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Encyclopedia > Tarawa Atoll
Map of the Tarawa atoll
Map of the Tarawa atoll

Tarawa is an atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, previously the capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. It is the location of the capital of the Republic of Kiribati. The island is most famous for being the site of the Battle of Tarawa during World War II. Image File history File links Tarawa_map_w. ... Image File history File links Tarawa_map_w. ... An atoll is a type of low, coral island found in tropical oceans and consisting of a coral-algal reef surrounding a central depression. ... The Gilbert and Ellice Islands were a British protectorate from 1892 and colony from 1916 — until 1 January 1976 when the islands were divided into two different colonies which became independent nations shortly after. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Julian Smith Shibasaki Keiji Strength 35,000 2,600 troops, 1,000 Japanese workers and 1,200 Korean laborers Casualties 1,009 killed, 2,101 wounded 3,583 Japanese killed 1,169 Korean laborers killed 17 POWs and 129 Koreans freed The Battle of Tarawa... This article is becoming very long. ...

Contents

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Geography

Tarawa and its southern neighbor Maiana from space (1998).
Enlarge
Tarawa and its southern neighbor Maiana from space (1998).

Tarawa consists of around 24 larger islets, of which at least 8 are inhabited. The largest islet (South Tarawa) extends from Bonriki (southeast corner of the atoll) along the entire south side but Betio of the lagoon to Bairiki. A causeway now connects Bairiki to Betio (Japanese causeway). The largest town, Bikenibeu, and the only airport on Tarawa, Bonriki International Airport, are on South Tarawa. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x1000, 312 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tarawa Atoll Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x1000, 312 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tarawa Atoll Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Maiana is a district of Kiribati and an atoll in the North Gilbert Islands. ... South Tarawa (in Gilbertese and English: Teinainano Urban Council or abr. ... Betio is the main port island in the Tarawa chain and the site of the infamous Battle of Tarawa in World War II Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Pacific Ocean atolls | Kiribati ...

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Location

Tarawa is located at approximately latitude 1°24'26" N longitude 173° 2'3.93" E

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Islets

  • Abanuea (submerged since 1999 due to changing ocean currents and sea level rise)
  • Abaokoro
  • Abatao
  • Bairiki
  • Betio
  • Bikeman (now submerged due to changing ocean currents)
  • Biketawa
  • Bonriki
  • Buariki
  • Buota
  • Kainaba
  • Marenanuka
  • Na'a
  • Nabeina
  • Notoua
  • Nuatabu
  • Tabiang
  • Tabiteuea
  • Tabonibara
  • Taratai
  • Tearinibai
  • Tebua Tarawa (submerged since 1999 due to changing ocean currents and sea level rise)
  • Temaiku
  • ...
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South Tarawa (in Gilbertese and English: Teinainano Urban Council or abr. ... Betio is the main port island in the Tarawa chain and the site of the infamous Battle of Tarawa in World War II Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Pacific Ocean atolls | Kiribati ... Buariki is the largest island in the Aranuka atoll in the Gilbert Islands. ...

Towns and villages

Abatao - Bairiki - Bikenibeu - Bonriki - Buariki - Buota - Eita - Marenanuka - Taborio - Teaoraereke South Tarawa (in Gilbertese and English: Teinainano Urban Council or abr. ... Buariki is the largest island in the Aranuka atoll in the Gilbert Islands. ...

Villages on Tarawa
Villages on Tarawa
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Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (6174x6826, 1335 KB) Government map (some maps in the series include the following: Compiled by Lands and Surveys, Betio, Tarawa); this map: Lands & Surveys, Betio, February 1974. Original obtained either directly from GEIDA or from a U.S. Government source (USACOE... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (6174x6826, 1335 KB) Government map (some maps in the series include the following: Compiled by Lands and Surveys, Betio, Tarawa); this map: Lands & Surveys, Betio, February 1974. Original obtained either directly from GEIDA or from a U.S. Government source (USACOE...

Demographics

The population (as of 1990) was 28,802. The population is mostly Gilbertese (Micronesian). This probably exceeds the carrying capacity of the islands and is maintained at its current level without starvation principly due to foreign aid, largely from New Zealand. Carrying capacity is the bestest in the whole population level that can be supported for an organism, given the quantity of food, habitat, water and other life infrastructure present. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Development aid. ...

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Government administration

Tarawa atoll has three administrative subdivisions:

  • Teinainano Urban Council (or TUC), from Bairiki to Bonriki, known in English as South Tarawa, the capital of the Republic of Kiribati;
  • Betio Town Council (or BTC), on Betio Islet;
  • North Tarawa or Tarawa Ieta (all the islets on the east side north of Bonriki).

The main administrative centre for the Republic of Kiribati is located at Bairiki on South Tarawa. The Parliament meets on Ambo islet and some administration offices are on Betio Islet and in Bikenibeu; and one is located on Kiritimati. South Tarawa (in Gilbertese and English: Teinainano Urban Council or abr. ... NASA photograph of Kiritimati Island, taken from the International Space Station. ...

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History

Japanese World War II Defences on Tarawa
Japanese World War II Defences on Tarawa

During World War II, Tarawa was occupied by the Japanese, and starting on November 20, 1943 it was the scene of the bloody Battle of Tarawa. On that day United States Marines landed on Tarawa and Makin atolls and suffered heavy losses from Japanese soldiers occupying entrenched positions on the atolls. The Marines secured the island after three days of intense fighting. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1766x1184, 223 KB) Summary Photo taken by Roisterer who releases it under GFDL . Image is of World War II Japanese defences on Tarawa, Kiribati Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tarawa ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1766x1184, 223 KB) Summary Photo taken by Roisterer who releases it under GFDL . Image is of World War II Japanese defences on Tarawa, Kiribati Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tarawa ... This article is becoming very long. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Julian Smith Shibasaki Keiji Strength 35,000 2,600 troops, 1,000 Japanese workers and 1,200 Korean laborers Casualties 1,009 killed, 2,101 wounded 3,583 Japanese killed 1,169 Korean laborers killed 17 POWs and 129 Koreans freed The Battle of Tarawa... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Butaritari Atoll is an atoll of 10 islands in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. ...

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Economy

Betio Islet includes the main port through which copra and pearl shell are exported. Betio is the main port island in the Tarawa chain and the site of the infamous Battle of Tarawa in World War II Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Pacific Ocean atolls | Kiribati ... Copra drying in the sun Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ... White pearls strung on a necklace. ...


The currency of Kiribati is the Australian dollar. The Australian dollar (currency code AUD) has been, since 1966, the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including the Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Heard Island and McDonald Islands and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. ...

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Miscellaneous

USS Tarawa (LHA-1) is the name of the first LHA-class amphibous assault ship. USS Tarawa (LHA-1), nicknamed Eagle of the Sea, is a United States Navy amphibious assault ship, the lead ship of her class, and the second ship to be named for the island of Tarawa, site of a Marine landing during World War II. She was laid down in November... LHA is the US Navy hull classification symbol for general purpose amphibious assault ships of the Tarawa class. ...


Tarawa is the site of a teacher's training college and a marine training school, as well as an international airport.


The book The Sex Lives of Cannibals by J. Maarten Troost is a humorous account of the author's two years living on Tarawa. The Sex Lives of Cannibals: Adrift in the Equatorial Pacific is a 2004 travelogue by author J. Maarten Troost describing the two years he and his girlfriend spent living on the Tarawa atoll in the Pacific island nation of Kiribati. ...


Tarawa is the site of the 1944 Pulitzer Prize winning photograph depicting a blown up bunker by Frank Filan.

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External links

  • The Marine Assault of Tarawa
  • Tarawa the Aftermath
  • One Square Mile of Hell; The Battle of Tarawa

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kiribati - Historical Tarawa (2365 words)
Campbell was on Tarawa and I remember being impressed both by the manner in which everything in her department was done, and also by the degree of bravery displayed by an English woman in living at such a far distant and isolated place.
Probably the results of the battle of Tarawa made the Japanese realise that they had no hope of South Sea Island domination, and their policy was to put up a hard fight at their other mid-Pacific bases in order to improve their prospects in case of a negotiated peace.
Tarawa will ever be classed among the bloodiest battles of the war, an epic fight, one in which the gallantry, resource and determination of the marines carried the issue to victory.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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