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Encyclopedia > Talysh Khanate

Talysh khanate was an independent principality that existed on the territory of modern Azerbaijan Republic between 1747 and 1813. It broke away from Iran after Nadir Shah’s death on May 9,1747. Tomb of Nadir Shah, a popular tourist attraction in Mashhad Nadir Shah (Nadir Qoli Beg, also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan) (October 22, 1688 - June, 1747) ruled as shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Afsharid dynasty. ...


The founder of the Talish dynasty was certain Seyid Abbas. His ancestors belonged to the minor members of Safavid nobility, who had moved to Talish during the turmoil in Iran during 1720-s. The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ...


Seyyid Abbas died in 1747 and was succeeded by his son Jamaladdin ( Qara Khan). Qara khan was pro-Russian in his foreign policy. This obviosly upset the rulers of neighboring Iran, especially Hidayat khan of Gilan. In 1768 Hidayat khan attacked Talish khanate. In order to get aid against the superior enemy, Qara khan send his brother Karbalayi Sultan to Fath Ali Khan of Quba Khanate and the alliance between Quba and Lenkaran was formed. By 1785 the territory of Talish khanate formally became a dependency of much stronger Quba Khanate together with some other khanates of Azerbaijan. After Fath Ali khan’s departure in 1789, the khanate regained its independence. Mir Mustafa the son of Qara Khan became the ruler of the principality in 1786. Guilan (گیلان in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran, during antique time known as part of Hyrcania, with a population of approximately 2 million and an area of 14,700 sq. ... Quba Khanate was independent principality on the territory of modern day Azerbaijan between 1747 and 1806. ... Quba Khanate was independent principality on the territory of modern day Azerbaijan between 1747 and 1806. ...


In 1794 Agha Muhammad Qajar mounted an expedition into northern Azerbaijan. In 1795 before the assault he called upon the straggling Azeri khanates to form an alliance against Russia. After Talysh khanate refused to do so it was first to be attacked. Mir Mustafa Khan’s disparate army was not strong enough to resist and he send his representatives to General Gudovich asking for Russian protection. However, Russians were not forthcoming; Talish khanate was taken under the protectorate of Russian Empire only in 1802.


In 1809 as a part of Russo-Persian War (1804-1813) Iranian troops took the city of Lenkaran and expelled the Russian-leaning khan. After a brief siege led by Pyotr Kotlyarevsky on January 1,1813 2000 Russian troops retook the citadel of Lenkaran from Persian army, with heavy losses to both sides. However the capture of Lankaran was a strategic victory for Russian side and on September 12,1813, defeated Iran was forced to cede the formerly independent khanates according to the Treaty of Gulistan and revoke all claims to the area. This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Pyotr Stepanovich Kotlyarevsky (1782-1852) was a Ukrainian military hero in the Russian imperial service. ... Lankaran is a sahar (city) in Azerbaijan. ... Gulistan Peace Treaty of 1813, a peace treaty between imperial Russia and Persia, signed on October 24 (November 5) in a village of Gulistan in Karabakh at the end of the Russo-Persian War of 1804-1813. ...


In 1814 Mir Mustafa khan died and his son Mir Hasan Khan succeeded him. After Mir Hasan khan’s death in 1826, the Russian empire abolished the Khanate, establishing direct rule.


Sources

  • Lankaran.aznet.org

 
 

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