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Encyclopedia > TV4 (Sweden)

TV4 is the largest commercial television channel in Sweden. It started broadcasting by satellite in 1990 and, since 1992, on the terrestrial network. In 1994, TV4 became the largest channel and remained so for a number of years. The two channels of Sveriges Television (SVT) lost more and more viewers for a couple of years. In 2001, SVT made big schedule changes. After making schedule changes in 2001, SVT1 had practically the same numbers of viewers as TV4. SVT1 and TV4 in Sweden correspond in many ways to BBC One and ITV in the United Kingdom. It has been suggested that Satellite orbit be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the year. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Sveriges Television (SVT) is a national publicly-funded television broadcaster based in Sweden. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... SVT1 is one of two television channels broadcast by Sveriges Television in Sweden. ... BBC One (or BBC1 as it was formerly styled) is the oldest television station in the world. ... ITV (Independent Television) is the name given to the original network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. In England, Wales and southern Scotland, the channel has been rebranded to ITV1 by ITV plc, the owners of the...

Contents


History

Ident, used since 2004.
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Ident, used since 2004.

TV4 was launched on September 15, 1990. The channel invested in an extensive news organisation and homegrown drama series. The premiere suffered from technical faults and the drama series weren't popular with critics.


In 1991, two of the channels oldest entertainment programmes premiered: the Swedish version of Jeopardy! and the Saturday night bingo show Bingolotto. Bingolotto in particular became highly popular. This year also saw TV4 awarded a license to broadcast terrestrially. Jeopardy! is a well-known international television quiz game show, originally devised by Merv Griffin, who also created Wheel of Fortune. ... Swedish lottery, founded in 1991, broadcasted on Swedish TV4. ...


Terrestrial broadcasts started on March 2, 1992. During this year, Nyhetsmorgon started and marked the introduction of breakfast television in Sweden. The last minutes of Breakfast Television (Toronto) on November 16, 2004 Liza playing ping-pong with the previous guest (now off screen), while the camera begins to cut to Kevin for a news update Breakfast Television, also known as BT, is a Canadian morning news and entertainment program which airs...


During the 1990s TV4 would broadcast several popular Friday night entertainment shows such as Fångarna på fortet (Swedish version of Fort Boyard), Kär och galen, Tur i kärlek, På rymmen, Sikta mot stjärnorna (Sound-mix Show), Stadskampen (Intervilles) and Småstjärnorna (Mini Playback Show). Fort Boyard is a fort located between in the île dAix and île dOléron in the Pertuis dAntioche straights, on the west coast of France. ...


They also broadcasted several home-grown sitcoms such as Rena Rama Rolf and En fyra för tre as well as the popular soap opera Tre kronor.


In the early 1990s, TV4 decided to move their 7 o'clock news to 7.30 in order to compete with the most popular news programme, Rapport, which, at that time, was broadcast on SVT2. This failed and the news was subsequently moved to 6.30. In 2004, the evening news was moved to 7 o'clock, and the status quo reinstated. SVT2 is one of two television channels broadcast by Sveriges Television in Sweden. ...


TV4 technically lost its monopoly on commercial terrestrial broadcasting with the launch of digital terrestrial television in 1999. On September 19, 2005, the first analogue terrestrial TV4 transmitters were shut down on the island of Gotland. The last analogue transmitters are due to be shut down in October 2007. The analogue satellite signal was shut down in 2004.


Programming

TV4 offers a mix of news, sports, drama series, soaps, entertainment, current affairs programmes, sitcoms, feature films, soaps, documentaries and phone-in shows.


News is an important part of TV4. It broadcasts the news program Nyheterna, literally the News at 7 and 10 o'clock and Nyhetsmorgon (News Morning) in the mornings. Since 2005, it also screens two news updates during the day. News is new information or current events. ...


Friday nights have included family entertainment at 8 since the early 1990s.


Bingolotto occupied Saturday evenings from 1991 to 2004. Then, TV4 moved Bingolotto to Sundays and started broadcasting feature films instead. With the start of Deal or No Deal in 2006, family entertainment returned to Saturday nights. Linda de Mol hosts the original version of Deal or No Deal entitled Miljoenenjacht Deal or No Deal is a television game show format owned by Dutch-based production company Endemol, known for creating such shows as Big Brother. ...


Other shows that have been broadcast on TV4 include LazyTown, Pokémon, South Park and Family Guy. LazyTown is a childrens television program that originated in Iceland (where it is known as Latibær) that features a cast and crew from both the United States and Iceland, and airs in a number of countries: on Playhouse Disney in Italy, Nick Jr and Noggin (both owned by... The Pokémon logo Pokémon , IPA , although frequently mispronounced ), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise[1] controlled by video game giant Nintendo, and created by Satoshi Tajiri at least by 1995 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006, although the franchise was copyrighted in the USA... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Family Guy is an American animated comedy created by Seth MacFarlane for FOX in 1999. ...


Jurisdiction

As TV4 was broadcast from Sweden, it has to follow much tighter advertising rules than its main competitors, TV3 and Kanal 5. Initially this mean't that TV4 wasn't allowed to include advertising breaks, meaning that the advertising had to be put in between the programmes.


Nonetheless, TV4 felt the urge to include advertising breaks. Therefore, it made several Inför programmes. The Inför programmes were short versions of TV4 programmes that were scheduled in the middle of programmes. For example, Fångarna på fortet would be divided into two parts and in between these, Inför Bingolotto would be shown. This allowed TV4 to broadcast advertising in the gaps between Inför Bingolotto and the two halves of Fångarna på fortet.


The Broadcasting Commission repeatedly ruled that the Inför programmes couldn't be considered as real programmes. In 2000 they were replaced by a programme called Dagens namn, in which the current namesday was mentioned. This was later on replaced by Om en bok in which famous people presented a book they enjoyed. Granskningsnämnden för radio och TV (GRN, in English Swedish Broadcasting Commission) is a Swedish government agency formed in 1994 that enforces the official rules of broadcasting for radio and TV. If the agency concludes that a show has broken the rules it issues a fine. ... A calendar page from 1712 with namesdays Namesdays or name days are a tradition, found in various Catholic and Eastern Orthodox countries, of attaching personal names to each day of the year, and celebrating the association of particular days with those for whom that day is named. ...


This ended in April 2002 when a new Radio and TV Law came into force, allowing TV4 to interrupt its programmes for advertising, but not to the same extent as TV3 and Kanal 5.


The Radio and TV Law also restricts the amount of advertising that can be shown to a certain percentage of the amount of programming.


Since TV4 was the only commercial channel allowed to broadcast terrestrially, it had to pay a special fee to government, consisting of a fixed fee and a variable element based on the amount of advertising that TV4 sells. TV4 worked to have this fee removed, especially with the launch of digital terrestrial television.


External link

  • Official site (Swedish)

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Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4099 words)
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Sweden was inhabited by hunters and gatherers during the Stone Age (6000 BC – 4000 BC), following the recession of the last ice age – the Weichsel glaciation.
In the south of Sweden leaf-bearing trees are prolific, in the north pines and hardy birches dominate the landscape.
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