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Encyclopedia > Tariff of 1816

The Tariff of 1816 was put in place after the War of 1812, Britain had developed a large stockpile of goods, such as iron and textile. Because this stockpile was so large, the price of British goods soon became much lower than the price of American goods. Consequently, many people bought British goods rather than American goods, hurting American economy. James Madison and Henry Clay devised a plan to help give American goods a chance. They developed The American System, a system that tried to unify America and help its economy. This system included a protective tariff more commonly known as the Tariff of 1816. This tariff increased the price of British goods so that American goods could compete with them. The northern United States was quite pleased by this tariff. Since the north's economy was based on manufacturing, their goods could compete with British good thanks to the tariff of 1816. The Southern United states, however, was outraged. The South liked British goods because they were cheap. Once the Tariff of 1816 was passed, however, the South had to pay more. The War of 1812 was a conflict fought on land in North America and at sea around the world between the United States and United Kingdom from 1812 to 1815. ...


In 1824 and 1828, the tariff was increased,raising tensions in the South. South Carolina was very outraged especially. Because the raising of the tariff made its depression even worse, South Carolina Congress introduced the concept of nullification, the idea that state governments were able to nullify federal laws that they saw as unjust. This angered president Andrew Jackson, whose vice president, John C. Calhoun, strongly supported the idea. Congress passed yet another tariff law in 1832 and South Carolina was furious. South Carolina legislators declared the law as null and void, and even threatened to sucede from the Union. Jackson quickly put his foot down on the matter and decalare these acts treasonous. He also threatened to march federal troops down to South Carolina to enforce the law, and even threatened to hang Calhoun, who resigned from vice presidency in 1832. Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845), one of the founders of the Democratic Party, was the seventh President of the United States, serving from 1829 to 1837. ... John C. Calhoun John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850), was a prominent United States politician of the first half of the 19th century. ...


Jackson didn't stop there. He soon persuaded Congress to pass the Force Bill in 1833, allowing the use of the army and navy by the federal government against South Carolina, if they chose to keep resisting. Henry Clay, also known as the great compromiser, put an end to this conflict before bloodshed could erupt. He proposed a tariff bill in 1833 that would be gradually lowered over ten years. The United States Force Bill of 1833 authorized President Andrew Jacksons use of whatever force necessary to execute laws. ...


Although the conflict in the South was calmed for now, it would reemerge and become one of the causes of the Civil War A civil war is a war in which the competing parties are segments of the same country or empire. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tariff - LoveToKnow 1911 (6316 words)
The tariff history of France in the 19th century divides itself into three periods: one of complete prohibition, lasting till 1860; second, of liberal legislation, from 1860 to 1881; third, of reversion to protection after 1881.
The tariff history of Germany, up to the foundation of the German Empire, is the history of the Zollverein or German customs union; and this in turn is closely connected with the tariff history of Prussia.
Efforts were made also to reduce the tariff duties, but these naturally came last: they met with strong opposition, and in the end they were almost completely frustrated, thus leaving as the basis of the tariff the rates which had been levied in the course of the war.
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