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Encyclopedia > Tanzim

Tanzim (Organization in Arabic) is a faction of the Palestinian al-Fatah movement. It is seen as a more militant "new guard" within Fatah, as opposed to the "old guard" which supported the Oslo peace process[citation needed]. Tanzim came to prominence in the street fighting which marked the beginning of the second Palestinian Intifada. Its members tend to be younger than those of other Fatah factions, often having grown up in the post-Oslo era. Unlike the mainstream Fatah movement, it includes Christian members. One of its leaders is Marwan Barghouti. Many Tanzim members have joined the al-Shaid Yasser Arafat Brigades (formerly the al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades). Tanzim has recruited a number of female suicide bombers[1] [2], including Andaleeb Takafka, a 20-year-old Bethlehem woman who, on April 12, 2002, detonated an explosive belt at a Jerusalem bus stop, killing six Israelis, and injuring sixty.[3] The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Fatah (Arabic: الفتح) al_fatah—an reverse acronym from arabic words Harakat alTahrir alwatani alFilastini (literally: the movement for liberation of the Palestinian homeland)—is a Palestinian faction founded in 1959 by Yasser Arafat who, until his death, was head of the Palestinian Authority. ... The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP), finalized in Oslo, Norway by August 20, 1993, and subsequently officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington D.C. on September 13, 1993 with Mahmoud Abbas signing for the Palestine... The wreckage of a commuter bus in West Jerusalem after a suicide bombing on Tuesday, 18 June 2002. ... Marwan Barghouti in Israeli custody Marwan Barghouti (born June 6, 1959) is a Palestinian leader from the West Bank and a leader of the Fatah movement that forms the backbone of the Palestinian Authority and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). ... The Al_Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الاقصى) are one of the militias of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafats al_Fatah faction. ... Jerusalem (31°46′N 35°14′E; Hebrew: (help· info) Yerushalayim; Arabic: (help· info) al-Quds, Greek Ιεροσόλυμα), is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ...


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Tanzim (1091 words)
The Tanzim is a body divided into sectors and cells and is involved in all central Fatah functions within the Palestinian population i.e., political and educational activities and military training at all levels, including youth camps from a very young age.
Tanzim's operations were the spearhead of Fatah activities against Israel during the period of the Intifada.
The senior commanders of the Tanzim enjoy high-ranking status in the PA. As a result of their seniority and position, together with the recommendation of the appropriate authorities in the PA, some of them are members and active in the ruling central bodies and institutions.
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