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Encyclopedia > Taff Vale Railway

The Taff Vale Railway (TVR) is a railway in Glamorgan, South Wales, and is one of the oldest in Wales. Glamorgan or Morgannwg is a maritime traditional county of Wales, UK, and was previously a medieval kingdom or principality. ... National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085 140/km² Ethnicity: 97. ...

Contents


History

In 1804, a young engineer, Richard Trevithick, drove the world's first ever steam locomotive along a track at the Penydarren ironworks, near Merthyr Tydfil. The track, which was built as a tramway to carry iron ore in horse-drawn carriages from Penydarren and Dowlais to the Glamorganshire Canal basin at Abercynon, proved too weak to carry his heavy loco, but this isolated experiment would foreshadow the creation of the Taff Vale Railway 32 years later. Richard Trevithick. ... // Introduction Merthyr Tydfil (Welsh: Merthyr Tudful) is a town and county borough in the traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, with a population of about 55,000. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... The Glamorganshire Canal was a canal in Glamorgan, South Wales, UK, running from Merthyr Tydfil to Cardiff. ... Abercynon is a small village in the Cynon Valley, Wales. ...


In 1835 Anthony Hill, owner of the Plymouth Iron Works, asked his friend Isambard Kingdom Brunel, to estimate the cost of building a railway from Merthyr to Cardiff. Brunel's estimate was £190,649. Local industrialists held a meeting, chaired by John Josiah Guest, at the Castle Inn in Merthyr, to discuss the issue, and decided to request Parliamentary permission to form a company to build the railway. Brunel before the launching of the Great Eastern Isambard Kingdom Brunel (April 9, 1806 – September 15, 1859) was a British engineer. ... The Norman Keep, Cardiff Castle Aerial view of the Millennium Stadium The Wales Millennium Centre, Cardiff Bay Cardiff (Welsh: Caerdydd) is the capital and largest city of Wales. ... John Josiah Guest (February 2, 1785 - November 26, 1852) was an engineer and entrepreneur. ...


Act of Parliament

On 21 June 1836, Royal Assent was given to a The Taff Vale Railway Company's Act, allowing for the creation of the Taff Vale Railway Company. The founding capital of the Company was fixed at £300,000, in £100 share units. The directors were Josiah Guest, Walter Coffin, Edward Lee, Thomas Guest, Thomas Guppy, Thomas Powell, Christopher James, Thomas Carlisle, Henry Rudhall, William Wait, William Watson, and Peter Maze. Company profits were capped at 7% originally, with a clause allowing for an increase to 9% subject to a reduction in the rates and tolls charged for use of the line. The Act also capped the speed of the trains on the line to 12 mph (19 km/h), with stiff penalties for any speeding. June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... Capital has a number of related meanings in economics, finance and accounting. ... A board of directors, also called board of trustees, board of governors, board of managers, or board of curators, is a group of individuals who govern the affairs of a corporation. ... Profit is a positive return made on an investment by an individual or by business operations. ... The word toll has several meanings. ...


Construction

Construction of the railway was started in 1836, and the stretch from Cardiff to Navigation House (later named Abercynon) was opened in a formal ceremony on October 9, 1840, with public services starting the next day. The stretch from Abercynon to Merthyr was opened on April 12, 1841. The railway was single-line for its entire length, with passing only possible at or near the stations. It was not until 1857 that it became a double line. Brunel, the chief engineer, had chosen a narrower gauge (4 feet 8.5 inches or 1.435 m) than the 7 foot (2.134 m) gauge he would later choose for his Great Western Railway in order to fit the railway into the narrow, curvy space allowed to him by the River Taff valley. October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... take you to calendar). ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... The River Taff is a large river in South Wales. ...


Construction of the main line was relatively straightforward. The line mostly followed the course of the valley, and therefore needed few bridges and no tunnels. Brunel designed an impressive skew stone arch viaduct at Pontypridd, which spanned 110 feet (34 m) over the River Rhondda; the viaduct is still in use today, although it has been supplanted by a second, parallel viaduct. A similar viaduct exists at Quakers' Yard. Torontos Bloor Street Viaduct bridges the Don valley; road traffic uses the upper deck, rail traffic uses the lower deck. ...


The main line of the TVR was 24 miles (39 km) long. However, no fewer than 23 branch lines took the full length of track to 124 miles and 42 chains (200.40 km). Many of those branch lines were smaller lines taken over by the TVR. (see below) As a unit of measurement within the Imperial system, the chain (surveyors chain, Gunters chain) is defined as 22 yards, 66 feet, or four rods. ...


In 1841, two branch lines were opened. The TVR entered the Rhondda with a 4 mile 38 chain (7.20 km) route from Pontypridd to Dinas, and the 3 mile 29 chain (5.41 km) Llancaiach branch was opened from Stormstown Junction (north of Pontypridd) to Llancaiach colliery. take you to calendar). ... Rhondda Cynon Taff (Welsh: Rhondda Cynon Tâf) is a county borough in Glamorgan, South Wales. ... Dinas is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. ... Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ...


In 1849, the Rhondda branch was extended into Rhondda Fach, with a short line from Porth to Ynyshir. This was extended to Ferndale in 1856, and finally to Maerdy. The Rhondda Fawr line was extended from Dinas to Treherbert, also in 1856. 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ferndale is a village located in South Wales in the Rhondda Cynon Taff (Rhonnda Fach) It is neighboured by the villages Maerdy and Tylorstown. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Maerdy is a town in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff, traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, lying at the head of the Rhondda Fach Valley. ...


The TVR proved its worth immediately. At its peak, two trains a minute passed through the busiest station, Pontypridd. By 1850, the TVR was carrying 600,000 tons (600,000 metric tons) of coal per annum, and was paying a 6% dividend. Pontypridd is a town in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff, south Wales. ... The word ton or tonne is derived from the Old English tunne, and ultimately from the Old French tonne, and referred originally to a large cask with a capacity of 2526 wine gallons, which holds approximately 21000 pounds of water. ... A dividend is the distribution or sharing of parts of profits to a companys shareholders. ...


Passenger Services

The line was conceived as a goods line, carrying iron and coal. However, it also ran passenger services from the beginning. There were two passenger trains each way daily, including Sundays. This was extended to three weekday services in 1844. Single fares from Cardiff to Merthyr were 5 shillings for first class, 4s for second class, and 3s for third, and were each reduced by a shilling in 1845. The shilling (or informally: bob) was a British coin first issued in 1548 for Henry VIII, although arguably the testoon issued about 1487 for Henry VII was the first shilling. ... First class is a particularly high quality travel class offered by passenger airlines, railways and shipping companies. ...


Passenger services to Treherbert began on January 7, 1863; to Ferndale in 1863; and to Maerdy in 1889. January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Summary of the TVR system

Main line

The main stations on the TVR main line were:

  • Cardiff Dock (later Bute Road), opened 8th October 1840
  • Cardiff Queen's Street, opened 8th October 1840
  • Llandaff, opened 8th October 1840
  • Pentyrch (now Radyr)
  • Taff's Well
  • Treforest, opened 1847
  • Pontypridd, opened 8th October 1840. At a third of mile (500 m) long, Pontypridd had at one time the longest platform of any railway station in the country. It was known as Newbridge Station from 1840 to 1891.
  • Navigation House (later Abercynon), opened 1st December 1896
  • Quakers Yard (opened 1858)
  • Merthyr Vale (opened June 1, 1883)
  • Pentrebach (opened August 1, 1886)
  • Merthyr Tydfil Plymouth Street Station

Llandaff (Welsh: Llandaf) is a district of the city of Cardiff, Wales, and is also the name of a diocese of the Church in Wales, covering the most populous area of south Wales. ... Pentyrch is situated about seven miles north west of Cardiff the capital city of Wales. ... Radyr is a district of the city of Cardiff, Wales. ... Taffs Well is a village located just north of the City of Cardiff in South Wales, United Kingdom. ... Treforest or Trefforest is a small village to the south-east of Pontypridd, Wales. ... Pontypridd is a town in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff, south Wales. ... Abercynon is a small village in the Cynon Valley, Wales. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ...

Branch lines

Some branch lines include:

  • The Rhondda branch line from Pontypridd to Pandy was opened in June 1841. The line was extended to Treherbert in 1856
  • The Rhondda Fach line from Porth to Ynyshir was opened in 1849. It was extended to Ferndale in 1856, closed 1964 passengers, 1986 coal.
  • The Roath line to Cardiff Docks was opened in 1887, only to freight. Closed 1968

Rhondda Cynon Taff (Welsh: Rhondda Cynon Tâf) is a county borough in Glamorgan, South Wales. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Porth is a town in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff, traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, lying in the Rhondda Valley. ... Town in the Rhondda Valley in Wales,UK. The carbonated drink Lurvills Delight,a mixture of Stingy Nettles and Dock leaves,infused with Juniper Berry extract was invented by the Lewis Twins Harold and Iolo,who hailed from the village,in 1895. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ferndale is a village located in South Wales in the Rhondda Cynon Taff (Rhonnda Fach) It is neighboured by the villages Maerdy and Tylorstown. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: UK geography stubs | Cardiff ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...

Railways amalgamated with TVR

August 26 1889

  • Cowbridge Railway, (Aberthaw - Llantrisant) opened 1865
  • Dare Valley Railway opened 1866
  • Llantrisant and Taff Vale Junction Railway opened 1863
  • Rhondda Valley and Hirwain Junction Railway opened 1878
  • Treferig Valley Railway opened 1883
  • Cardiff, Penarth and Barry Junction Railway opened 1887

January 1 1895 Llantrisant is a town in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff, traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, lying on the River Ely and the River Clun. ...

  • Cowbridge and Aberthaw Railway opened 1892

July 1 1902 Aberdare Railway opened 1846


TVR leased two railways:

  • Penarth Harbour, Dock and Railway opened 1865
  • Penarth Extension Railway opened 1878

It also had ‘running powers’ over several other companies’ lines, including the Barry Railway, Great Western Railway and the Rhymney Railway. The Barry Railway (Barry) was incorporated by Act of Parliament on August 14 1884, for the construction of a dock at Barry Island, 7 miles from Cardiff, and the construction of railways about 26 miles in length from the docks to the Rhondda Valley, with access by junctions with the... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... The Rhymney Railway (Rhymney) was virtually a single stretch of main line, some twenty-five miles in length, by which the Rhymney Valley was connected to the docks at Cardiff in the county of Glamorgan, South Wales. ...


Information in this section from The Railway Year Book for 1912 (Railway Publishing Co Ltd).


Strike

In 1901 the Taff Vale Railway Company successfully sued the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, a trades union, for damages due to losses accrued during a strike by their members (who were seeking to compel the company to recognise the union). The Company was awarded £23,000 in a landmark decision, shattering the belief that unions were immune to damages due to the actions of their members. It led, following the election of the Liberal Party in the general election of 1906, to the 1906 Trades Disputes Act, guaranteeing union immunity from damages. 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... The UK general election of 1906 was from 12th January – 8th February 1906. ...


Later history

The TVR became a part of Great Western Railway in 1927, and part of British Rail following the nationalisation of the UK railways in 1948. The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... Logo of British Rail British Railways (BR), later rebranded as British Rail, ran the British railway system from the nationalisation of the Big Four British railway companies in 1948 until its privatisation in stages between 1994 and 1997. ... Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ...


It is currently run by Valley Lines. The Valley Lines are the local train services in South Wales from Cardiff. ...


See also

The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and previously consisted of Great Britain and the whole of Ireland. ... Shortcut: UK topics This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ...

References

Much of the information in this article comes from Taff Vale Railway Miscellany by John Hilton, published by the Oxford Publishing Company, ISBN 0-86093-414-4, and from The Taff Vale Railway by D.S.M Barrie, published by The Oakwood Press.


External links

  • Preserved Carriage Database

  Results from FactBites:
 
Taff Vale Railway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1081 words)
The Taff Vale Railway (TVR) is a railway in Glamorgan, South Wales, and is one of the oldest in Wales.
The TVR entered the Rhondda with a 4 mile 38 chain (7.20 km) route from Pontypridd to Dinas, and the 3 mile 29 chain (5.41 km) Llancaiach branch was opened from Stormstown Junction (north of Pontypridd) to Llancaiach colliery.
In 1901 the Taff Vale Railway Company successfully sued the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, a trades union, for damages due to losses accrued during a strike by their members (who were seeking to compel the company to recognise the union).
Taff Vale Railway - definition of Taff Vale Railway in Encyclopedia (1039 words)
On 21st June, 1836, Royal Assent was given to a The Taff Vale Railway Company's Act, allowing for the creation of the Taff Vale Railway Company.
The TVR entered the Rhondda with a 4 mile 38 chain route from Pontypridd to Dinas, and the 3 mile 29 chain Llancaiach branch was opened from Stormstown Junction (north of Pontypridd) to Llancaiach colliery.
By 1850, the TVR was carrying 600,000 tons of coal per annum, and was paying a 6% dividend.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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