A tanker is an aircraft used for in-flight refuelling. A Japan Airlines Boeing 747-400. ... Aerial refueling, also called in-flight refueling (IFR) or air-to-air refueling (AAR), is the practice of transferring fuel from one aircraft to another during flight. ...
Typically used by an air force for refuelling smaller, shorter-range aircraft, tanker are usually converted transport aircraft. An air force is a military organization that primarily operates in air-based war. ... A cargo aircraft, also alternately known as a transport aircraft, is an aircraft dedicated to handling transport of materials and oversized loads. ...
The US Air Force uses the KC-135 Stratotanker and KC-10 Extender. An exception to the rule involving transport aircraft is found with the US Navy, which uses a converted attack aircraft model (the KA-6) for operating off its aircraft carriers. The Russian Air Force uses the Il-78 Midas and modified Tu-16 Badgers as tanker aircraft. Seal of the Air Force. ... The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft, first manufactured in 1956 and expected to remain in service into the 2020s It is a derivative of the Boeing 707 jetliner. ... The KC-10 Extender is a tanker aircraft in service with the US Air Force. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A ground attack aircraft is an aircraft that is designed to operate very close to the ground, supporting infantry and tanks directly in battle. ... The Grumman A-6 Intruder is a US attack aircraft. ... An aircraft carrier is a warship whose main role is to deploy and recover aircraftâin effect acting as a sea-going airbase. ... Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), formed the official designation of the airforce of the Soviet Union. ... IAF Ilyushin Il-78 simuntaneously refuels 2 Jaguar aircraft The Ilyushin Il-78 (NATO reporting name Midas) is a four-engined inflight refuelling tanker based on the Il-76. ... The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO codename: Badger) was a twin-engine jet bomber used by the Soviet Union. ...
Tankers are flying more worldwide, low-volume channel and scheduled cargo missions allowing strategic airlifters to be dedicated to the tasks only they can accomplish.
The idea of refueling aircraft in flight was born nearly 80 years ago, and, within a few decades aviation refueling moved from the age of dare devils and barnstormers to the routine refueling of all types of aircraft, in all conditions, all over the world.
Fighter aircraft flew into position behind the tanker so that its probe could be inserted in the drogue at the end of the tanker's hose.
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