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Encyclopedia > Tactics

Tactics is the collective name for methods of winning a small-scale conflict, performing an optimization, etc. This applies specifically to warfare, but also to economics, trade, games and a host of other fields such as negotiation Tactics and strategy are often confused. In mathematics, optimization is the discipline which is concerned with finding the maxima and minima of functions, possibly subject to constraints. ... For other uses of War, see War (disambiguation). ... U.S. Economic Calendar Economics at the Open Directory Project Economics textbooks on Wikibooks The Economists Economics A-Z Institutions and organizations Bureau of Labor Statistics - from the American Labor Department Center for Economic and Policy Research (USA) National Bureau of Economic Research (USA) - Economics material from the organization... A fruit stand at a market. ... A game is a recreational activity involving one or more players. ... Negotiation is the process whereby interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal. ...

  • Tactics are the actual means used to gain a goal.
  • Strategy is the overall plan.

An example of the difference:

  • The overall goal is to win a war against another country.
  • The strategy is to undermine the other nation's ability to wage war by annihilating their military.
  • The tactics (told to the combatants) are to do very specific things in a specific place.

Michel de Certeau writes of the differences in The Practice of Everyday Life. Like strategy, tactics operate in space. However, unlike a strategy which creates its own autonomous space, “a tactic is a calculated action determined by the absence of a proper locus. … The space of a tactic is the space of the other” (ibid., 36-37). A tactic is deployed “on and with a terrain imposed on it and organized by the law of a foreign power.” One who deploys a tactic “must vigilantly make use of the cracks that particular conjunctions open in the surveillance of the proprietary powers. It poaches in them. It creates surprises in them” (ibid. 37). Tactics, then, are isolated actions or events that take advantage of opportunities offered by the gaps within a given strategic system yet the tactician never holds onto these advantages. Tactics cut across a strategic field, exploiting gaps in it to generate novel and inventive outcomes. Michel de Certeau (Chambéry, 1925- Paris, 9 January 1986) was a French Jesuit and scholar whose work combined psychoanalysis, philosophy, and the social sciences. ...

There is also an anime by the name of Tactics.

See also

Military tactics is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal. ... In voting systems, tactical voting (or strategic voting) occurs when a voter misrepresents his or her sincere preferences in order to gain a more favorable outcome. ...

External Links

  • Negotiating Tactics: http://how-to-negotiate.com/t.htm

  Results from FactBites:
Tactics Arena Online (156 words)
Tactics Arena Online calls upon your skill and valour to rally a heroic force and destroy the enemy in battle.
Design a custom army from a wide range of fighters or mages, and unleash the fury of beasts and mighty golems to dominate the battle arena.
Engaging one-on-one battles with tactical elements to challenge and satisfy even hardcore TBS fans.
Roman Army Tactics (2898 words)
Information about tactics can be derived from accounts of battles, but the very military manuals known to have existed and to have been used extensively by commanders, have not survived.
This important section of Vegetius closes with the tactics to be used in the case of a withdrawal in the face of the enemy.
Byzantine tactics were to immediately collect a force of cavalry from the nearest themes and to trail the invading Saracen army.
  More results at FactBites »



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