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Encyclopedia > TV network

A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. Until the mid-1980s, television programming in most countries of the world was dominated by a small number of broadcast networks, but with the advent of cable television the cost of creating a television network has been reduced and there has been a huge increase in the number of networks with most of the newer networks catering to a small group. Many early television networks evolved from earlier radio networks.

Within the industry, a tiering is sometimes created between groups of networks based on whether their programming is simultaneously originated from a central point, and whether the network master control has the technical and administrative capability to take over the programming of their affiliates in real-time when it deems this necessary -- the most common example being breaking national news events.

Broadcast television networks:




List of Australian television channels



  • Rede Bandeirantes
  • Rede Globo
  • Record
  • Rede TV
  • SBT (Sociedade Brasileira de Televisao)
  • TVE (Televisao Educativa)
  • Cultura (Televisão do governo do Estado de São Paulo)


List of Canadian television channels


Chinese language

List of Chinese language television channels

China, Republic of

See entry for Taiwan below.


  • Cadena Radial Colombiana (Caracol)
  • Cadena Uno
  • Canal A
  • Radio Cadena Nacional (RCN)
  • Señal Colombia


  • TF1 (Télévision Française 1) - commercial station (Website: http://www.tf1.fr/ )
  • France 2 - public station (Website: http://www.france2.fr/ )
  • France 3 - public station (Website: http://www.france3.fr/ )
  • Canal Plus - (C+, Canal +) commercial station (Website: http://www.cplus.fr/ )
  • France 5 - public station (Website: http://www.france5.fr/ )
  • Arte - public franco-deutch station (Website: http://www.arte.fr/ )
  • M6 (Métropole 6) - commercial station (Website: http://www.m6.fr/ )


  • Yleisradio (YLE, Finnish Broadcasting Company) - state broadcaster
  • MTV3 (Mainos-TV) - commercial station
  • Nelonen (Channel Four Finland) - commercial station


  • ARD (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) - publicly-owned network

Germany's many other TV channels are not networks since they do not consist of individual stations but broadcast identical contents, nationwide or within their single local area.

  • RTL - Radio Tele Luxemburg
  • Pro 7
  • Sat 1 (station within Pro 7-Sat 1-Media,Inc.)




  • Televisi Republik Indonesia (TVRI) (Website: http://www.tvri.co.id/ )
  • Cakrawala Andalas Televisi (ANteve) (Website: http://www.an.tv/ )
  • Global TV (GTV) (Website: http://www.globaltv.co.id/ )
  • Indosiar (Website: http://www.indosiar.com/ )
  • Lativi (Website: http://www.lativi.com/ )
  • MetroTV (Website: http://www.metrotvnews.com/ )
  • Rajawali Citra Televisi Indonesia (RCTI) (Website: http://www.rcti.tv/ )
  • Surya Citra Televisi (SCTV) (Website: http://www.sctv.co.id/ )
  • Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia (TPI) (Website: http://www.tpi.tv/ )
  • Televisi Transformasi Indonesia (Trans TV) (Website: http://www.transtv.co.id/ )
  • TV 7 (TV7) (Website: http://www.tv7.co.id/ )


  • TVRI Regional stations Surabaya, Makassar, Bandung, Padang, Jogja, Denpasar, etc. (Website: http://www.tvrisby.com/

http://www.tvrimakassar.com )

  • Agropolitan TV (ATV)- Batu, East Java
  • Batu Televisi - Batu, East Java ( Website: http://www.geocities.com/batutelevisi )
  • Bali TV - Bali
  • Batam TV - Batam (Riau Pos Group)
  • Bukittingi Televisi (BiTV) - Bukit Tinggi, Sumatra
  • Bunaken TV - Manado
  • Cahaya Televisi Banten (CTV) - Tangerang, Banten
  • Gospel Overseas Television Network (GOTV) - Manado
  • Jawa Pos Televisi (JTV) (Website: http://www.jtvrek.com/ )
  • Jogja TV - Jogjakarta
  • Makassar TV - Makassar
  • O Channel - Jakarta
  • Pacific TV - Manado
  • Riau Televisi (Riau TV) - Pekanbaru, Riau (Riau Pos Group)
  • Reksa Birama TV (RBTV) - Jogjakarta ( RB Group - Galeri Video - Amikom )
  • Sri Gemilang TV (SGTV) - Inhil,Riau
  • Televisi Manado (TVM)
  • Tugu TV - Jogjakarta
  • TV Borobudur (TVB) - Semarang, Central Java
  • Bogor TV- Bogor, West Java
  • GO TV- Cikarang, Bekasi, West Java
  • Terang Abadi TV (TATV) - Solo, Central Java
  • TVKU - Semarang, Central Java

Cable TV

  • Indovision (Indovision) (Website: http://www.indovision.tv/ )
  • Kabelvision (Kabelvision) (Website: http://www.kabelvision.com/ )


note: BBC NI and UTV are based in Northern Ireland, RTÉ and TV 3 in the Republic of Ireland. However all four are available to most viewers throughout the island of Ireland, with UTV now accepting advertising from the Republic and targeting some of its programmes specifically at viewers in the Republic. Access to the Republic's stations (but in particular RTÉ) in Northern Ireland was a requirement of the Good Friday Agreement peace deal in 1998.


  • NHK (web site:http://www.nhk.or.jp/ )
  • JNN
    • TBS (web site:http://www.tbs.co.jp/ )
  • NNN
    • Nihon TV (web site:http://www.ntv.co.jp/ )
  • FNN
    • Fuji TV (web site:http://www.fujitv.co.jp/ )
  • ANN
    • TV Asahi (web site:http://www.tv-asahi.co.jp/ )
  • TXN
    • TV Tokyo (web site:http://www.tv-tokyo.co.jp/ )


  • Canal Once/IPN
  • Telemundo Mexico
  • Televisa (web site:http://www.televisa.com.mx/ )
  • TV Azteca (web site:http://www.tvazteca.com.mx/ )


  • FETV Canal 5
  • RPC Canal 4
  • Telemetro
  • TVN (Televisora Nacional)


  • Red Privada de Comunicación (RPC), Canal 13
  • Sistema Nacional de Televisión (SNT)


  • América TV
  • Frecuencia 2
  • Panamericana TV
  • Red TV
  • Televisión Nacional del Perú

Portuguese language

List of Portuguese language television channels



  • Radio Television of Serbia state owned network (6 channels)
  • RTV Pink previously state owned, has recently expanded into several other countries and is considered the MTV of Eastern Europe (particularly Slavic countries)
  • BKTV
  • Info-TV


Spanish language

List of Spanish language television channels



  • China Television Company (CTV, 中視)
  • Chinese Television Service (CTS, 華視)
  • Taiwan Television Company (TTV, 台視)

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States


See List of United States television networks.

Cable & Satellite

See List of United States cable and satellite television networks.


  • Globovision
  • RCTV (Radio Caracas Television)
  • Televen (Television Venezolana)
  • Venevision (Venezolana de Television)
  • VTV (Corporacion Venezolana de Television)

See also

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