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Encyclopedia > Taproot
The dandelion's taproot, quite apparent in this drawing, renders this plant very difficult to uproot – the plant itself gives way, but the root stays in the ground and may sprout again.
The dandelion's taproot, quite apparent in this drawing, renders this plant very difficult to uproot – the plant itself gives way, but the root stays in the ground and may sprout again.
A taproot
A taproot

A plant's taproot is a straight tapering root that grows vertically down. It forms a center from which other roots sprout. Taproot is a four-piece rock music group from Ann Arbor, Michigan that has toured with bands such as Korn, Deftones, Staind, P.O.D., Disturbed, and Linkin Park. ... Michael Hedges 1953-1997 Michael Hedges (December 31, 1953 – December 2, 1997) was an American acoustic guitarist born in Enid, Oklahoma. ... Download high resolution version (753x1140, 242 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (753x1140, 242 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Dandelion (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 155 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (721 × 2789 pixel, file size: 747 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) self made image of a taproot. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 155 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (721 × 2789 pixel, file size: 747 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) self made image of a taproot. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... ROOT is an object-oriented software package developed by CERN. It was originally designed for particle physics data analysis and contains several features specific to this field, but it is also commonly used in other applications such as astronomy and data mining. ...


Plants with taproots are difficult to transplant. The taproot is why dandelions are hard to uproot — the top is pulled, but the long taproot stays in the ground, and re-sprouts. In agriculture and gardening, transplanting is the technique of starting a plant from seed in optimal conditions, such as in a greenhouse or protected nursery bed, then replanting it in another, usually outdoor, growing location. ... For other uses, see Dandelion (disambiguation). ...


A taproot system contrasts to a fibrous root system, with many branched roots. A fibrous root system (sometimes also called adventitious root system) is the opposite of a tap root system. ...


Most trees begin life with a taproot, but after one to a few years change to a wide-spreading fibrous root system with mainly horizontal surface roots and only a few vertical, deep anchoring roots. A typical mature tree 30-50 m tall has a root system that extends horizontally in all directions as far as the tree is tall or more, but well over 95% of the roots are in the top 50 cm depth of soil. The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ...


Many taproots are modified to become storage organs. A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of starch) or water. ...


Some plants with taproots:

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Dandelion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Kudzu (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pastinaca sativa L. The parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is a root vegetable related to the carrot. ... Binomial name Echium plantagineum L. Pattersons Curse or Patersons Curse (Echium plantagineum) is an invasive annual plant native to the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, but best known in Australia, where it is also known as Salvation Jane (particularly in South Australia). ... Species Callirhoe alcaeoides Callirhoe bushii Callirhoe digitata Callirhoe involucrata Callirhoe leiocarpa Callirhoe papaver Callirhoe pedata Callirhoe scabriuscula Callirhoe triangulata The poppy mallow (Callirhoe) is a genus of nine species in the mallow family (Malvaceae), native to the prairies and grasslands of North America. ... Binomial name L. This article is about the vegetable. ... Trinomial name Brassica rapa rapa L. For similar vegetables also called turnip, see Turnip (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name L. The Green Alkanet (also Pentaglottis, Evergreen Bugloss and Alkanet) is a bristly, perennial plant growing to approxmately 60cm (24) to 90cm (36) in height usually in damp or shaded places and often close to buildings. ... Binomial name Swainsona formosa (G. Don) Joy Thomps. ... Binomial name Hook. ...

Development

It develops from the radicle of the seed. The radicle grows into the primary root or the taproot. It produces branches called the secondary roots. These branch to form secondary roots and they in turn produce branches to form tertiary roots. These may further branch to form rootlets. In botany, the radicle is the first part of a seedling (a growing plant embryo) to emerge from the seed during germination. ...


Typical taproots

  • Conical root: this type root tuber is conical in shape, i.e. broad at the base and tapering gradually towards the apex: e.g. carrot.
  • Fusiform root: this root is swollen in the middle and tapers towards the base and the apex: e.g. radish.
  • Napiform root: the root has a top-like appearance. It is very broad at the base and tapers suddenly like a tail at the apex: e.g. turnip.

Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name L. This article is about the vegetable. ... Trinomial name Brassica rapa rapa L. For similar vegetables also called turnip, see Turnip (disambiguation). ...

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