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Encyclopedia > Tantallon Castle

Tantallon Castle is located 3 miles east of North Berwick in Scotland. It sits atop a cliff face, looking out onto the Firth of Forth, opposite Bass Rock. North Berwick North Berwick is a small Scottish seaside town in East Lothian, on the south shore of the Firth of Forth, about 25 miles east of Edinburgh. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... The Firth of Forth from Calton Hill The Forth Bridges cross the Firth The Firth of Forth is the estuary or firth of Scotlands River Forth, where it flows into the North Sea between Fife to the north, and West Lothian, the City of Edinburgh, and East Lothian to... Bass Rock (56° 4′ 31″ N, 2° 38′ 21″ W) is an island in the outer part of the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, approx. ...


In 1346, William Douglas returned from France to Scotland to claim his inheritance after the battle of Neville’s Cross. By murdering his godfather William ‘Knight of Liddesdale’ in the Ettrick Forest, William became the undisputed head of the House of Douglas.


In 1358, William was created the first Earl of Douglas. The building of Tantallon Castle during this time was probably the result of this newly aquired wealth and status.


In 1384 William, Earl of Douglas, died and in 1388 his heir James dies at the Battle of Otterburn. Otterburn could be Otterburn, Northumberland Otterburn, North Yorkshire The Battle of Otterburn This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


In 1389 Margaret, Countess of Angus, resigned her Earldom in favour of her son George. Thus George became the first Douglas Earl of Angus and Mar and lord of Tantallon Castle. This contributed to the division in the House Of Douglas. The head to the main line was Archibald, illegimate son of James. This line became known as the ‘Black Douglases’, the Douglasses of Angus became the ‘Red Douglasses’.


In 1491 Tantallon Castle was besieged by King James IV.


In 1528 The castle was besieged and taken by James V. To repair the devastations by this siege, a new Fore Tower was built up to the battlements. The East Tower was altered. Originally it consisted of five floors. Now the bottom three floors were reduced to two by inserting stone vaults. Thus the resistance against artillery bombardment was improved. To better attack the opponents, wide-mouthed gunholes were punched through the landward walls of the tower. The crenellated parapets on the main curtain wall were added after this year, too.


In 1544 English forces occupies the castle.


In 1651 Tantallon Castle was besieged and taken by the army of Oliver Cromwell. Unfinished portrait miniature of Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper, 1657. ...


External links

[Fansite]


[Official Tourism Site]


  Results from FactBites:
 
Travels in Scotland : Tantallon Castle (433 words)
On a rocky promonotory on the Firth of Forth, the castle perches on the stone, with 100' cliffs that fall straight to the sea.
Tantallon originally belonged to the Earls of Fife in the 14th century, but little of the impressive front walls were built when it passed in 1360 to William, 1st Earl of Douglas.
James V attacked Tantallon with 20,000 men, but the castle was the only one in private hands that was able to resist the King's artillery, and was itself equipped with guns.
Tantallon Castle Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland (841 words)
Here, too, is the castle well, while at the end of the headland is a sea gate designed to allow the castle to be supplied from the sea in times of trouble.
Today this is empty except for the dovecot, but during the castle's active life it would have been home to all the service buildings and accommodation necessary to allow the castle to function.
In 1491 Tantallon castle was besieged by James IV in reprisal for an agreement by the Fifth Earl of Angus to betray him to Henry VII of England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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