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Encyclopedia > Taipei 101

Coordinates: 25°2′1″N, 121°33′52″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Taipei 101
Taipei 101 has been the world's tallest building since 2004.*
Preceded by Petronas Twin Towers
Information
Location Taipei, Taiwan
Status Complete
Constructed 1999-2004
Height
Antenna/Spire 509.2 m (1,670.60 ft)
Roof 449.2 m (1,473.75 ft)
Top floor 439.2 m (1,440.94 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 101
Floor area 412,500 m² (4,440,100 sq ft)
Elevator count 61, including double-deck shuttles and 2 high speed observatory elevators)
Cost NT$58,000 million (US$1,760 million)[1]
Companies
Architect C.Y. Lee
Contractor KTRT Joint Venture, Samsung Engineering & Construction
Owner Taipei Financial Center Corp.
Management Urban Retail Properties Co.

*Fully habitable, self-supported, from main entrance to highest structural or architectural top; see the list of tallest buildings in the world for other listings.

Taipei 101 (traditional Chinese: 臺北101 or 台北101; simplified Chinese: 台北101; pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: T'ai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. The building, designed by C.Y. Lee & Partners[2][3] and constructed from May 1995 to March 2005 primarily by the South Korean multinational Samsung Engineering & Construction[4] and supported by the KTRT Joint Venture[5], is one of the world's tallest completed skyscrapers. Taipei 101 received the Emporis Skyscraper Award in 2004. It has been hailed as one of the Seven New Wonders of the World (Newsweek magazine, 2006) and Seven Wonders of Engineering (Discovery Channel, 2005)[6]. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 313 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (415 × 795 pixel, file size: 313 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Portrait image of Taipei 101 from Hsinyi Road, Taipei, Taiwan. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... This article is about the city. ... The New Taiwan Dollar (新臺幣 or 新台幣; ISO 4217 code TWD; common abbreviation NT$), or simply Taiwan Dollar, is the currency of the Republic of China (on Taiwan). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... C.Y. Lee (born 1938 in Guangdong) is a Taiwanese architect. ... KTRT Joint Venture, or abbreviated KTRT JV or shorter KTRT, indicates the organization formed among KUMAGAI GUMI, TAIWAN KUMAGAI, RSEA, and TA-YO-WEI, all of which are leading companies in Taiwanese building industry. ... Samsung Engineering & Construction (Hangul: 삼성건설 Hanja: 三星建設) is a Korean construction company founded and established in 1977, headquartered in Seongnam, South Korea. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... C.Y. Lee (born 1938 in Guangdong, China) is a Taiwanese architect. ... For other places with the same name, see Korea (disambiguation). ... Samsung Engineering & Construction (Hangul: 삼성건설 Hanja: 三星建設) is a Korean construction company founded and established in 1977, headquartered in Seongnam, South Korea. ... KTRT Joint Venture, or abbreviated KTRT JV or shorter KTRT, indicates the organization formed among KUMAGAI GUMI, TAIWAN KUMAGAI, RSEA, and TA-YO-WEI, all of which are leading companies in Taiwanese building industry. ... For many millennia the record holder for worlds tallest structure was clearly defined (see table below. ... The Emporis Skyscraper Award is awarded annually by Emporis to the Best new skyscraper for design and functionality. The winner must have been completed during the previous year, and must be at least 100 meters in height. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ...


The building stands as an icon of Taipei and Taiwan as a whole. The building contains 101 floors above ground and 5 floors underground. Its postmodern style combines tradition and modernity in ways that appear simultaneously Asian and international. Its safety features enable it to withstand typhoons and earthquakes. A multi-level shopping mall adjoining the tower houses hundreds of fashionable stores, restaurants and clubs. Fireworks launched from Taipei 101 feature prominently in international New Year's Eve broadcasts, and the landmark appears frequently in films, television shows, print publications, anime media, games, and other elements of popular culture. Postmodernism (sometimes abbreviated Po-mo[1]) is a term originating in architecture, literally after the modern, denoting a style that is more ornamental than modernism, and which borrows from previous architectural styles, often in a playful or ironic fashion. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ... For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... Animé redirects here. ...


The name of the tower reflects its location in Taipei's 101 business district and its floor count. (See also "Symbolism" below.) The number is pronounced in English simply as One Oh One and in Mandarin by the equivalent. Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ...


Taipei 101 is owned by the Taipei Financial Center Corporation and managed by the International division of Urban Retail Properties Corporation based in Chicago USA. The name originally planned for the building, Taipei World Financial Center, was derived from the name of the owner. The original name in Chinese was literally, Taipei International Financial Center (traditional Chinese: 臺北國際金融中心; pinyin: Táiběi Guójì Jīnróng Zhōngxīn). For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...


Taipei 101 was overtaken in height on July 21, 2007 by the Burj Dubai in Dubai, UAE, upon the completion of that building's 141st floor.[7] The title of "world's tallest building" still rests with Taipei 101, though, as international architectural standards define a "building" as a structure capable of being fully occupied. The Burj Dubai is on course to claim the title once its construction is finished. is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is currently the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... UAE redirects here. ...

Contents

Features

Height

Height comparison of Taipei 101 with the Sears Tower, the Petronas Towers, and the Empire State Building.
Height comparison of Taipei 101 with the Sears Tower, the Petronas Towers, and the Empire State Building.

Taipei 101 has 101 storeys above ground and five underground. Upon its completion Taipei 101 claimed the official records for: Image File history File links Skyscrapercompare. ... Image File history File links Skyscrapercompare. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ...

  • Ground to highest architectural structure (spire): 509.2 metres (1,670.60 ft). Previously held by the Petronas Towers 452 m (1,483 ft).
  • Ground to roof: 449.2 m (1,473.75 ft). Formerly held by the Sears Tower 442 m (1,450 ft).
  • Ground to highest occupied floor: 439.2 m (1,440.94 ft). Formerly held by the Sears Tower 412.4 m (1,353 ft).
  • Fastest ascending elevator speed: 16.83 m/s (55.22 ft/s) (60.6 km/h, 37.7 mi/h).
  • Largest countdown clock: On display every New Year's Eve.

The record for greatest height from ground to pinnacle remained with the Sears Tower in Chicago (USA): 527 m (1,729 ft). A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Elevator (disambiguation). ... Countdown clocks are clocks that start with a specified amount of time programmed in, and count down until it reaches zero. ... For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... pinnacle Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk, Ostend, Belgium A pinnacle (from Latin pinnaculum, a little feather, pinna) is an architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


Taipei 101 was the first building in the world to break the half-kilometer mark in height.[8] It was the first "world's tallest building" to be constructed in the new millennium.


Taipei 101 displaced the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, as the tallest building in the world by 57.2 m (188 ft).[9] It also displaced the 85-story, 347.5 m (1,140 ft) Tuntex Sky Tower in Kaohsiung as the tallest building in Taiwan and the 51-story, 244.2 m (801 ft) Shin Kong Life Tower as the tallest building in Taipei.[10] The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Tuntex Sky Tower at night Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower , 85 SKYTOWER (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Lingya District (苓雅區) Government  - Mayor Chen Chu (陳菊) Area  - Total 154 km² (59. ... Shin Kong Life Tower is the third highest skyscraper in Taiwan, standing at 51-stories, 244. ...

Taipei 101 endures a typhoon
Taipei 101 endures a typhoon

The Burj Dubai, located in Dubai, UAE, overtook Taipei 101 in height upon completion of its 141st floor on July 7 2007. The Burj Dubai is expected to hold a number of world records by the time it opens in mid-2009. Taipei 101 retains its official title until the Burj Dubai is completed, however, as the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat does not officially recognize a structure as a "building" for record purposes until it is functional--that is, until it is completed and can be occupied. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is currently the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... UAE redirects here. ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...


Various sources, including the building's owners[6], give the height of Taipei 101 as 508.0 m (1,667 ft), roof height and top floor height as 448.0 m (1,470 ft) and 438.0 m (1,437 ft). This lower figure is derived by measuring from the top of a 1.2 m (4 ft) platform at the base. CTBUH standards, though, include the height of the platform in calculating the overall height, as it represents part of the man-made structure and is above the level of the surrounding pavement.[11][12] The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...


Construction

Location of Taipei 101's largest tuned mass damper.
Location of Taipei 101's largest tuned mass damper.
The main tuned mass damper atop Taipei 101
The main tuned mass damper atop Taipei 101

Taipei 101 is designed to withstand the typhoon winds and earthquake tremors common in its area of the Asia-Pacific. Planners aimed for a structure that could withstand gale winds of 60 m (197 ft) per second (216 km/h, 134 mi/h) and the strongest earthquakes likely to occur in a 2,500 year cycle.[13] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1555x1037, 292 KB) Description: Tuned mass damper of the Taipei 101. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1555x1037, 292 KB) Description: Tuned mass damper of the Taipei 101. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... Map showing general definition of Asia-Pacific The term Asia-Pacific or APAC generally applies to littoral East Asia, Southeast Asia and Australasia near the Pacific Ocean, plus the states in the ocean itself (Oceania). ...


Skyscrapers must be flexible in strong winds yet remain rigid enough to prevent large sideways movement (lateral drift). Flexibility prevents structural damage while resistance ensures comfort for the occupants and protection of glass, curtain walls and other features. Most designs achieve the necessary strength by enlarging critical structural elements such as bracing. The extraordinary height of Taipei 101 combined with the demands of its environment called for additional innovations on the part of engineers. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... Glass curtain wall of the Bauhaus Dessau. ...


The design achieves both strength and flexibility for the tower through the use of high-performance steel construction. Thirty-six columns support Taipei 101, including eight "mega-columns" packed with 10,000-psi concrete.[14] Every eight floors, outrigger trusses connect the columns in the building’s core to those on the exterior.


These features combine with the solidity of its foundation to make Taipei 101 one of the most stable buildings ever constructed. The foundation is reinforced by 380 piles driven 80 m (262 ft) into the ground, extending as far as 30 m (98 ft) into the bedrock. Each pile is 1.5 m (5 ft) in diameter and can bear a load of 1,000 metric tons (1,100 ST) - 1,320 metric tons (1,460 ST).[14] The stability of the design became evident during construction when, on March 31 2002, a 6.8-magnitude earthquake rocked Taipei. The tremor was strong enough to topple two construction cranes from the 56th floor, then the highest, and killed five people in the accident. An inspection afterwards showed no structural damage to the building and construction soon resumed. Shallow foundations of a house A foundation is a structure that transfers loads to the ground. ...


Thornton-Tomasetti Engineers along with Evergreen Consulting Engineering designed a 660 metric tons (728 ST)[15] steel pendulum that serves as a tuned mass damper, the cost for it is NT$132 million (US$4 million).[16] Suspended from the 92nd to the 88th floor, the pendulum sways to offset movements in the building caused by strong gusts. Its sphere, the largest damper sphere in the world, consists of 41 layered steel plates, each with a height of 125 mm (0.41 ft) being welded together to form a 5.5 m (18 ft) diameter sphere.[17] Another two tuned mass dampers, each weighing 6 metric tons (7 ST),[16] Each ruyi ornament on the exterior of the Taipei 101 tower stands at least 8 m (26 ft) tall. The sweeping curved roof of the adjoining mall culminates in a colossal ruyi that shades pedestrians. Though the shape of each ruyi at Taipei 101 is traditional, its metallic interpretation is plainly modern. Thornton Tomasetti (formerly The Thornton-Tomasetti Group, Thornton Tomasetti Engineers, LZA Technology) is a 500+ person structural engineering consulting firm headquartered in New York City. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


At night the bright yellow gleam from its pinnacle casts Taipei 101 in the role of a candle or torch upholding the ideals of liberty and welcome. Over the course of each week the tower's arc lights cycle through the seven colours of the spectrum: This article is about portable open fires. ... This article deals with the general meaning of spectrum and the history of its use. ...

Day Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Colour
  • The time of the lighting: 6:00 PM-10:00 PM.[18]

The cycle connects the tower with the rich symbolism of rainbows, traditionally seen as bridges linking earth to sky and earth's peoples to one another. The rainbow, a natural phenomenon noted for its beauty and inexplicability, has been a favorite component of mythology throughout history. ...


A further connection with time appears in an adjoining park, where a clock draws its energy entirely from the building's wind shear. The circular shape of the clock is echoed in the shape of the park itself. For the Marvel Comics character, see Windshear (comics). ...

Feng shui fountain outside Taipei 101

Taipei 101, like many of its neighbours, shows the influence of feng shui philosophy. An example appears at the intersection of Songlian Road and Hsinyi (Xinyi) Road, where a large fountain stands near the tower's east entrance.[19] A ball at the top spins toward the tower. The fountain may be viewed as a work of public art. Its stone and liquid textures offer a contrast to the glass and metal of the building even as its horizontal ridges repeat the building's rhythms. Yet, in feng shui terms, the fountain serves a practical function, though, . A T intersection near the entrance of a building drains positive energy, or ch'i, from a building and its occupants. Flowing water placed at such a spot can remedy the situation by generating a positive inward flow of ch'i. At Taipei 101 a traditional predicament has been addressed with a traditional solution--yet the result looks modern. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 383 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 479 pixel, file size: 677 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Feng Shui fountain at Taipei 101 entrance 7 on Hsinyi Road. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 383 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 479 pixel, file size: 677 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Feng Shui fountain at Taipei 101 entrance 7 on Hsinyi Road. ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ... For other uses, see QI (disambiguation). ...


Taipei 101 merges ancient motifs and ideas with modern techniques and materials. As a landmark it renews the symbolism of all tall towers as cosmic centers. Its interplaying symbols convey images of optimism, abundance, and awareness of the cycles of time. Axis mundi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Interior

Taipei 101 Mall
Taipei 101 Mall

Taipei 101 is the first record-setting skyscraper to be constructed in the twenty-first century. Appropriately it exhibits a number of technologically advanced features as it provides a center for business and recreation. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1499x6997, 1718 KB) Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1499x6997, 1718 KB) Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ...


The original 2004 fiber-optic and satellite Internet connections enabled transfer speeds up to a gigabyte per second. Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Satellite Internet services are used in locations where terrestrial Internet access is not available and in locations which move frequently. ... This article is about the unit of measurement. ...


The doubledeck elevators built by Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation (TELC) set a new record in 2004 with top ascending speeds of 16.83 m (55.22 ft) per second (60.6 km/h, 37.7 mi/h). This speed is 34.7 percent faster than the previous record holders of the Yokohama Landmark Tower elevator, Yokohama, Japan, which speeds of 12.5 m (41 ft) per second (45.0 km/h, 28.0 mi/h). Taipei 101's elevators sweep visitors from the fifth floor to the 89th-floor observatory in only 37 seconds.[20] Each elevator features an aerodynamic body, full pressurization, state-of-the art emergency braking systems, and the world's first triple-stage anti-overshooting system. The cost for each elevator is NT$80 million (US$2.4 million).[21][22][23][24] Double-deck elevators at Midland Square, Nagoya, Japan Double-deck elevators are elevators designed such that two elevator cars are attached one on top of the other. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... The Landmark Tower, in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Aerodynamics is a branch of fluid dynamics concerned with the study of gas flows, first analysed by George Cayley in the 1800s. ... Wiktionary has a definition of: Pressurization Pressurization generally refers to the application of pressure in a given situation or environment; and more specifically refers to the process by which atmospheric pressure is maintained in an isolated or semi-isolated atmospheric environment (for instance, in an aircraft, or whilst Scuba diving). ...


A 660 metric tons (728 ST) tuned mass damper stabilizes the tower against movements caused by high winds. The damper can reduce up to 40% of the tower's movements (see "Construction"). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Wind (disambiguation). ... Taipei 101 (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. ...


The 101st floor is home to a private club named Summit 101. No information about this club has been made public save for a reference in the observatory pamphlet.


The observatories are located in the 91st and 89th floors. (See "Observatories" below.) Taipei 101 (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. ...


Two restaurants have opened on the 85th floor: Diamond Tony's, which offers European-style seafood and steak, and Shin Yeh 101 (欣葉), which offers Taiwanese-style cuisine. Occupying all of the 86th floor is Japanese restaurant XEX. [25]


The multi-story retail mall adjoining the tower is home to hundreds of fashionable stores, restaurants, clubs and other attractions. The mall's interior is modern in design even as it makes use of traditional elements. The curled ruyi symbol (see "Exterior symbolism" above) is a recurring motif inside the mall. Many features of the interior also observe feng shui traditions. A ruyi figure at Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan Ruyi literally means as you wish in Chinese. ... Taipei 101 (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. ... Look up motif in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ...


Observatories

Taipei 101 features an Indoor Observatory (89 F) and an Outdoor Observatory (91 F).[26] Both offer 360-degree views and attract visitors from around the world. In architecture, a deck is a constructed flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor but typically constructed outdoors and usually (though not always) connected to a building. ...

  • The Indoor Observatory stands 383.4 m (1,258 ft) above ground and may be reached by high-speed elevators from the shopping mall fifth floor. It offers visitors a comfortable indoor environment, large windows with UV protection, recorded voice tours in seven languages, informative displays and special exhibits. Here one may view the skyscraper's main damper, nicknamed "Damper Baby", and buy food, drinks and gift items.
  • The Outdoor Observatory stands 391.8 m (1,285 ft) above ground. It is the world's highest outdoor observation deck.

A staircase takes visitors up two more flights to the Outdoor Observatory.


The Indoor Observatory is open twelve hours a day (10:00 AM-10:00 PM); Outdoor Observatory hours are the same as weather permits, both are operate all the week. Tickets may purchased on site in the shopping mall fifth floor, or in advance through the Observatory's web site (see "links" below). The tickets are priced at NT$400 (US$13) each, it can visit 88 F (tuned mass damper area), 89 F and 91 F 3 floors altogether.[27] Taipei 101 (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. ...


Art

Between Earth and Sky (2002), a sculpture by Ariel Moscovici installed at Taipei 101

Many works of art appear in and around Taipei 101. These include:[14] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (2284 × 761 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (2284 × 761 pixel, file size: 1. ...

  • Rebecca Horn (Germany). Dialogue between Yin and Yang. 2002. Steel, iron.
  • Robert Indiana (USA). Love and 1-0. 2002. Aluminum.
  • Ariel Moscovici (France). Between Earth and Sky. 2002. Rose de la claret granite.
  • Chung Pu (Taiwan). Global Circle. 2002. Black granite, white marble.
  • Jill Watson (Britain). City Composition. 2002. Bronze.

The Indoor Observatory hosts a regular series of exhibitions. Artists whose work has been featured include Wu Ching (gold sculpture), Ping-huang Chang (traditional painting) and Po-lin Chi (aerial photography).[28] Rebecca Horn (24 March 1944, Michelstadt)- ) is a German installation artist most famous for her body modifications such as Einhorn (Unicorn), a body-suit with a very large horn projecting vertically from the headpiece, and Pencil Mask, a mesh harness for the head with many pencils projecting out. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Tenants

A number of enterprises maintain offices in Taipei 101. A few that have been featured in public announcements[28] include these:

  • ABN AMRO Bank
  • Anthony's Group Holding Company Ltd
  • Bayer Taiwan
  • Cosmos Bank
  • DBS Bank Ltd
  • Emirates Advocates Taiwan (Emirates Trade Commission)
  • The Executive Centre
  • Fulland Securities Consultant Company Ltd (a Hantec Group subsidiary)
  • GoldBank of Taiwan
  • HVB Bank
  • ING Antai
  • ING SITE (affiliate of Internationale Nederlanden Groep N.V., or ING)
  • ING SCE (affiliate of Internationale Nederlanden Groep N.V., or ING)
  • Jones Lang LaSalle
  • PeopleSearch Taiwan
  • People's King
  • SABIC Asia Pacific Pte Ltd
  • Starbucks Coffee
  • Taiwan Ratings Corporation
  • Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation (TSEC)
  • Winterthur Life Taiwan

Restaurants in the tower include XEX, Diamond Tony's and Shin Yeh 101 (欣葉).[25] Hundreds of international dining establishments and retail outlets also operate in the adjoining mall. For other meanings of the name Starbuck, see Starbuck A Starbucks coffee shop in Leeds, England Starbucks ( NASDAQ: SBUX) is a large multinational chain of coffee shops, often serving desserts, with a reputation in the US as a center for socializing, particularly among students and young urban professionals. ...


History

Beginnings

Planning for Taipei 101 began in 1997 during Chen Shui-bian's term as Taipei mayor. Talks between merchants and city government officials initially centered on a proposal for a 66-story tower to serve as an anchor for new development in Taipei's 101 business district. By the time the ground-breaking ceremony took place on January 13, 1998 planners were considering taking the new structure to a more ambitious height. Ten months later the city granted a license for the construction of a 101-story tower on the site. Construction proceeded and the first tower column was erected in summer 2000. Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


Taipei 101's roof was completed three years later on July 1 2003. Ma Ying-jeou, in his first term as Taipei mayor, fastened a golden bolt to signify the achievement. Three months later the pinnacle was placed. This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma Ma Ying-jeou (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: MÇŽ YÄ«ngjiÇ”; Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou; Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu; born July 13, 1950) is the incumbent President of the Republic of China. ...


The formal opening of the tower took place on New Year's Eve 2004. President Chen Shui-bian, Taipei Mayor Ma Ying-jeou and Legislative Speaker Wang Jin-pyng cut the ribbon. Open-air concerts featured a variety of popular stars such as A-Mei and Sun Yan Zi. Visitors rode the elevators to the Observatory for the first time. A few hours later the first fireworks show at Taipei 101 heralded the arrival of a new year.[29][30] For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... The Presidential Building is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Wang Jin-pyng (Chinese: 王金平, pinyin: Wáng Jīnpíng) (born March 17, 1941), Taiwanese politician, is the President of the Legislative Yuan. ... A-mei (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born August 9, 1972), also known by her birth name Zhang Huimei or as Chang Hui-mei (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is an aboriginal Taiwanese pop singer and occasional songwriter. ... Stefanie Sun (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born July 23, 1978) and also known in Teochew as Sng Yì-che or Sng Ee Tze (her official name), is a Singaporean singer-songwriter. ... For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Chronology

Important dates in the planning and construction of Taipei 101 include the following:[14]

Date Event
October 20, 1997 Development and operation rights agreement signed with Taipei City government.
January 13, 1998 Ground-breaking ceremony.
August 10, 1998 Construction license awarded for 101 stories.
April 13, 1999 Design change to 509.2 m height approved by Taipei City government.
June 7, 2000 First tower column erected.
June 13, 2001 Taipei 101 Mall topped out.
May 13, 2003 Taipei 101 Mall obtains occupancy permit.
July 1, 2003 Taipei 101 Tower roof completed.
October 17, 2003 Pinnacle placed.
November 14, 2003 Taipei 101 Mall opens.
April 15, 2004 Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) certifies Taipei 101 as world's tallest building.
November 12, 2004 Tower obtains occupancy permit.
December 31, 2004 Tower opens to the public.
January 1, 2005 First fireworks show begins at midnight for New Year's Eve activity.

is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Events

Taipei 101 is the site of innumerable special events. Art exhibits, as noted above, regularly take place in the Observatory. A few noteworthy dates since the tower's opening include these.

  • April 19, 2005 - Tower displays the formula E=mc2 in lights to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the publication of Einstein's theory of relativity. The display, the largest of 65,000 such displays in 47 countries, is part of the international celebration 'Physics Enlightens the World.[28]
  • November 20, 2005 - First annual Taipei 101 Run Up, a competition in which participants race up the 2,046 steps from floors 1 to 91. Proceeds benefit Taiwan's Olympic teams.[28]

is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Climbers on Valkyrie at the Roaches. ... A climber ascends a bridge using aid climbing techniques Buildering (also known as urban climbing, structuring, or stegophily) is the act of climbing the outside of buildings and other urban structures. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... President of the United States - The President of the United States The American President (film) - A Romantic Comedy surrounding a fictional President of the United States and his attempts to win over an attractive lobbyist This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Albert Einsteins equation E=mc² is among the best-known equations of all time. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... -1... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Olympic can mean: Olympic Games, an international multi-sport event: Olympic Games, the modern games held since 1896 Ancient Olympic Games, the ancient games held in Olympia, Greece between 776 BC and 393 AD Olympic (band), a Czech rock band Olympic (MTR) A MTR station in Hong Kong Olympic Airlines... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... Estée Lauder Companies Inc. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... BASE jumping is the sport of using a parachute to jump from fixed objects. ... Felix Baumgartner (born 1969 in Austria) is a legendary skydiver and a BASE jumper, who is famous for making daredevil stunts. ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ My E Gov, The E-government Entry Point of Taiwan - Taiwan Yearbook 2005, Wikipedia - List of world's most expensive single objects
  2. ^ Great Buildings Online: Architect C.Y. Lee & Partners
  3. ^ Emporis - C.Y. Lee & Partners
  4. ^ Global Leader - Samsung Engineering & Construction
  5. ^ Structuremag.com
  6. ^ a b Taipei 101 Official Website - Awards
  7. ^ Dubai Megaprojects. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  8. ^ Taipei 101, Taipei
  9. ^ BBC NEWS | World | Asia-Pacific | Taiwan tops out tallest building
  10. ^ SkyscraperPage.com Diagrams: Taiwan
  11. ^ http://www.ctbuh.org/Default.aspx?tabid=93 CTBUH - current criteria for determining the World's Tallest Buildings
  12. ^ USAToday - Paragraph abstract: the council measures from the sidewalk level of the main entrance to the skyscraper's architectural top
  13. ^ Observatory brochure, Floor 89, Taipei 101. 2007-08-17.
  14. ^ a b c d Publicly posted material, Floor 89, Taipei 101. 2007-08-17.
  15. ^ Taipei 101 Official Website - Observatory Servicing Facilities
  16. ^ a b Taipei 101 Official Website - Tuned Mass Damper
  17. ^ http://www.motioneering.ca/User/Doc/pp_taipei101.pdf
  18. ^ Taipei 101 Official Website - Lights Schedule
  19. ^ Taipei 101, Bigger is not Better (台北101, 更大不等於更好)
  20. ^ Taipei 101 Official Website - Observatory Floor Guide
  21. ^ Taipei 101 Official Website - Facts about Taipei 101
  22. ^ Popular Mechanics - World's Fastest Elevator
  23. ^ ArchitectureWeek
  24. ^ Elevator World - Breaking the 1000MPM Barrier - High speed elevators in Taipei 101
  25. ^ a b Taipei 101 Official Website - 85F Restaurant
  26. ^ Taipei Times - archives
  27. ^ Taipei 101 Official Website - Observatory Visit Information
  28. ^ a b c d e f Taipei 101 Official Website -101季刊 eNewsletter
  29. ^ The Taiwan Journal - New year ushered in by having a blast
  30. ^ The China Post - Taipei 101 holds official opening day
  31. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4124891.stm BBC World News: "'Spiderman' scales tallest tower." 2005-12-25.
  32. ^ Base jumper survives leap off world’s tallest building - Times Online

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This article contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.
Taiwan Portal

Image File history File links Zhongwen. ... The UTF-8-encoded Japanese Wikipedia article for mojibake, as displayed in ISO-8859-1 encoding. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Hán tá»±: A Chinese character or Han character (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, rarely Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... This article is about the city. ... Tuntex Sky Tower at night Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower , 85 SKYTOWER (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ... Shin Kong Life Tower is the third highest skyscraper in Taiwan, standing at 51-stories, 244. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is currently the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building since its completion in 2004, is located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan). ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ...

External links

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Preceded by
Sears Tower
World's tallest building rooftop
449.2 m (1473.75 ft)

2003 – Current
Incumbent
Preceded by
Petronas Towers
World's tallest building architectural element
509.2 m (1670.60 ft)

2003 – 2007
Succeeded by
Burj Dubai
Preceded by
30 St Mary Axe
(London, England)
Emporis Skyscraper Award (Gold)
2004
Succeeded by
Turning Torso
(Malmö, Sweden)
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Structurae is an on-line database containing works of structural and civil engineering of all kinds such as Bridges, High-rise buildings, towers, dams, etc. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is currently the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Emporis Skyscraper Award is awarded annually by Emporis to the Best new skyscraper for design and functionality. The winner must have been completed during the previous year, and must be at least 100 meters in height. ... HSB Turning Torso is a skyscraper in Malmö, Sweden on the Swedish side of the Oresund strait. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... View from above The AT&T Corporate Center is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Chicago and 8th tallest in the United States at 1,007 ft (307 m) with 60 floors. ... The Baiyoke Tower II is the tallest building in Thailand. ... This article is about the Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta. ... 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A rendering of the New York Times Building The New York Times Building is a skyscraper currently under construction on the west side of Midtown. ... Nina Tower (Chinese: 如心廣場) is a twin tower of 80-storey and 42-storey highrise building under construction in Tsuen Wan, New Territories, Hong Kong. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... For other uses, see Q1. ... The Rose Tower is a 333 metre (1,093 feet), 72-story skyscraper on Sheikh Zayed Road in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Shimao International Plaza is a 333 m 60 storey office tower in Shanghai, China and completed in 2005. ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Tuntex Sky Tower at night Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower , 85 SKYTOWER (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ... Two Prudential Plaza is a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1990. ... This article is about the U.S. Bank Tower in Los Angeles. ... A beautiful sky above The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza. ... 23 Marina is a residential skyscraper that is currently under construction in Dubai and is being made by the Hiranandani Group based in Mumbai, India. ... A rendering of the new World Trade Center as completed. ... The Abraj Al Bait Towers is a building complex under construction in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. ... The Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai. ... The Al Hamra Tower is a skyscraper currently under construction in downtown Kuwait City, Kuwait. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
Taipei 101 (635 words)
Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: 臺北101 or 台北101; Simplified Chinese: 台北101; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: T'ai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan.
Taipei 101 retains its title until the Burj Dubai is completed, though, as international architectural standards define a "building" as a structure that can be occupied.
Taipei 101 is designed to withstand the typhoon winds and earthquake tremors common in its area of the Asia-Pacific.
Taipei 101 – FREE Taipei 101 Information | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, Pictures, Information! (761 words)
Taipei 101 in the Hsinyi dist., Taipei, Taiwan; also known as the Taipei Financial Center.
With 101 stories and reaching 1,671 ft (509 m) high, Taipei 101 became the world's tallest building when it was topped out in 2003, surpassing the Petronas Towers ; construction, which began in 1999, was completed in 2004.
Taipei 101, Taiwan's gleaming new skyscraper, rises above them all.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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