 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Northern Berber language family. ...

Official status
Official language of: -
Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639-1 -
ISO 639-2 ber
SIL RIF
See also: LanguageList of languages

Tarifit is a Northern Berber language of the Zenati subgroup, spoken mainly in the Moroccan Rif by about 2 million people. ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... SIL International is a non-profit, Christian, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. ... This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. ... The Northern Berber languages are a dialect continuum across the Maghreb that form a sub-family within the Berber languages. ... The Zenati languages include 12 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Northern Berber language family. ... This is about a region in Morocco: RIF is also an acronym/initialism. ...

Contents


Classification

Tarifit is a Berber language, belonging to the Zenati subgroup of Northern Berber, and possibly the Rif subgroup of Zenati. Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... The Zenati languages include 12 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Northern Berber language family. ... The Northern Berber languages are a dialect continuum across the Maghreb that form a sub-family within the Berber languages. ...


Geographic distribution

Tarifit is spoken mainly in the Moroccan Rif by about 2 million people, with a few speakers across the border in Algeria. There is also a substantial Tarifit-speaking community in the Netherlands. Its own speakers simply call it thamazighth, or Tamazight, a term also often applied in a broader sense to Berber languages in general. This is about a region in Morocco: RIF is also an acronym/initialism. ... Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ...


Sounds

Tarifits most noticeable differences from other Berber languages are that: Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ...

  • /l/ becomes /r/ [like ul (heart) --> ur]
  • /r/ after a vowel but before a consonant is dropped [somewhat as in British English.] [like taddart (house/home) --> taddat] (but in e.g. tamara the /r/ is conserved, because, like said, it is not followed by a consonant)
  • /ll/ [geminated (double) /l/] becomes /dj/ [like ylli (daughter) --> ydji]
  • /lt/ becomes /tch/ [like ultma (sister) --> utchma]
  • Most /k/ becomes /ch/ while in some local sub-accents just a softened /k/.
  • Also, the initial masculin a- prefix gets dropped in certain words, like afus (hand) becomes fus, and afighar (snake) becomes fighar, further distantiating Tarifit from neighbouring dialects such as Atlas-Tamazight and Tachelhit.

British English (BrE) is a term used to refer to the form of the English language spoken in the British Isles. ...

Writing system

Like other Berber languages, it has been written with several different systems over the years. Most recently (since 2003), Tifinagh has become official throughout Morocco, while the Arabic alphabet and Latin alphabet continue to be used unofficially online and in various publications. However, unlike the nearby Tachelhit (Tasusit), Tarifit has little written literature before the twentieth century. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing the Arabic language. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. ... Tachelhit is an Afro-Asiatic language of the Berber subgroup; it is spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ...


See also

The Mzab-Wargla languages include 4 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Zenati language family. ... The Zenati languages include 12 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Northern Berber language family. ... The Northern Berber languages are a dialect continuum across the Maghreb that form a sub-family within the Berber languages. ... The language of the Ghomara is a Northern Berber language of the Zenati subgroup, spoken on the eastern edge of the Rif in Morocco. ... According to ethnologues, the Rif languages are a genetic subgroup of the Zenati languages including two languages and dialects spoken in the Rif area of Morocco. ... The language of the Senhaja de Srair is a Northern Berber language spoken in the southern part of the Moroccan Rif. ... The East Zenati languages, according to the Ethnologue, is a subgroup of the Zenati languages which includes 3 languages and dialects spoken in Tunisia and Libya. ...

References

McClelland, Clive. The Interrelations of Syntax, Narrative Structure, and Prosody in a Berber Language (Studies in Linguistics and Semiotics, V. 8). Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2000. (ISBN 0773477403)


External link

  • Ethnologue report on Tarifit

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tarifit language at AllExperts (394 words)
Tarifit is a Northern Berber language of the Zenati subgroup, spoken mainly in the Moroccan Rif by about 2 million people.
Tarifit is a Berber language, belonging to the Zenati subgroup of Northern Berber, and possibly the Rif subgroup of Zenati.
Tarifit is spoken mainly in the Moroccan Rif by about 2 million people, with a few speakers across the border in Algeria.
Er Rif. Language (1916 words)
This group of different languages, but married by their ownership common to the ethnos amazigh, it has come to be generically, in growing consent, denominated as the language of the Middle Atlas, the tamazight, as general term that includes to all the other ones.
The language Tarifit is the language Amazigh that at the moment survives in the north of the current State of Morocco.
It is the one that use all the western languages, and in general all the languages of Europe with the Greek's exception (they use the Greek alphabet), Bulgarian, Russian, and the Serbocroatian that use the Cyrillic alphabet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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