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Encyclopedia > Tanzania
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
United Republic of Tanzania
Flag of Tanzania
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Uhuru na Umoja"  (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
AnthemMungu ibariki Afrika
"God Bless Africa"
Capital Dodoma
6°10′S 35°31′E / -6.167, 35.517
Largest city Dar es Salaam
Official languages Swahili (de facto)
Demonym Tanzanian
Government Republic
 -  President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete
 -  Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Tanganyika December 9, 1961 
 -  Zanzibar January 12, 1964 
 -  Merger April 26, 1964 
Area
 -  Total 945,087 km² (31st)
364,898 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 6.2
Population
 -  November 2006 estimate 37,849,1331 (32nd)
 -  2002 census 35,214,888 
 -  Density 41/km² (159th)
106/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $27.12 billion (99th)
 -  Per capita $1,100 (178th)
Gini (2000–01) 34.6 (medium
HDI (2005) 0.467/ (low) (159th)
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .tz
Calling code +255²
1 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
² 007 from Kenya and Uganda.

Tanzania IPA: /ˌtænzəˈniːə/,[1] officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on the south. To the east it borders the Indian Ocean. Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Tanzania was adopted in 1964. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... This article is about the language. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Mungu ibariki Afrika is the national anthem of Tanzania. ... Image File history File links LocationTanzania. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the national capital of Tanzania and also the capital of that countrys Dodoma Region. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... This article is about the language. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Tanzania. ... Colonel Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born October 7, 1950) is a Tanzanian politician and Current President. ... List of the Heads of Government of Tanzania Political Affiliation CCM - Chama Cha Mapinduzi TANU - Tanganyika African National Union See Also lists of incumbents List of Presidents of Tanzania List of Governors-General of Tanganyika List of Presidents of Tanganyika List of Presidents of Zanzibar List of Prime Ministers of... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007 This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... Graphical representation of the Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth distribution. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The current curency used in Tanzania, althought the wide spread use of U.S. Dollars is accepted. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .tz is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for Tanzania. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... The country calling code for Tanzania is 255. ... This article is about the language. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ...


The country's name is a portmanteau of Tanganyika, the large mainland territory, and Zanzibar, the offshore archipelago. The two former British colonies united in 1964, forming the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.[2] A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Flag of Deutsch-Ostafrika (1885-1919) Flag of Tanganyika (1919-1961) Flag of the Republic of Tanganyika 1962–64 Tanganyika is the name of an East African territory lying between the largest of the African great lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika, after which it was named. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ...


In 1996 government offices were transferred from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma, making Dodoma the country's political capital. Dar es Salaam remains the principal commercial city.[2][3] Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the national capital of Tanzania and also the capital of that countrys Dodoma Region. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Tanzania

What is now Tanzania was a colony and part of Germany from the 1880s to 1919. Under the League of Nations, the area became a British Mandate from 1919 to 1961. It served as a military outpost during World War II and provided financial help as well as munitions. Julius Nyerere became Minister of British-administered Tanganyika in 1960 and continued as Prime Minister when Tanganyika became independent in 1961. Tanganyika and neighbouring Zanzibar, which had become independent in 1963, merged to form the nation of Tanzania on April 26, 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. What is now Tanzania was a colony and part of Germany from the 1880s to 1919. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Tanzania

Tanzania's president and National Assembly members are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for five-year terms. The president appoints a prime minister who serves as the government's leader in the National Assembly. The president selects his cabinet from among National Assembly members. The Constitution also empowers him to nominate ten non-elected members of Parliament, who also are eligible to become cabinet members. Elections for president and all National Assembly seats were held in December 2005. Tanzanias president and National Assembly members are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for 5-year terms. ... Most members of the Bunge, Tanzanias National Assembly, are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for 5-year terms. ...


The unicameral National Assembly elected in 2000 has 295 members. These 295 members include the Attorney General, five members elected from the Zanzibar House of Representatives to participate in the Parliament, the special women's seats which are made up of 20% of the seats a particular party has in the House, 181 constituents seats of members of Parliament from the mainland, and 50 seats from Zanzibar. Also in the list are forty-eight appointed for women and the seats for the 10 nominated members of Parliament. At present, the ruling CCM holds about 93% of the seats in the Assembly. Laws passed by the National Assembly are valid for Zanzibar only in specifically designated union matters.


Zanzibar's House of Representatives has jurisdiction over all non-union matters. There are currently seventy-six members in the House of Representatives in Zanzibar, including fifty elected by the people, ten appointed by the president of Zanzibar, five ex officio members, and an attorney general appointed by the president. In May 2002, the government increased the number of special seats allocated to women from ten to fifteen, which will increase the number of House of Representatives members to eighty-one. Ostensibly, Zanzibar's House of Representatives can make laws for Zanzibar without the approval of the union government as long as it does not involve union-designated matters. The terms of office for Zanzibar's president and House of Representatives also are five years. The semiautonomous relationship between Zanzibar and the union is a relatively unusual system of government.


Tanzania has a five-level judiciary combining the jurisdictions of tribal, Islamic, and British common law. Appeal is from the primary courts through the district courts, resident magistrate courts, to the high courts, and Court of Appeals. Judges are appointed by the Chief Justice, except those for the Court of Appeals and the High Court who are appointed by the president. The Zanzibari court system parallels the legal system of the union, and all cases tried in Zanzibari courts, except for those involving constitutional issues and Islamic law, can be appealed to the Court of Appeals of the union. A commercial court was established in September 1999 as a division of the High Court.


Regions and districts

Regions of Tanzania.
Regions of Tanzania.

Tanzania is divided into 26 regions (mkoa), twenty-one on the mainland and five on Zanzibar (three on Unguja, two on Pemba). Ninety-eight districts (wilaya), each with at least one council, have been created to further increase local authority; the councils are also known as local government authorities. Currently there are 114 councils operating in 99 districts; 22 are urban and 92 are rural. The 22 urban units are further classified as city councils (Dar es Salaam and Mwanza), municipal councils (Arusha, Dodoma, Iringa, Kilimanjaro, Mbeya, Morogoro, Shinyanga, Tabora, and Tanga) or town councils (the remaining eleven communities). Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions (capitals in parentheses): Arusha (Arusha) Dar es Salaam (Dar es Salaam) Dodoma (Dodoma) Iringa (Iringa) Kagera (Bukoba) Kigoma (Kigoma) Kilimanjaro (Moshi) Lindi (Lindi) Manyara (Babati) Mara (Musoma) Mbeya (Mbeya) Morogoro (Morogoro) Mtwara (Mtwara) Mwanza (Mwanza) Pemba North (Wete) Pemba South (Mkoani) Pwani (Kibaha) Rukwa... The 127 Districts of Tanzania are divided amongst 26 regions within Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Tanzania_Regions. ... Image File history File links Tanzania_Regions. ... Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions (capitals in parentheses): Arusha (Arusha) Dar es Salaam (Dar es Salaam) Dodoma (Dodoma) Iringa (Iringa) Kagera (Bukoba) Kigoma (Kigoma) Kilimanjaro (Moshi) Lindi (Lindi) Manyara (Babati) Mara (Musoma) Mbeya (Mbeya) Morogoro (Morogoro) Mtwara (Mtwara) Mwanza (Mwanza) Pemba North (Wete) Pemba South (Mkoani) Pwani (Kibaha) Rukwa... The 127 Districts of Tanzania are divided amongst 26 regions within Tanzania. ... Sunset over Lake Victoria as seen coming into Mwanza via train Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ...


Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West Map of the Arusha Region Arusha is one of Tanzanias 26 administrative regions. ... Dar-es-salaam is the biggest city in Tanzania. ... Dodoma is one of the regions of Tanzania. ... Map of the Iringa Region Iringa is one of Tanzanias 26 administrative regions. ... Map of the Kagera Region Kagera Region is located in the northwestern corner of Tanzania. ... Map of the Kigoma Region Kigoma is one of Tanzanias 26 administrative regions. ... Map of the Kilimanjaro Region Kilimanjaro is one of the 26 regions in Tanzania. ... Map of the Lindi Region Lindi is one of Tanzanias 26 administrative regions. ... Manyara is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Mara is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Map of Mbeya Region Mbeya is one of Tanzanias 26 administrative regions. ... Morogoro Region is one of the regions of Tanzania. ... Mtwara is one of the southern regions of Tanzania which have been underdeveloped for a long time for various justifiable reasons and constraints. ... Map of the Mwanza Region Mwanza Region is one of the regions of Tanzania. ... Pemba North is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Pemba South is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Pwani is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Rukwa is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Ruvuma is a region in Tanzania. ... Shinyanga Region is one of the regions of Tanzania. ... Singida Region is one of the regions of Tanzania. ... Tabora Region is one of the regions of Tanzania. ... Map of the Tanga Region Tanga Region is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Zanzibar Central/South is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Zanzibar North is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Zanzibar Urban/West is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ...


For regions ranked by total area, land area and water area, see List of Tanzanian regions by area. This is a list of the administrative regions of Tanzania in order of their total area, land area, and water area. ...


Geography

Map of Tanzania, shown with the old capital.
Map of Tanzania, shown with the old capital.
Main article: Geography of Tanzania

At 364,875 mi² (945,087 km²[4]), Tanzania is the world's 31st-largest country (it comes after Egypt). It is comparable in size to Nigeria, and is slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of California. Insert non-formatted text heremap of Tanzania, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Insert non-formatted text heremap of Tanzania, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Tanzanias geography is one of the most varied and unique in the world; it contains Africas highest and lowest points, and contains lakes, mountains and many nature reserves. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Tanzania is mountainous in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro *[2], Africa's highest peak, is situated. To the north and west are the Great Lakes of Lake Victoria (Africa's largest lake) and Lake Tanganyika (Africa's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish). Central Tanzania comprises a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the island of Zanzibar lying just offshore. For other uses, see Kilimanjaro (disambiguation). ... The Greater Lakes and the East African coastline as seen from space. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Victoria (disambiguation). ... Lake Tanganyika is a large lake in central Africa (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). ...


Tanzania contains many large and ecologically significant wildlife parks *[3], including the famous Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park*[4] in the north, and Selous Game Reserve and Mikumi National Park in the south. Gombe National Park in the west is known as the site of Dr. Jane Goodall's studies of chimpanzee behavior. Ngorongoro crater is the worlds largest unbroken volcanic caldera, sited towards the northwest of Arusha in Tanzania, and is connected to the Serengeti savannah to its immediate south. ... The Serengeti National Park ( ) is a large national park in Serengeti area, Tanzania, Africa. ... Dame Jane Goodall, DBE, PhD, (born 3 April 1934 as Valerie Jane Morris Goodall) is an English UN Messenger of Peace, primatologist, ethologist, and anthropologist. ...


The government of Tanzania through its department of tourism has embark on a campaign to publicised the Kalambo water falls in south-west Tanzania's region of Rukwa, to become one of its many tourist destinastions attraction *[5]*[6]. The Kalambo falls are the second largest in Africa and are located near the southern tip of Lake Tanganyika.


Environment

Tanzania has considerable land area of wildlife habitat, including much of the Serengeti plain, where the white-bearded wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus mearnsi) and other bovids participate in a large scale annual migration. Up to 250,000 wildebeest perish each year in the long and arduous movement to find forage in the dry season. Tanzania is also home to 130 amphibian and over 275 reptile species, many of them strictly endemic and included in the IUCN Red lists of different countries[5]. Tanzania has developed a Biodiversity Action Plan to address species conservation. ImageMetadata File history File links Kibo_summit_of_Mt_Kilimanjaro_001. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Kibo_summit_of_Mt_Kilimanjaro_001. ... For other uses, see Kilimanjaro (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A zebra and wildebeests during migration The Serengeti ecosystem is located in north-western Tanzania and extends to south-western Kenya between latitudes 1 and 3 S and longitudes 34 and 36 E. It spans some 30,000 km. ... Species Connochaetes gnou Connochaetes taurinus The wildebeest (plural, wildebeest or wildebeests), also called the gnu (pronounced or ), is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Diademed Sifaka, an endangered primate of Madagascar Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) is a an internationally recognized programme addressing threatened species or habitats, which is designed to protect and restore biological systems. ...


Economy

The economy is mostly based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of GDP, provides 85% (approximately) of exports, and employs 80% (approximately) of the workforce. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. Tanzania has vast amounts of natural resources including gold deposits and diamonds. Tanzania is also known for the Tanzanite gemstones. Tanzania has dozens of beautiful national parks like the world famous Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, that generate income with a large tourism sector that plays a vital part in the economy. Growth from 1991 to 1999 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Commercial production of natural gas from the Songo Songo island in the Indian Ocean off the Rufiji Delta commenced 2004,[6] with natural gas being pumped in a pipeline to the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, with the bulk of it being converted to electricity by the public utility and private operators. A new gas field is being brought on stream in Mnazi Bay. // History Significant measures have been taken to liberalize the Tanzanian economy along market lines and encourage both foreign and domestic private investment. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... A zebra and wildebeests during migration The Serengeti ecosystem is located in north-western Tanzania and extends to south-western Kenya between latitudes 1 and 3 S and longitudes 34 and 36 E. It spans some 30,000 km. ... Ngorongoro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...


Recent public sector and banking reforms, and revamped and new legislative frameworks have all helped increase private sector growth and investment. Short-term economic progress also depends on curbing corruption and cutting back on unnecessary public spending.[7]


Prolonged drought during the early years of the 21st century has severely reduced electricity generation capacity (some 60% of Tanzania's electricity supplies are generated by hydro-electric schemes).[8] During 2006 Tanzania suffered a crippling series of "load-shedding" or power rationing because of the shortfall of generated power, largely because of insufficient hydro-electric generation. Plans to increase gas and coal fueled generation capacity are likely to take some years to implement, and growth is forecast to be increased to seven per cent per year, and perhaps eight or more.[9] Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ...


There are 3 major airlines in Tanzania, the Air Tanzania Corporation, the PrecisionAir which do local flights -Arusha, Kigoma, Mtwara, Mwanza, Musoma, Shinyanga, Zanzibar) and regional flights to Kigali,Nairobi, Mombasa routes and the third one that does local flights only. There are also several charter aeroplane firms. There are two railway companies: TAZARA caters for service between Dar-es-Salaam and Kapiri-Mposhi, a district of the Central Province in Zambia. The other one is the Tanzania Railways Corporation, which provides services between Dar-es-Salaam and Kigoma, a town on the shores of Lake Tanganyika and between Dar-es-Salaam and Mwanza, a city on tha shores of lake Victoria. There is also a service across the Indian Ocean between Dar-es-Salaam and Zanzibar by several modern hydrofoil boats. Arusha with a view of Mount Meru This article refers to the city of Arusha. ... Kigoma is a town in western Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika and close to the border with Burundi. ... Mtwara is one of the Southern regions of Tanzania which have been underdeveloped for a long time for various justifiable reasons and constraints. ... Sunset over Lake Victoria as seen coming into Mwanza via train Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ... Musoma is a city located in northern Tanzania. ... Map of the Shinyanga Region Shinyanga is a city located in northern Tanzania. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... Kigali, population 851,024 (2005), is the capital and largest city of Rwanda. ... Location of Nairobi Coordinates: , Country Province HQ City Hall Founded 1899 Constituencies of Nairobi List Makadara Kamukunji Starehe Langata Dagoretti Westlands Kasarani Embakasi Government  - Mayor Geoffrey Majiwa Area  - City 684 km² (264. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Dar es Salaam (Arabic: [translation: Abode of Peace] Dār as-Salām, Yer u-salem), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city in Tanzania. ... Central Province may refer to more than one political area: A province of the Solomon Islands; see Central Province, Solomon Islands. ... The Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC) is a state-owned enterprise that runs a railway net that once was part of the East African Railways Corporation (EARC) operating in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanganyika. ... Dar es Salaam (Arabic: [translation: Abode of Peace] Dār as-Salām, Yer u-salem), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city in Tanzania. ... Kigoma is a town in western Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika and close to the border with Burundi. ... Lake Tanganyika is a large lake in central Africa (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). ... Dar es Salaam (Arabic: [translation: Abode of Peace] Dār as-Salām, Yer u-salem), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city in Tanzania. ... Sunset over Lake Victoria as seen coming into Mwanza via train Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Victoria (disambiguation). ... Dar es Salaam (Arabic: [translation: Abode of Peace] Dār as-Salām, Yer u-salem), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city in Tanzania. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... This article is about marine engineering. ...


Demographics

As of 2006, the estimated population is 38,329,000, with an estimated growth rate of 2%. Population distribution is extremely uneven, with density varying from 1 person per square kilometer (3/mi²) in arid regions to 51 per square kilometer (133/mi²) in the mainland's well-watered highlands, to 134 per square kilometer (347/mi²) on Zanzibar[10]. More than 80% of the population is rural. Tanzania still has a very high unemployment rate,which is about 67%. Dar es Salaam is the largest city and is the commercial capital; Dodoma, located in the center of Tanzania is the new capital and houses the Union's Parliament. Zanzibar Town houses the Zanzibar Parliament. Population distribution in Tanzania is extremely uneven. ...


The African population consists of more than 120 ethnic groups, of which the Sukuma and Nyamwezi, the Hehe and Bena, the Gogo, the Haya, the Makonde, the Chagga and the Nyakyusa have more than 1 million members. Other groups include the Pare, Sambaa or Shambala and Ngoni. The majority of Tanzanians, including such large ethnic groups as the Sukuma and the Nyamwezi, have Bantu origins. Groups of Nilotic or related origin include the nomadic Masai and the Luo, both of which are found in greater numbers in neighboring Kenya. Two small groups speak languages of the Khoisan family peculiar to the people of the Kalahari in southern Africa. Cushitic-speaking peoples, originally from the Ethiopian highlands, reside in a few areas of Tanzania. Other Bantu groups were refugees and immigrants from nearby countries. This is an incomplete list of ethnic groups in Tanzania. ... The Sukuma are one of the largest ethnic groups in Tanzania, with an estimate 3. ... The Nyamwezi (originally and also Wanyamwezi) are the second largest of over 120 ethnic groups in Tanzania. ... The Chagga (or Chaga) are the third largest ethnic group in Tanzania. ... The Pare (pronounced “Pahray”) are an ethnic group who inhabit the Pare Mountains which is part of the Kilimanjaro Administrative Region. ... Shambala is a Bantu language of Tanzania. ... The Kalahari Desert is a large, arid to semi-arid sandy area in southern Africa that covers about 500,000 km². It covers 70% of Botswana, and parts of Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa. ...


Although much of Zanzibar's African population came from the mainland, one group known as Shirazis claims its origins to be the island's early Persian settlers. Non-Africans residing on the mainland and Zanzibar account for 1% of the total population. In the 1960s and 1970s thousands of Asians emigrated, frequently under duress. Often they attempted to emigrate to the United Kingdom [7]. Their community, including Hindus, Sunni Muslims, Sikhs, Parsis and Goans, has increased in the past decade to 350,000. An estimated 240,000 Arabs and 70,000 Europeans still reside in Tanzania. Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... a person from Pars (the middle-Persian word for Fars), a region now within the geographical boundaries of Iran, and is roughly the original homeland of the Persian people. ... Goa (गोवा) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ...


Languages

Each ethnic group has its own language. No language is de jure official, but Swahili is the de facto official national language, used for inter-ethnic communication and for official matters. After gaining independence, English, the language of colonial administration during the era of British rule, was still used for some official issues, and was thus considered de facto official alongside Swahili. As official usage of English has greatly diminished during the first thirty years following independence, and it was more common to regard Swahili as the only de facto official language. However the political reforms which turned Tanzania away from a closed and socialist environment and a centrally planned economy inevitably resulted in a dramatic opening up of the country. The attendant growth of the private sector and new investment has resulted in English having increasing importance, and there are many schools in which English is the medium of instruction. Universities all use English as the medium of instruction, which often causes problems for students who have previously only taken English as a subject in school. Other spoken languages are Indian languages, especially Gujarati, and Portuguese (both spoken by Mozambican blacks and Goans). Historically German was widely spoken during that colonial period, but few remain alive who remember that period. Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી Gujǎrātī; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ...


Culture

Two shetani sculptures by George Lilanga.

The music of Tanzania stretches from traditional African music to the string-based taarab to a distinctive hip hop known as bongo flava. Famous taarab singers names are Abbasi Mzee, Culture Musical Club, Shakila of Black Star Musical Group. Internationally known traditional artist are Bi Kidude, Hukwe Zawose and Tatu Nane. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... // Language Main article: Kiswahili language Kiswahili literature Some writers include: Shaaban Robert Penina Muhando Mlama Amandina Lihamba Edwin Semzaba Euphrase Kezilahabi Shafi Adam Shafi Chachage Seith Chachage Music National anthem The Tanzanian national anthem is Mungu Ibariki Afrika (God Bless Africa), composed by South African composer Enock Sontonga. ... The most internationally famous form of music from Zanzibar (one half of Tanzania with Tanganyika) is taarab, which was invented by the Kiswahili Muslim minority. ... Africa is a large and diverse continent, consisting of dozens of countries, hundreds of languages and thousands of races, tribes and ethnic groups. ... Taarab is a kind of East African music, most popular in Tanzania and Kenya. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop music is a musical genre invented by African Americans in New York City in the 1970s. ... Born Fatuma Binti Baraka (aka Bi. ...


Tanzania has its own distinct African rumba music where names of artists/groups like [[Tabora Jazz, Western Jazz Band, Morogoro Jazz, Volcano Jazz, Simba Wanyika,Remmy Ongala, Ndala Kasheba *[8], NUTA JAZZ, ATOMIC JAZZ, DDC Mlimani Park, Afro 70 & Patrick Balisidya*[9]*[10]*[11], Sunburst, Tatu Nane *[12] and Orchestra Makassy*[13] must be mentioned in the history of Tanzanian music. Simba Wanyika is a band, consisting of Tanzanian musicians Wilson Peter and George Peter Kinyonga, brothers. ...


Tanzania has many writers. The list of writers' names includes well known writers such as Godfrey Mwakikagile, Mohamed Said, Prof. Joseph Mbele*[14], Juma Volter Mwapachu, Prof. Issa Shivji, Jenerali Twaha Ulimwengu, Prof.Penina Mlama*[15], Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere, Adam Shafi, Dr. Malima M.P Bundala and Shaaban Robert. African Writers (by country): This is a list of prominent and notable literary figures from the African continent, listed by country, including poets, novelists, childrens writers, essayists, and scholars, listed by country. ... Both the name Mohammed and the name Said can be romanized in several ways. ...


Media

The Daily News is the oldest newspaper and is state-run, as are the public broadcasting service television TVT and radio networks of Radio Tanzania Dar es Salaam RTD. Since 2007 the state owned Television station popularly referred in swahili as Televisheni Ya Taifa TVT and Radio Tanzania Dar-es-Salaam RTD are now both under the umbrella of Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation. Tanzania also has many private-run media outlets, for example more than 11 daily newspapers, more than 6 television stations and more than 6 FM radio stations like Radio Free Africa RFA which its transmission reaches the Great lakes Region Congo DRC,Rwanda and Burundi. Some of the private radio stations and newspapers are owned by political parties like the Uhuru newspaper and the Radio Uhuru FM. The Daily News is a newspaper in Tanzania. ... TVT Records is an independent record label in the United States. ... TVT Records is an independent record label in the United States. ... Look up RTD in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The abbreviation RFA could stand for: Royal Fleet Auxiliary Renewable Fuels Association Radio FreeK America Radio Free Asia Regional Forestry Agreement Royal Field Artillery Category: ...


International shortwave radio broadcasts from the BBC Radio, Voice of America and Deutsche Welle can be received.[11] This article is about an album. ... BBC Radio is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation which has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a Royal Charter since 1927. ... Voice of America logo Voice of America (VOA), is the official external radio and television broadcasting service of the United States federal government. ... This article is about the German international broadcaster. ...


Tanzanians are also active bloggers and there is a blog site launched by Muhidin Issa Michuzi*[16], that has been visited by more than 3 million bloggers since 2007. Internet in Tanzania has became a de facto source of news used both by Tanzanian citizens and other institutions to access information ignored by owners and editors of well established newspapers, television and radio stations.


See also

Tanzania is embroiled in a dispute with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi). ... Military branches: Tanzanian Peoples Defense Force (including Army, Navy, and Air Force), paramilitary Police Field Force Unit (including Police Marine Unit and Police Air Wing), territorial militia Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 8,477,193 (2003 est. ... 10-cent flag, 1965 The story of the postage stamps and postal history of Tanzania begins with German East Africa, which was occupied by British forces during World War I. After the war, the territory was named Tanganyika and issued stamps under that name until after a union with Zanzibar... Tanzania will hold presidential and parliamentary elections on 30 October 2005. ... Logo of the Tanzania Scouts Association The Tanzania Scouts Association (TSA) is the national Scouting organization of Tanzania. ... Mission & General Information TAWIRI Logo The Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) is headquartered in Arusha, Tanzania and has four research stations in other parts of the country. ... This is a list of hospitals in Tanzania. ... This is a list of Tanzanian companies. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to Tanzania. ...

References

  1. ^ Tanzania. Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/tanzania (accessed: March 27, 2007).
  2. ^ a b "The World Factbook - Tanzania", CIA, 2006
  3. ^ The Tanzania National Website: Country Profile
  4. ^ CIA - The World Factbook -- Rank Order - Area
  5. ^ E.Razzetti and Ch.A.Msuya.Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania)TANAPA*[1], 2002
  6. ^ Songo Songo Gas-to-Electricity Project
  7. ^ BBC NEWS | Africa | Tanzania's leader snubs new jet
  8. ^ http://www.tic.co.tz/IPA_Information.asp?hdnGroupID=26&hdnLevelID=2
  9. ^ A new lodestar for Africa? - Opinion - International Herald Tribune>
  10. ^ Tanzania (12/07)
  11. ^ Country Profile: Tanzania. BBC News..

The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ...

External links

Find more about Tanzania on Wikipedia's sister projects:
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  • The United Republic of Tanzania official site
  • Tanzania Tourist Board
  • Tanzania travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Tanzania.eu

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tanzania - definition of Tanzania in Encyclopedia (739 words)
The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili) is a country on the east coast of central Africa.
In 1979, Tanzania declared war on Uganda after Uganda invaded and tried to annex Tanzanian territory in the north of the country.
Benjamin Mkapa was subsequently sworn in as the new president of the United Republic of Tanzania on 23 November, 1995.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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