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Encyclopedia > Table (furniture)
A wooden dining table and chairs.

A table is a form of furniture composed of a surface supported by a base, usually four legs. It is often used to hold objects or food at a convenient or comfortable height when sitting. Generic tables are typically meant for combined use with chairs. Unlike many earlier table designs, today's tables usually do not have drawers. A table specifically intended for working is a desk. Some tables have hinged extensions of the table top called drop leaves, while others can be extended with removable sections called leaves. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 722 KB) Summary Wooden kitchen table and chairs Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 722 KB) Summary Wooden kitchen table and chairs Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... welcome:: This is an article about items in a room. ... This article is about sitting in its general sense. ... For other uses, see Chair (disambiguation). ... A desk is a furniture form and a class of table. ...

Contents

Etymology

The term "table" is derived from a merger of French table and Old English tabele, ultimately from the Latin word tabula, "a board, plank, flat piece". In Late Latin, tabula took over the meaning previously reserved to mensa (preserved in Spanish mesa "table"). In Old English, the word replaced bord for this meaning.[1] Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon[1], Old English: ) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Vulgar Latin (in Latin, sermo vulgaris) is a blanket term covering the vernacular dialects of the Latin language spoken mostly in the western provinces of the Roman Empire until those dialects, diverging still further, evolved into the early Romance languages — a distinction usually assigned to about the ninth century. ...


Shape, height, and function

A formally laid table set with a Meissen dinner service
A formally laid table set with a Meissen dinner service

Tables come in a wide variety of shapes, height, and materials, depending on their origin, style, and intended use. All tables are composed of a flat surface and a base with one or more supports, or legs. A table with a single, central foot is a pedestal table. Tables can be freestanding or designed for placement against a wall (a console table). Table tops can be in virtually any shape, although rectangular, square, round (e.g., the round table), and oval tops are the most frequent. Long tables often have extra legs for support. Others have higher surfaces for personal use while either standing or sitting on a tall stool. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 353 KB) Description: Meissen porcelain museum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 353 KB) Description: Meissen porcelain museum. ... A Meissen dinner service Meissen porcelain is the first European porcelain. ... A statue of Henry IV of France on a pedestal Pedestal (from French piedestal, Italian piedestallo, foot of a stall) is a term generally applied to the support of a statue or a vase. ... In geometry, a rectangle is defined as a quadrilateral where all four of its angles are right angles. ... For other uses, see Square. ... In Japanese pop music, Round Table (officially ROUND TABLE) is a band that produces music mostly for Anime soundtracks. ... This oval, with only one axis of symmetry, resembles a chicken egg. ... The following is a partial list of chair types, with internal or external cross references about most of the chairs. ...


Many tables have tops that can be adjusted to change their position or size, either with foldable extensions or sliding parts that can alter the shape of the top. Some tables are entirely foldable for easy transport, e.g., camping. Small tables in trains and aircraft may be fixed or foldable, although many are simply convenient shelves rather than tables. Car camping is camping in a tent, but nearby the car for easier access and for supply storage. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... “Flying Machine” redirects here. ... Shelf is a detail of furniture for storing items. ...


Types of table

A chess table with a chessboard built into its top
A chess table with a chessboard built into its top

Tables of various shapes and sizes are designed for specific uses: Image File history File links A table with a chess board on it This photograph was taken by Alan Mak on September 3rd, 2005 in Goleta, California, USA. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Chess Chessboard Chess table ... Image File history File links A table with a chess board on it This photograph was taken by Alan Mak on September 3rd, 2005 in Goleta, California, USA. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Chess Chessboard Chess table ... Chessboard Chessboard with Staunton chess pieces A chessboard is often painted or engraved on a chess table. ...

Historically, various types of tables have been popular for other uses: It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Table leg. ... A bedroom is a room where people sleep. ... Look up Lamp in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A basic digital clock radio with analog tuning A wind-up, spring-driven alarm clock An alarm clock is a clock that is designed to make an alert sound at a specific date and/or time. ... A pair of modern glasses Glasses, also called eyeglasses or spectacles, are frames, bearing lenses worn in front of the eyes normally for vision correction, eye protection, or for protection from UV rays. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... A nightstand is a small stand or cabinet designed to stand beside a bed or elsewhere in a bedroom, as a place to put anything likely to be required during the night. ... A drawing table (or drafting table or draughting table) is also often called an architects table. ... Technical drawing, also known as drafting, is the practice of creating accurate representations of objects for technical, architectural and engineering needs. ... A variety of rulers A 2 metre carpenters rule Retractable flexible rule A ruler or rule is an instrument used in geometry, technical drawing and engineering/building to measure distances and/or to rule straight lines. ... A gateleg table is a type of furniture first introduced in England in the 16th century. ... A coffee table is a style of long, low table which is designed to be placed in front of a couch, to support beverages (hence the name), magazines, books (especially coffee table books), and other small items to be used while sitting. ... A sitting room in the UK. A living room, also known as sitting room (especially in the UK), lounge room or lounge (in the United Kingdom and Australia), is a room for entertaining guests, reading, watching TV or other activities. ... This article needs cleanup. ... A games table is a table used to play games. ... Chessboard Chessboard with Staunton chess pieces A chessboard is often painted or engraved on a chess table. ... A refectory table is a highly elongated table[1] used originally for dining in monasteries in Medieval times. ... The dining room at Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, England A dining room is a room for consuming food. ... In general terms, eating is the process of consuming something edible. ...

  • Tripod tables were very popular during the 18th and 19th centuries as candlestands, tea tables, or small dining tables. Their typically round tops often had a tilting mechanism and sometimes rotated as well. The folding top enabled them to be stored out of the way (e.g., in room corners) when not in use.
  • Pembroke tables were first introduced during the 18th century and were popular throughout the 19th century. Their main characteristic was a rectangular or oval top with folding or drop leaves on each side. Most examples have one or more drawers and four legs sometimes connected by "stretchers." Their design meant they could easily be stored or moved about and conveniently opened for serving tea, dining, writing, or other occasional uses.
  • Sofa tables evolved from Pembroke tables and usually have longer and narrower tops. They were specifically designed for placement directly in front of sofas for serving tea, writing, dining, or other convenient uses.
  • Work tables were small tables designed to hold sewing materials and implements, providing a convenient work place for women who sewed. They appeared during the 18th century and were popular throughout the 19th century. Most examples have rectangular tops, sometimes with folding leaves, and usually one or more drawers fitted with partitions. Early examples typically have four legs, often standing on casters, while later examples sometimes have turned columns or other forms of support.
  • Drum tables are round tables introduced for writing, with drawers around the platform.
  • End tables are small tables typically placed beside couches or armchairs. Often lamps will be placed on an end table.

Look up tripod in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up mechanism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Couch (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that seam allowance be merged into this article or section. ... See also: Caster (Fate Stay Night), an anime character Casters on a desk chair. ...

Uses

Cleared tables
Cleared tables

A table can be used temporarily for objects such as food and eating utensils during a meal, cups for drinks, a book (especially a big one, that one can not easily keep in one's hands), a spread-out map, writing paper during writing, and anything that requires having several objects at hand, including various hobbies. Tables are frequently used to drop small items on such as keychains or pens until further use. Tables sometimes substitute for other pieces of furniture, such as chairs and beds that require little more than a flat surface to accomplish their basic goal. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1024 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Table (furniture) User:Tewy/Pictures Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1024 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Table (furniture) User:Tewy/Pictures Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Table setting refers to the way to set a table with tableware—such as eating utensils and dishware—for serving and eating. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1023 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Table (furniture) User:Tewy/Pictures Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1023 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Table (furniture) User:Tewy/Pictures Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... For the coarsely ground flour, see flour. ... ... The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids. ... For other uses, see Book (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Map (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... Illustration of a scribe writing Writing, in its most common sense, is the preservation of and the preserved text on a medium, with the use of signs or symbols. ... This article is about pastimes. ... A key with a simple text label keychain A keychain or key chain is a small chain, usually made from metal or plastic, that connects a small item to a keyring. ... For other uses, see Pen (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the term chair, please see chair (disambiguation). ... A double bed A bed is a piece of furniture or location primarily used or intended for sleeping upon, but also commonly used for sexual activities, relaxing, sitting, and reading. ...


Things may also be put more permanently on a table, for example a TV, computer, objects for decoration (such as vases or tablecloths) etc. Table settings of food are laid out in a traditional arrangement. “TV” redirects here. ... This article is about the machine. ... Interior decoration or décor is the art of decorating a room so that it is attractive, easy to use, and functions well with the existing architecture. ... Chinese vase A vase with a sunflower pattern A modern designed vase The vase is an open container, often used to hold cut flowers. ... A table cloth is a cloth used to cover a table. ... Table setting refers to the way to set a table with tableware—such as eating utensils and dishware—for serving and eating. ...


Wooden tables are often used in hardcore wrestling matches. They are used for wrestlers to be slammed through, and very rarely are they used as weapons after they are broken. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Through recent pop culture, tables have also been used as a place to perform sexual intercourse. This practice has been referenced many times in episodes of King of the Hill and The Simpsons. This article is about the television program. ... Simpsons redirects here. ...


History

Some very early tables were made and used by the Egyptians, and were little more than metal or stone platforms used to keep objects off the floor. They were not used for seating people. Food was put on large plates deposed on a pedestal for eating. The Egyptians made use of various small tables and elevated playing boards. The Chinese also created very early tables in order to pursue the arts of writing and painting.


The Greeks and Romans made more frequent use of tables, notably for eating, although Greek tables were pushed under a bed after use. The Greeks invented a piece of furniture very similar to the guéridon. Tables were made of marble or wood and metal (typically bronze or silver alloys). Later, the larger rectangular tables were made of separate platforms and pillars. The Romans also introduced a large, semicircular table to Italy, the mensa lunata. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... A guéridon is a small table to hold a lamp or vase, supported by a tall column or a human or mythological figure. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Assorted ancient Bronze castings found as part of a cache, probably intended for recycling. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For specification language, see Alloy Analyzer. ... The word platform is used in several different contexts including various topics: In rail transport, a railway platform is an area at a train station to alight from/embark on trains or trams. ... For other uses, see Column (disambiguation). ...


Furniture during the Middle Ages is not as well-known as that of earlier or later periods, and most sources show the types used by the nobility. In the Eastern Roman Empire, tables were made of metal or wood, usually with four feet and frequently linked by x-shaped stretchers. Tables for eating were large and often round or semicircular. A combination of a small round table and a lectern seemed very popular as a writing table[2]. In western Europe, the invasions and intestine wars caused most of the knowledge inherited from the classical era to be lost. As a result of the necessary movability, most tables were simple trestle tables, although small round tables made from joinery reappeared during the 15th century and onward. In the Gothic era, the chest (furniture) became widespread and was often used as a table. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Byzantine Empire. ... A lectern in the Abbey of SantAntimo Lectern is a reading desk in a church on which the Bible rests and from which the lessons are read during the church service. ... The basic trestle table is a structure comprising two frame-based legs (the trestles) over which a tabletop is placed. ... Joinery is the part of woodworking that involves the joining together of parts of wood. ... The cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, a significant architectural contribution of the High Middle Ages. ... A chest is one of the oldest forms of furniture. ...


Refectory tables first appeared at least as early as the 16th century, as an evolution of the trestle table; these tables were typically quite long and capable of supporting a sizeable banquet in the great hall or other reception room of a castle. A refectory table is a highly elongated table[1] used originally for dining in monasteries in Medieval times. ... State Banquet. ... A great hall was the main room of a royal palace, a noblemans castle or a large manor house in the Middle Ages, and in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries. ... A drawing room is a room in a house where visitors may be entertained. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ...


See also

In Japanese pop music, Round Table (officially ROUND TABLE) is a band that produces music mostly for Anime soundtracks. ... The picnic tables at Marling School, Stroud, Gloucestershire. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Etymonline
  2. ^ Heyward, p20

Further reading

  • Davidson, Richard (2000). Miller's Antiques Checklist: Furniture. Miller's. ISBN 1-84000-277-8. 
  • (French) Heyward, Helena (1980). Grande Encyclopédie Illustrée des Meubles. Paris: Flammarion. ISBN 2-85961-073-1. 

External links

  • History of Table

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A table can be used temporarily for objects such as food and eating utensils during a meal, cups for drinks, a book (especially a big one, that one can not easily keep in one's hands), a spread-out map, writing paper during writing, and anything that requires having several objects at hand, including various hobbies.
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