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Encyclopedia > Takfir wal Hijra

Takfir wal-Hijra was founded as an Egyptian terrorist group in the 1960's. It has members or supporters in several other countries. It is said to be allied to Al-Qaeda. In Spain the group is also known as Martyrs for Morocco. Hardly anything is known about the organization or hierarchy of the group. It is quite possible that several groups which adher to the same ideology have used the name independently of each other.


The group has a fundamentalist Islamic ideology. Salafism is the binding factor in this ideology. The ideologist of the group, Abu Muhammad Asem al-Maqdisi, says he has been influenced by the writings of Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab, founder of Wahabism. Takfir wal-Hijra takes fundamentalism a step further than most islamic fundamentalist groups. It advocates armed battle against jews, christians and apostate muslims to restore the unity of the islamic world order (ummah). The ummah is to be led by a Caliph, who rules according to the Sharia. The group's warriors should blend in with Western society and are allowed to disobey all rules of the Islam for the goal of destroying Western civilisation from within. According to this ideology the warriors will be martyrs in Paradise after death.


  • Takfir wal-Hijra is connected with hit-and-run attacks in Algeria.
  • In Sudan in 2003 alleged members of the group wrote a death-list of prominent local politicians and journalists.
  • In the fall of 2004 in Spain a terrorist network was uncovered with suspected links to Takfir wal-Hijra. It had been planning to blow up a Court of Law.

Alledged members and supporters

  • Shukri Mustafa, founder.
  • Abu Muhammad Asem al-Maqdisi, the group's alleged ideologist.
  • Hijra Abdellah Al Rifaee (Abu Issa), accepted as the group's Kalif.
  • Mohammed Atta, leader of the 9/11 attack.
  • Ayman al-Zawahiri, second man of Al-Qaeda.
  • Mohammed Bouyeri, the alledged assassin of the Dutch film director Theo van Gogh, was influenced by Takfir wal-Hijra's ideology.
  • The Hofstad Network, the alledged fundamentalist cell of which Mohammed Bouyeri was a supporter, was influenced by Takfir wal-Hijra's ideology.

(Sources: NRC (http://www.nrc.nl); Planet News (http://www.planet.nl); Politics.be (http://forum.politics.be))

  Results from FactBites:
frontline: al qaeda's new front: interviews: mamoun fandy | PBS (4828 words)
And this is where the germs of the very idea of Takfir started; that is, to first state that the society that we live in is a society of ignorance and of hedonism and of lack of godliness in it, and therefore it has to be abandoned.
Hijra means flight or emigration or leaving, so if you have an infidel society, in their judgment you have to leave it...
Takfir is very central to the issue of citizenship and how citizenship is being viewed amongst these extreme movements that live in the West, that they see themselves as sojourners, not as citizens.
Takfir - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (667 words)
In Shia terminology, "takfir" is the practice of crossing the arms when standing upright during salat (or takattuf, called qabd by Sunnis).
In Islamic law, takfir or takfeer (تكفير) is the practice of declaring that an individual or a group previously considered Muslims are in fact kafir(s) (non-believers in God).
This is taken as emphasizing that the state of being kafir is rejection of Islam itself, and that a return to Islam is sufficient to end the status.
  More results at FactBites »



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