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Encyclopedia > Tamworth Manifesto

The Tamworth Manifesto was a political manifesto issued by Sir Robert Peel in 1835 in Tamworth, which is widely credited by historians as having laid down the principles upon which the modern British Conservative Party is based. A manifesto is a public declaration of principles and intentions, often political in nature. ... This article is about the British Prime Minister. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Tamworth town centre Tamworth is a historic town and local government district in Staffordshire, UK, located 27 km (17 miles) northeast of Birmingham and 198 km (123 miles) northwest of London. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative & Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), and the largest in terms of public membership. ...


In November 1834 King William IV removed the Whig Prime Minister Lord Melbourne and asked the Duke of Wellington to form a ministry. Wellington was reluctant and recommended that the King choose Peel. William IV (William Henry) (21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. ... This article is about the British Whig party. ... Arms of Lord Melbourne William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, PC (15 March 1779–24 November 1848) was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830-1834) and Prime Minister (1834 and 1835-1841), and a mentor of Queen Victoria. ... Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, widely considered one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. ...


Perhaps due to Wellington's endorsement, Peel intended from the start, as the historian S.J Lee tells, "to fully convince the country and electorate that there was a substanstial difference between his brand of conservatism and that of his predecessor and 'old tory' Wellington."


With that in mind, on 18 December, the Tamworth Manifesto was published by the press and read around the country. Like many other manifestos in nineteenth-century British politics it was formally an address to the electors of the leader's own constituency, but reproduced widely. Ironically Tamworth had no contest in 1834 as Peel was the only candidate and he was elected unopposed. December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Tamworth town centre Tamworth is a historic town and local government district in Staffordshire, UK, located 27 km (17 miles) northeast of Birmingham and 198 km (123 miles) northwest of London. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Peel's Aims dictated in the Tamworth Manifesto

The main aim of the manifesto was to appeal to the electorate in the new Parliament.

  • Peel accepted that the Reform Act of 1832 was "a final and irrevocable settlement of a great constitutional question".
  • He promised that the Conservatives would undertake a "careful review of institutions, civil and ecclesiastical".
  • Where there was a case for change, he promised "the correction of proved abuses and the redress of real grievances".
  • Peel offered to look at the question of church reform in order to preserve the "true interests of the Established religion".
  • Peel's basic message, therefore, was that the Conservatives "would reform to survive" (with reference to Norman Gash's biography of Peel).

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