FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Table of voting systems by nation
The Politics series:
Subseries of Politics
Politics Portal

These tables deal with voting to select candidates for office, not for the passing of legislation. Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Political science is an academic and research discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... Political history is what most people refer to simply as history. ... This is a list of notable political scientists. ... Comparative government or more correctly comparative politics is the field in political science that focuses on comparing the varying forms of government in the world, and the states they govern, though it may also compare governments across different periods of history. ... International Relations (IR), a branch of political science, is the study of foreign affairs of and relations among states within the international system, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). ... Political economy was the original term for the study of production, the acts of buying and selling, and their relationships to laws, customs and government. ... Political philosophy is the study of the fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, property, rights, law and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why they are needed, what makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form... Political psychology is an interdisciplinary academic field dedicated to the study of the psychology behind political behavior by voters, lawmakers, local and national governments and administrations, international organizations, political parties and associations. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... It has been suggested that public management be merged into this article or section. ... In some theories of government, all people are considered equal: in their right to govern themselves, and in their contributions to the rules of their society. ... The psychodynamics of decision-making form a basis to understand institutional functioning. ... Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... A form of government (also referred to as a system of government or a political system) is a system composed of various people, institutions and their relations in regard to the governance of a state. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... It has been suggested that ballot be merged into this article or section. ... An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Voters at the voting booths in the US in 1945 Voting systems are methods (algorithms) for groups of people to select one or more options from many, taking into account the individual preferences of the group members. ...

Contents


Single-winner voting systems by country

Note: this table is being merged with the table below.
Country Body Voting system Total seats
Belize First past the post 29
Bhutan First past the post 150
Botswana First past the post 47
Canada House of Commons First past the post 308
Cayman Islands First past the post 19
Central African Republic Runoff 85
Congo-Brazzaville Runoff 125
Cuba Runoff 589
Czech Republic Senát Runoff 81
Democratic Republic of Congo First past the post 210
Dominica First past the post 31
Egypt Runoff 444
Ethiopia First past the post 547
Fiji Instant-runoff / AV 70
Finland President Runoff 1
France Runoff 577
Gabon Runoff 120
The Gambia First past the post 36
Ghana First past the post 200
Grenada First past the post 15
Haiti Runoff 83
Hong Kong District Councils First past the post / Appointed 5024
India Lok Sabha (lower house) First past the post 543
Iran Runoff 270
Jamaica First past the post 60
Kazakhstan Runoff 67
Kenya First past the post 188
Kiribati parliament Borda count 39
Kyrgyzstan Jogorku Kenesh Runoff 75
Liberia House of Representatives First past the post 64
Senate First past the post 30
Malawi First past the post 177
Malaysia First past the post 192
Mali Runoff 147
Marshall Islands First past the post 33
Mauritania Runoff 79
Monaco Runoff 18
Mongolia First past the post 76
Montserrat First past the post 7
Morocco First past the post 222
Nauru parliament Borda count 18
Nepal First past the post 205
Nigeria First past the post 593
North Korea First past the post 687
Pakistan First past the post 217
Palau First past the post 30
Papua New Guinea First past the post 109
Rwanda First past the post 70
Saint Kitts and Nevis First past the post 11
Saint Lucia First past the post 17
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines First past the post 15
Sierra Leone First past the post 68
Solomon Islands First past the post 47
Sudan First past the post 275
Swaziland First past the post 55
Syria First past the post 250

A voting system is a process that allows a group of individuals to choose between a number of options, and determines the preferred or winning option based on the number of votes each option receives. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... An example of runoff voting. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech: , usually referred to as Senát) is the upper chamber of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Instant-runoff voting (IRV) (also known as the Alternative Vote and by several other names) is an electoral system used for single winner elections in which voters rank candidates in order of preference. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... An example of runoff voting. ... An example of runoff voting. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The District Councils (區議會 and formerly District Boards) are district organizations in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in orange and red—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... The Borda count is a single winner election method in which voters rank candidates in order of preference. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the bicameral Liberian Legislature. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The Senate is the upper chamber of the bicameral Liberian Legislature. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... An example of runoff voting. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in orange and red—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... The Borda count is a single winner election method in which voters rank candidates in order of preference. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ...

Voting systems by country

Country Body System Seats per District Total seats Threshold
Albania Parallel / Runoff
Algeria Party list 430
Andorra Parallel / Bloc voting 28
Angola Party list 220
Antigua and Barbuda First past the post 1 17 n/a[1]
Argentina Party list 257
Armenia Parallel / FPTP 189
Aruba First past the post 1 21 n/a[2]
Australia Senate STV 6 or 2 76
House of Representatives Instant-runoff voting 1 150 n/a
Austria Nationalrat Party list 183 4%
Azerbaijan Parallel / Runoff 125
Bahamas First past the post 1 49 n/a[3]
Bahrain First past the post / Bloc voting 30 n/a[4]
Bangladesh First past the post 1 300 n/a[5]
Barbados First past the post 1 28 n/a[6]
Belarus Runoff 1 260
Belgium Chamber of Representatives Party list 3–22 150 5%
Senate Direct election (40 members), appointment by regional legislatures (21 members), election by other senators (10 members); overall distribution between parties by Party list 41+29+1 71
Benin Party list 83
Bermuda House of Assembly First past the post 1 36 n/a[7]
Bolivia MMP 130
Bosnia and Herzegovina Party list 240
Brazil Party list 513
Bulgaria Sobranye d'Hondt method (closed lists)5 4-145 240 4%
Burkina Faso Party list 111
Burundi Party list 100 2%
Cambodia Party list 120
Cameroon Parallel / FPTP 180
Cape Verde Party list 79
Chad Parallel / Runoff 125
Chile Party list 120
Colombia Party list 168
Costa Rica Party list 57
Croatia Sabor Parallel / Party list 140 5%
Cyprus House of Representatives[[8]] Party list 80 {56 for Greek-Cypriots; 24 for Turkish-Cypriots(currently vacant)} and 3 observers from religious minorities 1.8%
Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies Party list 5–25 200 5% (8% for coalitions)
Denmark Party list 179 2%
Djibouti Party-block voting 65
Dominican Republic Party list 120
East Timor Parallel / Party list
Ecuador Parallel / Party-block voting 77
El Salvador Party list 84
Equatorial Guinea Party list 80
Eritrea Party list 130
Estonia Riigikogu Party list 101 5%
Finland Eduskunta (and MEPs) d'Hondt method (open lists) 6-33 200
Georgia Parallel / Runoff 235
Germany Bundestag Mixed member proportional n/a 598 (at least; 0-3% out of proportion) 5% or 3 district seats
Greece Hellenic Parliament Party list 300
Guatemala Parallel / FPTP 80
Guinea Parallel / FPTP 114
Guyana Party list 53
Honduras Parallel / FPTP 128
Hong Kong Legislative Council Party list / Functional constituencies 4–8 60 n/a
Hungary MMP 386
Iceland Party list 63
India Rajya Sabha (upper house) STV  ? n/a[9]
Indonesia Party list 425
Republic of Ireland Dáil Éireann STV 3–5 1662 n/a[10]
Israel Knesset d'Hondt method 120 120 2%
Italy MMP 630
Ivory Coast FPTP / Bloc voting 175
Japan Parallel / FPTP 480
Jordan SNTV 80
Kuwait Bloc voting 50
Laos Bloc voting 85
Latvia Saeima Party list 14–28 100 5%
Lebanon Party-block voting 128
Lesotho MMP 65
Liechtenstein Party list 25
Lithuania Parallel / Runoff 141
Luxembourg Party list 60
Macao Legislative Council Party list / Functional constituencies / Appointed 10 27 n/a
Madagascar Parallel / FPTP 138
Maldives Bloc voting 40
Malta Kamra tar-Rapprezentanti STV 5-6 65 (variable) n/a[11]
Mauritius Bloc voting 70
Mexico MMP 500
Federated States of Micronesia Parallel / FPTP 14
Moldova Party list 104
Mozambique Party list 250
Namibia Party list 72
Netherlands Party list 150
New Zealand House of Representatives (Parliament) MMP 120 5% or 1 district seat
Territorial Authorities STV3 or Bloc voting (depending on the Territorial Authority) 3–9
Nicaragua Party list 92
Niger Parallel / FPTP 83
Niue FPTP / Bloc voting
Norway Party list 165
Panama Parallel / FPTP 72
Paraguay Party list 80
Peru Party list 120
Philippines President First past the post 1 1 n/a[12]
Senate Bloc voting 24
House of Representatives Parallel 250 2%
Poland Sejm d'Hondt method 7–19 460 5% (8% for coalitions, 0% for national minorities)
Senate Plurality bloc voting 2–4 100
Portugal Party list 230
Republic of China (Taiwan) Legislative Yuan Parallel / SNTV 225 5%
Republic of Macedonia Parallel / Runoff 120
Romania Party list 328
Russia Duma Parallel / FPTP 450
Samoa FPTP / Bloc voting 47
San Marino Party list 60
Sao Tome and Principe Party list 55
Senegal Parallel / Party-block voting 120
Serbia and Montenegro Skupstina Party list
Seychelles Parallel / FPTP 33
Singapore Party-block voting / FPTP 83
Slovakia Národná rada Slovenskej republiky Party list 150 5%
Slovenia Drzavni zbor Party list 90 4%
South Africa Party list 400
South Korea Parallel / FPTP 299
Spain Congress Party list 350
Senate Partial bloc voting (208 members), appointment by regional legislatures (51 members) 2–4 259
Sri Lanka Party list 225
Suriname Party list 51
Sweden Riksdag Modified Sainte-Lague (Open list) 349 4% (or 12% in a constituency)
Landstingsfullmaektige Modified Sainte-Lague (Open list) 31-149 3%
Switzerland National Council Party list 1-34 200
Council of States Runoff 1-2 46
Tajikistan Runoff 1 181 n/a
Tanzania First past the post 1 232 n/a[13]
Thailand Bloc voting 391
Togo Runoff 1 81 n/a[14]
Tonga First past the post 1 9 n/a[15]
Trinidad and Tobago First past the post 1 36 n/a[16]
Tunisia Parallel / Party-block voting 163
Turkey Party list 550 10%
Turkmenistan Runoff 1 50 n/a[17]
Tuvalu First past the post 1 12 n/a[18]
Uganda First past the post 1 214 n/a[19]
Ukraine Party list 450 3%
United Kingdom House of Commons First past the post 1 646 n/a[20]
Scottish Parliament Mixed member proportional ("AMS") 8 *7 MSP 129
National Assembly for Wales Mixed member proportional ("AMS") 5 *4 AC 60
Northern Ireland Assembly STV n/a[21]
Local government STV (Scotland and Northern Ireland), first past the post (elsewhere) n/a[22]
United States House of Representatives First past the post with primaries 1 4351
Senate First past the post with primaries 1 1001
President Electoral college (electors generally chosen using first past the post on per state basis) 1 1
Local government Depending on the area, first past the post, top-two runoff, or bloc voting
Uruguay Party list 99
Uzbekistan Runoff 1 250 n/a[23]
Vanuatu SNTV 50
Venezuela MMP 203
Vietnam Runoff 1 393 n/a[24]
Yemen First past the post 1 301 n/a[25]
Zambia First past the post 1 150 n/a[26]
Zimbabwe First past the post 1 120 n/a[27]

A voting system is a process that allows a group of individuals to choose between a number of options, and determines the preferred or winning option based on the number of votes each option receives. ... In party-list proportional representation systems, an election threshold is a clause that stipulates that a party must receive a minimum percentage of votes, either nationally or within a particular district, to get any seats in the parliament. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... An example of runoff voting. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Australian Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Australian House of Representatives chamber Entrance to the House of Representatives The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia. ... Instant-runoff voting (IRV) (also known as the Alternative Vote and by several other names) is an electoral system used for single winner elections in which voters rank candidates in order of preference. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The Belgian Chamber of Representatives (Dutch: de Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers, French: la Chambre des Représentants) is one of the two chambers of the Belgian Federal Parliament. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Belgian Senate (Dutch: de Senaat, French: le Sénat) is one of the two chambers of the Belgian Federal Parliament. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The House of Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of Bermuda. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... Closed list describes the variant of party_list proportional representation where voters can (effectively) only vote for political parties as a whole and thus have no influence on the (party-supplied) order in which party candidates are elected. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... An example of runoff voting. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The parliament of Croatia is called Hrvatski Sabor in Croatian - the word sabor means an assembly, a gathering, a congress. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The House of Representatives (Vouli Antiprosópon/Temsilciler Meclisi) is the parliament of Cyprus. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (in Czech Poslanecká snÄ›movna Parlamentu ÄŒeské republiky, abbr. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Riigikogu is the name of the national parliament of Estonia. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Eduskunta in Finnish, or the Riksdag in Swedish, is the parliament of Finland. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... Open list describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the (by the political party itself supplied) order in which party candidates are elected. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... The Hellenic Parliament (Greek: Βουλή των Ελλήνων; transliterated Vouli ton Ellinon; literally Council of the Greeks) is the parliament of Greece, located in Syntagma Square in Athens. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The Legislative Council (abbreviated as LegCo; Chinese: 立法會, Pinyin: LìfÇŽ Huì; formerly 立法局, LìfÇŽ Jú) is the unicameral legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... A functional constituency, in Hong Kong politics, refers to professional and special interest groups involved in the electoral process. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Dáil Chamber Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... Motto: (translation) Unity, Discipline and Labor Anthem: LAbidjanaise Capital Yamoussoukro (official) Abidjan (de facto) Largest city Abidjan Official language(s) French Government President Prime Minister Republic Laurent Gbagbo Charles Konan Banny Independence  - Date From France August 7, 1960 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   322,460 km² (67th) 124,502 sq mi... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The Single Non-Transferable Vote or SNTV is an electoral system used in multi-member constituency elections. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... An example of runoff voting. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Assembleia Legislativa da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau (literally Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council of the Special Administrative Region of Macao) (Chinese: 澳門特別行政區立法會) is the organ of the legislative branch of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... A functional constituency, in Hong Kong politics, refers to professional and special interest groups involved in the electoral process. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Motto: None Anthem: National Anthem of the ROC Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure) 1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (Guoyü) Government • President • Vice President • Premier Multiparty democracy Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Su Tseng-chang Establishment • Xinhai Revolution Declared  October 10, 1911 Established  January... The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is blocked by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The Single Non-Transferable Vote or SNTV is an electoral system used in multi-member constituency elections. ... Motto: (English: ) Anthem: (Transliteration: ) (English: ) Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Official language(s) Macedonian, Albanian1 Government President Prime Minister Parliamentary republic Branko Crvenkovski Vlado Bučkovski Independence Declared From Yugoslavia September 8, 1991 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   25,333 km² (146th) 9,779 sq mi  1. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... An example of runoff voting. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... A Duma (Ду́ма in Russian) is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Sculpute:Play of Black Horses in front of the Parliament The Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro (Скупштина Србије и Црне Горе/Skupština Srbije i Crne Gore) is the national assembly of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The National Council of the Slovak Republic (in Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky, often just: Národná rada) (NR SR) has been the name of the parliament of Slovakia since 1993 (more precisely since 1 October 1992). ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Državni zbor or National Assembly is the assembly of the parliament of the Republic of Slovenia. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Spanish Senate (Spanish: Senado) is the upper house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single multimember constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... The Sainte-Laguë method of the highest average (also known as Websters method or divisor method with standard rounding) is one way of allocating seats proportionally for representative assemblies with party list voting systems. ... Open list describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the (by the political party itself supplied) order in which party candidates are elected. ... A County Council, or Landsting, is an elected assembly of a County in Sweden. ... The Sainte-Laguë method of the highest average (also known as Websters method or divisor method with standard rounding) is one way of allocating seats proportionally for representative assemblies with party list voting systems. ... Open list describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the (by the political party itself supplied) order in which party candidates are elected. ... The National Council of Switzerland is the large Chamber of the parliament and has 200 seats. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The Council of States of Switzerland (German: Ständerat, French Conseil des Etats, Italian Consiglio degli Stati) is the upper house of the Swiss parliament. ... An example of runoff voting. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament. ... The National Assembly for Wales (or NAfW) (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) is a devolved assembly with power to make legislation in Wales, and is also responsible for most UK government departments in Wales. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... The logo of the Northern Ireland Assembly is a six flowered linen or flax plant, chosen for the plants historical economic importance to the region. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Dieu et mon droit (motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked 4th... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... An electoral college is a set of electors who are empowered as a deliberative body to elect someone to a particular office. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Runoff voting is a voting system used in single-seat elections. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) (also called Plurality-at-large) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single constituency. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The Single Non-Transferable Vote or SNTV is an electoral system used in multi-member constituency elections. ... Ballot for electoral district 252, Würzburg, for the 2005 German federal election. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ...

Key

Seats per district 
Most elections are split into a number of districts (for example, a constituency). In some elections, there is one person elected per district. In others, there are many people elected per district.
Total number of seats 
the number of representatives elected to the body in total.
Election threshold 
see Election threshold
FPTP 
Using the system of first past the post voting to pick a single winner per district
Party list 
One of many Party-list proportional representation systems. Where possible, this has been replaced by the allocation system used within the party-list (e.g. d'Hondt method)
Parallel voting 
This means that two simultaneous systems are used to elect representatives to the same body. If there is interchange between the two systems (e.g. the number elected in one system affects the number elected in the other) then this is called the additional member system.

A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... In party-list proportional representation systems, an election threshold is a clause that stipulates that a party must receive a minimum percentage of votes, either nationally or within a particular district, to get any seats in the parliament. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems used in multiple-winner elections (e. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... Parallel voting describes a mixed voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems, and where the results in one election have little or no impact on the results of the other. ... The Additional Member System (AMS) is a voting system in which some representatives are elected from geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from party lists. ...

Footnotes

  1.   Systems using first past the post voting cannot have thresholds as elections are conducted at the district level and there is only one winner in each district.
  2.   Systems using the Single Transferable Vote do not have country-wide thresholds, however the size of individual districts largely determines the percentage of the vote within a particular district needed for obtaining a seat. See droop quota.
  • Note 1: The state of Louisiana uses runoff voting for all House and Senate seats. All candidates (regardless of party affiliation) run on a single ballot in the general election in what is referred to as an "open primary" (thus, all Democrat candidates compete against all Republican candidates and whoever else may be running). If a candidate receives a majority of the vote, he or she is automatically elected. Otherwise, the top two finishers (again, regardless of party affiliation) go to a runoff election, held approximately a month later, with the winner in the runoff earning the seat. It is possible for both candidates to be from the same party, but in practice a runoff usually features one Democrat and one Republican.
  • Note 2: The Ceann Comhairle or Speaker of Dáil Éireann is returned automatically for whichever constituency s/he was elected if they wish to seek re-election, reducing the number of seats contested in that constituency by one. (In that case, should the Ceann Comhairle be from a three-seater, only two seats are contested in the general election from there.) As a result, if the Ceann Comhairle wishes to be in the next Dáil, only 165 seats are actually contested in a general election.
  • Note 3: As of October 2004, New Zealand uses STV in 9 out of 79 councils. Each city or district can have more than one ward.
  • Note 4: All 18 district councils in Hong Kong combined.
  • Note 5: Determined for the 2005 parliamentary elections based on the 2001 census data. Independent candidates need to gather votes equal to the total number of votes cast in the constituency divided by the number of local seats. The remaining seats are distributed among parties by the d'Hondt method applied to the total number of votes for each. Party lists are one per constituency, the seats each party wins are forther distributed among its local lists again by d'Hondt applied to local numbers of votes for the party, and a mechanism of shifting seats from one local party list to another, to adjust the total seats for all parties for each constituency to the allocated local number of seats (minus the number of successful local independent candidates).

This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... The Droop quota is the quota most commonly used in elections held under the Single Transferable Vote (STV) system. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ... An example of runoff voting. ... The Ceann Comhairle1 is the chairman or speaker of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Dáil Chamber Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... Real life example of DHondt method; vote and seat distribution in Finnish parliamentary election, 2003. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ...

See also

This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A voting system is a process that allows a group of individuals to choose between a number of options, and determines the preferred or winning option based on the number of votes each option receives. ...

References

Much of the data on Bulgaria from Central electoral committee - "Methods for determining the number of mandates in constituencies and the results of the vote" (in Bulgarian)


Much of the data regarding which voting system is used is drawn from this 2002 report from the Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.


Much of the data regarding the size of the parliaments comes from this 1997 report from the same Institute.


Some of the data has been updated since then.


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m