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Encyclopedia > Tamworth
Tamworth town centre
Tamworth town centre
Borough of Tamworth
Tamworth
Shown within Staffordshire
Geography
Status: Non-metropolitan district, Borough
Region: West Midlands
Admin. County: Staffordshire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 336th
30.85 km²
Admin. HQ: Tamworth
ONS code: 41UK
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
Ranked 307th
74,200
2,405 / km²
Ethnicity: 98.1% White
Politics
Tamworth Borough Council
http://www.tamworth.gov.uk/
Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive: Conservative
MP: Brian Jenkins
Map sources for Tamworth at grid reference SK2203

Tamworth is a historic town and local government district in Staffordshire, England, located 27 km (17 miles) north-east of Birmingham city centre and 198 km (123 miles) north-west of London. The town gained its name from the River Tame, which flows through the town, as does the River Anker. At the 2001 census the town had a population of 74,531. [1] Tamworth is the name of: places Tamworth, England Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia Tamworth, New Hampshire, United States Tamworth, Virginia, United States Tamworth, Ontario, Canada Sport Tamworth F.C., Football(soccer) club in the Conference North other Tamworth Pig is a breed of pigs. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Tamworth. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Tamworth. ... map of district of Staffordshire File links The following pages link to this file: Tamworth Categories: GFDL images ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005, unless otherwise stated, from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of towns and cities in England by population - List of English counties by population - List of ceremonial counties of England by population - List of English districts by area - List... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Brian David Jenkins (born 19 September 1942, South Wales) is a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom, and current Member of Parliament for Tamworth in Staffordshire. ... Image File history File links Dot4gb. ... Image File history File links Gb4dot. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Birmingham (pron. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The River Tame flows from the Black Country, through north Birmingham, past Tamworth (which takes its name from the river), and into the River Trent near Alrewas. ... The River Anker flows through the centre of Nuneaton towards Tamworth. ...


Tamworth is the home of the historic Tamworth Castle and Moat House, and has a non-league football team, Tamworth FC. The Snowdome, Western Europe's first real-snow indoor ski slope is located in Tamworth. Near Tamworth is Drayton Manor Theme Park. Tamworth Castle is a small castle, located next to the River Tame, in the town of Tamworth in Staffordshire England. ... The Moat House is a historic building located in what were once the grounds of Tamworth Castle. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Tamworth F.C. are an English football team currently playing in the Nationwide Conference. ... Indoor ski slopes are found in several countries, proving a climate controlled environment can be maintained in which snow can be manufactured using a snow cannon, enabling skiing to take place year-round. ... Indoor ski slopes are found in several countries, proving a climate controlled environment can be maintained in which snow can be manufactured using a snow cannon, enabling skiing to take place year-round. ... Drayton Manor Theme Park is a British theme park in the grounds of the former Drayton Manor, near Tamworth in Staffordshire, England. ...


The town's main industries include logistics, engineering, clothing, brick, tile and paper manufacture. It was also home to the Reliant car company, which produced the famous three-wheeled Robin model and the Scimitar sportscar for several decades. 1988 Reliant Scimitar SSI 1300 Reliant is a car manufacturer in England. ...

Contents

History

Tamworth has existed since Saxon times, and once was the capital of Mercia, the largest of all English kingdoms of its time (see Heptarchy). It was by far the largest town in the Midlands when today's much larger city of Birmingham was still in its infancy. This is largely because of its strategic position at the meeting point of two rivers (the Tame and the Anker), which meant the town was perfectly placed as a centre of trade and industry. For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon peoples around the year 600 Britain and Ireland around the year 802 Heptarchy (Greek: seven + realm) is a collective name applied to the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of the south and east of Great Britain during late antiquity and the early... Birmingham (pron. ...


The town was later sacked by Danes in the 9th century, and what is known (as fact) [citation needed] is that there was a wooden fort, probably constructed on the site of today's castle, designed to defend the town against further Danish invaders by Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians, the daughter of King Alfred the Great. Ethelfleda (alternative spelling Aethelfled, Æthelfleda or Æthelflæd) (872/879?-918) was the eldest daughter of King Alfred the Great of Wessex and his wife Ealhswith. ...


In the 11th century, a Norman castle was built on the probable site of the Saxon fort, which still stands to this day as an important tourist attraction. Grants of borough privileges, including rights to a third additional fair in 1588, consolidated Tamworth’s historic importance as ‘the seat of Saxon kings’. The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ...


In the Middle Ages Tamworth was a small market town. However the king gave it charters in 1319. (In the Middle Ages a charter was a document granting the townspeople certain rights or confirming existing ones). In 1337 Tamworth was granted the right to hold two annual fairs. (In the Middle Ages fairs were like markets but they were held only once a year and they attracted buyers and sellers from far and wide).


In 1345 Tamworth suffered a disastrous fire. Much of the town burned[2]. (Fire was a constant hazard in the Middle Ages because most buildings were made of wood with thatched roofs. On the other hand if they burned they could be easily rebuilt).


Tamworth continued to grow and remained of the most populous towns in the Midlands by 1670, when the combined hearth tax returns from Warwickshire and Staffordshire list a total of some 320 households. Its strategic trade advantage lay with control of the two vital packhorse bridges across the Anker and the Tame on the route from London to Chester. While it remained a local market town, it did a brisk trade providing travellers with the staple bread, ale and accommodation, maintaining trading links as far afield as Bristol. Charles II’s reconfirmation of its borough's privileges in 1663 gave the town an added boost, as confirmed by Richard Blome's description of its celebrated market, well served with corn, provisions and lean cattle. A packhorse bridge is typically very narrow and was only designed to take a horse (often loaded with sidebags or panniers) across a waterway. ...


Queen Elizabeth granted Tamworth another charter in 1560.


In the 16th and 17th centuries Tamworth, like all towns, suffered from outbreaks of plague. It struck in 1563, 1579, 1597-98, 1606 and 1626. Each time the plague struck many people died but each time the population recovered. Fortunately the 1626 outbreak was the last.


In 1678 a man anmed Thomas Guy founded almshouses in Tamworth (they were rebuilt in 1913). He also built Tamworth Town Hall in 1701 and later founded Guys Hospital in London.


There are four cannons in the Castle Grounds, an indication of the town's previously violent past.[citation needed]


In 1801, the population was a little over 3001.


There were a number of improvements to Tamworth during the 19th century. In 1807 the pavements were flagged. From 1835 Tamworth had gaslight. In the late 19th century a piped water supply was created.


The town grew rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries during the Industrial Revolution, due largely to the surrounding coal mines. It also became a hub of the canal network, with the Coventry Canal and the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal being built through the town. Later the railways arrived with the Midland Railway route from Derby to Birmingham arriving in Tamworth in 1847, and later the London and North Western Railway, which provided direct trains to the capital. A split-level station exists where the two main lines cross one-another, the higher level platforms (on the Derby to Birmingham line), being at right angles to the lower ones on the main line to London. A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... Coventry Canal near Fradley Coventry Canal viewed from Foleshill Rd The Coventry Canal is a narrow canal in the Midlands of England. ... The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal is a canal in the West Midlands of England, between Birmingham and Fazeley, just outside Tamworth. ... This article is about the historical British railway company. ... Derby (pronounced dar-bee ) is a city in the East Midlands of England. ... The London and North Western Railway (LNWR) was formed in 1846 by the merger of three railway companies - the Grand Junction Railway, London and Birmingham and Manchester and Birmingham. ...


The first cemetery opened in 1876. The Assembly Rooms were built in 1889. In 1897 the corporation bought Tamworth Castle.


A hospital was built in Tamworth in 1880. An infirmary was built in 1903.


The first council houses in Tamworth were built in 1900. More were built in the 1920s and 1930s and after 1945.


The first public library in Tamworth was built in 1905. Tamworth gained an electricity supply in 1924.


The Victorian Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel served as the town's MP from 1830 until his death in 1850. It was in Tamworth that Robert Peel unveiled his Tamworth Manifesto in 1834 which created what is now the modern Conservative Party. During the 19th century a breed of pig called Tamworth Pig was initially bred here using some imported Irish stock. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... This is about the British Prime Minister. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The Tamworth Manifesto was a political manifesto issued by Sir Robert Peel in 1835 in Tamworth, which is widely credited by historians as having laid down the principles upon which the modern British Conservative Party is based. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Adult Tamworth pig, Aberdeenshire, Scotland Tamworth Pig is among the oldest of porcine breeds, but its population is considered rare and critical. ...


Samuel Parkes who won the Victoria Cross in the Charge of the Light Brigade was born in Wiggington and baptised at St Editha's on 24 December 1815. His parents, Thomas and Lydia, are buried in its churchyard. Samuel Parkes was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Combatants Light Brigade (British Empire) Russian Empire Commanders Lord Cardigan (subordinate to Earl of Lucan) Pavel Liprandi Strength 673 cavalrymen 20 battalions of infantry, 50 pieces of artillery, unknown cavalry [1] Casualties 118 men killed, 127 wounded Unknown but presumably heavy, large number of Russians were routed, including cavalry. ...


Tamworth has grown rapidly in the postwar years due to overspill from the West Midlands conurbation to the southwest. A population of about 7,000 in 1931 had risen to some 13,000 just after World War II; this figure remained fairly static until the late 1960s when a major expansion plan was implemented. Although not officially a "New Town", Tamworth developed like one for a time.[citation needed] As part of this plan the town boundaries were expanded to include the industrial area around Wilnecote to the south. The 1961 population of the new enlarged area was 25,000. In 1971 it was 40,000; in 1981, 64,000; in 1991, 68,000 and in 2001, 74,000. The target population is c.80,000.[citation needed] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The town of Fazeley merges almost completely into the town to the southwest, and belongs to the Lichfield District area rather than Tamworth Borough. It became a town, by holding a referendum, to prevent efforts from Tamworth to absorb it [citation needed]. Not to be confused with Litchfield. ...


Tamworth was historically split between Staffordshire and Warwickshire, with the county boundary running through the town centre. Staffordshire was made to include the entire borough in 1888. Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced // or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ...


The A5 £26,000,000 8 km (5 mile) dual-carriageway 'Fazeley, Two Gates and Wilnecote Bypass' opened in July 1995, acting both as a bypass of Watling Street, and as a fast route for traffic into the town. This was further extended to meet the M6 Toll and A38 in 2005. The A5 is a major road in the United Kingdom. ... Fazeley is a small town on the outskirts of Tamworth, Staffordshire, although it is part of Lichfield District. ... Map sources for Wilnecote at grid reference SK226012 Wilnecote is a housing estate about 3 km south east of Tamworth, Staffordshire. ...


Local Newspaper

1868 The Tamworth Herald was launched by Daniel Addison. Original premises in Silver Street. Mr Addison continued to publish the paper for nine years until October 29, 1877, when it was taken over by a consortium of leading townsmen. Daniel Addison had a son Albert Christopher Addison who was an historical writer. Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Albert Christopher Addison was an English writer born 1862 in Northallerton, Yorkshire. ...


Tamworth suburbs

Amington is a suburb of Tamworth in Staffordshire, England, and was formerly a distinct village. ... Stonydelph is a neighbourhood about 3 km south east of the centre of Tamworth, Staffordshire. ... Riverside is a name common to a number of cities and counties. ... Belgrave may be: Belgrave, England a suburb of Leicester. ... Lakeside is the name of various places: in Canada: Lakeside, Kanata, Ontario Lakeside, a political riding in Manitoba in the United Kingdom: Lakeside Shopping Centre, Thurrock Lakeside, Cumbria at the southern end of Windermere in the United States: Lakeside, Arizona Lakeside Township, Minnesota Lakeside, Ohio Lakeside, San Patricio County, Texas... , Bolehall is a village in Staffordshire, England. ... The Leys School, Cambridge is a British Public School located in Cambridge. ... Borough Park street covered with snow. ... Map sources for Wilnecote at grid reference SK226012 Wilnecote is a housing estate about 3 km south east of Tamworth, Staffordshire. ... Dosthill is an area of Tamworth, Staffordshire, 2. ... Map sources for Hockley at grid reference TQ826924 Hockley is a large village and civil parish in Essex, England located between Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea. ... Quarry Hill Creative Center, in Rochester, Vermont, is Vermonts oldest alternative living group or community. ... Fazeley is a small town on the outskirts of Tamworth, Staffordshire, although it is part of Lichfield District. ... Mile Oak is a district of Portslade in Hove, in the county of East Sussex, England. ... No Mans Heath may be one of two places in England: No Mans Heath, Cheshire No Mans Heath. ...

Culture

Former The Teardrop Explodes frontman and solo artist/writer Julian Cope was raised in Tamworth and later lived in nearby Drayton Bassett. Cope recorded three solo albums during his Tamworth years, 'World Shut Your Mouth' (1984), 'Fried' (1984) and 'Saint Julian' (1987), and all three used various locations around Tamworth for their sleeve art. The heavy rock band Wolfsbane cut their teeth in the town, before their lead singer Blaze Bayley went on to front the legendary Iron Maiden. The Teardrop Explodes (L to R) Alan Gill, Julian Cope, Gary Dwyer and David Balfe The Teardrop Explodes was a British New Wave/Neo-Psychedelic band formed in Liverpool in 1978. ... Julian Cope (born Julian David Cope, on 21 October 1957) is a British rock musician, writer, antiquary, musicologist, and poet who came to prominence as singer of Liverpool post-punk band The Teardrop Explodes in 1978. ... Drayton Bassett (grid reference SK192001) is a village and civil parish near Tamworth, Staffordshire, England. ... Wolfsbane was a rock and roll band formed in Tamworth, England containing singer Blaze Bayley, who went on to join Iron Maiden in 1993. ... Blaze Bayley Blaze Bayley (born Bayley Alexander Cook[1], 29 May 1963, Birmingham, England) is the lead singer for the heavy metal band, Blaze. ... This article is about the band. ...


Sport

Football

One of the more notable personalities to come from Tamworth is former Manchester City goalkeeper Tony Coton, who made a number of appearances over the years. Tamworth F.C. has also fielded a number of notable players in recent times, including West Bromwich Albion legend Bob Taylor and, for one match in the 2005/2006 season, former Aston Villa and Arsenal midfielder Paul Merson. Tamworth FC showed signs of progress, just surviving to get their third season in the Nationwide Conference, playing former league sides such as Halifax Town, Oxford United & Kidderminster Harriers on a regular basis. The club also has a keen rivalry with fellow Staffordshire clubs Stafford Rangers and Burton Albion However, their biggest rival is Nuneaton Borough who are in the same division as Tamworth now. After a difficult season which saw them at the wrong end of the table, they were eventually relegated from the Conference and now play in the Blue Square Conference North league. Tony Coton (born May 19, 1961 in Tamworth, England) is an English footballer, he plays as a goalkeeper. ... Tamworth Football Club are an English football team based in Tamworth, Staffordshire, currently playing in the Conference North. ... Bob Taylor (born Feb 3, 1967 in Easington, County Durham) is an English footballer, who currently plays for Tamworth in the Nationwide Conference. ... Aston Villa Football Club (also known as The Villa and The Villans)[3] is an English professional football club based in Aston, Birmingham, who currently play in the Premier League. ... Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, The Arsenal or The Gunners) are an English professional football club based in Holloway, north London. ... Paul Charles Merson (born Harlesden, 20 March 1968) is a retired English football player, and former player-manager of Walsall. ... Halifax Town Association Football Club are an English football team currently playing in the Conference National. ... For the Northern Irish football club, see Oxford United Stars F.C. Oxford United Football Club are an English football team who are currently playing in the fifth tier of English football for the 2007-08 season. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stafford Rangers Football Club are a semi-professional English football team from Stafford who play in the Conference National. ... Burton Albion F.C. are an English football team currently playing in the Nationwide Conference. ...


Speedway

Speedway racing took place in the Tamworth area in the 1930s and in the post war era featured at the Greyhound Stadium in Fazeley. The Hounds started out in 1947 racing in the National League Division Three before becoming The Tammies when the venture was purchased by Birmingham promoter Les Marshall.


Sports Teams In Tamworth

Club Sport Founded League Venue Logo
Bolehall Swifts Football 1953 Midland Football Combination Premier Division Rene Road Ground Bolehall Swifts F.C. Crest
Dosthill Colts Football 1990 Midland Football Combination Division Two Rene Road Ground
Mile Oak Rovers Football 1958 Midland Football Combination Division One Recreation Ground
Tamworth Football 1933 Conference North The Lamb Ground Image:TamworthFc.jpg

Bolehall Swifts F.C. is a football club based in Staffordshire, England. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Midland Football Combination Premier Division is a football competition based in England. ... The Rene Road Ground is the name of the stadium of Bolehall Swifts, an association football club playing in Staffordshire, England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Rene Road Ground is the name of the stadium of Bolehall Swifts, an association football club playing in Staffordshire, England. ... Mile Oak Rovers F.C. is a football club based in Tamworth, Staffordshire, England. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Midland Football Combination is an English football league covering parts of the West Midlands. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tamworth Football Club are an English football team based in Tamworth, Staffordshire, currently playing in the Conference North. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Football Conferences logo Conference North (often referred to as Nationwide North for sponsorship reasons) is a division of the Football Conference in England, taking its place immediately below the Conference National. ... The Lamb Ground is a football stadium in the district of Kettlebrook, in Tamworth, England. ... Image File history File links TamworthFc. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/pyramids/pages/41uk.asp
  2. ^ http://www.tamworth.gov.uk/generalL.asp?id=SXADCF-A7819895&cat=1056

J. Gould, “The Medieval Burgesses of Tamworth: their Liberties, Courts and Markets”, Transactions of the South Staffordshire Archaeological Society, No. 13 (1971-2).

Coordinates: 52.62432° N 1.67644° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Breeds of Livestock - Tamworth Swine (912 words)
The Tamworth is an English breed of hog that was of distinctly bacon-type.
Tamworth is in Staffordshire, England, and the major improvement in the breed took place in that county and the surrounding counties of Warwick, Leicester, and Northhampton in central England.
The Tamworth, like the Yorkshire, was slower in becoming as popular with the American hog producer as the thicker breeds, although there have been some strong advocates of the breed.
Tamworth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1318 words)
Tamworth is a historic town and local government district in Staffordshire, England, located 27 km (17 miles) northeast of Birmingham and 198 km (123 miles) northwest of London.
Tamworth has existed since Saxon times, and once was the proud capital of Mercia, the largest of all English counties at its time.
Tamworth was historically split between Staffordshire and Warwickshire, with the county boundary running through the town centre.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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