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Encyclopedia > Tamluk

Tamluk is an ancient city of West Bengal state in India, near the Rupnarayan River. West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Hindi: पश्चिम बंगाल, Poshchim Bôngo) is a state in the eastern region of India. ... The Rupnarayan River is a river in India. ...


Tamluk's strategic location as a sea port of Bay Of Bengal and cross roads of various trade routes that went westwards to East-Asia and South-East Asia like Srilanka, Mayanmar, Java, Sumatra, Birmah, Cambodia etc made the city a prominent one in history.


In addition to that the long northwestern land route to Central Asia, China and Europe, the cities in the Ganges valley had outlets to the east by rivers to the ports of Tamluk and others. The famous Silk Road was offered attractive trading possibilities to Tamluk in its early dates. From the ports in Bengal a sea faring route covered Bali, Java and the far east.


Tamralipti ancient settlement mentioned in early Indian literature, Ceylonese texts, and in accounts of Greek geographers and Chinese pilgrims. These texts indicate that Tamralipti was located on the eastern coast near the confluence of the Bay of Bengal and River Ganga. The texts also indicate that Tamralipti was related to trade routes and frequented by traders, travellers and pilgrims. Going by the texts, the chronology of this settlement, will be roughly between fourth-third century BC to eighth century AD. The Dudhpani rock inscription of Udaymana of eighth century AD contains the last record of Tamralipti as a port of ancient South Asia. In the map of the Greek geographer Ptolemy, Tamralipti appears as Tamalities. Chinese pilgrim hiuen-tsang calls the town Tan-mo-lih-ti (te).


These textual references haveled scholars to identify Tamralipti as one of the most importantcentres of trade and commerce of early historic India. It has also led to the belief that Tamralipti had emerged as a thriving urban settlement in this period and had multidirectional links with different geographical regions of South Asia.


Though there is controversy regarding the identification of this port, scholars have generally agreed that present day Tamluk town, district Medinipur (known as Midhunapura in the ancient period), West Bengal, is the site of the ancient city. The present town is located on the banks of the Rupnarayan close to where it flows into the Bay of Bengal.


Now Tamluk is the headquarters of Midnapore East ( Purbo Medinipur Jela ) district. It was home of many great leaders during independence movement. Town had been re-established by the British raj for their own colonial business purposes at the time of early independency. Now It is a Lokshabah Kendra and Bidhansabha Kendra also.


Archaeological remains show continuous settlement from about 3rd century BC; it was known as Tramralipti ( in Purans and Mahabharata ) or Tamralipta ( in Mahabharata ) or Tamalika ( in historical documents )or Tamalitti ( in foreigner's description ) or Tamoluk ( in British Raj ), and was a seaport, now buried under river silt. For this reason, Tamluk has many ponds, lakes remaining today. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 3rd century BC started on January 1, 300 BC and ended on December 31, 201 BC. // Events The Pyramid of the Moon, one of several monuments built in Teotihuacán Teotihuacán, Mexico begun The first two Punic Wars between Carthage...


In Mahabharata ( Bhishma Parba / Nabam Adhyay) at the time of describing the names of holiest rivers and kingdoms of India, Sanjay took the name of "Tramralipta" to Dhritarastra.


Tamluk was also known as Bhivas ( in religious texts ) and Madhya Desh ( because Middle State of Utkal/Kalinga and Banga )


According to Jain sources, Tamralipti was the capital of the kingdom of Venga and was long known as a port.

Contents


Archaeological Excavation in Tamluk

Tamluk has been subjected to archaeological excavation at least twice and has been explored frequently. ICS Gourdas Basak, a friend of the renowned Bengali poet michael madhusudan dutt, was the first person to write on the antiquarian remains of Tamluk in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. He published a note on his findings in the Jan-Dec 1888 issue of Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, (Calcutta, 1889). Around the same time Umacharan Adhikari, a leading personality of Tamluk, wrote an account of the antiquity of the town in a book.


In 1920-21, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), also produced a short report on Tamluk. Sir gurusaday dutt, TN Ramachandran, and KN Dikshit carried out the first archaeological diggings in 1940. Among the antiquities recovered through excavation were terracotta objects, pottery and coins. Some of these antiquities belong to third century BC. ASI undertook the next excavation in 1954-55 under the supervision of MN Deshpande. As a result, a four fold cultural sequence was established. However, no structures could be unearthed in the excavation; only rammed floor levels and ring wells were encountered.


ASI undertook further excavation of the site in 1973-74 under the supervision of SK Mukherjee. This excavation revealed four successive occupational periods, the first of which (Period I) yielded an assemblage of neolithic celts, ill-fired pottery, a large number of microlithic tools, bone awls and a small number of copper objects. Period II, dated to third-second century BC, yielded a few fragments of NBPW, a good number of beads of semi-precious stones, and a large number of punch marked and cast copper coins. One may link this period to the so-called Maurya-Shunga times. Evidence of a brick built tank and a few terracotta ring wells were also exposed. Period III, belonging to the Shunga-Kusana phase seems to have been the richest one and have yielded ceramics, and a very large collection of terracotta figurines, some with a definite hellenistic affiliation. The assemblage indicates a sophisticated urban life where citizens indulged in art. Period IV stratigraphically represents the so-called Gupta period. The yield of antiquities from this occupational level has not been impressive, certainly they do not match the evidence furnished by Chinese pilgrims.


Between 1954-55 and 1973-74, explorations by individual scholars brought to light rich antiquities from different regions in and around Tamluk. Professor PC Dasgupta was a pioneer researcher in this field. He recovered beautiful terracotta figurines from the site along with other important antiquities. After 1973-74, the Tamralipta Research and MuseumCentre has carried out independent research in the region. Explorations have brought to light early historic sites from the region.


The early historic period of Tamluk is marked by the occurrence of pottery such as roulleted ware, grey ware, red ware, black polished ware and northern black polished ware. In addition to pottery, the site has also revealed terracotta objects of exceptional beauty. Terracotta figurines of yaksis, animals, and plaques depicting life of ordinary men and women arefound in the collections of Tamluk Museum. The famous figurine of Yaksi at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford was recovered from Tamluk. Although the question of chalcolithic origin has not been properly resolved, the occurrence ofBlack and red ware along with numerous bone objects like harpoons have made the issue problematic.


Origin of the Name Tamluk

According few scholers Tamluk derives its name from the Sanskrit word Tamra Lipta meaning " Full of Copper"


Tamralipta ( Tamluk ) - lower down the river Hooghly and sea port, had been an important waterway for more than 3000 years, - gets its name from the copper which was mined, as it is even now, at Ghatsila, Jharkhand, Orrissa areas which are not far from the City. Copper had been eclipsed by iron around 100 B.C.. So the name must have originated during the Copper Age, when Tamralipti exported the ore and metal to peninsular India, since the alternative was the less accessible Rajasthan area. The longer, original name of the port was in use till the third century B.C., when Ashoka's daughter and son sailed form it for Sri Lanka.


Accoirding to local folklore the name Tamralipta came from the King Tamradhwaja ( Means The King with Copper Flag/symbol )of the Mayura-Dhwaja ( Peacock ) dynasty. If you go according to Mahabharat's description the Rulling period of the King Tamradhwaja is nearer to the end of the Copper Age. Probably this ancient king had a huge base of copper and the metal brought the prosperity to the region at his time. Thus the both name - Tamralipta & Raja Tamradhawja - might have been originated from it.


Some early Vaisnav religious texts tells a facinating story about the origin of the name of Tamralipta. Once when Lord Krishna was playing Maharaas in Vraj at Vrindavan Surya ( Sun God ) Dev rose from the east and accidentally saw Lord Krishna in intimate situation with his Gopis and Sri Radhika. Immediately Surya Dev had felt ashamed, got embarrassed and blushed as reddish copper colour like Tamra. And then Surya Dev again return back in the same corner of the east cost of bharata and did hide ( Lipta ) himself in the Bay Of Bengal. Where Surya Dev went back and made himself hide is the place called Tamralipti.


History Of Tamluk

This ancient port city and kingdom was bounded by The Bay Of Bengal in south, river Rupnarayana in east and Subarnarekha in west. The Rupnarayana is the joint flow of river Dwarkeshwar and river Shilai. The Bay of Bengal and these great rivers and their numerous branches created prosperous and easy water navigational system fostering commerce, culture and early contacts with the people outside the region. At the same time these rivers helped to develop the agriculture in this region.


History tells us that the rivers have been central to urban settlement and development in the subcontinent from the ancient period. The Indus and the Ganges have been cradles of ancient civilization. Tamluk was a civilisation based on Bay of Bengal and river Rupnarayana. And the most important natural resource of this area was water from the rivers and sea.


People and Their Socio-Cultural background

The region has its own distinct ethnic mix, stemming from successive migrations and invasions from both the West ( Orissa / South-East Cost ), east ( Bangladesh ), and especially from northern India as aryan. Its history shows the complex combination of indigenous, Buddhist, Jainist, Hindu and Islamic cultures, often introduced through physical conquest and political control, as well as through trade, travel, and migration.


Unlike other part of the Bengal Tamluk was always well-in-touched with the Ganges ( plains of Ganges in north-central India ) Aryan culture as a most important sea port from the early historical dates. Ganges-Yamuna Civilisation was not untouched in this Ganges Delta area, infact in Tamluk region.


Worship of Lord Bhim, the strogest brother of the Panch Pandav, is a significant confession of the socio-religious acceptance of Aryan Culture in this area. Most importantly Tamralipta Kingdom was reapetedly respected by the Aryans unlike the other part of the bengal. Except Tamralipta kingdom the other part of Bengal was mainly untouched by the Aryan Culture.


Even in recent past the small town of Tamluk was basically divided into many areas based on their cast and occupation. Such as Malakar Para ( Flower's trader ), Adhikary Para ( Brahmin ), Dey Para ( Golden Trader ), Padumbasan, Abashbari, Mathore Para ( Sweaper's colony ), Mishra para etc.


Connectivity

Tamluk is well linked with Road and railway. Tamluk is a major roadway junction with 6 routes originating from it:

  • 1 > Tamluk - Srirampur / Moina
  • 2 > Tamluk - Mecheda / Kolkaghat / Kolkata
  • 3 > Tamluk - Panskura / Kharagpur / Ghatal
  • 4 > Tamluk - Haldia / Dugachwack
  • 6 > Tamluk - Dihga / Contai / Egra

Tamluk is a railway junction also; routes are given below:

  • Howrah > Panskura > Tamluk Jn > Haldia
  • Howrah/ Shalimar > Santragachi > Panskura > Tamluk Jn > Contai > Digha
  • Haldia > Tamluk Jn > Panskura > Kharagpur

Religion

  • Buddhist Tirtha:

During Fa-hien's visit to Bengal, Fa-hien is said to have travelled eastward along the course of the Ganges river, and during his journey, he came across Buddhist stupas and monks at several places. In Tamluk/Tamralipti Fa-hien had spent two years, and visited twenty-two monasteries, inhabited by monks in Tamluk.


Since Bengal was adjacent to Magadha, it is possible that the Buddha had visited parts of Bangladesh as suggested by Hiuen Tsang, who noted that Asoka had erected stupas at various places in Bengal and Orissa including the Port City Of Tamluk to commemorate these visits.


Asoka's Reign and the Post-Maurya Period Epigraphic and other sources reveal that Buddhism had established a powerful footing in Bengal during Asoka's reign. The discovery of a Mauryan inscription in Brahmi characters at mahasthan in the district of bogra bearing the name Pudanagala (Pundranagara) and the recovery of many Mauryan coins and other artifacts dating from the fourth and third centuries BC suggest that the Gangetic delta was under the control of the Mauryan empire. The Chinese traveller, I-tsing, is said to have noticed Asoka's stupas near tamralipti (Tamluk).


In southern Bengal from the time of Asoka to the Pala period, both the Hinayana and Mahayana, not the tantric, forms of Buddhism were practised. But a mystic form of Buddhism developed in Bengal during the Pala period and its profound impact entirely changed the course and history of Buddhism. This medieval Buddhist movement was founded by the tantric acharyas known as Siddhas who are traditionally believed to be men of psychic and supernatural powers. Buddhism, as a typical tantric form of mysticism, reached a stage in Bengal in the hands of the Siddhas where it was easily assimilated to Shaktism. The fusion between Saktism and Buddhist mysticism gave rise to new schools of Saktism and some forms of popular religion in which Buddhism is said to have survived, despite its decline in the face of Brahmanism.


Tamluk was also a eye-witness of these historical changes of Buddhism. Once the famous Buddhist Tantric Devi Tara or Ugratara, who used to be worshiped in a Buddhist Vihar in Tamluk, started to be recognised as Hindu Devi Kali named as Barghobhima. The temple of Devi barghobhima is built on the site of a Buddhist vihara.


Tamluk, the famous Buddhist Religious and Academic centre of South East Bengal and Eastern India gradually became a centre of Sanatan Shakti Peeth.

  • Sanatan Shakti Peeth:

It is an important pilgrim place of the Hindus and one of the 51 sacred places of Shakti Peeth where left ankle of Sati/Parvati fell. The temple's presiding deity is known as Shri Barghobhima Devi. Shakti Peethis a place where the temple of Godess Durga or Shakti has special mytholpgical significance. ... Sati may refer to any of the following: The Hindu Goddess Sati, daughter of Daksha and wife of Shiva A social practise in some parts of India in past centuries, often spelt Suttee The Buddhist Sati; see mindfulness. ... Parvati (Sanskrit: पार्वती Pārvatī), sometimes spelled Parvathi or Parvathy, is a Hindu goddess. ...


" Bivasete Bam Gulfa Felila keshab / Bhima Rupa Debi tate Kapali Bhairav" - Annadamongal by Bharatchandra Rai.


" Tamoluker Barghabhima Raikhan-r Kali" - Dharomongal by Manikram.


" Gokule Gomatinama / Tamralipte Barghobhima / Uttare Bidita Bishwakaya " Chandimongal by Mukundaram Chakrovorty.

  • Vaisnav/Vaishnav Thirtha:

In the vaishnava/vaisnava dharma Tamluk is also an important Vaishnav/vaisnava Tirtha. According to Kashidas Mahabharat and Jaimini's Mahabharat Supreme Lord Sri Krishna and Arjun came here to release the Devine Horse of Ashwamedh Yagna from King Tramradhwaja. The land of Tamluk is always devine and sacred because it was touched by the lotus feet of Sri Krishna.


In various Vaisnava religious writing Tamluk is mentioned as the next "Vrindavan" where on the next Kalp ( Next Creation of the universe) Sri Krishna will play his Rass Leela.


Sri Krishna himself confessed his affection with Tamluk to Arjuna, the son of Kunti.

 Tamoliptat Param Sthanam Nasmakam Pritirishyate Mamakam Hridayang Lakkha Jathatyajyang Tatha Maya Tamoliptang Hi Natyajyamidameba Sunischatam Tyajyami Sarbatirthani Kale Kale Yuge Yuge Tamoliptantta Kausteya Na tyajyami Kadachana. 

It means : Tamluk is the supreme place of religion, the way my wife Lakshmi Devi stays in my heart, Tamluk is alywas nearer to my heart in such a way, Again and again, time to time i will leave all Pilgrimage, but will never leave tamluk for a moment even.

  • Christianity In Tamluk:

The ancient religious centre of Buddhist and Hindus also came under the Christianity. The first Christians in Tamluk were the Portuguese themselves. After their intermarriage with local women, their descendants became the first indigenous Christians. Then came the local converts to Christianity from both Hinduism and Islam.


In Tamluk, the Portuguese settlement had a church built in 1635. The flourishing slave market at Tamluk in the seventeenth century was mentioned by Shihabuddin Talish. In 1724, Valintine had mentioned the wax trade at Tamluk, while Carreri in 1695 had found Tamluk under Portuguese control and Christianity.

  • This rapidly modernising small town is full of mandirs. Lord Chaitanya purified the land of Tamluk with his lotus feet the way to Neelachal/Puri. There is mandir of Sri chaitanya Mahaprabhu. it is called "Harir Mandir". Chaitanya Dev arrived here at 1507 ( 1402 Shakaba ) and took holy bath. When the devine self of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu left this world in 1534 his disciple Bashudev Ghosh built the Harir Mandir in Tamluk.

At Tamluk's southern part there is a secred ghat to take bath on the day of Makar Sankranti and is considered as one of the holiest in India.


Following are the special religious places of interest of Tamluk:

  • Barghobhima Mandir
  • Harir Mandir & Mahaprabhur Dalan ( Near Jelkhanar More )
  • Jishnu-Hari Mandir
  • Radhamadhav & Radharaman Mandir ( at Rajbari )
  • Ramkrishna Mission Sevashram

Following are the Special religious festivals of Tamluk:

  • Charak Mela
  • Makar Sankrant Barunir Mela ( Very famous )
  • Bhim Mela ( On 11th day of Bengali month Magha )

Art and Culture

Tamluk is always praised for its reach cultural activities. There are lots of Arts schools, Dance Schools and Drama groups.


Tamluk which is also an important craft center is located just 85 km south-west of Kolkata. People of tamluk is sober, cultured and rich.


Business and Small Industries

Once Tamluk was famous for its trading when it was a seaport in past. Currently it also a place of Rich people. It is the One of the highest "Premium Collecting Area" of LIC in pan india basis.


Main trade is of "Pan Leaf". The body building of bus is another important business.


Landmarks and Travel

The bank of river Rupnarayan is famous for picnic.


There is an nearly 1150 year old Temple of Kali named here as Devi Barghobhima. This temple is a part of 51 Shakti Peethas. Puranas say that the small finger of left feet of Sati/Parvati fell here when Lord Vishnu cut the sacred Body of Goddess Sati into several pieces to make Lord Shiva quite. Commonly known as Devi (goddess), Vaishnodevi (देवी, Devī in Hindi and Sanskrit) is the Divine Mother of Hinduism. ... The Shakti Peethas are places of worship consecrated to the Goddess Shakti, the female principal of Hinduism and the main deity of the Shakta sect. ... Purana (Sanskrit पुराण, purāṇa, meaning ancient or old) is the name of a genre (or a group of related genres) of Indian written literature (as opposed to oral literature). ... Sati may refer to any of the following: The Hindu Goddess Sati, daughter of Daksha and wife of Shiva A social practise in some parts of India in past centuries, often spelt Suttee The Buddhist Sati; see mindfulness. ... Parvati (Sanskrit: पार्वती Pārvatī), sometimes spelled Parvathi or Parvathy, is a Hindu goddess. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari , with honorific Shri Vishnu; , ), is a form of God, in Hinduism. ... Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव; Hindi: शिव (when used to distinguish lordly status), and written Śiva in the official IAST transliteration, pronounced as ) is a form of Ishvara or God in the later Vedic scriptures of Hinduism. ...


Tamluk Rajbari is on the outskirts of town. The literal translation for "rajbari" is king's house, once housing one of the many kings in West Bengal. The Mayura-dhwaja ( Peackok ) Dynasty had been named in Mahabharata, Bhagvat, Bramhabaibarto Puran etc as a very rich and wealthest one of that region.


There is an Archeological Museum in Tamluk; it is a must see place of the town. Mr Kamal Kundu is the one of the prominent person who did his best to run this museum. The Tamralipta Museum at Tamluk contains artifacts of tamra or copper. Inscribed copper templates comprise the documents of this museum. The museum has preserved a tamralipta of Greek inscriptions. The Tamralipta Museum preserves the historical heritage of Bengal.


Rakhit bati is the another place to visit in Tamluk. In the beginning of 19th century it was famous as a secrete center of the then revolutionary party ‘Anusilan Samiti’ & ‘Gupta samiti’. Famous historian Late Shri Tailakyanath Rakhit rebuilt this building.


Matangani Sahid Smarak at the side of pond called Banpukur at Abasbari Para near Tamluk Court is another place of tourist interest. During the ‘Ahimsa’ movement of 1942, while a crowd trying to capture Tamluk administrative building, British police open fire in which Smt Matangini Hazara became ‘Sahid’. Later on Mahatma Gandhi appreciated her bravery and titled her as ‘Birangana’. This monument is a homage to her by Ex- prime-minister, Smt Indira Ghandhi. This is about 7Km from Tamluk station and on the way to Tamluk college.


Tamluk irrigation Bunglow and its near by areas also famous for its semi-nonurban atmoshphare. The River Rupnarayana is just 1 km from the bunglow.


Another very popular picnic destination in Tamluk is green fields near the rail station.


Maahishadal and Geonkhali are near by tourist places. At geonkhali river Rupnarayan joins Hooghly river with a beautiful backdrop.


Kolaghat is another town on the bank of Rupnarayan River and famous for Hilsa (Ilish) fishes. Kolaghat is situated on the banks of river Rupnarayan River and famous for Hilsa (Ilish) fishes. ... The Rupnarayan River is a river in India. ... Hilsa, also pronounced Ilish (Bangla: ইলিশ) is the national fish of Bangladesh and also relished in Indias Bengali and Oriya speaking populace. ... Hilsa, also pronounced Ilish is the national fish of Bangladesh and also relished in Indias Bengali and Oriya speaking populace. ...


Schools

  • Tamluk Hamilton High School [Estd. 1852] >>> It is having a Meuseum also on the main building.

The Tamluk Hamilton School is the second oldest institution in district of Medinipur. In 1852, this school was founded by Mr. Robert Charles Hamilton, who was a salt merchant but Mr. Hamilton was a philanthropist, and so his name can be compared with Mr. David Hare, an immortal name in educational history of Bengal. This school produced a lot of jewels, but this school is famous due to the Kshudiram Bose, the first martyr, who sacrificed his life to free the nation from the hands of British rule. He was a student of this school from 1900 to 1903

  • Rajkumari Santonamoyee Girls' High School
  • Tamluk High School ( Town School )
  • Vidyapeeth Girls School
  • Tamluk Central School
  • Tamralipta Public School

College

  • Tamralipta Mahavidyalaya

Cinema Halls

  • Chalantika.
  • Rupashree
  • Sridurga

Banks

  • State Bank Of India ( ATM facilities avlbl )
  • Punjab National Bank
  • UTI ( ATM facilities avlbl )
  • Tamluk Night Bank ( Co-operative Bank )
  • Tamluk Ghatal Co-operative Bank
  • Tamluk Contai Co-operative Bank
  • United Bank of India

Financial Institution

  • LIC
  • Peerless
  • National Insurance
  • General Insurance

Geography, Land and Agriculture

Tamluk is mainly an agricultural area. About 60% of the land is under cultivation. Tamluk is one of the largest producer and exporter of the Pan Leaf. Once Fishing was an important occupation of the local residents. Hilsa ( Ilish Mach ) of the River Rupnarayan is very famous for its taste.


Main crops are : 1. Rice 2.Bananas 3. Coconut 4. Potatos 5. Cotton 6. Fresh Vegetables


Agricultural Products Of the Region: 1. Pan Leaf 2. Cashew nuts


Important People from Tamluk

  • Late Matangini Hazra [Freedom Fighter ]

Hazra, Matangini (1870-1942) a famous Gandhian leader and a humanitarian. Matangini Hazra (Matangini Hazra) was born at a village named Hogla under Tamluk Thana of Medinipur in West Bengal. Daughter of a poor peasant, she had no access to education at her father's house. Given in marriage at an early age, Matangini became widowed at eighteen without having any children. She played an active role in the struggle for independence from colonial rule and followed Mahatma Gandhi's creed of non-violence.During the quit india movement, the people of Medinipur planned an attack to capture the Thana, court and other government offices. Matangini, who was then 72 years old, led the procession. The police opened fire. A bullet hit her arm. Undaunted she went on appealing to the police not to shoot at their own brethren. Another bullet pierced her forehead. She fell down dead, a symbol of the anti-colonial movement, holding the flag of freedom in her hand.

  • Late Khudiram Bose [ Freedom Fighter ]

Birth December 3, 1889, at Midnapur, West Bengal; s. of Shri Trailokya Nath Bose; Student of ninth standard; Gave up studies to join the swadeshi Movement, Became member of the Revolutionary Party. Distributed a pamphlet entitled Bende Mataram. Worked actively in the protest movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905. Arrested on February 28, 1906 but escaped after assaulting the policemen. Arrested again in April and finally released on May 16, 1906. Took part in the looting og mail-bags at Hatgachha in 1907. Participated in the bomb attack on the Bengal Governor’s special train near the Naravangarh railway station on December 6, 1907, and was involved in the attempted killing of two Englishmen- Wastson and Bamfylde Fuller – in 1908. Organised a plot, in collaboration with Prafulla Chaki, to kill Kingsford, Sessions Judge at Muzaffarpur, Bihar, for avenging the harsh sentences passed by him against nationalist patriots at Calcutta. Threw bomb, on April 30, 1908, at Kingsford’s carriage which happened to be carrying a European lady, Mrs. Kennedy, and her daughter. Both of them were killed by mistake. Arrested at Waini railway station and tried for murder. Sentenced to death. Died on the gallows in the Muzaffarpur Jail on August 11, 1908.

  • Late Satis Chandra Samanta [ Freedom Fighter - Wellknown for Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar in 1942 ]

Satis Chandra Samanta (1900-1983) lived a life of sacrifice and renunciation in the service of the country. Teachings of his Guru, Swami Pragnanananda Saraswati, with whom he came into contact at the age of fifteen, had a lifelong influence on him. The young Satis decided to adopt Brahmacharya as advised by his Guru, and also chose the path of service to humanity as the mission of his life. He was a second year student in the Shibpur Engineering College when he decided to forsake his studies in favour of working for the freedom of the motherland. Satis Chandra Samanta started his public life through the activities organised by the Indian National Congress in his locality. He went on to become the President of the Tamluk Congress Committee and remained a dedicated Congress worker for many decades. His unlimited energy and leadership qualities proved to be a big asset in organising constructive work simultaneously with the activities of the freedom struggle. He would organise and lead by example activities like cleaning the roads and choked up ponds to prevent malaria, nursing cholera patients, organising free medical camps, training volunteers and spreading education and literacy in backward areas. He is remembered most for his leadership of the National Government called Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar which was formed in Tamluk in the wake of the Quit India Movement. From the formation of the National Government on 17 December 1942 till his arrest in June 1943, he oversaw its functioning, ensuring that the administration was discharged in an effective and fair manner. In post-independence India, Satis Chandra Samanta was a Member of Parliament for almost three decades

  • Late Ajoy Mukherjee [ Politician / Ex Chief Minister of the state ]
  • Late Gourdas Haldar [ Educationist / Famous Text Book Author ]
  • Mani Bhowmik [scientist]
  • Biman Bihari Das [Noted sculptor]
  • Paresh Maity [Noted painter]

External links

  • Tamluk Pictures
  • Life of Matangini Hazra

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tamluk, Purba district, West Bengal (1187 words)
Tamluk has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 72%.
Tamluk Rajbari is on the outskirts of town.
Among the collegesTamralipta Mahavidyalay (Tamluk College) is one of the oldest college of this south-west region of West Bengal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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