FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Tallinn" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Tallinn
Tallinn
Coat of arms of Tallinn
Flag Coat of arms
County Harju County
Area 159.2 km² (61.5 sq mi)
Population (as of 2007)
 - Density
400 200
2,506.9/km² (6,492.8/sq mi)
Coordinates 59°26' N 24°45' E
Location of Tallinn
Location of Tallinn
Logo of Tallinn.
Logo of Tallinn.
Official lesser coat of arms
Official lesser coat of arms

Tallinn (also known as (German)Reval, (Ancient Arabic/Russian)Kolyvan, (Ancient Estonian) Lindanisse[1]among other names; first mentioned on 1154 when Arab geographer Al-Idrisi entered it in his map of the world[2]) is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It lies on the northern coast of Estonia, along the Gulf of Finland. The city is an important industrial, political and cultural center, and seaport. Image File history File links Flag_of_Tallinn. ... Image File history File links Description: Greater coat of arms of Tallinn town, Estonia. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... A County (est: maakond) is an administrative subdivision of Estonia. ... Capital Tallinn Area 4,333 km² (2nd) Population (as of 2004)  - Density 521,410 (1st) 120. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Location map of Tallinn, Estonia. ... Image File history File links Tallinn_-_sounds_good. ... Image File history File links Tallinn_-_sounds_good. ... Image File history File links Description: Lesser coat of arms of Tallinn town, Estonia. ... Image File history File links Description: Lesser coat of arms of Tallinn town, Estonia. ... The Dannebrog. ... King Stephen of England dies at Dover, and is succeeded by his adopted son Henry Plantagenet who becomes King Henry II of England, aged 21. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Al_Idrisis world map from 1154. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Finland is an arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to the city of Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ...

Contents

Etymology

In 1219 Valdemar II of Denmark leading the The Danish Fleet in connection with Northern Crusades landed in an Estonian town of Lindanisse [3] at (Latin) Revelia (Estonian) Revala or Rävala, the adjacent ancient Estonian county. The Danish Army defeated the Estonians at Battle of Lyndanisse. The German and Swedish name Reval (Latin: Revalia) originated from the ancient Estonian name of the county. The origin of the name "Tallinn(a)" is certain to be Estonian, although the original meaning of the name is debated. It is usually thought to be derived from "Taani-linn(a)" (meaning "Danish-castle/town"; Latin: Castrum Danorum) after the Danes built the castle in place of the Estonian stronghold at Lindanisse. However, it could also have come from "tali-linna" ("winter-castle/town"), or "talu-linna" ("house/farmstead-castle/town"). The element -linna, like Germanic -burg and Slavic -grad/-gorod, originally meant "fortress" but is used as a suffix in the formation of town names. Valdemar II (1170–1241), called Valdemar the Conqueror or Valdemar the Victorious, was the King of Denmark from 1202 until 1241. ... The Teutonic knights in Pskov in 1240. ... The Battle of Lyndanisse took place in 1219. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Castrum Danorum (Estonian: [now] Toompea loss; [previously probably] Taani linn, literally The Danish castle) is a castle on the limestone hill of Toompea in the central part of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, which for a time was also one of the names for the whole settlement of Tallinn during... Burg is the German and Dutch word for castle. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Grad or gorod (Cyrillic: град, город) is a Slavic word for town or city. ... Ancient Slavs were known for their art of building wooden fortified settlements. ...


Tallinna replaced the previously used official German name Reval  (Russian: Ревель) in 1918, when Estonia became independent. In the early 1920s the official spelling of the city name was changed from Tallinna to Tallinn, making the new name notable since Estonian-language place names generally end with a vowel (denoting genitive case). However, somewhat confusingly to non-Estonian speakers, the word Tallinna still appears in modern Tallinn as the -a suffix can denote the genitive case (thus Tallinna Lennujaam translates literally as Tallinn's Airport). Image File history File links Reval. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


Historical names

The German and Swedish name Reval (Latin: Revalia, earlier Swedish language: Räffle) originated from the 13th century Estonian name of the adjacent Estonian county of Rävala. Other known ancient historical names of Tallinn include variations of Estonian Lindanise (see Battle of Lyndanisse), such as Lyndanisse in Danish, Lindanäs in Swedish, and Ledenets in Old East Slavic. Kesoniemi in Finnish and Kolyvan (Колывань) in Old East Slavic are also other historical names. The Battle of Lyndanisse took place in 1219. ... Old East Slavic language is one name for a language spoken between the 10th and 14th centuries in Kievan Rus and its successor states, the ancestor of the modern East Slavic languages. ...


Geography

Tallinn is situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in north central Estonia. The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Finland is an arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to the city of Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. ...


The largest lake in Tallinn is Lake Ülemiste (covers 9.6 km²). It is the main source of the city's drinking water. Lake Harku is the second largest lake within the borders of Tallinn and its area is 1.6 km². Unlike many other large towns, the only significant river in Tallinn is located in Pirita (a city district counted as a suburb). The river valley is a protected area because of its natural beauty. Lake Ãœlemiste (Ãœlemiste järv) is the largest lake near Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


A limestone cliff runs through the city. It is exposed, for instance, at Toompea and Lasnamäe. However, Toompea is not a part of the cliff, but a separate hill.-1... “Precipice” redirects here. ... Toompea is a hill in Tallinn centre. ...


The highest point of Tallinn, at 64 meters above the sea level, is situated in the district of Nõmme, in the south-west of the city. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The length of the coastline is 46 kilometres. It comprises 3 bigger peninsulas: Kopli peninsula, Paljassaare peninsula and Kakumäe peninsula. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


History

Dannebrog falling from the sky in the 1219 Battle of Lyndanisse
Dannebrog falling from the sky in the 1219 Battle of Lyndanisse
The historical Old Town

The southern coast of the Gulf of Finland is thought to have been settled by Finnic-speaking tribes already in the 2nd millennium BC. Dannebrog falling from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse, June 15, 1219. ... Dannebrog falling from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse, June 15, 1219. ... The Dannebrog. ... The Battle of Lyndanisse took place in 1219. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x730, 180 KB) Old Town, Tallinn, Estonia Photographed by Bala Amavasai, July 2006 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x730, 180 KB) Old Town, Tallinn, Estonia Photographed by Bala Amavasai, July 2006 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Finnic peoples (Fennic, sometimes Baltic-Finnic) refers to a group of related ethnic groups and nations speaking Finnic languages (also known as Balto-Finnic languages). ... The 2nd millennium BC marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age. ...


Supposedly, in 1154 Tallinn was marked on the world map of the Almoravid cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi. Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Al-Idrisis world map from 1154. ...


As an important port for trade between Russia and Scandinavia, it became a target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights and Kingdom of Denmark during the period of Northern Crusades in the beginning of the 13th century when Christianity was forcibly imposed on the local population. Danish rule of Tallinn and Northern Estonia started in 1219. Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... For the historical novel, see The Teutonic Knights (novel). ... The Teutonic knights in Pskov in 1240. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic...

Viru Gate, entrance to the Old Town. One of two remaining towers that were once part of a larger gate system built in the 14th century
Viru Gate, entrance to the Old Town. One of two remaining towers that were once part of a larger gate system built in the 14th century
St. Olav's Church (Oleviste kirik), once the tallest in the world, is still the tallest building in Tallinn
St. Olav's Church (Oleviste kirik), once the tallest in the world, is still the tallest building in Tallinn

In 1285 the city became the northernmost member of the Hanseatic League - a mercantile and military alliance of German-dominated cities in Northern Europe. The Danes sold Tallinn along with their other land possessions in northern Estonia to the Teutonic Knights in 1346. Medieval Tallinn enjoyed a strategic position at the crossroads of trade between Western and Northern Europe and Russia. The city, with a population of 8,000, was very well fortified with city walls and 66 defence towers. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1400 pixel, file size: 819 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1400 pixel, file size: 819 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 26 KB)St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 26 KB)St. ... St. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... Northern Europe is marked in dark blue Northern Europe is a name of the northern part of the European continent. ... For the historical novel, see The Teutonic Knights (novel). ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ...


With the start of the Protestant Reformation the German influence became even stronger as the city was converted to Lutheranism. In 1561 Tallinn politically became a dominion of Sweden. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For other uses, see... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which follows the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... The Dominions of Sweden or Svenska besittningar were territories that historically came under control of the Swedish Crown, but never became fully integrated with Sweden. ...


During the Great Northern War the Swedish troops based in Tallinn capitulated to Imperial Russia in 1710, but the local self-government institutions (Magistracy of Reval and Chivalry of Estonia) retained their cultural and economical autonomy within Imperial Russia as the Duchy of Estonia. The Magistracy of Reval was abolished in 1889. The 19th century brought industrialization of the city and the port kept its importance. During the last decades of the century Russification measures became stronger. Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Saxony after 1718 Prussia Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Frederick IV of Denmark Augustus II the Strong Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


On 24 February 1918, the Independence Manifesto was proclaimed in Tallinn, followed by Imperial German occupation and a war of independence with Russia. On 2 February 1920, the Tartu Peace Treaty was signed with Soviet Russia, wherein Russia acknowledged the independence of the Estonian Republic. Tallinn became the capital of an independent Estonia. After World War II started, Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Union (USSR) in 1940, and later occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941-44. After Nazi retreat in 1944, it was occupied by the USSR again. After annexation into the Soviet Union, Tallinn became the capital of the Estonian SSR. February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Motto Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Danish, French, Frisian, Polish, Sorbian Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871–1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... The Estonian Liberation War (Estonian: Vabadussõda, literally freedom war), also called the Estonian War of Independence, in 1918-1920, was Estonias struggle for independent state in the aftermath of World War I and the Russian Revolution. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Treaty of Tartu (Estonian: Tartu rahu, literally Tartu peace) between Estonia and Bolshevist Russia was signed in February 2, 1920 after the Estonian War of Independence. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... This term is generally used for the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) in the first phases of World War II. // History of the occupation Before the beginning of World War II Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed an ostensible non-aggression treaty known as... State motto: Kõigi maade proletaarlased, ühinege Official language According to the constition, all languages were equal. ...


During the 1980 Summer Olympics a regatta was held at Pirita, north-east of central Tallinn. Many buildings, like the hotel "Olümpia", the new Main Post Office building, and the Regatta Center, were built for the Olympics. Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ...


In August 1991 an independent democratic Estonian state was re-established and a period of quick development to a modern European capital ensued. Tallinn became the capital of a de facto independent country once again on August 20, 1991. De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Tallinn has historically consisted of three parts:

  • The Toompea (Domberg) or "Cathedral Hill", which was the seat of the central authority: first the Danish captains, then the komturs of the Teutonic Order, and Swedish and Russian governors. It was until 1877 a separate town (Dom zu Reval), the residence of the aristocracy; it is today the seat of the Estonian government and many embassies and residencies.
  • The Old Town, which is the old Hanseatic town, the "city of the citizens", was not administratively united with Cathedral Hill until the late 19th century. It was the centre of the medieval trade on which it grew prosperous.
  • The Estonian town forms a crescent to the south of the Old Town, where the Estonians came to settle. It was not until the mid-19th century that ethnic Estonians replaced the local Baltic Germans as the majority amongst the residents of Tallinn.

Historically, the city has been attacked, sacked, razed and pillaged on numerous occasions. Although extensively bombed by Soviet air forces during the latter stages of World War II, much of the medieval Old Town still retains its charm. The Tallinn Old Town (including Toompea) became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site in 1997. Toompea is a hill in Tallinn centre. ... Komtur was a rank within the Teutonic Knights. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... The Baltic Germans (German: Deutsch-Balten, Deutschbalten, sometimes incorrectly Baltendeutsche), were ethnically German inhabitants of the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea which forms today the countries of Estonia and Latvia. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


At the end of the 15th century a new 159 m high Gothic spire was built for St. Olav's Church. Between 1549 and 1625 it was the tallest building in the world. After several fires and following rebuilding, its overall height is now 123 m.
Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... St. ... From the year 1311 until the advent of the skyscraper, Christian churches were among the tallest buildings in the world. ...


Administrative districts

Toompea castle – the seat of the Parliament of the Republic of Estonia
Toompea castle – the seat of the Parliament of the Republic of Estonia
District Area Population
Haabersti 18.6 km² 35,000
Kesklinn 28.0 km² 34,985
Kristiine 9.4 km² 27,531
Lasnamäe 30.0 km² 108,644
Mustamäe 8.0 km² 62,219
Nõmme 28.0 km² 35,043
Pirita 18.7 km² 8,507
Põhja-Tallinn 17.3 km² 52,573

For local government purposes, Tallinn is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (Estonian: linnaosad, sg. - linnaosa). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned to them by Tallinn legislation and statutes. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 1. ... Haabersti is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Kesklinn is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Kristiine is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Lasnamäe is the most populated of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Mustamäe is the second-largest district in Tallinn (Lasnamäe being the largest). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pirita is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Põhja-Tallinn is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a state or province. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ... The Statute of Grand Duchy of Lithuania A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ...


Each district government is managed by an Elder (Estonian: linnaosavanem). He or she is appointed by the City Government on the nomination of the Mayor and after having heard the opinion of the Administrative Councils. The function of the Administrative Councils is to recommend, to the City Government and Commissions of the City Council, how the districts should be administered.
A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


Population

Tallinn medieval Town Hall (Raekoda)
Tallinn medieval Town Hall (Raekoda)
Population development
Year Population
1372 3250
1772 6954
1816 12,000
1834 15,300
1851 24,000
1881 45,900
1897 58,800
1925 119,800
1959 283,071
1989 478,974
1996 427,500
2000 400,378
2005 401,694
2006 399,108

Tallinn's population is registered 400,200 (as of May 2007). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 137 KB) Photo of Tallinn city hall, taken August 2003 by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: Tallinn User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Places Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 137 KB) Photo of Tallinn city hall, taken August 2003 by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: Tallinn User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Places Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... It has been suggested that Town Hall be merged into this article or section. ...


According to Eurostat, the statistical agency of the European Union, of all EU member states' capital cities, Tallinn has the largest number of non-EU nationals: 27.8% of its population are not EU citizens. This is because planned immigration from other Soviet republics during the period of Soviet control (1944-1991) brought large numbers of non-Estonians, mostly Russians, to Tallinn and other areas of Northern Estonia. Many of these immigrants and their offspring do not qualify automatically for Estonian citizenship. The Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) is the statistical arm of the European Commission, producing data for the European Union and promoting harmonisation of statistical methods across the member states. ... Soviet Union administrative divisions, 1989 In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... Soviet redirects here. ...

Nationality Percentage
Estonians 54.8%
Russians 36.6%
Ukrainians 3.6%
Belarusians 1.9%
Others 3.1%

In addition to the native Estonian language (which is of the Finno-Ugric group, closely related to the Finnish language), Finnish, Russian and English are widely understood in Tallinn.
Estonian ( ; IPA: ) is the official language of Estonia, spoken by about 1. ... Approximate geographical distribution of areas where indigenous Finno-Ugric languages are spoken. ... Finnish ( , or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland (91. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Economy

In addition to longtime functions as seaport and capital city, Tallinn has seen development of an information technology sector in recent years; in its 13 December 2005, edition, The New York Times characterized Estonia as "a sort of Silicon Valley on the Baltic Sea". Skype is one of the best-known of several Tallinn IT start-ups, and a first venture capital firm was founded in 2005.[citation needed] Many are housed in the Soviet-era Institute of Cybernetics, which is said to been one of the seeds for Estonian adoption of computing technology. Despite this, the most important economic sectors of Tallinn are the light, textile, and food industry, as well as the service and government sector. Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. ... Skype (IPA pronunciation: , rhymes with type) is a peer-to-peer Internet telephony network founded by the entrepreneurs Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis, also founders of the file sharing application Kazaa and the peer-to-peer television application Joost. ... Venture capital is a general term to describe financing for startup and early stage businesses as well as businesses in turn around situations. ...


Education

Tallinn is the location of many institutions of higher education and science, including:

International University Audentes (IUA) is the largest private university in Estonia that specializes in poorly prepared curricula, badly managed instruction in three languages, and beaten faculty who dont have the energy to manage a complete thought. ... Go to www. ... The Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church (Estonian: Eesti Evangeelne Luterlik Kirik) is a Christian Protestant church, following the teachings of the German theologian Martin Luther, one of the main figures of the Reformation in the 16th century, in the country of Estonia; and whose teachings caused the Roman Catholic Church to... Tallinn University (TLU) (Estonian: Tallinna Ülikool (TLÜ) is one of the largest institutions of higher education in Estonia. ... Tallinn University of Technology (TUT) (Estonian: Tallinna Tehnikaülikool (TTÜ)) is the technical university of Estonia, and one of the two or three most important institutions of higher education in Estonia generally. ...

Tourism

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral built in 1894-1900.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral built in 1894-1900.

Since independence, improving air and sea transport links with Western Europe and Estonia's accession to the European Union have made Tallinn easily accessible to tourists. The picturesque old town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the current novelty of the destination attract many tourists and facilities (hotels, restaurants) have developed to meet their needs. English is widely spoken within the tourist areas. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 1391 KB) Other versions of this file File links The following pages link to this file: Tallinn ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 1391 KB) Other versions of this file File links The following pages link to this file: Tallinn ... The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Tallinn, Estonia, was built to a design by Mikhail Preobrazhensky in a typical Russian Revival style between 1894 and 1900, during the period when the country was part of the Russian Empire. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Estonia has made rapid economic progress since independence and this is reflected in local prices. Although not extortionate, neither are prices as cheap as in other former Eastern Bloc countries.

St. Catherine's Passage
St. Catherine's Passage

The local tourist office sells the "Tallinn Card" which gives the holder free local public transport and entry to most attractions. Although the economics of this may be marginal, it is convenient to use. Local walking tours offer short-cuts to understanding the city. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1400 pixel, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1400 pixel, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


The main attractions are in the two old towns (Lower Town and Toompea) which are both easily explored on foot. Eastern districts around Pirita and Kadriorg are also worth visiting and the Estonian Open Air Museum (Eesti Vabaõhumuuseum) near Rocca al Mare, west of the city, preserves aspects of Estonian rural culture and architecture. Toompea is a hill in Tallinn centre. ... Pirita is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ...


Toompea

This area was once a separate town (Dom zu Reval), the residence of the Chivalry of Estonia, Roman Catholic bishops of Tallinn (until 1561) and Lutheran superintendents of Estonia, occupying an easily defensible site overlooking the surrounding districts. The major attractions are the walls and various bastions of Castrum Danorum, the Russian Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (built during the period of Russian Empire, the church was built on a site that formerly housed a statue of Martin Luther) and the Lutheran Cathedral (Toomkirik). Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which follows the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... Superintendent may refer to: Superintendent (education), an education executive or administrator Superintendent (police), a police rank Superintendent (United States Air Force), a United States Air Force position In buildings, a manager, a maintenance or repair person, a custodian or janitor. ... Castrum Danorum (Estonian: [now] Toompea loss; [previously probably] Taani linn, literally The Danish castle) is a castle on the limestone hill of Toompea in the central part of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, which for a time was also one of the names for the whole settlement of Tallinn during... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Tallinn, Estonia, was built to a design by Mikhail Preobrazhensky in a typical Russian Revival style between 1894 and 1900, during the period when the country was part of the Russian Empire. ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ...


Lower Town

Part of Lower Town city wall
Part of Lower Town city wall

This area is one of the best preserved old towns in Europe and the authorities are continuing its rehabilitation after years of neglect. The "must-see" sights include Raekoja plats (Town Hall square), the town walls and towers (notably "Fat Margaret" and "Kiek in de Kök") and St Olaf church tower (124 m). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1451 KB) Part of Tallinn city wall (uploaded by author Peter Thoeny) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1451 KB) Part of Tallinn city wall (uploaded by author Peter Thoeny) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... St. ...


Kadriorg

Kadriorg Palace
Kadriorg Palace

This is 2 kilometres east of the centre and is served by buses and trams. The former palace of Peter the Great, built just after the Great Northern War, now houses (part of) the Art Museum of Estonia, presidential residence and the surrounding grounds include formal gardens and woodland. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1664x960, 581 KB) Summary Kadriorg Palace, Tallinn Folks_at_137 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1664x960, 581 KB) Summary Kadriorg Palace, Tallinn Folks_at_137 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekséyevich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his weak and sickly... Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Saxony after 1718 Prussia Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Frederick IV of Denmark Augustus II the Strong Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ...


The new residence of the Art Museum of Estonia: KUMU (Kunstimuuseum, Art Museum) was built several years ago. KUMU AM-FM Easy Listening beautiful music from Honolulu, Hawaii 1970`s through 80s from the Hilton Hawaiian Village on the beach at Waikiki. ...


Pirita

This coastal district is a further 2 kilometres north-east of Kadriorg. The marina was built for the Moscow Olympics of 1980, but for the less capable, boats can be hired on the Pirita river. Two kilometres inland are the Botanic Gardens and the Tallinn television tower.
Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... Tallinn TV Tower, looking up at the top. ...


Transport

The port of Tallinn, seen from the tower of the St. Olav Church
The port of Tallinn, seen from the tower of the St. Olav Church
The port and Old Tallinn skyline, as seen from the sea
The port and Old Tallinn skyline, as seen from the sea

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2007x1347, 719 KB) Port of Tallinn, seen from tower of St. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2007x1347, 719 KB) Port of Tallinn, seen from tower of St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 166 KB) // Beschreibung Author Ralf Roletschek (User:Marcela) Description es: Kamera Olympus C-220 ISO 80 f/4,9 1/640 sec. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 166 KB) // Beschreibung Author Ralf Roletschek (User:Marcela) Description es: Kamera Olympus C-220 ISO 80 f/4,9 1/640 sec. ...

City transport

The city operates an extensive system of bus (64 lines), tram (4 lines) and trolley-bus (8 lines) routes to all districts. Fares are reasonably-priced and a flat-fare system is used. Payment is made either by pre-purchase of tickets at street-side kiosks or by a purchase from the transport veichle. A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


Air

Tallinn Airport is about four kilometres from Raekoja plats (Town Hall square), there is a local bus connection between the airport and the edge of the city centre (bus no. 2). Nearest railway station Ülemiste is only 1.5 km from airport. The terminal building is a small but modern, convenient and clean building. airBaltic Fokker F50 at Tallinn Airport Tallinn Airport or Ãœlemiste Airport (IATA: TLL, ICAO: EETN; Estonian: Tallinna lennujaam) is the largest airport in Estonia and home base of the national airline Estonian Air. ... Lake Ãœlemiste (Ãœlemiste järv) is the largest lake near Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. ...


Several airlines (e.g. easyJet, Estonian Air, Finnair, KLM, LOT, Lufthansa, Norwegian, Air Baltic and SAS) operate between Tallinn and European cities such as Amsterdam, Berlin, Brussels, Copenhagen, Helsinki, London, Kiev, Manchester, Milan, Moscow, Prague, Stockholm, Warsaw, Riga, Vilnius, Oslo, Barcelona and, in a regular charter basis, to Faro Airport (Algarve) in Portugal. Domestic flights to Kuressaare and Kärdla are operated by Avies. easyJet (LSE: EZJ) is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ... Estonian Air is an airline based in Tallinn, Estonia. ... Finnair Airbus A320-200 Finnair MD-11, decorated with Moomin characters Finnair is Finlands largest airline and the national flag carrier. ... KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Prior to its merger with Air France, KLM was the national airline of the Netherlands. ... LOT Polish Airlines (Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT) is the national airline of Poland based in Warsaw. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Germany, and the second-largest in Europe (behind Air France-KLM, but before British Airways). ... Air Baltic, sometimes rendered airBaltic, is the national airline of Latvia. ... Scandinavian Airlines System is a multi-national airline for Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and the leading carrier in the Nordic countries. ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: , Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Manchester shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Greater Manchester Admin HQ Manchester City Centre Founded 13th Century City Status 1853 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Manchester City Council Area  - Borough & City 115. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Coordinates: Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Geographic coordinate system Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population About 600,000 in 2006 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Not to be confused with Vilnius city... County District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Faro Airport is located 2 km south of Faro, Yukon, Canada, and is operated by the Yukon government. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... County Saare County Mayor Urmas Treiel Area 14. ... County Hiiu County Mayor Ants Vahtras Area 4. ... Avies is an airline based in Estonia. ...


The construction of the new section of the airport has begun in 2007 and is scheduled to end in summer 2008.


There used to be an hourly helicopter service to and from Helsinki operated by Copterline. This route was advertised as the fastest capital-to-capital link in the world (one way took 12 minutes). Copterline lost one of their helicopters in crash near Tallinn. This, together with decreasing amount of passengers and mechanical trouble with the one remaining helicopter, led to a decision to cancel the helicopter route. It is possible that flights may start again in 2007 or later with a new fleet. The company is calling the inactivity as a temporary break on its web page[4]. The Copterline Tallinn terminal is located adjacent to Linnahall, only five minutes from the city center. A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ... Copterline Helicopter rising from Helsinki-Malmi airport Copterline is Finlands largest helicopter airline. ... A Sikorsky S-76C+ helicopter of Copterline enroute to Helsinki, Finland crashed into the sea near Tallinn, Estonia on August 10, 2005, three to four minutes after taking off. ... The 22nd modern summer Olympic Games were held in Moscow in 1980. ...


Rail and road

The Edelaraudtee railway company operates train services from Tallinn to Tartu, Valga, Türi, Viljandi, Tapa, Narva, Orava, and Pärnu. Buses are also available to all these and various other destinations in Estonia, as well as to St Petersburg in Russia and Riga in Latvia. The GO Rail company operates a daily international sleeper train service between Tallinn-Moscow and Tallinn-St Petersburg. Edelaraudtee is an Estonian rail transport company, founded in 1997. ... County Tartu County Mayor Laine Jänes Area 38. ... County Valga County Mayor Margus Lepik Area 16. ... Türi is a town in Järvamaa, Estonia. ... County Viljandi County Area 14. ... County Lääne-Viru County Mayor Kuno Rooba Area 17. ... The reconstructed fortress of Narva (to the left) overlooking the Russian fortress of Ivangorod (to the right). ... Orava Parish (est: Orava vald) is a rural municipality in south-eastern Estonia, in Põlva County. ... County Pärnu County Mayor Mart Viisitamm Area 32. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Coordinates: Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...


Tallinn also has a commuter rail service running from Tallinn's main rail station (Balti jaam) in two main directions: east (Aegviidu) and to several western destinations (Pääsküla, Keila, Riisipere, Paldiski, Klooga and Kloogaranna). These are electrified lines and are used by the Elektriraudtee railroad company. The trains are a mixture of modernised older Soviet EMU's and newly built units. The first electrified train service in Tallinn was opened in 1924 from Tallinn to Pääsküla, a distance of 11.2 kilometres. Aegviidu is a borough (Estonian: ) in northern Estonia. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... County Harjumaa Mayor Kaupo Kallas Area 60. ... This article deals with the Klooga concentration camp. ... Elektriraudtee (Electric Railway in Estonian) is an Estonian railway operator that operates electric trains in Tallinn and the surrounding Harju County. ...


The Via Baltica motorway (part of European route E67 from Helsinki to Prague) connects Tallinn to the Lithuanian/Polish border through Latvia. European route E67, also known as the Via Baltica, is a highway running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Kaunas (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), and Tallinn (Estonia). ... European route E67, also known as the Via Baltica, is a highway running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Kaunas (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), and Tallinn (Estonia). ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ...


Frequent and affordable long-distance bus routes connect Tallinn with other parts of Estonia.


Ferry

Ferry
Ferry
See also: Ports of the Baltic Sea

Several ferry operators, Viking Line, Silja Line, Linda Line Express, Tallink, Eckerö Line and Nordic Jet Line, connect Tallinn to Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... This table lists statistics (2002) (GdaÅ„sk, Gdynia, ÅšwinoujÅ›cie, Szczecin, Helsinki and Tallinn 2004)( KlaipÄ—da 2005) for the major ports of the Baltic Sea. ... Viking Line MS Gabriella Viking Line is a Finnish shipping company that operates a fleet of large combined cruiseferry ships between Finland, the Ã…land Islands, Sweden and Estonia. ... Silja Line ships in Helsinki in 2004 Silja Line (Silja Oyj Apb) is a Finnish shipping company owned as of 2006 by the Estonian ferry operator Tallink. ... Tallinks logo Tallink is an Estonian shipping company currently operating cruiseferries and ropax ships from Estonia to Finland, Estonia to Sweden, Latvia to Sweden and Finland to Germany, as well as high-speed crafts between Helsinki and Tallinn. ... Eckerö Line M/S Nordlandia in Tallinn Eckerö Line and Eckerö Linjen are two Finnish shipping companies owned by the Ã…land-based Rederiaktiebolaget Eckerö, founded in 1961. ...

The most popular passenger lines connect Tallinn to Helsinki (80 kilometres north of Tallinn) in approximately 90 minutes by fast ferries or 2-3.5 hours by cruiseferries. Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Motto none Anthem Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital (and largest city) Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  -  Governor Peter Lindbäck1  -  Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy  -  Declared 1920   -  Recognized 19212  Accession to the  January 1, 19953 Area  -  Total 13,517 km² (unranked) 5,267 sq mi   -  Water (%) 89 Population  -  2005... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Motto: Within your walls be concordance and public welfare Rostock (pronounced // from Polabian Roz toc, literally to flow apart) is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... The three BC Ferries PacifiCats sitting idle in the North Vancouver shipyards. ... M/S Silja Symphony passing through the Kustaanmiekka strait outside Helsinki, Finland on its route to Stockholm, Sweden via Mariehamn. ...


Partner cities

Tallinn participates in international town twinning schemes to foster good international relations. Partners include: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Tallinn also has a mutual friendship with the city of Portland, Oregon, United States and Kotka, Finland Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Los Gatos is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, California, United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Schwerin is a town in northern Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Kiel ( ) is a city in northern Germany and the capital of the Bundesland Schleswig-Holstein. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province East Flanders Arrondissement Ghent Coordinates , , Area 156. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Coordinates: Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province Groningen Area (2006)  - Municipality 83. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Łomża is a town in north-eastern Poland, located approx. ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City  145. ... The centre of Kotka Kotka (Finnish word for Eagle) is a town and municipality of Finland. ...


See also

The Battle of Lyndanisse took place in 1219. ... Castrum Danorum (Estonian: [now] Toompea loss; [previously probably] Taani linn, literally The Danish castle) is a castle on the limestone hill of Toompea in the central part of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, which for a time was also one of the names for the whole settlement of Tallinn during... Eurovision Song Contest 2002 logo. ... Like any other medieval city has also Tallinn gathered legends around and of itself. ... Tallinn TV Tower, looking up at the top. ... Tõnismägi (literally: St. ... Sign of the Raeapteek The Raeapteek (English: ) (German: ) is in the center of Tallinn city, Estonia. ... Toompea is a hill in Tallinn centre. ...

Gallery

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 577 pixelsFull resolution (2022 × 1458 pixel, file size: 859 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

References

  1. ^ (German) Reval's ältester Estnischer Name Lindanisse, Verhandlungen der gelehrten estnischen Gesellschaft zu Dorpat. Band 3, Heft 1. Dorpat 1854, p. 46–47
  2. ^ "A glance at the history and geology of Tallinn" by Jaak Nõlvak. In Wogogob 2004: Conference Materials
  3. ^ (Danish)[1] SALMONSENS KONVERSATIONS LEKSIKON
  4. ^ Copterline web page
  • Mark Landler, "The Baltic Life: Hot Technology for Chilly Streets", The New York Times, December 13, 2005
  • Scooch 'Flying the Flag (For You)', Warner Music UK, 2007 Eurovision Song Contest Entrant [UK]

The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... Scooch are a British bubblegum dance group, comprising Natalie Powers (b. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

General Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links En-Tallinn. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ...

  • The Website of the City of Tallinn (official)
  • Tallinn Tourist Information

Travel

Photos and Videos Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Maps

Other


The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

Coat of arms of Tallinn Administrative districts of Tallinn
Haabersti | Kesklinn | Kristiine | Lasnamäe | Mustamäe | Nõmme | Pirita | Põhja-Tallinn


Image File history File links Description: Greater coat of arms of Tallinn town, Estonia. ... Haabersti is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Kesklinn is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Kristiine is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Lasnamäe is the most populated of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Mustamäe is the second-largest district in Tallinn (Lasnamäe being the largest). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pirita is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ... Põhja-Tallinn is the one of 8 administrative districts of Tallinn (capital of Estonia). ...

Coat of arms of Harju County Municipalities of Harju County
Urban municipalities: Keila | Loksa | Maardu | Paldiski | Saue | Tallinn
Rural municipalities: Aegviidu | Anija | Harku | Jõelähtme | Keila | Kernu | Kiili | Kose | Kuusalu | Kõue | Loksa | Nissi | Padise | Raasiku | Rae | Saku | Saue | Vasalemma | Viimsi


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Tallinn - Encyclopedia Article (276 words)
The city of Tallinn, formerly known as Reval, is the capital and principal seaport of the Republic of Estonia.
Tallinn is served by an airport approximately 5 kilometres from the city centre.
A ferry service taking approximately 2 hours connects Tallinn to Helsinki in Finland, as does a recently initiated helicopter service, vaunted as being the "fastest capital to capital link in the world" (at 189 Euros one way it certainly is not the cheapest, although more modestly priced advance bookings are available).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m